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Varina, Virginia

Varina is a former unincorporated community and current magisterial district in the easternmost portion of Henrico County, United States. Varina was named for Varina plantation established by John Rolfe about 1615 on the James River about 50 miles from the first settlement at Jamestown, across the river from Sir Thomas Dale's 1611 settlement at Henricus; the Plantation and neighboring Henricus were part of Henrico City, an incorporation formed in 1611 by the. The Native American massacre resulted in the downfall of the Henricus settlement; the Varina settlement built up around much of Varina Plantation. Varina covered an area of 18 by 25 miles, but it became known as Henrico. After that, Varina referred to the plantation. Varina became the county seat of Henrico when it was formed as one of the eight original shires of Virginia in 1634. In 1666, the first courthouse was built at Varina for Henrico County. Varina was established as an unincorporated community in 1680. By 1640, a church for Henrico Parish and other buildings were built either on the Varina plantation or in the settlement of Varina, but their location is unknown.

By 1640, Varina was the site of the Henrico Parish glebe. From 1685 to 1694, Rev. James Blair was the minister at Varina Parish, he was made College of William & Mary's first rector in 1694 and was one of the founders of the school. After Blair, William Stith lived at the glebe at Varina. In 1741, the Henrico Parish church was relocated to the present location of St. John's Episcopal Church in the Church Hill section of Richmond. Varina remained the county seat of Henrico County until 1752, when the seat was relocated to the growing city of Richmond, located at the head of navigation on the north side of the James River. Varina historic districts include: Cedar Hill and Armour House, Curles Neck, Dabbs House, Dorey Barn, Gravel Hill, Osborne School House. In November 1635, a land patent was attained by Captain Thomas Harris for 750 acres, of that 100 acres were awarded for being an early settler during the "time of Sir Thomas Dale". Harris represented Curles Neck at the House of Burgesses, his house was among the oldest in Virginia between 1635 and 1654, the ruins of which have been part of an archaeological study.

The ruins were found near the existing house built in the early 18th century. It had tunnels to the James River to escape attacks by Native Americans. First called Longfield, it is now known at Curles Neck Plantation, the residence of Nathaniel Bacon, who led Bacon's Rebellion during the Colonial period and was known for his campaigns against Native Americans. Bacon lived at the plantation from 1674 until his death in 1676; the property was confiscated by the British. In 1698, the Randolph family of Virginia and held the property for longer than other owners; the Georgian style plantation is believed to have been destroyed during the Civil War. Clover Forest Plantation, or Dabbs House, was a residence of the Antebellum South, located near the Eastern Government Center of Henrico and was the eastern headquarters of the Henrico's Division of Police. Chief Justice John Marshall owned the Chickahominy Farm near Meadowview Park as a country residence in the early 19th century; the owner of Cedar Hill, James D. Vaughan, was a member of the 10th Regiment of the Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War and had served in the Virginia militia.

The Greek Revival style farmhouse, built in the 19th century, still survives but has been part of a project to restore the building and it was moved from its original location. During the Civil War, Clover Forest Plantation was Robert E. Lee's headquarters for a period; the Seven Days Battle began in the Varian area and Lee was able to watch the battle from a bluff on what is now Meadowview Park. Cedar Hill was used as a camp during the Seven Days Battle, including by Confederate units of Dershaws Division. During the Civil War, it was one of the two major Southern places for prisoner exchange. Union General Benjamin Butler took over the plantation for his official headquarters and the house and cabin housed his staff. Robert E. Lee, a Confederate soldier, established his Richmond-area headquarters at the Dabbs House. After the emergence of Richmond as a major community and port in the mid-18th century, as land transportation became better, the location of Varina, not on any major roadway, became more isolated slipping into farming use.

