Helsinki is the capital and most populous city of Finland. Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, has a population of 650,058; the city's urban area has a population of 1,268,296, making it by far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most important center for politics, finance and research. Helsinki is located 80 kilometres north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km east of Stockholm, 390 km west of Saint Petersburg, Russia, it has close historical ties with these three cities. Together with the cities of Espoo and Kauniainen, surrounding commuter towns, Helsinki forms the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which has a population of nearly 1.5 million. Considered to be Finland's only metropolis, it is the world's northernmost metro area with over one million people as well as the northernmost capital of an EU member state. After Stockholm and Oslo, Helsinki is the third largest municipality in the Nordic countries.
The city is served by the international Helsinki Airport, located in the neighboring city of Vantaa, with frequent service to many destinations in Europe and Asia. Helsinki was the World Design Capital for 2012, the venue for the 1952 Summer Olympics, the host of the 52nd Eurovision Song Contest. Helsinki has one of the highest urban standards of living in the world. In 2011, the British magazine Monocle ranked Helsinki the world's most liveable city in its liveable cities index. In the Economist Intelligence Unit's 2016 liveability survey, Helsinki was ranked ninth among 140 cities. According to a theory presented in the 1630s, settlers from Hälsingland in central Sweden had arrived to what is now known as the Vantaa River and called it Helsingå, which gave rise to the names of Helsinge village and church in the 1300s; this theory is questionable, because dialect research suggests that the settlers arrived from Uppland and nearby areas. Others have proposed the name as having been derived from the Swedish word helsing, an archaic form of the word hals, referring to the narrowest part of a river, the rapids.
Other Scandinavian cities at similar geographic locations were given similar names at the time, e.g. Helsingør in Denmark and Helsingborg in Sweden; when a town was founded in Forsby village in 1548, it was named Helsinge fors, "Helsinge rapids". The name refers to the Vanhankaupunginkoski rapids at the mouth of the river; the town was known as Helsinge or Helsing, from which the contemporary Finnish name arose. Official Finnish Government documents and Finnish language newspapers have used the name Helsinki since 1819, when the Senate of Finland moved itself into the city from Turku; the decrees issued in Helsinki were dated with Helsinki as the place of issue. This is; as part of the Grand Duchy of Finland in the Russian Empire, Helsinki was known as Gelsingfors in Russian. In Helsinki slang, the city is called Stadi. Hesa, is not used by natives of the city. Helsset is the Northern Sami name of Helsinki. In the Iron Age the area occupied by present day Helsinki was inhabited by Tavastians, they used the area for fishing and hunting, but due to a lack of archeological finds it is difficult to say how extensive their settlements were.
Pollen analysis has shown that there were cultivating settlements in the area in the 10th century and surviving historical records from the 14th century describe Tavastian settlements in the area. Swedes colonized the coastline of the Helsinki region in the late 13th century after the successful Second Crusade to Finland, which led to the defeat of the Tavastians. Helsinki was established as a trading town by King Gustav I of Sweden in 1550 as the town of Helsingfors, which he intended to be a rival to the Hanseatic city of Reval. In order to populate his newly founded town, the King issued an order to resettle the bourgeoisie of Porvoo, Ekenäs, Rauma and Ulvila into the town. Little came of the plans as Helsinki remained a tiny town plagued by poverty and diseases; the plague of 1710 killed the greater part of the inhabitants of Helsinki. The construction of the naval fortress Sveaborg in the 18th century helped improve Helsinki's status, but it was not until Russia defeated Sweden in the Finnish War and annexed Finland as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland in 1809 that the town began to develop into a substantial city.
Russians besieged the Sveaborg fortress during the war, about one quarter of the town was destroyed in an 1808 fire. Russian Emperor Alexander I of Russia moved the Finnish capital from Turku to Helsinki in 1812 to reduce Swedish influence in Finland, to bring the capital closer to Saint Petersburg. Following the Great Fire of Turku in 1827, the Royal Academy of Turku, which at the time was the country's only university, was relocated to Helsinki and became the modern University of Helsinki; the move helped set it on a path of continuous growth. This transformation is apparent in the downtown core, rebuilt in the neoclassical style to resemble Saint Petersburg to a plan by the German-born architect C. L. Engel; as elsewhere, technological advancements such as railroads and industrialization were key factors behind the city's growth. Despite the tumultuous nature of Finnish history during the first half of the 20th century, Helsinki continued its steady development. A landmark e
The Lahden kisapuisto is a multi-use stadium in Lahti, Finland. It is used for football and hosts the home matches of FC Lahti; the stadium is all-seater. It hosted some football matches during the 1952 Summer Olympics. Lahden kisapuisto football stadium built for the 1952 Helsinki Olympic Games, during which it hosted the first two series of the football match and one post-match; these were Poland - France on July 15, Luxembourg - United Kingdom on 16 July, as well as post-match Turkey - Curaçao on July 21. Some of the grandstand burned down on 29 October 2003, smoking among teenage girls accidentally lit it on fire; the Fire damage amounted to EUR 30,000. The stadium is decayed over the years, as such no longer meet today's standards. Grandstand is installed bucket seats, but otherwise the field area is outdated condition, for example. Public restrooms are incomplete. In spring 2008, the Lahti Sports Hall Association updated its stadium plans developed to meet the requirements of today; this launched a wide-ranging debate on the project and the matter has been exhibited in the local media in abundance.
