Vandalia is a city in Fayette County, United States. At the 2010 Census, the population was 7,042. Vandalia is 69 miles northeast of St. Louis, on the Kaskaskia River, it served as the state capital of Illinois from 1819 until 1839, when the seat of state government moved to the current capital of Springfield. Vandalia was for years the western terminus of the National Road. Today, Vandalia is the county seat of Fayette County and the home of the Vandalia State House State Historic Site. Vandalia was founded in 1819 as a new capital city for Illinois; the previous capital, was unsuitable because it was under the constant threat of flooding. The townsite, located in Bond County at the time, was hastily prepared for the 1820 meeting of the Illinois General Assembly. In 1821, Fayette County was created, including Vandalia; the history of the name Vandalia is uncertain. Different theories can be found in all of the books written about Vandalia over the years. In her book Vandalia: Wilderness Capital of Lincoln's Land, Mary Burtschi tells of a conversation between one of the original surveyors of the town and a Vandalia resident.
The surveyor, Colonel Greenup, explained. He recommended this as an abbreviation to the word vanguard meaning the forefront of an advancing movement. Another suggestion was made for the term dalia, derived from the Anglo-Saxon word dale which means a valley between hills. Greenup takes credit in the conversation for connecting the two terms to form the name Vandalia. Another possible source of the name is the Vandalia colony, a failed attempt to establish a fourteenth colony in part of what is now West Virginia and Kentucky; the Vandalia colony was named in honor of Queen Charlotte, who claimed descent from the Wendish tribe of Obodrites called the Vandals. Another theory put forth is that Vandalia was named by those who located the state capital in the town; the law under which Vandalia was founded included a provision that the capital would not be moved for twenty years. Before the end of this period, the population center of the state had shifted far north of Vandalia. In 1837, the General Assembly voted to move the capital to Springfield.
On November 21, 1915, the Liberty Bell passed through Vandalia on its nationwide tour, while being returned to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. In the early 1960s the sociologist Joseph Lyford examined the social structure of Vandalia in a book-length study that revealed the corporatist nature of decision-making in the city. In 1900, 2,665 people lived in Vandalia; the population was 6,975 at the 2000 census. The city has a Board of Education. Among the public schools in the city are Jefferson Elementary School and former Central School, condemned in 1980; the city's first high school was established in 1858. Vandalia is home to the Okaw Valley Area Vocational Center, which trains high school students in vocational trades, it serves vocational students from nearby high schools such as those in Greenville and Mulberry Grove. The building trades class at the center each year purchases property in Vandalia, builds a house, sells the improved property.
They have sold 33 homes constructed by students. Vandalia is located at 38°58′5″N 89°6′7″W. According to the 2010 census, Vandalia has a total area of 8.116 square miles, of which 8.1 square miles is land and 0.016 square miles is water. Vandalia is situated on Interstate 70, U. S. Route 40 and U. S. Route 51; as of the census of 2000, there were 6,975 people, 2,344 households, 1,425 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.3 people per square mile. There were 2,543 housing units at an average density of 448.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.57% White, 2.01% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.50% from other races, 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population. There were 2,344 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.2% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.90. In the city, the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 134.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 144.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,857, the median income for a family was $39,762. Males had a median income of $27,342 versus $19,109 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,918. About 8.9% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over. Vandalia is governed using the mayor council system; the council consists of eight members elected from one of four wards with each ward electing two members. The mayor along with treasurer are elected in a citywide vote. In Jules Verne's An Antarctic Mystery, Dirk Peters, AKA Hunt, lived for many years in Vandalia before resuming his quest for his companion Arthu
The Acres known as Galesburg Country Homes, is a naturalistic residential plat designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in Charleston Township, Michigan. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. In 1947, a group of scientists from the Upjohn pharmaceutical company purchased this section of land to cooperatively build a community of homes; the group approached Frank Lloyd Wright about designing the subdivision, he visited that same year, walking the land to gather information. Wright laid out lots in a non-conventional circular pattern, with the interstitial areas to be held in common. Starting in the late 1940s and continuing through 1960, five of the lots were developed — four with designs by Wright and one designed by Taliesin School fellow Francis "Will" Willsey. With the fifth house, coop members decided that they liked the result, further development came to an end; the Acres consists of each 114 feet in diameter. The plat was designed to have 50 acres of open land for community use that included a three-acre pond.