Prehistoric Native American occupation has been identified in Meadowview Park by archaeologists. Former counties and towns of Virginia

Himalayan flameback

The Himalayan flameback known as the Himalayan goldenback, is a species of bird in the family Picidae. At the moment little is known of this species and more fieldwork is required; the Himalayan flameback is not threatened but it is suspected that deforestation could affect the species population. The Himalayan flameback is similar in appearance to the Greater Goldenback, but is not at all related; the primary difference is bill. The Himalayan flameback can be identified by: their black hind neck, the brownish centre on their throat, that can go down the breast on some and is bordered by an irregular black spotting, they have an indistinct divided moustachial stripe, the centre of, brownish and sometimes reddish in males. The Himalayan flameback has ether reddish or brown eye and three toes; the breast of the Himalayan flameback is irregularly streaked with black but on occasion white. Their wings are coppery brown to red in colour. Lastly the males have a yellowish-red forehead. In contrast, the female's crest is black streaked with white.

In both sexes the crest is bordered by black bands on either side of their head. Part of the family Picidae and the genus Dinopium which consists of woodpeckers with only three toes, the Himalayan flameback forms a super species with the Common flameback. There are two recognized sub-species within Himalayan flameback, D.s. shorii and D.s. anguste. The sister species of the Himalayan flameback are Celeus brachyurus. Himalayan Flamebacks are found in the Indian subcontinent in the lower-to-middle altitudes of the Himalayan sal forest region, its range spans across Bangladesh, India and Nepal, where they are year-round residents. A disjunct population occurs in south-eastern Ghats; the Himalayan flameback's habitat compromises of mature tropical/subtropical deciduous forests as well as semi-evergreen forests. They prefer Bombax forest; the Himalayan flameback's call is a series of repeated klak-klak-klak-klak-klak. The call is softer than the Greater Goldenback; the diet of Himalayan flamebacks is poorly known.

They manly feed together with other birds such as the Greater Goldenback. It is assumed that their primary prey is arthropod insects the same as many other woodpecker species. Little know of their breeding habits. What is known is that they breed from March to May and nest in excavated holes in trees, their clutch size is 2–3 eggs. Vocolizations - xeno-canto Himalayan flamback video and photos at the Internet Bird Collection

Stripped (Macy Gray album)

Stripped is the ninth studio album recorded by American singer-songwriter Macy Gray. It was released on September 2016 on Chesky Records label. Although Gray's vocals had been compared to jazz vocalists, Stripped is her first overtly jazz album and features live-in-the-studio recording techniques and accompaniment by leading jazz instrumentalists; the album debuted at No. 3 on the Billboard Jazz Albums chart. The album is made up of ten songs, all recorded live on April 7 and April 8, 2016, in a decommissioned Brooklyn church; the album includes remakes of several of her songs and songs by other artists, as well as all-new recordings. Macy Gray told Elle that recording a jazz album "was such a unexpected but refreshing and fun thing to do." One of the songs on the album, "Lucy," was composed. "Annabelle" was released on August 2016, to promote the album. Gray said "'Annabelle' is one of my favorite songs on the album," adding that "it speaks to all the suffering you go through when you're trying to quit a habit.

At the same time the mood of the song inspires a craving for a big fat joint." Macy Gray's newly recorded version of "I Try,", praised, was used to promote the album. Elle said that the track "gorgeously reimagined," while Entertainment Weekly called it "jazz-infused."The album was released on 9 September 2016. It was made available on vinyl, in addition to being available digitally. Critical reception for Stripped was positive; the album holds a score of 79 out of 100 on review aggregate website MetaCritic, indicating "generally favorable reviews." James Nadal, writing for All About Jazz, awarded the album 4.5 of 5 stars, stating "Recorded with no over dubs, in a two-day session, this is as close to a live gig as one could imagine, with spatial realism and no audience background noise to hamper audio quality," singling out "I Try," "Slowly," "First Time," and "Redemption Song" as highlights and going on to conclude that "Gray is a throwback to the early days when jazz singers were not pretentious, but had to rely on their innate talent to carry the tune with raw emotion and sensual grace."Allmusic's review was positive, giving the album 3.5 out of 5 stars, commenting that "all of this is best heard in a late-night setting.

