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Velika Gorica

Velika Gorica is the largest and most populous city in Zagreb County, Croatia. The city itself has a population of 31,341, while the municipality has a population of 63,517 inhabitants. Velika Gorica is the centre of the historical Turopolje region. Franjo Tuđman Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Croatia, is located in the area of Velika Gorica; the name of the city consists of two words. The first one, "Velika", is an adjective, meaning great. Second one is "Gorica", in standard Croatian diminutive of the word "gora", meaning hill, but in local Kajkavian dialect, "gorica" means vineyard, hence translated city's name is Great Vineyard or Big Vineyard. That is. Velika Gorica has its names in other languages, notably Hungarian: Nagygoricza and German: Gross-Gorica; the City of Velika Gorica, located 16 km south of Zagreb, is the centre of an area covering 552 square kilometres. Up until 1990 Velika Gorica had the status of a municipality and after that it became a part of Zagreb. Velika Gorica gained city status in 1995.

The area of the old Municipality of Velika Gorica was split into three municipalities – Kravarsko and Pokupsko. Velika Gorica is the largest settlement and the administrative centre of the traditional Turopolje region. Regarding the Turopolje name, among the most common opinions is that the name, meaning "Tur field", comes from an old Slavic word "tur" which means Aurochs, an ancient type of cattle with long horns, a symbol of fertility and the sun god; these cattle died out in the 16th century. The cattle were related to agriculture. Plowing had a symbolic meaning, the fertilization of Mother Earth, so these cattle were assumed to have "sacred" characteristics; because of its importance in the life of the plowmen, "tur" became the basis for numerous toponyms. However, as as the 16th century, Turopolje was called Campus Zagrebiensis, i.e. "Zagreb field", or just Campus. At that time the name was replaced by i.e. Turopolje; the A11 highway is planned to become the western bypass of Velika Gorica.

State route D31 will be the eastern bypass. It is planned that these bypasses will relieve the traffic along the overcrowded Velikogorička road, the fastest link between Zagreb and Velika Gorica as of 2007. In the census of 2011, the total population of administrative area of the city was 63,517, in the following settlements: Velika Gorica and surrounding plain area by the Sava river have always been fertile and lush so it is no wonder it has been inhabited since Neolithic. First major settlement was Andautonia, founded in 1st century where village of Šćitarjevo stands nowadays, it was an important Roman port on Sava river and city on roads connecting Siscia with Emona and Poetovio. The Roman town was large at the beginning of the 5th century. Croats came to these parts in the 8th century and remains from early Croat culture were found in numerous places around city of Velika Gorica. Velika Gorica is first mentioned in 1228 as a seat of parish. In 1278 noblemen from Turopolje joined into a union called Plemenita opčina turopoljska.

Plemenita opčina turopoljska was granted a rule over Turopolje by Croatian monarchs and exists still today with ceremonial and not political role. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Velika Gorica was a district capital in the Zagreb County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia; the 20th century was by far the most important one in history of Velika Gorica as it grew from a small village of 2,871 inhabitants to an important and one of the largest cities in Croatia with population over 60 thousand inhabitants. Until 1995 Velika Gorica was part of City of Zagreb and since it has a city status of its own. During the Croatian War of Independence the city played an important role because of two airports in its near distance. Velika Gorica's 153rd brigade of Croatian Army fought on battlefields all around Croatia. Main Velika Gorica's sight is the Turopolje Museum which traces human presence in Turopolje since Neolithic. There are a number of monuments scattered around the city and its environs. Vrata od krča is a unique wooden monument to human labour, risen up in forest near the city.

Monument was risen in 1779 as a symbol of reclaiming the fertile land from forest. It was restored two years later. Old town Lukavec is a well preserved fortification first mentioned in 1256 as Caput Lukavec, it was built by wood as a defense from Ottoman invasion. It was first owned by Zagreb noblemen and Turopolje noblemen gained control over castle in 1553 when it became a ruin, it became a regular site of assembly of Turopolje noblemen. Wooden chapels from Turopolje and Pokuplje are unique in the world, they can be traced far back in the early Middle Ages, but most of the preserved ones date from the 17th century. Today there are only 11 preserved wooden chapels left, three in Turopolje, two in Vukomeričke gorice and six in Pokuplje, they were built by groups of timber-workers and as a rule they were made of oak-tree. There are several small monuments to World War II anti-fascist resistance movement and many monuments to Croatian soldiers who fought in Croatian War of Independence; the city has a monument to soldiers from the city who lost their lives in the Croatian War of Independence.

