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Variety (magazine)

Variety is an American media company owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly newspaper reporting on theater and vaudeville. In 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles. Variety.com features breaking entertainment news, box office results, cover stories, photo galleries and more, plus a credits database, production charts and calendar, with archive content dating back to 1905. Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering theater and vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. Sime was fired by The Morning Telegraph in 1905 for panning an act which had taken out an advert for $50, said that it looked like he would have to start his own paper in order to be able to tell the truth. With a loan of $1,500 from his father-in-law, he launched Variety as editor. In addition to Sime's former employer The Morning Telegraph, other major competitors on launch were The New York Clipper and the New York Dramatic Mirror.

The original cover design, similar to the current design, was sketched by Edgar M. Miller, a scenic painter, who refused payment; the front cover contained pictures of the original editorial staff, who were Alfred Greason, Epes W Sargeant and Joshua Lowe, as well as Sime. The first issue contained a review by Sime's son Sidne known as Skigie, claimed to be the youngest critic in the world at seven years old. In 1922 Sime acquired The New York Clipper, reporting on the stage and other entertainment since 1853 and folded it two years merging some of its features into Variety. In 1922, Sime launched the Times Square Daily, which he referred to as "the world's worst daily" and soon scrapped. During that period, Variety staffers worked on all three papers. After the launch of The Hollywood Reporter in 1930, which Variety sued for alleged plagiarism in 1932, Sime launched Daily Variety in 1933, based in Hollywood, with Arthur Ungar as the editor, it replaced Variety Bulletin, issued in Hollywood on Fridays.

Daily Variety was published every day other than Sunday but on Monday to Friday. Ungar was editor until 1950, followed by Joe Schoenfeld and Thomas M. Pryor, succeeded by his son Pete; the Daily and the Weekly were run as independent newspapers, with the Daily concentrating on Hollywood news and the Weekly on U. S. and International coverage. Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931. Green remained as editor from 1931 until his death in 1973. Sime's son Sidne succeeded him as publisher of both publications however, he contracted tuberculosis in 1936 and could no longer take a day to day role at the paper. Green, the editor, Harold Erichs, the treasurer and chief financial officer, ran the paper during his illness. Following Sidne's death in 1950, his only son Syd Silverman, was the sole heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs assumed the presidency and continued to oversee Variety until 1956. After that date, Syd Silverman managed the company as publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to Cahners Publishing for $64 million.

He remained as publisher until 1990 when he was succeeded on Weekly Variety by Gerard A. Byrne and on Daily Variety by Sime's great grandson, Michael Silverman. Syd became chairman of both publications. In 1953 Army Archerd's "Just for Variety" column appeared on page two of Daily Variety and swiftly became popular in Hollywood. Archerd broke countless exclusive stories, reporting from film sets, announcing pending deals, giving news of star-related hospitalizations and births; the column appeared daily for 52 years until September 1, 2005. On December 7, 1988, the editor, Roger Watkins and oversaw the transition to four-color print. Upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front; the old front-page box advertisement was replaced by a strip advertisement, along with the first photos published in Variety since Sime gave up using them in the old format in 1920: they depicted Sime and Syd. For 20 years from 1989 its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood.

Bart had worked at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times. In April 2009 Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterized online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter and editor positions in the newsroom. In October 2012 Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, sold the publication to Penske Media Corporation. PMC is the owner of Deadline Hollywood, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October 2012, Jay Penske, Chairman and CEO of PMC, announced that the website's paywall would come down, the print publication would stay, he would invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall. In March 2013 Variety owner Jay Penske appointed three co-editors to oversee different parts of the publication's industry coverage.

Telia Carrier

Telia Carrier named TeliaSonera International Carrier, is a provider of telecommunication services based in Solna, Sweden. It is wholly owned by Telia Company, the largest telecommunications group in the Nordic and Baltic regions, it is listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchanges. It is a tier 1 network provider, assigned Autonomous System number AS1299; as of May 2019, Telia was ranked as the number one Internet backbone by Dyn. The core business of Telia Carrier is to provide fiber-based telecommunications services and infrastructure; the company is an IP connectivity supplier ranked number one globally. It provides services to operators, content providers enterprises and online gaming networks; the company owns and operates a large fiber network, spanning 65,000 km and connecting 280 points of presence spread across more than 115 cities in 35 countries as of May 2019. The network is centrally managed and monitored and optimized from Network Operations Centers 24/7/365; the company's customer base is wholesale and includes the telecoms service providers ViaSat and Rostelecom, the content providers Facebook, Activision Blizzard, the content delivery networks CDNetworks.

In May 2012, Telia Carrier announced it had been selected to build and manage a pan-European optical network for Facebook. The multi-terabit optical network will allow Facebook to serve users in Africa, Middle East and Europe from a data center in Luleå, near the Arctic Circle. In November 2011 Telia Carrier and Infinera announced completion of the world's first Terabit optical transmission based on 500Gbit/s super-channels; the demonstration was performed on 1105 km of optical fiber between Los Angeles and San Jose, California. The trial was conducted with elements of the new Infinera DTN-X platform and demonstrated twice the capacity of previous trials by adding a terabit of bandwidth to a route carrying 300Gbit/s production capacity. Since 2008, Telia Carrier has donated free service to the Wikimedia Foundation, being the only global tier 1 carrier to do so, as of February 2012. Official website Global network map Brendan Ives talks to Capacity TV

1997 in Japanese television

Events in 1997 in Japanese television. February 8- The final episode of the popular anime series Sailor Moon is aired. December 16–Denno Senshi Porygon, an episode of Pokémon, is aired on TV Tokyo in Japan. 20 minutes in the episode, Ash Ketchum's Pikachu uses his Thunderbolt attack on vaccine missiles, causing red and blue strobe lights flashing rapidly. This gives 685 viewers seizures and causes Indigo League to go into hiatus until April 1998. Music Fair, music Mito Kōmon, jidaigeki Sazae-san, anime FNS Music Festival, music Panel Quiz Attack 25, game show Doraemon, anime Soreike! Anpanman, anime Downtown no Gaki no Tsukai ya Arahende!!, game show Crayon Shin-chan, anime Shima Shima Tora no Shimajirō, anime Nintama Rantarō, anime Chibi Maruko-chan, anime Azuki-chan, anime Kodomo no Omocha, anime Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo, anime Rurouni Kenshin: Meiji Swordsman Romantic Story, anime Detective Conan, anime 1997 in anime List of Japanese television dramas 1997 in Japan List of Japanese films of 1997