The volume of Gray's rasping voice breaks above the level of an intimate conversation -- at times, she sounds a bit off in the distance -- and the group plays as if it's trying not to disturb a dozing parishioner," stating that "For all its emphasis on the past, Stripped sounds like a step forward."Music critic Robert Christgau, writing for Vice, was extremely complimentary toward the album. In his article "Reinvention, and'Redemption Song,'" he stated that the album was a career highlight, stated that "guitarist Russell Malone and trumpeter Wallace Roney earn their minutes, but they make room for Macy as she eases into a few of her own standards and tops them with the new'First Time,'" stating that "although she wasn't the only one born to sing'Redemption Song'... she does it humble and she does it proud."Other critics praised the album, as well. Exclaim's Ryan B. Patrick said that "Gray's inimitable rasp does the job in conveying improvisational sounds," going on to state that "'Stripped' finds Gray in lucid form.

Vogue was complimentary towards the album, noting "Lucy" as a highlight. A review by Yahoo praised the album's sound quality and noting that the album has "a sweet balance between singer and band." "Stripped" impacted the jazz charts, a first for Gray, who had charted on the R&B and pop charts. On the chart dated October 1, 2016, Stripped debuted at number 2 on the US Traditional Jazz Albums chart, it debuted at number 3 on the US Jazz Albums chart. The album reached on the Independent Albums chart at number 47. Credits adapted from AllMusic. ProducersDave Chesky Norman CheskyMusiciansAri Hoenig – drums Daryl Johns – bass Russell Malone – guitar Wallace Roney – trumpetMiscellaneous personnelJeff Lanier – A&R Janelle Costa – assistant Mor Mezrich – second engineer Max Steen – assistant engineer Nicholas Prout – engineering, editing

Rawle Brancker

Rawle Cecil Brancker is a former West Indian cricketer. A left-handed batsman and slow left-arm orthodox spin bowler, Brancker was an all rounder for Barbados between 1956 and 1970, he made 47 appearances in first class cricket, scoring 1,666 runs at an average of 27.31 with five centuries and taking 106 wickets at 27.32 runs per wicket. In his six matches for Barbados in the 1964-65 and 1965-66 seasons he scored 414 runs at 103.50 with three centuries, took 18 wickets at 26.11, was selected to tour England with the West Indian cricket team in England in 1966. He had occasional success as a bowler on the tour, taking seven Kent wickets for 73 runs, which remained the best bowling figures of his career; as a batsman he made a top score of only 37 on the tour, he was not used for any of the Tests. His top first-class score was 135 not out against Jamaica in 1966-67, he captained Barbados in the match against the MCC in 1967-68. He went on to join the West Indies 2007 Cricket World Cup Committee in 2003, however he resigned in 2005 citing irreconcilable differences with officials Chris Dehring and Teddy Griffith.

He was succeeded by West Indies Cricket Board president. Rawle Brancker at ESPNcricinfo Rawle Brancker at Cricket Archive

Anne Whateley

Anne Whateley is the name given to a woman, sometimes supposed to have been the intended wife of William Shakespeare before he married Anne Hathaway. Most scholars believe that Whateley never existed, that her name in a document concerning Shakespeare's marriage is a clerical error. However, several writers on Shakespeare have taken the view that she was a real rival to Hathaway for Shakespeare's hand, she has appeared in imaginative literature on Shakespeare and in Shakespeare authorship speculations. Shakespeare's biographer Russell A. Fraser describes her as "a ghost", "haunting the edges of Shakespeare's story", she has been called "the first of the Shakespearean Dark Ladies". Whateley's existence has been deduced from an entry in the Episcopal register at Worcester which states in Latin "Anno Domini 1582... Novembris...27 die eiusdem mensis. Item eodem die supradicto emanavit Licentia inter Wm Shaxpere et Annam Whateley de Temple Grafton." The entry states that a marriage licence has been issued to Shakespeare and Anne Whateley to marry in the village of Temple Grafton.

The day afterwards, Fulk Sandells and John Richardson, friends of the Hathaway family from Stratford-upon-Avon, signed a surety of £40 as a financial guarantee for the wedding of "William Shagspere and Anne Hathwey". The entry in the register was discovered in the late nineteenth century by Reverend T. P. Wadley. Various explanations were offered, it was assumed that Whateley was an alternative surname for Anne Hathaway herself. Wadley believed that it was an alias, used by Hathaway in order to keep the date of the marriage secret to obscure the fact that she was pregnant. Another suggestion was that Anne Hathaway might legitimately have used the name, either because her father Richard Hathaway was in fact her step-father, her mother having been married to a man called Whateley, or because Anne herself may have been married to a man named Whateley. None of these suggestions gained support; the Whateley note is discussed in Sidney Lee's 1898 book A Life of William Shakespeare. Lee argues that the "William Shakespeare", engaged to Whateley is a different person from the playwright, as there were "numerous William Shakespeares, who abounded in the diocese of Worcester".

