Ahmet Ertegun (/ˈɑːmɛt ˈɛərtəɡən/, Turkish spelling, Ahmet Ertegün, was a Turkish-American businessman and philanthropist. He was best known as the co-founder and president of Atlantic Records and he wrote classic blues and pop songs, and served as the chairman of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and museum, located in Cleveland, Ohio. Ertegun has been described as one of the most significant figures in the recording industry. He was a significant figure in fostering ties between the U. S. and Turkey, his birthplace and he served as the chairman of the American Turkish Society for over 20 years until his death. He co-founded the New York Cosmos soccer team of the original North American Soccer League. Born in Istanbul in 1923 to an aristocratic Turkish family and his family, including elder brother Nesuhi, moved to Washington, D. C. in 1935, with their father, Munir. Munir served as the second Ambassador of the then-young Republic of Turkey to the United States of America. Prior to his appointment as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Turkey to Washington, Erteguns mother was Hayrünnisa, an accomplished musician who played keyboard and stringed instruments.
She bought the records of the day, to which Ertegun. His older brother Nesuhi introduced him to music, taking him at the age of nine to see the Duke Ellington. When Ahmet was 14, his mother bought him a record-cutting machine, although he attended Landon School, an affluent all-male private school in Bethesda, Ahmet would joke I got my real education at Howard—Howard University being a historically black college. Despite his affluent upbringing, Ertegun began to see a different world from his affluent peers and Nesuhi staged concerts by Lester Young, Sidney Bechet and other jazz giants, often at the Jewish Community Center. In this period of segregation, it was the only place that would allow an ethnically mixed audience. They traveled to New Orleans and to Harlem to listen to music, Ertegun graduated from St. Johns College in Annapolis in 1944. In November of the year, Munir Ertegun died. In 1946 President Harry Truman ordered the battleship USS Missouri to return his body to Turkey as a demonstration of friendship between the USA and Turkey and this act served as a show of support to counter the Soviet Unions potential political demands on Turkey.
At the time of his fathers death, Ahmet was taking courses in Medieval philosophy at Georgetown University. Soon afterward, the returned to Turkey to stay
In 1968, Lord co-founded Deep Purple, a hard rock band of which he was regarded as the leader until 1970. Together with the members, he collaborated on most of his bands most popular songs. On 11 November 2010, he was inducted as an Honorary Fellow of Stevenson College in Edinburgh, on 15 July 2011, he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Music degree at De Montfort Hall by the University of Leicester. Lord was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on 8 April 2016 as a member of Deep Purple. Lord was born in Leicester on 9 June 1941 to Miriam and Reginald Lord, growing up at 120 Averill Road and his father was an amateur saxophonist and encouraged Lord from an early age. In particular his influences ranged from J. S. Bach to Medieval popular music, Lord moved to London in 1959–60, intent on an acting career and enrolling at the Central School of Speech and Drama, in Londons Swiss Cottage. Following a celebrated student rebellion he became a founder of Drama Centre London, small acting parts followed, and Lord continued playing the piano and the organ in nightclubs and as a session musician to earn a living.
He started his career in London in 1960 with the jazz ensemble The Bill Ashton Combo. Ashton became a key figure in education in Britain, creating what became the National Youth Jazz Orchestra. Between 1960 and 1963, Lord and Ashton both moved on to Red Bludds Bluesicians, the latter of which featured the singer Arthur Art Wood, Wood had previously sung with Alexis Korners Blues Incorporated and was a junior figure in the British blues movement. Following the break-up of Redd Bludds Bluesicians in late 1963, Wood and this included Derek Griffiths and Malcolm Pool. Dunnage left in December 1964 to be replaced by Keef Hartley, who had previously replaced Ringo Starr in Rory Storm and the Hurricanes. This band, known as The Artwoods, focused on the organ as the bluesy, rhythmic core of their sound, in common with the contemporary bands The Spencer Davis Group and The Animals. They made appearances on the BBCs Saturday Club radio show and on such TV programs as Ready Steady Go. It performed abroad, and it appeared on the first Ready Steady Goes Live, promoting its first single the Lead Belly song Sweet Mary — and its only charting single was I Take What I Want, which reached number 28 on 8 May 1966.
