Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
Dragør Kommune is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the southern coast of the island of Amager just east of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 18.41 km², has a population of 14,028. Its mayor is a member of the agrarian liberal Venstre. Not until four years after the 1970 Danish Municipal Reform on 1 April 1974 two new municipalities were formed in Copenhagen County, namely Dragør Municipality, formed by the merger of Dragør and Store Magleby parishes and Høje-Taastrup Municipality, which from that date included Sengeløse parish; the inhabitants would have preferred to remain as independent municipalities. Store Magleby, larger in area than Dragør, had a large number of subdivisions with owner-occupied homes built on the boundary with Dragør before the merger; because the voters of Store Magleby and Sengeløse were exclusively owner-occupiers, who voted center-rightwing, whereas Høje-Taastrup Municipality and Dragør Municipality to a large extent consisted of tenants who rented their apartments and who voted center-leftwing, there were heated debates and reluctance among the voters of Store Magleby and Sengeløse about joining the new municipalities.
This was because the center-rightwing voters would be in a minority at elections for their local councils. Dragør parish is surrounded by Store Magleby parish to the north and west and the strait of Øresund to the east, Dragør parish thus does not border the neighboring Tårnby municipality. Dragør parish has an area of only 156 hectares, 8.6% of Dragør municipality's area, as opposed to Store Magleby parish's 1602 hectares, the latter accounting for more than 88% of Dragør municipality's area. A part of Copenhagen Airport accounts for 56 hectares, 3% of Dragør municipality, outside of parish jurisdiction and taxation. With 4144 people, 29.77% of the population, recorded as living there on 1 January 2013, Dragør parish has a population density of 2656 persons per square km, Store Magleby parish with 9737 people, 69.96% of the population, has a density of 607.8 persons per square km. Thirty-six persons were recorded as not having a fixed address; the main town is Dragør. The seat of the town hall is Store Magleby, which can house such a large building.
Its only neighboring municipality is Tårnby to the north. To the east and south is the Øresund, the strait that separates Zealand and Amager from Sweden. To the southwest is Køge Bay. Dragør Municipality was not merged with any adjacent municipality under the municipal reform of 2007, as it agreed to enter into a "municipal cooperation agreement" with Tårnby Municipality. Prior to its dissolution, Maersk Air had its headquarters in Dragør in the municipality; when it existed, Sterling Airlines had its head office at Copenhagen Airport South in Dragør. Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map Municipality's official website Visit Dragør website
Region of Southern Denmark
The Region of Southern Denmark is an administrative region of Denmark established on Monday 1 January 2007 as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, which abolished the traditional counties and set up five larger regions. At the same time, smaller municipalities were merged into larger units, cutting the number of municipalities from 271 before 1 January 2006 to 98; the Region of Southern Denmark has 22 municipalities. The reform was implemented in Denmark on 1 January 2007, although the merger of the Funish municipalities of Ærøskøbing and Marstal, being a part of the reform, was given the go-ahead to be implemented on Sunday 1 January 2006, one year before the main reform, it borders Schleswig-Holstein to the south and Central Denmark Region to the north and is connected to Region Zealand via the Great Belt Fixed Link. The regional capital is Vejle but Odense is the region's largest city and home to the main campus of the University of Southern Denmark with branch campuses in Esbjerg, Kolding and Sønderborg.
The responsibilities of the regional administration include hospitals and regional public transport, divided between two operators, Sydtrafik on the mainland and Als, Fynbus on Funen and adjacent islands. On the island municipalities of Ærø and Fanø, the municipalities themselves are responsible for public transport; the Region of Southern Denmark is the westernmost of the Danish administrative regions. It consists of the former counties of Funen and South Jutland, adding ten municipalities from the former Vejle County; the territories belonging to Vejle County consist of the new municipalities of Fredericia and Kolding. A total of 78 municipalities were combined to a total of 22 new entities; the GDP per inhabitant of the region was €32,600 in 2009. The Region of Southern Denmark is home to the only recognised ethno-linguistic minority of Denmark proper, the North Schleswig Germans of North Schleswig; this minority makes up about 6% of the total population of the municipalities of Aabenraa/Apenrade, Haderslev/Hadersleben, Sønderborg/Sonderburg and Tønder/Tondern.
In these four municipalities, the German minority enjoys certain linguistic rights in accordance with the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. University of Southern Denmark Media related to Region Syddanmark at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Helsingør Municipality, is a municipality in the Capital Region on the northeast coast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 122 km², has a total population of 61,538, its mayor as of 1 January 2014 is a member of the Conservative political party. The main town and the site of its municipal council is the town of Helsingør. Other towns include Ålsgårde, Espergærde, Hellebæk, Hornbæk, Kvistgård, Stenstrup. To the east is the Øresund, the strait which separates Zealand from Sweden. To the north is the Kattegat. Ferry service connects the municipality at the town of Helsingør east over the Øresund to the town of Helsingborg, Sweden; the European routes E47 and E55 traverse the two cities. Helsingør municipality was not merged with other municipalities due to the nationwide Kommunalreformen; the town as we know it today was founded in the 1420s by the Danish king Eric of Pomerania. He established the Sound Dues in 1429 and built the castle'Krogen', made bigger in the 1580s and named Kronborg.