In a competition held among 5,300 European cities, Velika Gorica was awarded the Silver Flower of Europe – an award presented by the European Association for Flow

Manny Waks

Manny Waks is an Australian activist. He was part of the orthodox community in Australia and became known for his activism against child sexual abuse in the Jewish community worldwide, he founded an organization to fight child sexual abuse in Jewish communities. Waks assisted the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse in investigating Melbourne Yeshivah centre of the Orthodox Chabad movement of Judaism on their handling of child sexual abuse cases. After publicizing child sexual abuse in the Jewish community in Australia, Waks moved to France. Waks is the father of three children. Although born in Israel, Waks was raised in Australia, he is one of 17 children in an Orthodox Jewish family who were part of the Chabad-Lubavitch, Hasidic community in Melbourne, Australia. Before they were ostracized for reporting child sexual abuse within the community, his parents and siblings were viewed as a "poster family for the Australian Chabad movement." Waks returned to Israel.

After returning to Australia from his service in the IDF, he obtained a degree in International Relations. He completed internships with a federal parliamentarian and the Lowy Institute for International Policy in Sydney. Waks' family featured in the 2003 SBS documentary Welcome to the Waks Family. In the late 1980s Waks attended Melbourne's Yeshivah centre, run by the Chabad ultra-orthodox movement of Judaism. Starting at the age of eleven, he was sexually abused by two members of the staff at the centre. Waks reported sexual abuse by two different perpetrators to the Yeshivah leadership and to the police in 1996; when no action was taken, Waks went public in 2011 with allegations against the abusers, pressure to keep quiet. Both perpetrators were convicted of sex crimes in 2013. Waks gave evidence at the Royal Commission that he received abusive emails including one from an executive of the Sydney Yeshivah centre reading "Just because a security guard molested you, don’t blame Yeshivah... Get over it.

I haven’t met a person yet with one nice word to say about you. Most people consider you a low life." The Sydney Morning Herald wrote that Yeshivah rabbis "railed against the whistleblowing Waks" and claimed that Waks and his father had "a vendetta against the centre." In testimony before the Royal Commission a former manager and director both apologized to Waks and admitted that they should have prevented this. As part of their effort to eliminate child sexual abuse in the Jewish community, Manny Waks and his father, Zephaniah Waks testified before the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse; as Zephaniah Waks shared evidence about the abuse his sons, the president of the Organisation of Rabbis of Australasia, Rabbi Meir Shlomo Kluwgant, sent a text message to an editor of the Australian Jewish News accusing him of “destroying Chabad” and labelling him a “lunatic”. Kluwgant was cross-examined about whether he watched testimony by Zephaniah stating under oath that he hadn't watched much of the testimony because he was preparing to go to hospital, before conceding that he had sent the text message about the testimony.

Kluwgant resigned the next week after child sexual abuse victims told him his position was "untenable."In 2015 Chabad’s international leadership made overtures to Waks. Waks says he was invited to meet with Chabad's director of operations, Rabbi Mendy Sharfstein, to discuss best practices in responding to allegations of abuse. Waks is an advocate against child sexual abuse within the Jewish community. In 2012 he founded Tzedek, an Australia-based organisation advocating for a Jewish community free of child sexual abuse, after having brought his own experience of Child sexual abuse in Australia within the Jewish community into the public arena in July 2011. In 2015 Chabad’s international leadership made overtures to Waks. Waks says he was invited to meet with Chabad's director of operations, Rabbi Mendy Sharfstein, to discuss best practices in responding to allegations of abuse. Waks was featured in a follow-up documentary Breaking The Silence, in which he had a face to face meeting with a man, convicted of abusing a victim known as AVB.