This band regrouped in 1967 as the St. Valentines Day Massacre and this was an attempt to cash in on the 1930s gangster craze set off by the American film Bonnie and Clyde. Hartley left the band in 1967 to join John Mayalls Bluesbreakers, soon thereafter, Lord went on to cover for the keyboard player Billy Day in The Flower Pot Men, where he met the bass guitarist Nick Simper along with drummer Carlo Little and guitarist Ged Peck. Lord and Simper toured with band in 1967 to promote its hit single Lets Go To San Francisco
The Supremes were an American female singing group and the premier act of Motown Records during the 1960s. Most of these hits were written and produced by Motowns main songwriting and production team, founding members Florence Ballard, Mary Wilson, Diana Ross, and Betty McGlown, all from the Brewster-Douglass public housing project in Detroit, formed the Primettes as the sister act to the Primes. Barbara Martin replaced McGlown in 1960, and the signed with Motown the following year as the Supremes. Martin left the act in early 1962, and Ross, during the mid-1960s, the Supremes achieved mainstream success with Ross as lead singer. In 1967, Motown president Berry Gordy renamed the group Diana Ross & the Supremes, Ross left to pursue a solo career in 1970 and was replaced by Jean Terrell, at which point the groups name reverted to the Supremes. After 1972, the lineup changed frequently, Lynda Laurence, Scherrie Payne. The Supremes disbanded in 1977 after 18 years, since Ballard sang, as did Paul Williams girlfriend Betty McGlown, the Primess manager Milton Jenkins decided to create a sister group to the Primes called the Primettes.
Ballard recruited her best friend Mary Wilson, who in turn recruited classmate Diane Ross and funded by Jenkins, the Primettes began by performing hit songs by artists such as Ray Charles and the Drifters at sock hops, social clubs and talent shows around the Detroit area. Receiving additional guidance from group friend and established songwriter Jesse Greer, after winning a prestigious local talent contest, the Primettes sights were set on making a record. Robinson liked the girls and agreed to help, but he liked their guitarist even more, with the Primettes permission he hired Tarplin, who became the guitarist for the Miracles. Undaunted, that year the Primettes recorded a single for Lu Pine Records, a label created just for them, titled Tears of Sorrow, the single failed to find an audience, however. Shortly thereafter, McGlown became engaged and left the group, local girl Barbara Martin was McGlowns prompt replacement. Determined to leave an impression on Gordy and join the stable of rising Motown stars, they convinced Gordy to allow them to contribute hand claps and background vocals for the songs of other Motown artists including Marvin Gaye and Mary Wells.
In January 1961, Gordy finally relented and agreed to sign the girls to his label –, the Primes had by this time combined with Otis Williams & the Distants and would soon sign to Motown as the Temptations. Gordy gave Ballard a list of names to choose from that included such as the Darleens, the Sweet Ps, the Melodees, the Royaltones. Ballard chose the Supremes, a name that Ross initially disliked as she felt it too masculine, nevertheless, on January 15 the group signed with Motown as the Supremes. In the spring of 1962, Martin left the group to start a family, the newly named Supremes continued as a trio. Between 1961 and 1963, the Supremes released six singles, none of which charted in the Top 40 positions of the Billboard Hot 100, jokingly referred to as the no-hit Supremes around Motowns Hitsville U. S. A
It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, itself heavily influenced by blues and blues and country music. Rock music drew strongly on a number of genres such as electric blues and folk. Musically, rock has centered on the guitar, usually as part of a rock group with electric bass guitar. Typically, rock is song-based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse-chorus form, like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political in emphasis. Punk was an influence into the 1980s on the subsequent development of subgenres, including new wave, post-punk. From the 1990s alternative rock began to rock music and break through into the mainstream in the form of grunge, Britpop. Similarly, 1970s punk culture spawned the visually distinctive goth and emo subcultures and this trio of instruments has often been complemented by the inclusion of other instruments, particularly keyboards such as the piano, Hammond organ and synthesizers.