Kronborg Castle, known internationally as the setting of William Shakespeare's theatre play Hamlet, is today the town's main tourist attraction. Local companies include the Noa Noa clothing company, Bavarian Nordic and Peter Beier Chokolade. List of protected areas of Helsingør Municipality Helsingør municipality's official website Helsingør tourist bureau Municipal statistics: NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata Municipal mergers and neighbors: Eniro new municipalities map
Vejen Art Museum
Vejen Art Museum is an art gallery in Vejen Municipality in the south of Jutland, Denmark. It specializes in works from the end of the 19th century in styles including Symbolism and Art Nouveau. Created in 1924 to house the works of Niels Hansen Jacobsen, it displays works by Einar Nielsen, Jens Lund, Thorvald Bindesbøll and Harald Slott-Møller. Vejen Art Museum website
Social Democrats (Denmark)
The Social Democrats Social Democracy, is a social-democratic political party in Denmark. It was the major coalition partner in government from the 2011 parliamentary election, with then-party leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt as Prime Minister. After the 2015 parliamentary election, the party is no longer in government, though it regained the position as the largest party in the Danish parliament, the Folketing, with 47 of 179 seats. Helle Thorning-Schmidt withdrew as party leader on the night of the election as a direct consequence of the loss of government control, she was succeeded on 28 June 2015 by the former vice leader, Mette Frederiksen. Founded by Louis Pio in 1871, the party first entered the Folketing in 1884. By the early 20th century it had become the party with the largest representation in the Folketing, a distinction it would hold for 77 years, it first formed a government in 1924 under Thorvald Stauning, the longest-serving Danish Prime Minister of the 20th century. During Stauning's government, the Social Democrats exerted a profound influence on Danish society, laying the foundation of the Danish welfare state.
From 2002 to 2016 the party used the name Socialdemokraterne in some contexts. A member of the Party of European Socialists, the Social Democrats have three MEPs in the European Parliament. Since its foundation the lemma of the party has been "Liberty and Brotherhood", these values are still described as central in the party program. In the political program of the party these values are described as being consistent with a focus on solidarity with the poorest and social welfare to those who need it, with individual responsibility in relation to other members in society, with an increased involvement in the European political project; the party has begun to adopt immigration policies closer to those of the right-wing, as it believes the perception of it being "soft on immigration" contributed to its poor electoral performance in the early 21st century. The leader of the party is Mette Frederiksen, she succeeded Helle Thorning-Schmidt, who stepped down after the left bloc's defeat in the 2015 General Election.
Deputy leaders are Lord Mayor of Copenhagen. The secretary general is Henrik Dam Kristensen, the party secretary is Lars Midtiby and the political speaker is Magnus Heunicke. In the Cabinet of Helle Thorning-Schmidt, the party had ten ministers including the Prime Minister; the party was founded in 1871 by Harald Brix og Paul Geleff. The goal was to organize the emerging working class on a socialist basis; the industrialization of Denmark had begun in the mid 19th century and a period of rapid urbanization had led to an emerging class of urban workers. The social democratic movement emerged from the desire to give this group political rights and representation in parliament. In 1876 the Party held an annual conference; the stated policy was that: "The Danish Social Democratic Labour Party works in its national form, but is convinced of the international nature of the labour movement and ready to sacrifice everything and fulfill all obligations to provide: Freedom and brotherhood among all nations” In 1884 the Social Democracy party, as it was called had their first two members of parliament elected, P. Holm and Chr.
Hørdum. In the 1924 parliamentary elections the Social democratic party won the majority with 36.6 percent of the vote, its first government was put in place with Thorvald Stauning as prime minister. The same year he appointed the world's first female minister Nina Bang, nine years after women's suffrage had been given in Denmark. Stauning stayed in power until his death in 1942, his party laying the foundations for the Danish welfare state, based on a close collaboration between labor unions and the government. In January 1933 Stauning's government entered into what was the most extensive settlement yet in Danish politics — the Kanslergade settlement — with the liberal party Venstre; the settlement, named after Stauning's apartment in Kanslergade in Copenhagen, included extensive agricultural subsidies and reforms of the legislation and administration in the social sector. In 1935, Stauning was reelected with the famous slogan "Stauning or Chaos". Stauning's second cabinet lasted until the Nazi occupation of Denmark in 1940, when the cabinet was widened to include all political parties, called the National government, the Danish government pursued a collaborative policy with the German occupiers.
Through the 1940s and until 1972 Denmark was governed by the following Social Democratic prime ministers. The Social Democrats' social policy through the 1990s and continuing in the 21st century involved a significant redistribution of income and the maintenance of a large state apparatus with collectively financed core public services such as public healthcare and infrastructure. Social Democrat-led coalition governments implemented the system known as flexicurity, mixing strong Scandinavian unemployment benefits with deregulated employment laws, making it easier for employers to fire and rehire people in order to encourage economic growth and reduce unemployment; the Cabinets of Poul Nyrup Rasmussen maintained a parliamentary majority during the period from 1993 to 2001 by virtue of their support from the Socialist People's Party and the Red-Green Alliance. Towards the end of the 1990s, a trade surplus of 30 billion kroner turned into a deficit. To combat this, the government increased taxes.
