Circus Circus Las Vegas
Circus Circus Las Vegas is a hotel, 123,928 sq ft casino, RV park located on the Las Vegas Strip in Winchester, Nevada. It is operated by MGM Resorts International. Circus Circus features circus acts and carnival type games daily on the Midway. Circus Circus is the largest permanent big top in the world; the Lucky The Clown marquee at the entrance was provided by Young Electric Sign Company and was constructed in 1976. Previous owners of Circus Circus Las Vegas were Jay Sarno and Stanley Mallin and Mandalay Resort Group known as Circus Circus Enterprises Circus Circus was opened on October 18, 1968 by Jay Sarno and Stanley Mallin, becoming the flagship casino for Circus Circus Enterprises. Architects Rissman and Rissman Associates designed a giant circus tent shaped main structure, built by R. C. Johnson Construction of Las Vegas. At its opening, the $15 million facility only included a casino; the lack of a hotel resulted in financial problems, as the casino was not able to attract high rollers.
Sarno obtained a $23 million loan from the Teamsters Pension Fund to construct a hotel. As part of the arrangement, the Chicago Outfit's enforcer, Anthony Spilotro was granted a gift shop concession in the hotel. In addition to a government investigation into the organized-crime connections and Mallin were being investigated for tax code violations; the casino's financial problems continued and Sarno, along with his partner Stanley Mallin, decided to sell out. In 1974, ownership changed with the sale of the casino to William Bennett and William Pennington for $25 million; the facility was expanded with hotel tower additions in 1972, 1975, 1980, 1986, 1996. A blog reported that on July 1, 2009, Slots-A-Fun would begin the re-branding process in order to be incorporated into Circus Circus; the hotel rooms are located in several buildings including: The West Tower The Casino Tower The Skyrise Tower Circus Circus Manor Motor Lodge RV Park Circus Circus offers: Slots-A-Fun Casino Ballrooms – space for up to 600 people Race and Sports Book – 80 seats, with 18 big screens Three swimming pools "Chapel of the Fountain" The Adventuredome is a 5-acre indoor amusement park located within the resort.
The park is inside a large pink glass dome connected to the hotel and offers 25 rides and attractions including the Canyon Blaster roller coaster, rock climbing wall, 18-hole miniature golf course, an arcade, clown shows, Xtreme Zone, Pikes Pass, Virtual Reality Zone, Midway Games, carnival-type games. Splash Zone Las Vegas Newest Water Park, it features thrilling a kiddie playground. The hotel's famous midway was featured in the 1971 James Bond film Diamonds Are Forever. In his journalistic novel of the early 1970s, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Hunter S. Thompson wrote, "The Circus-Circus is what the whole hep world would be doing Saturday night if the Nazis had won the war; this is the sixth Reich. The ground floor is full of gambling tables, like all the other casinos... but the place is about four stories high, in the style of a circus tent, all manner of strange County-Fair/Polish Carnival madness is going on up in this space." When the Thompson work was adapted to film in 1998, the fictional "Bazooko Circus" was a thinly veiled stand-in for the world-famed resort, which had refused permission for the filmmakers to shoot on their property.
The Adventuredome Theme Park and the Canyon Blaster roller coaster were featured in the 1999 movie Baby Geniuses. The theme park was known as Joyworld in the movie. Characters in 1977's post-apocalyptic Damnation Alley seek out at the abandoned Circus Circus to play. In Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery and Vanessa sneak into the Circus Circus. In the 1992 movie Honey, I Blew Up the Kid, the oversized child Adam is shown laughing and smiling at the Lucky the Clown pylon; the Midway was featured in the 1978 film Corvette Summer, when Mark Hamill was being lured into a scam by a "salesman". In the game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, Circus Circus is featured as The Clown's Pocket. A recreation of the hotel called "Ringmaster" can be found in the 2014 racing video game The Crew, near the northern end of the strip. In the TV series Vega$, private detective Dan Tanna lived in a converted warehouse next to Circus Circus, was shown driving past the resort in his classic Ford Thunderbird. Official website Vegas.com
The Cromwell Las Vegas
The Cromwell Las Vegas is a luxury boutique hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation; the property was the site of Empey's Desert Villa from 1952. In 1979, it became Barbary Coast; the casino was opened on March 2, 1979 at a cost of $11.5 million. Over time, this property, along with others owned by Gaughan would become Coast Casinos Inc. Gaughan shared partnership in the Barbary Coast with Kenny Epstein, Tito Tiberti, Frank Toti and Jerry Herbst. In July 2005, Boyd Gaming purchased the Barbary Coast Hotel. In September 2005, Boyd purchased the 4.3 acres of land. The hotel had been leasing the land. In 2007, Boyd gave the Barbary Coast to Harrah's Entertainment in exchange for the 11-acre site of the demolished Westward Ho, to be used for the Echelon Place project; the Barbary Coast closed at 2:00 a.m. on February 27 and reopened on March 1 as the newly rebranded Bill's Gamblin' Hall and Saloon, in honor of company founder Bill Harrah.