Seven of the lots are owned. The remainder of the plat, including unbuilt lots, is held in common. Of the five houses, four are Wright-designed Usonian homes, the fifth was designed by Taliesin School fellow Francis "Will" Willsey; the homes are located on Hawthorne Drive, a narrow and curving road bordered alternately by heavy woods, low scrub growth, open areas. A signpost is located at the entrance to the neighborhood. Homes in the Acres are: David and Christine Weisblat Residence: Long in-line house with an exterior of concrete block and mahogany, built in 1951. Eric and Pat Pratt Residence: Long in-line house with a taller central mass with an exterior of concrete block and mahogany, built in 1950-54. Samuel and Dorothy Eppstein Residence: Long in-line house with an exterior of concrete block and mahogany, built in 1950-59. Curtis and Lillian Meyer Residence: A "solar hemicycle" design, with exterior of concrete block and mahogany, built in 1950-51. Günther and Anne Fonken House: T-shaped house with a low pitched roof, built in 1960.
Robert and Rae Levin House Broadacre City Usonia Homes Storrer, William Allin. The Frank Lloyd Wright Companion. University Of Chicago Press, 2006, ISBN 0-226-77621-2 Galesburg Country Homes on delmars.com Frank Lloyd Wright'Galesburg Country Homes' Site Plan 1947, USONIAN HOUSES - John Sergeant, 1984 Michigan Road Trip Wrap-Up Curtis Meyer House website
Miguel Ângelo Karim Simões Fazenda, known as Tininho, is a Portuguese retired professional footballer who played as a left back. Born in Beira, Tininho spent his first five years as a senior playing in the lower leagues of Portugal. In summer 2004 he signed with S. C. Beira-Mar of the Primeira Liga, suffering relegation in his first season but achieving promotion in his second, as champions. In the 2006–07 campaign, Tininho appeared in every single league match and totalled 2,544 minutes of play, but the Aveiro side were relegated back to the Segunda Liga. In late July 2007, Tininho signed for English club West Bromwich Albion on a two-year deal worth £230,000, after a successful trial, he made his competitive debut on 11 August in a 1–2 defeat at Burnley, on the opening day of the season. However, he did not play another league game for Albion and, in January 2008 was loaned to fellow Championship side Barnsley for a month, in order to "acclimatise to this league". On 11 August 2008, Tininho was released from his WBA contract with a view to him returning to Portugal, with Leixões SC.
However, nothing came of it, he joined C. F. Os Belenenses in the top division in mid-December. F. Estrela da Amadora's demotion due to financial irregularities. On 23 July 2009, Tininho signed for FC Steaua București from Romania on a free transfer, agreeing on a one-year contract with an option for a further two seasons, he only played one competitive match during his tenure, against St Patrick's Athletic for the season's UEFA Europa League, being associated with the reserves in the Liga II. On 6 October 2009, Tininho terminated his contract with Steaua. After several months without a club, he joined Leixões for 2010–11's second level. Tininho at ForaDeJogo Tininho at Soccerbase Tininho at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com Tininho at Soccerway
Dolna Belica is a village in the municipality of Struga, Republic of North Macedonia. Dolna Belica was founded on the foothills near Mount Jablanica by Aromanians from the villages of Niçë and Llëngë, fleeing the 18th century socio-political and economic crises in what is now southern Albania. Close family relations were maintained through intermarriage between Aromanians from Dolna Belica and those of Niçë and Llëngë. During the first World War, Gorna Belica was occupied by the Bulgarian military who evacuated most of the Aromanian villagers and sent them into the interior of Bulgaria and Serbia; the relocation of local Aromanians was due to Bulgarian forces being concerned that pro-Greek and pro-Serbian sympathies existed among them resulting in possible cooperation with the Entente Allies. While in exile, some villagers had to fend for themselves whereas others for the Bulgarians did forced labour; some Aromanians returning to Dolna Belica through Thessaloniki, Greece attempted to stay in that country and settle there though Greek authorities turned down their requests.