The basic rock instrumentation was adapted from the blues band instrumentation. A group of musicians performing rock music is termed a rock band or rock group, Rock music is traditionally built on a foundation of simple unsyncopated rhythms in a 4/4 meter, with a repetitive snare drum back beat on beats two and four. Melodies are often derived from older musical modes, including the Dorian and Mixolydian, harmonies range from the common triad to parallel fourths and fifths and dissonant harmonic progressions. Critics have stressed the eclecticism and stylistic diversity of rock, because of its complex history and tendency to borrow from other musical and cultural forms, it has been argued that it is impossible to bind rock music to a rigidly delineated musical definition. These themes were inherited from a variety of sources, including the Tin Pan Alley pop tradition, folk music and rhythm, as a result, it has been seen as articulating the concerns of this group in both style and lyrics. Christgau, writing in 1972, said in spite of some exceptions and roll usually implies an identification of male sexuality, according to Simon Frith rock was something more than pop, something more than rock and roll.
Rock musicians combined an emphasis on skill and technique with the concept of art as artistic expression, original. The foundations of music are in rock and roll, which originated in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s. Its immediate origins lay in a melding of various musical genres of the time, including rhythm and blues and gospel music, with country. In 1951, Ohio disc jockey Alan Freed began playing rhythm and blues music for a multi-racial audience, debate surrounds which record should be considered the first rock and roll record. Other artists with rock and roll hits included Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Fats Domino, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Lewis
The Nice were an English progressive rock band active in the late 1960s. They blended rock and classical music and were keyboardist Keith Emersons first commercially successful band, the group was formed in 1967 by Emerson, Lee Jackson, David OList and Ian Hague to back soul singer P. P. Arnold. After replacing Hague with Brian Davison, the set out on their own. The groups sound was centred on Emersons Hammond organ showmanship and abuse of the instrument, the band achieved commercial success with an instrumental rearrangement of Leonard Bernsteins America, following which OList left the group. The remaining members carried on as a trio, releasing albums, before Emerson decided to split the band in early 1970 to form Emerson. The group briefly reformed in 2002 for a series of concerts, the Nice evolved from Gary Farr and the T-Bones, which keyboardist Keith Emerson and bassist Keith Lee Jackson were both members of before the band dissolved in early 1967. Meanwhile, P. P. Arnold, a performer who reached a level of popularity in the UK than her native US, was unhappy with her backing band, The Blue Jays.
Her driver suggested Emerson would be able to put such a group. Emerson agreed, but only on the condition the band could perform on their own as a warm-up act, since it effectively meant getting two bands for the price of one, manager Andrew Loog Oldham readily agreed. The name came from Arnold saying, Here comes the Naz, the band played its first gig in May 1967, and had its first major break at the 7th National Jazz and Blues Festival in Windsor on 13 August. Oldham had managed to secure a set for the group in a side tent away from accompanying Arnold on the main stage. The next week, Welch wrote in the Melody Maker that it was the first time I had seen a group actually in the act of winning its first following in quite dramatic circumstances. When Arnold went back to her family in the US shortly afterwards, Hague was not interested in the progressive direction the group wanted to go in, so he was replaced by former Mark Leeman Five and Habits drummer Brian Davison. They spent the end of 1967 on a tour with Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd.
The Floyds leader, Syd Barrett, missed several gigs, the groups first album was recorded throughout the autumn of 1967, and in October of that year they recorded their first session for John Peels Top Gear. The group clashed with producer Oldham in the studio over the length of the track, but eventually won the argument, for their second single, the Nice created an arrangement of Leonard Bernsteins America which Emerson described as the first ever instrumental protest song. The track used the theme of the Bernstein piece but included fragments of Dvořáks New World Symphony. The single concludes with Arnolds three-year-old son speaking the lines America is pregnant with promise and anticipation, the new arrangement was released under the title America as a pointed reference to the US Bill of Rights provision for the right to bear arms
Poughkeepsie, New York
Poughkeepsie /pəˈkɪpsi/, officially the City of Poughkeepsie, is a city in the state of New York, United States, which is the county seat of Dutchess County. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 32,736, Poughkeepsie is in the Hudson Valley midway between New York City and Albany, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. Poughkeepsie is known as The Queen City of the Hudson and it was settled in the 17th century by the Dutch and became New Yorks second capital shortly after the American Revolution. It was chartered as a city in 1854. S, the city of Poughkeepsie lies in New Yorks 18th congressional district. The site of Poughkeepsie was purchased from the Indians in 1686 by Robert Sanders, an Englishman, and Myndert Harmense Van Den Bogaerdt, the first settlers were the families of Barent Baltus Van Kleeck and Hendrick Jans van Oosterom. The settlement grew quickly, and the Reformed Church of Poughkeepsie was established by 1720, the community was set off from the town of Poughkeepsie when it became an incorporated village on 27 March 1799.