After nearly six years of continuous operations, Bill's closed on February 4, 2013, for complete renovation into a luxury boutique hotel. Plans called for complete renovation of the entire property, the guest rooms and casino floor, a new restaurant, construction of a 65,000 square foot rooftop pool and dayclub/nightclub. Caesars announced in March 2013 that the hotel would be renovated at a cost of $185 million and converted to an outpost of the New York-based Gansevoort Hotels chain of boutique luxury hotels, with 188 rooms, a 40,000 square foot casino, a 65,000 square foot indoor/outdoor beach club/nightclub overseen by Victor Drai. In October 2013, Caesars terminated its agreement with Gansevoort and said that it would continue the redevelopment of Bill's without the Gansevoort name; the move came after Massachusetts gambling regulators recommended denying Caesars a license for a proposed casino at the Suffolk Downs racetrack, due to alleged connections between one of the Gansevoort's investors and the Russian mafia.
Plans announced in late 2013 indicated that Giada De Laurentiis would open her first restaurant in the new hotel and that Caesars would run the hotel. Caesars confirmed on January 2014, that the hotel would be named The Cromwell, it marked its soft opening to guests on April 21, 2014. The hotel rooms were available starting May 21, 2014. In July 2014, Giada De Laurentiis opened her first restaurant, called GIADA, inside the resort; the restaurant offers seating in the dining room, lounge, or outdoor patio with views of the Bellagio fountains and Caesars Palace. The GIADA menu includes Italian cuisine with Californian influences, including "lemon spaghetti, chicken cacciatore, marsala herb chicken meatballs, rosemary focaccia and lemon flatbread and vegetable Bolognese rigatoni". Family-style and gluten-free options are available, as well as an antipasto station. Restaurant guests can watch chefs prepare food from the open kitchen. In 1997, Victor Drai opened Drai’s restaurant on the Las Vegas Strip.
Two years Drai added a nightclub to the restaurant, re-branding it Drai’s After Hours. In Vegas Seven's 2012 Nightclub Awards, Drai's After Hours won "Best Place to Disappear". Drai opened his latest Las Vegas club project, Drai’s Beach Club & Nightclub, on Memorial Day Weekend 2014, at the resort; this 65,000-square-foot venue has a party pool and an indoor/outdoor club spread out over two levels on top of the new Cromwell Hotel. List of Caesars Entertainment properties List of casinos in Nevada Official website Media related to The Cromwell Las Vegas at Wikimedia Commons
Frank Philip Stella is an American painter and printmaker, noted for his work in the areas of minimalism and post-painterly abstraction. Stella works in New York City. Frank Stella was born in Massachusetts, to parents of Italian descent, his father was a gynecologist, his mother was an artistically inclined housewife who attended a fashion school and took up landscape painting. After attending high school at Phillips Academy in Andover, where he learned about abstract modernists Josef Albers and Hans Hofmann, he attended Princeton University, where he majored in history and met Darby Bannard and Michael Fried. Early visits to New York art galleries fostered his artistic development, his work was influenced by the abstract expressionism of Jackson Pollock and Franz Kline. Stella moved after his graduation, he is one of the most well-regarded postwar American painters still working today. He is heralded for creating abstract paintings that bear no pictorial illusions or psychological or metaphysical references in twentieth-century painting.
As of 2015, Stella lives in Greenwich Village and keeps an office there but commutes on weekdays to his studio in Rock Tavern, New York. Upon moving to New York City, he reacted against the expressive use of paint by most painters of the abstract expressionist movement, instead finding himself drawn towards the "flatter" surfaces of Barnett Newman's work and the "target" paintings of Jasper Johns, he began to produce works which emphasized the picture-as-object, rather than the picture as a representation of something, be it something in the physical world, or something in the artist's emotional world. Stella married Barbara Rose a well-known art critic, in 1961. Around this time he said that a picture was "a flat surface with paint on it – nothing more"; this was a departure from the technique of creating a painting by first making a sketch. Many of the works are created by using the path of the brush stroke often using common house paint; this new aesthetic found expression in a series of new paintings, the Black Paintings in which regular bands of black paint were separated by thin pinstripes of unpainted canvas.