The 1998 initiative, dubbed the Whitsun Pa
Socialist People's Party (Denmark)
The Socialist People's Party is a green and popular socialist political party in Denmark. The SF was founded on 15 February 1959 by Aksel Larsen, a former leader of the Communist Party of Denmark. Larsen was removed from the ranks of the DKP for his criticism over the Soviet intervention in the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Larsen and the new SF sought to form a third way between Denmark's United States-oriented social democracy and Soviet Union–oriented communism, which sought to combine democracy with socialism, he was joined by a large share of the members of the DKP. They all supported the idea of independence from the Soviet Union. In the 1960 elections, the party entered the Folketing with eleven seats; the DKP lost all of its six seats. In the 1964 elections the party lost one seat. During the 1960s the SF became involved in the peace movement and the movements which opposed nuclear weapons and nuclear power, it sought to "walk on two legs", by combining its parliamentary work with involvement in grass roots movements.
In the 1966 elections, the Social Democrats and the SF won a combined majority in parliament, in which the SF doubled its number of seats from 10 to 20. A Social Democrat minority government was formed, supported by the SF; the cooperation lasted only one year, but lead to considerable conflict within the SF: in 1967 the Left Socialists broke away from the SF. In the subsequent 1968 elections, the SF lost the VS entered parliament with four. In 1969 the party chairperson Larsen stood down, he was replaced by Sigurd Ømann. In the 1971 elections, the party regained ground on the VS, gaining six seats, while the VS left the Folketing. In 1972, the party participated in the referendum campaign against Denmark's entry into the European Economic Community; the Danish voters voted in favour of the European by a narrow margin. Because of its opposition to the EEC however boosted the SF's support. In the subsequent 1973 "landslide" elections, the SF lost six seats, the DKP re-entered the Folketing with six seats.
In 1974, Ømann stood down as party chairperson in favour of Gert Petersen. In the 1975 elections, the SF lost the VS re-entered the Folketing as well. In 1977 the party reached an all-time low with only seven seats. During the 1970s, the SF began to change its program and electoral appeal. Where it had been a male-domined workers' party it became broader left-wing political party, oriented towards new voters and new social movements, it became more focused on the gender politics. In 1979, the party won four seats. In the 1981 elections, the party doubled from eleven to twenty-one. In the 1984 elections it remained stable. In the 1986 referendum on the Single European Act, the SF campaigned together with the Social Democrats and the Social Liberal Party against the European Community; the SEA was adopted by a narrow margin. In the subsequent 1987, it reached its all-time peak with twenty seven seats. In 1988, it lost three seats, in 1990, it lost another nine, leaving only fifteen. In 1991, the party leader Petersen stood down in favour of Holger K. Nielsen.
Between 1982 and 1993, a centre-right government led by Poul Schlüter formed by the Conservatives, the Liberals, allies was in power though the Social Democrats, SF, the Social Liberals formed a majority in parliament. This, combined with its links with the peace and environmental movement, gave the SF the power to force alternative security and environmental policies. In 1991, Petersen stood down as party chairperson. In the 1992 referendum on the treaty of Maastricht, the SF campaigned for the "no"-vote; the Danish people voted against the referendum. In 1993, the SF formed a historic compromise with the other parties in the Folketing, it accepted the concessions made to the Danes in the Edinburgh Agreement and to the SF in the National Compromise. Therefore, it campaigned to vote "yes" in the second referendum. Just before the referendum in 1991, the SF's party congress had adopted a new program of action and principles, "Mod Nye Tider", which departed from the old anti-EU line; as a group in the SF became more positive of the EU, the SF became divided on the issue.
In 1994, it lost another two seats and the Red-Green Alliance an alliance which included the DKP and the VS entered parliament with six seats. In the 1998 elections the party remained stable. During the 1998 referendum on the Treaty of Amsterdam, it led unsuccessfully. Between 1993 and 2001, the SF supported a Social Democrat/Social Liberal minority government led by Poul Nyrup Rasmussen. In the 2000 referendum on the euro, the SF was part of the successful "no" campaign. In the 2001 elections, the party lost one seat and after Liberal Party, the Conservative People's Party and the Danish People's Party gained a majority SF lost all political influence in parliament. There were some local bright spots with great support to SF mayors in Vejle, Nakskov and Maribo caused by charismatic candidates. In 2004, the party's sole MEP again decided to sit with The Greens–European Free Alliance group, instead of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left, leading to considerable internal conflict; the party has since come around to her point of view, in 2008, it was decided that future SF MEPs should sit in the Green Group, although at the time SF was still only an observer in the European Green Party and not a full member.
In the 2005 elections, SF gained the worst election result since 1979, lost yet another seat in parliame