The city of Poughkeepsie was chartered on 28 March 1854, spared from battle during the American Revolution, Poughkeepsie became the second capital of New York. With its ratification, New York entered the new union as the eleventh of the thirteen colonies to join together as the United States of America. In 1799, a new seal was created for Poughkeepsie, due to the areas natural beauty and proximity to New York City, families such as the Astors and Vanderbilts built palatial weekend homes nearby. The city is home to the oldest continuously operating entertainment venue in the state, the city is on the western edge of Dutchess County, bordered by the Hudson River on the west and by the town of Poughkeepsie on the north and south. There are two crossings of the Hudson River in Poughkeepsie, the Mid-Hudson Bridge for motor vehicles and pedestrians, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 5.7 square miles. 5.1 square miles of it is land, and 0.23 square miles of it is water and it is about 75 miles north of New York City and is in southeastern New York State.
It receives approximately 44.12 inches of precipitation per year, much of which is delivered in the late spring, due to its inland location, Poughkeepsie can be very cold during the winter, with temperatures dropping below zero a few times per year. Poughkeepsie can be hit by powerful noreasters, but usually significantly less snow or rain from these storms compared to locations to the south. As of the census of 2010, there were 32,736 people, the population density was 5,806.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,153 housing units at a density of 2,556.6 per square mile. 35. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13. 2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.15. In the city, the population was out with 25. 9% under the age of 18,12. 2% from 18 to 24,29. 2% from 25 to 44,19. 0% from 45 to 64
Eleanor Rigby is a song by the Beatles, released on the 1966 album Revolver and as a 45 rpm single. It was written primarily by Paul McCartney, and credited to Lennon–McCartney, the song continued the transformation of the Beatles from a mainly rock and roll- and pop-oriented act to a more experimental, studio-based band. With a double string quartet arrangement by George Martin and striking lyrics about loneliness, Eleanor Rigby broke sharply with popular music conventions, Paul McCartney came up with the melody of Eleanor Rigby as he experimented with his piano. However, the name of the protagonist that he chose was not Eleanor Rigby. The singer-composer Donovan reported that he heard McCartney play it to him before it was finished, in 1966, McCartney recalled how he got the idea for his song, I was sitting at the piano when I thought of it. The first few bars just came to me, and I got this name in my head, Daisy Hawkins picks up the rice in the church. I couldnt think of much more so I put it away for a day, the name Father McCartney came to me, and all the lonely people.
But I thought that people would think it was supposed to be about my Dad sitting knitting his socks, so I went through the telephone book and I got the name McKenzie. Others believe that Father McKenzie refers to Father Tommy McKenzie, who was the compere at Northwich Memorial Hall, McCartney said he came up with the name Eleanor from actress Eleanor Bron, who had starred with the Beatles in the film Help. Rigby came from the name of a store in Bristol, Rigby & Evens Ltd, Wine & Spirit Shippers and he recalled in 1984, I just liked the name. I was looking for a name that sounded natural, McCartney has conceded he may have been subconsciously influenced by the name on the gravestone. The real Eleanor Rigby lived a life similar to that of the woman in the song. McCartney wrote the first verse by himself, and the Beatles finished the song in the room of John Lennons home at Kenwood. John Lennon, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, and their friend Pete Shotton all listened to McCartney play his song through, Harrison came up with the Ah, look at all the lonely people hook.