Die Fahne Hoch! is one such painting. It takes its name from the first line of the Horst-Wessel-Lied, the anthem of the National Socialist German Workers Party, Stella pointed out that it is in the same proportions as banners used by that organization, it has been suggested that the title has a double meaning, referring to Jasper Johns' paintings of flags. In any case, its emotional coolness belies the contentiousness its title might suggest, reflecting this new direction in Stella's work. Stella's art was recognized for its innovations. In 1959, several of his paintings were included in "Three Young Americans" at the Allen Memorial Art Museum at Oberlin College, as well as in "Sixteen Americans" at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. From 1960 Stella began to produce paintings in aluminium and copper paint which, in their presentation of regular lines of color separated by pinstripes, are similar to his black paintings; however they use a wider range of colors, are his first works using shaped canvases being in L, N, U or T-shapes.
These developed into more elaborate designs, in the Irregular Polygon series, for example. In the 1960s, Stella began to use a wider range of colors arranged in straight or curved lines, he began his Protractor Series of paintings, in which arcs, sometimes overlapping, within square borders are arranged side-by-side to produce full and half circles painted in rings of concentric color. These paintings are named after circular cities he had visited while in the Middle East earlier in the 1960s; the Irregular Polygon canvases and Protractor series further extended the concept of the shaped canvas. Stella began his extended engagement with printmaking in the mid-1960s, working first with master printer Kenneth Tyler at Gemini G. E. L. Stella produced a series of prints during the late 1960s starting with a print called Quathlamba I in 1968. Stella's abstract prints used lithography, screenprinting and offset lithography. In 1967, he designed the set and costumes for a dance piece by Merce Cunningham.
The Museum of Modern Art in New York presented a retrospective of Stella's work in 1970, making him the youngest artist to receive one. During the following decade, Stella introduced relief into his art, which he came to call "maximalist" painting for its sculptural qualities; the shaped canvases took on less regular forms in the Eccentric Polygon series, elements of collage were introduced, pieces of canvas being pasted onto plywood, for example. His work became more three-dimensional to the point where he started producing large, free-standing metal pieces, although they are painted upon, might well be considered sculpture. After introducing wood and other materials in the Polish Village series, created in high relief, he began to use aluminum as the primary support for his paintings; as the 1970s and 1980s progressed, these became more exuberant. Indeed, his earlier Minimalism became baroque, marked by curving forms, Day-Glo colors, scrawled brushstrokes, his prints of these decades combined various printmaking and drawing techniques.
In 1973, he had a print studio installed in his New York house. In 1976, Stella was commissioned by BMW to paint a BMW 3.0 CSL for the second installment in the BMW Art Car Project. He has said of this project, "The starting point for the art cars was racing livery. In the old days there
Bellagio is a resort, luxury hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is owned and operated by MGM Resorts International and was built on the site of the demolished Dunes hotel and casino. Inspired by the Lake Como town of Bellagio in Italy, Bellagio is famed for its elegance. One of its most notable features is an 8-acre lake between the building and the Strip, which houses the Fountains of Bellagio, a large dancing water fountain synchronized to music. Inside Bellagio, Dale Chihuly's Fiori di Como, composed of over 2,000 hand-blown glass flowers, covers 2,000 sq ft of the lobby ceiling. Bellagio is home to Cirque du Soleil's aquatic production "O"; the main tower of Bellagio, with 3,015 rooms, has 36 floors and a height of 508 ft. The Spa Tower, which opened on December 23, 2004, stands to the south of the main tower, has 33 floors, a height of 392 ft and contains 935 rooms. Bellagio was conceived by Steve Wynn, Atlandia Design managed the design and furnishing of the facility, following the purchase and demolition of the legendary Dunes hotel and casino in October 27, 1993 after the grand opening of Luxor Las Vegas.