FC Honka is a Finnish football club, based in Espoo. It was promoted into the Finnish premier division, for the first time in its history, at the end of the 2005 season; the club's manager is Vesa Vasara and it plays its home matches at Tapiolan urheilupuisto. It was founded in 1957 as Tapion Honka, changed its name to FC Honka in 1975. FC Honka is renowned in Finland for its extensive youth scheme with over 1000 youth players playing in various age groups, it has women's football team in the Naisten Liiga. Until 2005 FC Honka was thought of as a "nearly, but not quite" team, always underachieving in the Finnish First Division. In the late 1990s the objective was promotion but year. In the beginning of the 21st century FC Honka went bankrupt but was saved at the last moment. In early 2005 the club was taken over by Jouko Pakarinen and Jouko Harjunpää, who had a plan to turn FC Honka from underachievers to a UEFA Champions League candidate. In the first year of their take-over of FC Honka, the management succeeded in assembling a squad which won the First Division with ease and made the semi-finals of the Finnish Cup where they lost 1–0 to FC Haka.
FC Honka was able to fight for top positions but narrowly missed the top three in their first two seasons. However, in 2007 team lost the Finnish Cup final to Tampere United on penalties; as Tampere United won the league title, FC Honka qualified for the 2008–09 UEFA Cup. In 2008, FC Honka achieved its first medal by finishing 2nd in the league. FC Honka won the Finnish Cup in 2012. Due to financial difficulties the team was relegated to the third tier Kakkonen in 2015. In 2015 the fitness center company Esport bought the club and after that, the club has been known as Esport Honka; the club dominated their first season in Kakkonen in 2015 and lost only two games, but were defeated in the promotion battle. After the 2016 season, the team was promoted to the second tier Finnish First Division. After the 2017 Ykkönen season Honka was promoted to the highest Finnish tier Veikkausliiga after Promotion playoffs against HIFK. In Veikkausliiga the team is known as Esport Honka, the other teams only use the name FC Honka.
Veikkausliiga: Runners-up: 2008, 2009, 2013 Finnish Cup: Winners: 2012 Runners-up: 1969, 2007, 2008 Finnish League Cup: Winners: 2010, 2011 Ykkönen: Winners: 2005 La Manga Cup: Winners: 2009 As runners-up in yh 2007 Finnish Cup to Tampere United, who had won the league title, FC Honka qualified for the 2008–09 UEFA Cup, beating Icelandic ÍA 4–2 in the 1st qualifying round and Norwegian Viking in the 2nd. In the first round of actual competition, they were drawn against Racing Santander and lost 0–2 on aggregate. Next year, Honka qualified for the new UEFA Europa League, starting from the second qualifying round; the club beat Welsh Bangor City F. C. 3–0 on aggregate but lost 1–3 to FK Karabakh from Azerbaijan in the third qualifying round. For the 2010–11 season, FC Honka was again drawn against Bangor City in the second round but lost 3–2 on aggregate. During the winter of 2009, Honka won the annual La Manga Cup; this is the UEFA Club Ranking As of June 2014, including season 2013–14. Last update: 24 June 2014 As of 9 August 2018.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of 12 January 2018. FC Honka Akatemia is the reserve team of FC Honka; the team plays in Kakkonen in 2018 season. As of 8 March 2018Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Jari Europaeus Abdou "Dalla" Talat Mika Lehkosuo Shefki Kuqi Juho Rantala Vesa Vasara Sergio Almenara FC Honka Media related to FC Honka at Wikimedia Commons Official Website Honka Supporters
Kuopio Football Stadium
Kuopio Football Stadium known as Savon Sanomat Areena is a multi-use stadium in Kuopio, Finland. It is used for football matches and is the home stadium of KuPS and Pallokissat; the stadium holds 5,000 and was built in 2005. Media related to Kuopio Football Stadium at Wikimedia Commons
OmaSP Stadion is a football stadium in Seinäjoki, Finland. It is the home stadium of SJK Seinäjoki of the Veikkausliiga, it is an all-seater stadium with a capacity of 6,000 spectators. Seinäjoki's American football team Seinäjoki Crocodiles played their home games at OmaSP Stadion during the 2017 season as a part of team's 30th anniversary season. OmaSP Stadion co-hosted the 2018 UEFA European Under-19 Championship in July 2018. Official site Stadium information at StadiumDB.com
Kuopion Palloseura is a Finnish football club, based in the 9th most populated city of Finland, Kuopio. KuPS plays in Veikkausliiga; the team plays. Until June 2005, KuPS used to play at an aged track and field stadium in Väinölänniemi, said to be one of the most beautiful sporting places in Finland. Väinölänniemi is a cape surrounded by Kallavesi. KuPS has won the Finnish championship 5 times, the Finnish Cup 2 times and the Finnish League Cup once. KuPS holds the Finnish club record of the most consecutive seasons in the top flight, from 1949 to 1992; the team is placed fourth in the all-time Finnish premier league honour table. One of the first sports clubs in Kuopio to adopt football was Kuopion Reipas who made the sport an official part of their program in 1915. Reipas was a general athletic society which competed in a wide variety of sports like track and field, skiing as well as team sports like bandy. After the Finnish Civil War of 1918 the differing interests of the disciplines began to cause friction within the club which resulted in the club breaking apart during the 1920s.