Starr contributed the line writing the words of a sermon that no one will hear and suggested making Father McCartney darn his socks, which McCartney liked. It was that Shotton suggested that McCartney change the name of the priest, the song is often described as a lament for lonely people or a commentary on post-war life in Britain. McCartney could not decide how to end the song, and Shotton finally suggested that the two lonely people come too late as Father McKenzie conducts Eleanor Rigbys funeral. At the time, Lennon rejected the idea out of hand, McCartney said that John helped me on a few words but Id put it down 80–20 to me, something like that
Led Zeppelin were an English rock band formed in London in 1968. The group consisted of guitarist Jimmy Page, singer Robert Plant and keyboardist John Paul Jones, after changing their name from the New Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin signed a deal with Atlantic Records that afforded them considerable artistic freedom. Their fourth album, which features the track Stairway to Heaven, is among the most popular and influential works in rock music, Page wrote most of Led Zeppelins music, particularly early in their career, while Plant generally supplied the lyrics. Jones keyboard-based compositions became central to the catalogue, which featured increasing experimentation. The latter half of their career saw a series of record-breaking tours that earned the group a reputation for excess, in the decades that followed, the surviving members sporadically collaborated and participated in one-off Led Zeppelin reunions. The most successful of these was the 2007 Ahmet Ertegun Tribute Concert in London, Led Zeppelin are widely considered one of the most successful and influential rock groups in history.
They are one of the music artists in the history of audio recording. With RIAA-certified sales of 111.5 million units, they are the band in the US. Each of their nine studio albums placed in the top 10 of the Billboard album chart and they achieved eight consecutive UK number-one albums. Rolling Stone magazine described them as the heaviest band of all time, the biggest band of the Seventies, and unquestionably one of the most enduring bands in rock history. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995, in 1966, London-based session guitarist Jimmy Page joined the blues-influenced rock band the Yardbirds to replace bassist Paul Samwell-Smith. Page soon switched from bass to guitar, creating a dual lead guitar line-up with Jeff Beck. Following Becks departure in October 1966, the Yardbirds, tired from constant touring and recording, Page wanted to form a supergroup with him and Beck on guitars, and the Whos Keith Moon and John Entwistle on drums and bass, respectively. Vocalists Steve Winwood and Steve Marriott were considered for the project, the group never formed, although Page and Moon did record a song together in 1966, Becks Bolero, in a session that included bassist-keyboardist John Paul Jones.
The Yardbirds played their final gig in July 1968 at Luton College of Technology in Bedfordshire and Dreja began putting a new line-up together. Pages first choice for the singer was Terry Reid, but Reid declined the offer and suggested Robert Plant. Plant eventually accepted the position, recommending former Band of Joy drummer John Bonham, Jones inquired about the vacant position at the suggestion of his wife after Dreja dropped out of the project to become a photographer. Page had known Jones since they were both musicians and agreed to let him join as the final member
Many psychedelic groups differ in style, and the label is often used indiscriminately. Musically, the effects may be represented via novelty studio tricks, electronic or non-Western instrumentation, disjunctive song structures, some of the earlier 1960s psychedelic rock musicians were based in folk and the blues, while others showcased an explicit Indian classical influence called raga rock. In the 1960s, there existed two main variants of the genre, the whimsical British pop-psychedelia, and the harder American West Coast acid rock. While acid rock is often deployed interchangeably with the psychedelic rock, it can refer more specifically to the heavier. The genre bridged the transition from early blues- and folk-based rock to rock and hard rock. Since the late 1970s it has revived in various forms of neo-psychedelia. The term psychedelic was first coined in 1956 by psychiatrist Humphry Osmond as a descriptor for hallucinogenic drugs in the context of psychedelic psychotherapy. As the countercultural scene developed in San Francisco, the acid rock.
In the popular music of the early 1960s, it was common for producers and engineers to freely experiment with form, unnatural reverb. Some of the best known examples are Phil Spectors Wall of Sound production formula, there was no transition to be made. You go from things like Flying Purple People Eater to I Am the Walrus, music critic Richie Unterberger says that attempts to pin down the first psychedelic record are therefore nearly as elusive as trying to name the first rock & roll record. Some of the far-fetched claims include the instrumental Telstar and the Dave Clark Fives massively reverb-laden Any Way You Want It, the first mention of LSD on a rock record was the Gamblers 1960 surf instrumental LSD25. American folk singer Bob Dylan was an influence on mid 1960s rock music. He led directly to the creation of rock and the psychedelic rock musicians that followed. Molly Longman of mic. com writes that, in terms of bridging the relationship between music and hallucinogens, the Beatles and the Beach Boys were the eras most pivotal acts.