Bellagio's design architect was DeRuyter Butler, Peter Smith was the project executive. Construction on the Bellagio began in May 1996. Bellagio had an original design and construction cost of US$1.6 billion. The interior design on the Bellagio was designed by Architectural Digest 100 four-time winner Roger Thomas. Roger Thomas is the executive vice president of design for Wynn Design & Development, principal of the Roger Thomas Collection. Bellagio opened on October 15, 1998, just before 11 pm, in a ceremony, reported to cost US$88 million; the VIPs invited to the grand opening were expected to donate to The Foundation Fighting Blindness US$1,000 a person or US$3,500 a couple, which entitled them to an overnight stay at Bellagio's suite rooms. Opening night's entertainment began with Steve Wynn giving a 40-minute welcome speech followed by the opening of the Cirque du Soleil production O. Performing in Bellagio lounges that night were New York cabaret and recording artist Michael Feinstein, George Bugatti, John Pizarrelli.
When it opened, it was the most expensive hotel built. In 2000 it became an MGM Mirage property when Mirage Resorts merged with MGM Grand Inc. to create MGM Mirage. In 2010, the company was renamed MGM Resorts International in a move to go worldwide with its brands. Bellagio employs 8,000 people. In the Autumn of 2006, the casino floor was remodeled and new uniforms were issued, changing the original color scheme to a more subdued beige theme. On December 15, 2010, a helmet-wearing gunman robbed the casino of $1.5 million in chips. In August 2011, he was sentenced to a prison term of 9–27 years. In the early morning hours of March 25, 2017, the Rolex jewelry store was robbed by men in pig masks. On April 13, 2017, part of the roof caught fire. Many professional poker players prefer to play at the Bellagio poker room, calling it their home base due to the high table limits, including the high-stakes Big Game located in "Bobby's Room", named after Bobby Baldwin; the stakes at the Big Game can range up to $4,000/$8,000, are frequented by such poker pros as Doyle Brunson, Daniel Negreanu, Jennifer Harman.
It is reported. Bellagio has partnered with the World Poker Tour to host several of their tournaments. There are 14 restaurants inside Bellagio as well as private dining, in-room dining, poolside dining options: Lago by Julian Serrano Harvest by Roy Ellamar Spago Fix Yellowtail Japanese Restaurant Prime Steakhouse Le Cirque Picasso Michael Mina The Buffet Jasmine Cafe Bellagio Noodles Bellagio Patisserie - home of the world's tallest chocolate fountain Sadelle's The Fountains of Bellagio is a vast, choreographed water feature with performances set to light and music; the performances take place in front of the Bellagio hotel and are visible from numerous vantage points on the Strip, both from the street and neighboring structures. The show takes place every 30 minutes in the afternoons and early evenings, every 15 minutes from 8 pm to midnight. Two minutes before a water show starts, the nozzles begin to break the water surface and the lights illuminating the hotel tower turn to a purple hue, or red-white-and-blue for certain music.
Shows may be cancelled without warning because of high wind, although shows run with less power in face of wind. A single show may be skipped to avoid interference with a planned event. Additional shows can occur for special occasions including weddings; the fountain display is choreographed to various pieces of music, including “The Star Spangled Banner” by Witney Houston as the first show of the day, "Time To Say Goodbye" by Andrea Bocelli, "God Bless the USA" by Lee Greenwood, "Your Song" by Elton John, "Viva Las Vegas" by Elvis Presley, "Luck Be a Lady" by Frank Sinatra, "My Heart Will Go On" by Céline Dion, A 3 song medley by Tiesto and "The Sound of Silence" by Disturbed. The fountains are set in a 8-acre manmade lake. Contrary to urban myth, the lake is not filled with treated greywater from the hotel; the lake is serviced by a freshwater well, drilled decades prior to irrigate a golf course that existed on the site. The fountains use less water than irrigating the golf course did, they incorporate a network of pipes with more than 1,200 nozzles that make it possible to stage fountain displays coordinated with more than 4,500 lights.
It is estimated. The fountains were created by WET, a design firm specializing
Flamingo Las Vegas
Flamingo Las Vegas is a hotel and casino located on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation; the property includes a 72,300 square-foot casino along with 3,626 hotel rooms. The architectural theme is reminiscent of the Art Deco and Streamline Moderne style of Miami and South Beach. Staying true to its theme, the hotel includes a garden courtyard which serves as a wildlife habitat for flamingos; the hotel was the third resort to open on the Strip and remains the oldest resort on the Strip in operation today. The Flamingo has a Las Vegas Monorail station called the Flamingo & Caesars Palace station at the rear of the property. After opening in 1946, it has undergone a number of ownership changes; the Flamingo site occupies 40 acres owned by one of Las Vegas' first settlers, Charles "Pops" Squires. Squires paid $8.75 an acre for the land. In 1944, Margaret Folsom bought the tract for $7,500 from Squires, she later sold it to Billy Wilkerson. Wilkerson was the owner of The Hollywood Reporter as well as some popular nightclubs in the Sunset Strip: Cafe Trocadero, Ciro's and La Rue's.