Among the clubs that emerged from Reipas was KuPS founded on March 16th 1923 at Kuopion Seurahuone. Ali Rautakorpi was elected as the club's first chairman. Other sports participated in by the club during its early years were pesäpallo and bandy; the 1920s KuPS spent by playing friendly games against other local clubs. First major breakthrough came in 1930 when KuPS won the Savo district championship thereby earning promotion to B-sarja, the second tier of Finnish football at the time, where they remained until 1947 when they were promoted to Mestaruussarja for the first time. KuPS's first stint in the Finnish top division lasted only a single season, but they were promoted again in 1949 and this time remained in the top division for 44 seasons. KuPS returned to the top flight for the 2005 season after a year in the First Division, they finished the 2005 season in 10th place avoiding the relegation play-off and direct relegation. On 1 April 2006 KuPS beat reigning Veikkausliiga champions, MyPa 1–0 in the semi-final of the Finnish League Cup and secured a place in the Finnish League Cup Final.
On 12 April 2006 in Finnair Stadium, Helsinki KuPS beat FC KooTeePee 2–1 in the League Cup Final and ended their 17-year run without titles. However, the club ended the 2006 season in last place, was once again demoted to Ykkönen for the 2007 season; this resulted in manager Juha Malinen being replaced by his former player/assistant manager Kai Nyyssönen. Reserve team, KuPS Akatemia played in the Second Division Group A, but the team was terminated in December 2006 to cut costs and as a replacement, an agreement with Kings Kuopio, which plays in the Second Division was signed. In December 2006, it was revealed that the team was in debt and about to go bankrupt. KuPS fans held their breath, until a Helsinki-based CEO of an Investment bank ICECAPITAL a former Chairman of the Board of the Veikkausliiga, Ari Lahti increased his stake at the club to ca. 95% and saved the club. After escaping imminent destruction, season 2007 began with reasonably low expectations. A target to achieve promotion back to top flight in two years was set.
Manager Kai Nyyssönen lured his former team-mate Harri Ylönen back to strengthen the team and to serve as an assistant manager. The duo lured in Roope Reinikainen, Ilja Venäläinen and Miikka Turunen, who returned to their former home club. Jussi Hakasalo from JJK Jyväskylä and Tero Mäkäläinen from MyPa were new names; because of relegation KuPS lost its prized assets, Sierraleonese players, Patrick Bantamoi to FC Inter Turku and Medo to HJK. KuPS and Ghanaian midfielder Seth Ablade parted their ways earlier, with Ablade terminating his contract. Season 2007 started well with local players; the team suffered a run of draws in the mid-season, but by winning their last six games with their main opponent RoPS of Rovaniemi at the same time losing its lead, KuPS won the league Ykkönen and went straight back. RoPS achieved a promotion, by winning a promotion play-off against 13th-place finisher of Veikkausliiga, FC Viikingit; as of August 2, 2012. As of 10 April 2019. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.
Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of 10 April 2019 As of 10 April 2019 Finnish Championships Winners: 1956, 1958, 1966, 1974, 1976 Runners-up: 1950, 1954, 1964, 1967, 1969, 1975, 1977, 1979, 2010, 2017 Finnish Cup Winners: 1968, 1989 Runners-up: 2011, 2012, 2013 Finnish League Cup Winners: 2006 Ykkönen Winners: 2000, 2004, 2007 Kakkonen Winners: 1998 Official website Banzai – Supporters of KuPS, club's website
Ilves Tampere is a Finnish football club, based in Tampere. In the 2018 season they play in the highest level in Finland, they play most of their domestic league games at the Tammela Stadium, with European matches and some domestic games played at the Ratina Stadium. In 1974 Ilves-Kissat Tampere and TaPa Tampere merged with Ilves, the club took Ilves-Kissat's place in the Mestaruussarja. Ilves won the Finnish league championship in 1983 and the Finnish Cup in 1979 and 1990. In the late 1990's, Ilves suffered financial trouble and its professional team was reformed into Tampere United before the 1999 season; the initial plan was to join Ilves with TPV. As a result, Tampere United inherited Ilves' place in the second highest division, Ilves continued to play in lower divisions, although they did not have a men's team from 1999 to 2007. Ilves was promoted to Ykkönen for the 2013 season. Two years they got promoted to the highest league after MyPa lost their place. Finnish champion: 1983 Finnish Cup winner: 1979, 1990 As of 3 April 2018.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of 20 June 2018. As of 12 April 2017 Matti Paatelainen Valeri Popovitch Mika Malinen Keith Armstrong Jarkko Wiss Official club home page