The considerable success enjoyed by these two bands allowed them the freedom to experiment with new technology over entire albums. In Unterbergers opinion, the Byrds, emerging from the Californian folk scene, with their ominous minor key melodies, hyperactive instrumental breaks, and use of Gregorian chants. In the songs lyric, the requests, Take me on a trip upon your magic swirling ship
Long Island is an island located just off the northeast coast of the United States and a region within the U. S. state of New York. Stretching east-northeast from New York Harbor into the Atlantic Ocean, the island comprises four counties and Queens to the west, more generally, Long Island may refer collectively both to the main Island as well as its nearby, surrounding outer barrier islands. North of the island is the Long Island Sound, across from which lie the states of Connecticut, across the Sound, to the northwest, lies Westchester County on mainland New York. To the west, Long Island is separated from the Bronx and the island of Manhattan by the East River. To the extreme southwest, it is separated from the New York City borough of Staten Island and the U. S. state of New Jersey by Upper New York Bay, the Narrows, to the east lie Block Island and numerous smaller islands. Its population density is 5,595.1 inhabitants per square mile, Long Island is culturally and ethnically diverse. Some of the wealthiest and most expensive neighborhoods in the Western Hemisphere are located on Long Island, nine bridges and 13 tunnels connect Brooklyn and Queens to the three other boroughs of New York City.
Ferries connect Suffolk County northward across Long Island Sound to the state of Connecticut, the Long Island Rail Road is the busiest commuter railroad in North America and operates 24/7. At the time of European contact, the Lenape people inhabited the western end of Long Island, giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to record an encounter with the Lenapes, after entering what is now New York Bay in 1524. In 1609, the English navigator Henry Hudson explored the harbor, adriaen Block followed in 1615 and is credited as the first European to determine that both Manhattan and Long Island are islands. Native American land deeds recorded by the Dutch from 1636 state that the Indians referred to Long Island as Sewanhaka, sewan was one of the terms for wampum, and is translated as loose or scattered, which may refer either to the wampum or to Long Island. The name t Lange Eylandt alias Matouwacs appears in Dutch maps from the 1650s, the English referred to the land as Nassau Island, after the Dutch Prince William of Nassau, Prince of Orange.
It is unclear when the name Nassau Island was discontinued, the very first settlements on Long Island were by settlers from England and its colonies in present-day New England. Lion Gardiner settled nearby Gardiners Island, the first settlement on the geographic Long Island itself was on October 21,1640, when Southold was established by the Rev. John Youngs and settlers from New Haven, Connecticut. Peter Hallock, one of the settlers, drew the long straw and was granted the honor to step ashore first and he is considered the first New World settler on Long Island. Southampton was settled in the same year, Hempstead followed in 1644, East Hampton in 1648, Huntington in 1653, and Brookhaven in 1655. While the eastern region of Long Island was first settled by the English, until 1664, the jurisdiction of Long Island was split, roughly at the present border between Nassau County and Suffolk County. The Dutch founded six towns in present-day Brooklyn beginning in 1645 and these included, Gravesend, Flatbush, New Utrecht, and Bushwick
Uriah Heep (band)
Uriah Heep are an English rock band formed in London in 1969. Twelve of the albums have made it to the UK Albums Chart while of the fifteen Billboard 200 Uriah Heep albums Demons. In the late 1970s the band had success in Germany. Along with Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath and Deep Purple, Uriah Heep had become one of the top bands in the early 1970s. Uriah Heeps audience declined by the 1980s, to the point where they became essentially a band in the United Kingdom. The band maintains a significant following and performs at arena-sized venues in the Balkans, Japan, the Netherlands and Scandinavia. They have sold over 40 million albums worldwide with over 4 million sales in the U. S, where their songs include Easy Livin, The Wizard, Sweet Lorraine. The bands origins go back to 1967 when 19-year-old guitarist Mick Box formed a band in Brentwood called Hogwash, when the bands singer left, drummer Roger Penlington suggested his cousin David Garrick as a replacement. Box and Garrick instantly formed a partnership and, having higher musical aspirations than their colleagues, decided to give up their day jobs.