In 1945, Wilkerson purchased 33 acres on the east side of U. S. Route 91, or about a mile south of the Hotel Last Frontier, in preparation for his vision. Wilkerson hired George Vernon Russell to design a hotel influenced by European style. Wilkerson requested that the hotel be different than the "sawdust joints" on Fremont Street, he planned a hotel with luxurious rooms, a spa, a health club, a showroom, a golf course, a nightclub, an upscale restaurant and a French style casino. Because of high wartime material costs, Wilkerson ran into financial problems at once, finding himself $400,000 short and hunting for new financing. In late 1945, mobster Bugsy Siegel and his partners came to Las Vegas. Vegas piqued Siegel and his mob's interest because of its legalized gambling and off-track betting. At the time, Siegel held a large interest in a racing publication. Siegel began by purchasing El Cortez on Fremont Street for $600,000, his expansion plans were hampered by unfriendly city officials aware of his criminal background, so Siegel began looking for a site outside the city limits.
Hearing that Wilkerson was seeking extra funding and his partners posed as businessmen and directly bought a two-thirds stake in the project. Siegel took over the final phases of construction and convinced more of his underworld associates, such as Meyer Lansky to invest in the project. Siegel lost patience with the project's rising costs, he once mentioned to his builder, Del Webb, that he had killed 16 men; when Webb appeared scared upon hearing that, Siegel reassured him, "Don't worry – we only kill each other."Siegel had built a secret ladder in the "Presidential Suite" to escape if necessary. The ladder led down to an underground garage where a chauffeured limo was waiting. Siegel opened The Flamingo Hotel & Casino on December 26, 1946, at a total cost of $6 million. Billed as "The West's Greatest Resort Hotel", the 105-room property – and first luxury hotel on the Strip – was built 4 miles from Downtown Las Vegas. During construction, a large sign announced the hotel as a William R. Wilkerson project.
The sign read Del Webb Construction as the hotel's primary contractor and Richard R. Stadelman as the building architect. Siegel named the resort after his girlfriend, Virginia Hill, who loved to gamble and was nicknamed "Flamingo", it is reported that Siegel called her this because of her skinny legs. Organized crime king, Lucky Luciano, wrote in his memoir that Siegel once owned an interest in the Hialeah Park Race Track and viewed the flamingos who populated nearby as a good omen; the "Flamingo" name is reported to have been given to the project at its inception by Wilkerson. Siegel's trouble with the Flamingo began when, a year after its official groundbreaking, the resort had produced no revenue and drained the resources of its mob investors. Meyer Lansky charged – at a major mob conference in Cuba – that either Siegel or Hill was skimming from the resort's building budget; this charge was amplified at a time when Hill was revealed to have taken $2.5 million and had gone to Switzerland, where the skimmed money was believed to be going.
"There was no doubt in Meyer's mind," Luciano recalled in his memoir, "that Bugsy had skimmed this dough from his building budget, he was sure that Siegel was preparing to skip as well as skim, in case the roof was gonna fall in on him." Luciano and the other mob leaders in Cuba asked Lansky. Torn because of long ties to Siegel, whom he considered like a brother, Lansky agreed that someone stealing from his friends had to die. At first, Lansky persuaded the others to wait for the Flamingo's casino opening: if it was a success, Siegel could be persuaded in other ways to repay. Luciano persuaded the others to agree; the splashy opening – stars present included Spanish band leader Xavier Cugat, George Jessel, George Raft, Rose Marie, Jimmy Durante as entertainment, with guests including Clark Gable, Lana Turner, Cesar Romero, Judy Garland, Joan Crawford, others – was a flop. Lansky managed to persuade the mob chiefs to reprieve Siegel once more and allow the Flamingo more time, but by January 1947 Siegel had to order.