Dolna Belica, along with Gorna Belica is one of two traditional Aromanian settlements located in the Drimkol region within Struga municipality. The village over time has undergone a change in its ethnic composition of the population. Dolna Belica has become a Albanian speaking settlement. Aromanian Muslims existed in Dolna Belica, although they have assimilated into Albanian identity and language. In statistics gathered by Vasil Kanchov in 1900, the village of Dolna Belica was inhabited by 650 Aromanians and 50 Muslim Albanians; the Yugoslav census of 1948 recorded 692 people of whom 175 were Albanians, 8 Macedonians and 509 others. The Yugoslav census of 1953 recorded 669 people of whom 208 were Albanians, 27 Macedonians, 9 Romani, 425 others; the 1961 Yugoslav census recorded 659 people of whom 251 were Albanians, 50 Macedonians, 2 Bosniaks, 1 Turk, 355 others. The 1971 census recorded 687 people of whom 478 were Albanians, 52 Macedonians, 5 Turks and 152 others; the 1981 Yugoslav census recorded 808 people of whom 627 were Albanians, 68 Macedonians, 15 Bosniaks, 98 others.
The Macedonian census of 1994 recorded 894 people of whom 779 were Albanians, 36 Macedonians, 6 Turks, 73 others. According to the 2002 census, the village had a total of 1026 inhabitants. Ethnic groups in the village include: Albanians 945 Vlachs 24 Macedonians 17 Turks 1 Serbs 1 Others 38
The 2007 Open Canada Cup was the 10th edition of the Canadian Soccer League's open league cup tournament running from July through early September. Trois-Rivières Attak defeated Columbus Clan F. C. 3-0 in the final played at Cove Road Stadium, Ontario. It was the Attak's first Open Canada Cup title and marked the first time in the tournament's history where a Quebec club won; the 2007 tournament was significant as it featured for the first time professional and amateur teams from Ontario and British Columbia. The British Columbia teams had their own regional qualifying matches with the winner of the British Columbia Provincial Soccer Championship the Columbus Clan F. C. receiving a bye to the semi-finals. All CSL clubs competed in the competition with the exception of Toronto Croatia which opted out in order to compete in the Croatian World Club Championship and the annual Croatian-North American Soccer Tournament; the remaining Ontario club were from the Ontario Soccer League, Ottawa Carleton Soccer League, the Western Ontario Soccer League.
With the exception of Trois-Rivières the remaining Quebec club Jean-Talon 2007 represented the Concordia Regional Soccer League. London City were awarded the hosting rights to the semi-final, final; as the host club London City were given a wild card match if they were defeated in the earlier rounds. Home teams listed on top of bracket
Steak Diane is an American dish of a pan-fried beefsteak with a sauce made from the seasoned pan juices prepared in restaurants tableside, flambéed. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was considered a classic of "Continental cuisine", has since become retro.. "Steak Diane" does not appear in the classics of French cuisine, was invented in mid-20th-century New York as part of the fad for tableside-flambéed dishes. The name'Diana', the Roman goddess of the hunt, has been used for various game-related foods, but the "venison steak Diane" attested in 1914, although it is sautéed and flambéed, is sauced and garnished with fruits, unlike steak Diane recipes, so it is unclear if there is a connection. By the 1940s, steak Diane was a common item on the menus of restaurants popular with café society, including the restaurants at the Drake and Sherry-Netherland hotels and The Colony, one of which may have originated it, it is attributed to Chef Beniamino Schiavon,'Nino of the Drake'. Steak Diane is similar to steak au poivre.
The steak is pounded thin so that it will cook rapidly. It is seasoned with salt and pepper sautéed in butter, set aside. A sauce is prepared from the pan juices with various additions, which may include butter, thinly sliced mushrooms, shallots, truffles, meat stock, A1 Steak Sauce, or Worcestershire sauce; the sauce is flambéed with brandy, dry sherry, or Madeira, poured over the steak. List of steak dishes Food portal