They set up a new band called Spice, it was that David Garrick changed his surname to Byron, drummer Alex Napier joined, having answered a music paper ad, bassist Paul Newton of the Gods completed the line-up. From the very beginning Spice avoided playing covers and, according to Box, managed initially by Newtons father, the band climbed their way up to The Marquee level, got signed by Gerry Bron who saw the band at the Blues Loft club in High Wycombe. I thought they were a band I could develop and I took them on that basis and he became the bands manager and signed them to Vertigo Records, the newly formed Philips label. The four-piece found themselves booked into the Lansdowne Studios in London, the name was changed to that of the well-known character from David Copperfield, Uriah Heep. Uriah Heep decided to widen the sound, wed actually recorded half the first album when we decided that keyboards would be good for our sound. I was a big Vanilla Fudge fan, with their Hammond organ and searing guitar on top, Gerry Bron brought in session player Colin Wood, followed by Ken Hensley, a former colleague of Newton in the Gods, who was playing guitar in Toe Fat.
I saw a lot of potential in the group to do something very different, the albums title references the signature phrase of the Dickens character Uriah Heep. Hensley had little to contribute to the debut and Byron wrote most of the material, including Gypsy, in many ways. a marriage of contrasts that, in time, became their trademark. In a 1989 interview, Mick Box recalled, The funny thing was we wrote it at the Hanwell Community Centre and you can imagine the kind of racket we were both making between us
Theodore Anthony Ted Nugent is an American musician and political activist. Nugent initially gained fame as the lead guitarist of the Amboy Dukes, after playing with the Amboy Dukes, he embarked on a solo career. Nugent is noted for political views, his lifelong stance against drug and alcohol abuse and advocacy of hunting. He is a member of the National Rifle Association and a strong supporter of the Republican Party. Nugent was born the third of four siblings in Redford, Michigan, He moved to Palatine, Illinois as a teenager, raised Catholic, Nugent has mentioned his ties with Catholicism many times during interviews, and has stated that he regularly attends church. He attended William Fremd High School in Palatine, transferred after his year to St. Viator High School in Arlington Heights. Nugent has released more than 34 albums and has sold a total of 30 million records. He was known throughout his career in the 1970s for using Fender amps, a large part of his signature sound. Nugents 2005 plans involved a tour with country music singer-songwriter Toby Keith, Nugent toured with local Detroit musician Alex Winston during the summers of 2007 and 2008.
On July 4,2008, at the DTE Energy Music Theater in Clarkston, Ted Nugent played his 6, Derek St. Holmes, Johnny Bee Badanjek, and Nugents guitar teacher from 1958, Joe Podorsek, all jammed on stage with Nugent for various tunes. The Cellars house band at the time had been the Shadows of Knight, the Amboy Dukes second single was Journey to the Center of the Mind, which featured lyrics written by the Dukes second guitarist Steve Farmer. Nugent, an ardent anti-drug campaigner, has claimed that he had no idea that this song was about drug use. The Amboy Dukes, Journey to the Center of the Mind, Migration, on April 5,1968, Nugent along with a group of musicians paid tribute to Martin Luther King by having a folk and blues jam session. Joni Mitchell played first, followed by Buddy Guy, other musicians who participated were BB King and Al Kooper. After settling down on a ranch in Michigan in 1973, Nugent signed a deal with Frank Zappas DiscReet Records label. The following year, Tooth Fang & Claw established a fan base for Nugent, personnel changes nearly wrecked the band, which became known as Ted Nugent & the Amboy Dukes.
Nugent reunited with the members of the Amboy Dukes at the 2009 Detroit Music Awards. The psychedelic band received a distinguished achievement honor at the event, the Dukes played together at the ceremony, marking their first public performance in more than 30 years