The Flamingo re-opened in March despite the hotel not being complete, this time, the results proved different. By May, the resort reported a $250,000 profit, allowing Lansky to point out that Siege
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as The Manchester Guardian, changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, the Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, owned by the Scott Trust; the trust was created in 1936 to "secure the financial and editorial independence of the Guardian in perpetuity and to safeguard the journalistic freedom and liberal values of the Guardian free from commercial or political interference". The trust was converted into a limited company in 2008, with a constitution written so as to maintain for The Guardian the same protections as were built into the structure of the Scott Trust by its creators. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than distributed to shareholders; the current editor is Katharine Viner: she succeeded Alan Rusbridger in 2015. Since 2018, the paper's main newsprint sections have been published in tabloid format; as of November that year, its print edition had a daily circulation of 136,834.
The newspaper has an online edition, TheGuardian.com, as well as two international websites, Guardian Australia and Guardian US. The paper's readership is on the mainstream left of British political opinion, its reputation as a platform for liberal and left-wing editorial has led to the use of the "Guardian reader" and "Guardianista" as often-pejorative epithets for those of left-leaning or "politically correct" tendencies. Frequent typographical errors in the paper led Private Eye magazine to dub it the "Grauniad" in the 1960s, a nickname still used today. In an Ipsos MORI research poll in September 2018 designed to interrogate the public's trust of specific titles online, The Guardian scored highest for digital-content news, with 84% of readers agreeing that they "trust what see in it". A December 2018 report of a poll by the Publishers Audience Measurement Company stated that the paper's print edition was found to be the most trusted in the UK in the period from October 2017 to September 2018.
It was reported to be the most-read of the UK's "quality newsbrands", including digital editions. While The Guardian's print circulation is in decline, the report indicated that news from The Guardian, including that reported online, reaches more than 23 million UK adults each month. Chief among the notable "scoops" obtained by the paper was the 2011 News International phone-hacking scandal—and in particular the hacking of the murdered English teenager Milly Dowler's phone; the investigation led to the closure of the News of the World, the UK's best-selling Sunday newspaper and one of the highest-circulation newspapers in history. In June 2013, The Guardian broke news of the secret collection by the Obama administration of Verizon telephone records, subsequently revealed the existence of the surveillance program PRISM after knowledge of it was leaked to the paper by the whistleblower and former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. In 2016, The Guardian led an investigation into the Panama Papers, exposing then-Prime Minister David Cameron's links to offshore bank accounts.
It has been named "newspaper of the year" four times at the annual British Press Awards: most in 2014, for its reporting on government surveillance. The Manchester Guardian was founded in Manchester in 1821 by cotton merchant John Edward Taylor with backing from the Little Circle, a group of non-conformist businessmen, they launched their paper after the police closure of the more radical Manchester Observer, a paper that had championed the cause of the Peterloo Massacre protesters. Taylor had been hostile to the radical reformers, writing: "They have appealed not to the reason but the passions and the suffering of their abused and credulous fellow-countrymen, from whose ill-requited industry they extort for themselves the means of a plentiful and comfortable existence, they do not toil, neither do they spin, but they live better than those that do." When the government closed down the Manchester Observer, the mill-owners' champions had the upper hand. The influential journalist Jeremiah Garnett joined Taylor during the establishment of the paper, all of the Little Circle wrote articles for the new paper.
The prospectus announcing the new publication proclaimed that it would "zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious Liberty warmly advocate the cause of Reform endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of Political Economy and support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, all serviceable measures". In 1825 the paper merged with the British Volunteer and was known as The Manchester Guardian and British Volunteer until 1828; the working-class Manchester and Salford Advertiser called the Manchester Guardian "the foul prostitute and dirty parasite of the worst portion of the mill-owners". The Manchester Guardian was hostile to labour's claims. Of the 1832 Ten Hours Bill, the paper doubted whether in view of the foreign competition "the passing of a law positively enacting a gradual destruction of the cotton manufacture in this kingdom would be a much less rational procedure." The Manchester Guardian dismissed strikes as the work of outside agitators: " if an accommodation can be effected, the occupation of the agents of the Union is gone.