In 1905 Joseph William Gray in Shakespeare's Marriage gave a detailed argument for clerical error due to the existence of lawsuits involving Whateleys that were being written up by the same scribe. However, in 1909 Frank Harris in his book The Man Shakespeare ignored Gray's argument and dismissed Lee's suggestion that there were two William Shakespeares as wildly implausible, he insisted. He intended to marry Anne Whateley, when this became known, he was forced by Anne Hathaway's family to marry their relative, since he had made her pregnant. Harris believed that Shakespeare despised his wife, that his forced marriage was the spur to his creative work: If Shakespeare had married Anne Whately he might never have gone to London or written a play. Shakespeare's hatred of his wife and his regret for having married her were alike foolish. Our brains are the wisest part of us, it was well. I am sorry he left her unsupplied with money; some biographers, notably Ivor Brown and Anthony Burgess, followed Harris' lead, portraying Whateley as Shakespeare's true love.

Brown argued. In 1970 Burgess wrote, It is reasonable to believe that Will wished to marry a girl named Anne Whateley; the name is common enough in the Midlands and is attached to a four-star hotel in Horse Fair, Banbury. Her father may have been a friend of John Shakespeare's, he may have sold kidskin cheap, there are various reasons why the Shakespeares and the Whateleys, or their nubile children, might become friendly. Sent on skin-buying errands to Temple Grafton, Will could have fallen for a comely daughter, sweet as May and shy as a fawn, he was eighteen and susceptible. Knowing something about girls, he would know. Something quite different from what he felt about Mistress Hathaway of Shottery, but why, attempting to marry Anne Whateley, had he put himself in the position of having to marry the other Anne? I suggest that, to use the crude but convenient properties of the old women's-magazine morality-stories, he was exercised by love for the one and lust for the other. According to Stanley Wells in the Oxford Companion to Shakespeare, most modern scholars take the same view as Gray, that the name Whateley was "almost the result of clerical error".

It may have arisen because the clerk was recording information about a tithe appeal by a vicar, which included a reference to a person named Whateley. Though there was a Whateley family in the area, no independent evidence has been found of the existence of an Anne Whateley in Temple Grafton or anywhere else nearby; as for Lee's claim that there were "numerous" other William Shakespeares in the diocese researchers have found no surviving records of any other William Shakespeares of marriageable age in the diocese of Worcester. After Harris's initial argument a number of imaginative claims were made about Anne Whateley, most that she was the true author of Shakespeare's works; this argument was made by William Ross in his book The Story of Anne Whateley and William Shaxpere (1939

Calamus rotang

Calamus rotang known as common rattan, is a plant species native to India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar. It one of the scandent rattan palms used to make Malacca cane furniture, walking-sticks, umbrellas and general wickerwork, is found in Southwest Asia; the basal section of the plant grows vertically for 10 metres or so, after which the slender, tough stem of a few centimetres in diameter, grows horizontally for 200 metres or more. It is flexible and uniform in thickness, has sheaths and petioles armed with backward-facing spines which enable it to scramble over other plants, it has alternate leaves, 60 -- 80 cm long, armed with two rows of spines on the upper face. The plants are dioecious, flowers are clustered in attractive inflorescences, enclosed by spiny spathes; the edible fruits are top-shaped, covered in shiny, reddish-brown imbricate scales, exude an astringent red resin known medicinally and commercially as "dragon's blood". The canes are sought-after and expensive, but have to a large extent been replaced by sticks made from plants, such as bamboos and osier willows.

The rattan palm by Anna Guglielmo, Pietro Pavone and Cristina Salmeri Carl Ludwig Blume's Rumphia vol.3 with numerous plates of rattan palms