They live on strife "The Manchester Guardian was critical of US President Abraham Lincoln's conduct during the US Civil War, writing on the news that Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated: "Of his rule, we can never speak except as a series of acts abhorrent to every true notion of constitutional right and human liberty " C. P. Scott ma
Aria Resort and Casino
Aria Resort and Casino is a luxury resort and casino, part of the CityCenter complex on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. Aria consists of two curved steel highrise towers adjoined at the center, it opened on December 16, 2009 as a joint venture between MGM Resorts International and Infinity World Development. At 4,000,000 sq ft and 600 ft in height, it is the tallest structure at CityCenter; the resort's 61 and 51-story towers contain an American Automobile Association five diamond hotel with 4,004 guest rooms and suites, 16 restaurants, 10 bars and nightclubs, a casino with 150,000 sq ft of gaming space. It has a 215,000 sq ft pool area with 34 cabanas, an 80,000 sq ft salon and spa, a 300,000 sq ft convention center and a 1,800-seat theater which hosted Zarkana by Cirque du Soleil, until closing April 30, 2016. Among the most notable aspects of Aria is its incorporation of technology in the exterior and interior design of the hotel for the reduction of energy consumption, it is the largest hotel in the world to have earned LEED Gold certification.
On account of its smart rooms which automatically adjust curtains, turn off unused lights and electronics, regulate the temperature when a guest enters or leaves a room, Aria was described in Popular Mechanics as "the most technologically advanced hotel built". Aria was conceived by MGM Mirage as part of the broader CityCenter development project, announced on November 10, 2004; the architectural design of Aria was conducted by Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, construction began in early 2006 on a plot of land located between the Bellagio and Monte Carlo. This site was occupied by the former Boardwalk Hotel and Casino, retail stores, a large parking lot, all of which were excavated beginning in April 2006. Following excavation, Aria's foundation was poured in June 2006. Vertical progression commenced in September 2007, at which point construction workers built upwards at a rate of one floor every seven days until reaching the final height of 61 floors. Amid ongoing construction in 2007, Infinity World Development, a subsidiary of Dubai World, invested about $2.7 billion to acquire a 50% stake in the CityCenter project.
From this point on, Aria was jointly owned by MGM Resorts International and Infinity World Development, with MGM responsible for operations and management. The economic downturn and its ripple effects – including litigation – threatened to halt construction of Aria at one point in early 2009, but an additional funding arrangement was made, allowing construction to continue on schedule; the resort opened on December 16, 2009, in the same month as several other CityCenter properties such as The Crystals, an attached retail shopping complex. The completed structure comprises two curvilinear glass towers. At the base of the connected high-rise towers is a casino and a three-story lobby that incorporates natural materials including foliage, glass and stone. Aria's design is described as not adhering to an overarching theme, in contrast to themed resorts prevalent on the Las Vegas Strip, it was named Aria due to its placement as the central feature of CityCenter, as arias are focal points in operas.
Artwork is incorporated throughout the interior of the building. The main entrance contains a lighted water feature called "Lumia" created by WET, which syncs water bursts to music. Maya Lin, designer of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D. C. created an 87 ft reclaimed silver sculpture of the Colorado River called Silver River, suspended behind Aria's hotel registration desk. A result of its design, Aria is the largest hotel in the world to have received LEED Gold certification. Aria contains 4,004 hotel rooms within its 4,000,000 sq ft; the suites make up 568 of the rooms, a portion are referred to as Sky Suites, a AAA-5 Diamond and a Forbes Five Star hotel. Sky Suites are categorized separately since they are accessed via a private entrance and elevator, include transportation between the hotel and airport in limousines fueled by compressed natural gas. At the time of its opening in 2009, Aria was the 9th-largest hotel in the world as measured by the total number of rooms. All rooms have a touch-screen automation system which automatically adjusts curtains, turns off unused lights and electronics, regulates the temperature when a guest enters or leaves the room.
Room dimensions begin at 520 sq ft. The standard suites range in size from 1,050 to 2,060 sq ft; the two top floors of the hotel consist of a separately designated room category entitled Sky Villas, which range from 2,000 to 7,000 sq ft in size. All rooms outside the Sky Suite are non-smoking. A three-story, 300,000 sq ft convention center includes four ballrooms, 38 meeting rooms and a three-story 400 ft long window overlooking the pool; as of 2009, the window was the largest glass-curtain wall of its type constructed in a public building. An additional 900,000 sq ft is allocated for back-of-house areas, a subterranean parking garage. In December 2015, Aria announced an expansion of its convention center with construction to begin in May 2016 and completed in February 2018; the only casino within the CityCenter complex is located at Aria. Its 150,000 sq ft of gaming space includes slots, table games, a race and sports book; the gaming machines are controlled and monitored by a 3,000 sq ft data center and are changed to play the most popular games based on real-time data collected about the performance of e