In 2016 Waks spoke to the chair of the Knesset Special Committee for the Rights of the Child. In his comments he cautioned the committee: “Sex offenders tend to move from country to country to avoid jail, but what makes Israel unique is the Law of Return, which grants unhindered access to anyone, Jewish to come here without any real screening." Said Manny Waks, the chief executive officer of Kol v’Oz, a newly formed nonprofit that aims to prevent child sexual abuse in the global Jewish community. Manny Waks founded an organization dedicated to fighting sexual abuse; the organization has received $300,000 in funding from the Australian Federal Government. Waks established Kol v' Oz. Kol v'Oz is lobbying the Knesset for changes in the statute of limitations on sexual crimes. Waks serves as director of Kol v'Oz. Waks has initiated civil proceedings against Yeshivah Centre in Australia, he has sued his brother Avi Yemini following claims by Yemini that Waks and his father were harbouring a known paedophile in the family home.

Waks was sued for defamation after a member of the public posted a false accusation against a member of the community on his organisation's web site, for posting things that suggested to some that this member was guilty. Child sexual abuse Anti-pedophile activism Jewish Community Watch Kol v'Oz Tzedek

Sola fide

Justificatio sola fide, meaning justification by faith alone, is a Christian theological doctrine held to distinguish many Protestant denominations from the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches. The doctrine asserts that it is on the basis of their faith that believers are forgiven their transgressions of the law of God rather than on the basis of good works which they have done; this forgiveness is known as "justification". In classical Lutheran and Reformed theologies, good works are seen to be evidence of faith, but the good works themselves do not determine salvation; the doctrine of sola fide asserts God's pardon for guilty sinners is granted to and received through faith alone, excluding all "works". Without God's input, Christianity asserts, is fallen and sinful meaning its actions and omissions are afflicted by the curse and most if not all would face God's wrath due to the fall of man. God, the faith holds, sent his only son, in human form, to be reborn in all mankind so through Jesus Christ alone sinners may receive pardon, received through faith.

Christ's righteousness, according to the followers of sola fide, is imputed by God to sinners coming to a state of true, loving belief. If so God's verdict and potential pardon is from genuinely held Christian faith rather than anything in the sinner; this contrasts with other supposed graces of salvation, such as priestly confession and rituals such as weekly taking of the sacrament. See the ordo salutis for more detail on the doctrine of salvation considered more broadly than justification by faith alone; the standalone sola fide justification of souls is a tenet of most Lutheran and Reformed sects but neither the Roman Catholic nor the Eastern Orthodox church. These Protestants exclude all human works from the legal verdict of justification. According to Martin Luther, justification by faith alone is the article on which the Church stands or falls. Thus, "faith alone" is foundational to Lutheranism and Reformed Christianity, as a formula distinguishes it from other Christian denominations.

From 1510 to 1520, Luther lectured on the Psalms and the books of Hebrews and Galatians. As he studied these portions of the Bible, he came to view the use of terms such as penance and righteousness by the Roman Catholic Church in new ways, he became convinced that the church was corrupt in its ways and had lost sight of what he saw as several of the central truths of Christianity, the most important of which, for Luther, was the doctrine of justification—God's act of declaring a sinner righteous—by faith alone through God's grace. He began to teach that salvation or redemption is a gift of God's grace, attainable only through faith in Jesus."This one and firm rock, which we call the doctrine of justification," insisted Martin Luther, "is the chief article of the whole Christian doctrine, which comprehends the understanding of all godliness." He called this doctrine the articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiae: "…if this article stands, the Church stands. For Lutherans this doctrine is the material principle of theology in relation to the Bible, the formal principle.

They believe justification by grace alone through faith alone in Christ's righteousness alone is the gospel, the core of the Christian faith around which all other Christian doctrines are centered and based. Luther came to understand justification as the work of God; when God's righteousness is mentioned in the gospel, it is God's action of declaring righteous the unrighteous sinner who has faith in Jesus Christ. The righteousness by which the person is justified is not his own but that of Christ. "That is why faith alone makes someone just and fulfills the law," said Luther. "Faith is that which brings the Holy Spirit through the merits of Christ." Thus faith, for Luther, is a gift from God, "...a living, bold trust in God's grace, so certain of God's favor that it would risk death a thousand times trusting in it." This faith appropriates it for the believer. He explained his concept of "justification" in the Smalcald Articles: The first and chief article is this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification.

He alone is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world, God has laid on Him the iniquity of us all. All have sinned and are justified without their own works and merits, by His grace, through the redemption, in Christ Jesus, in His blood; this is necessary to believe. This can not be otherwise grasped by any work, law or merit. Therefore, it is clear and certain that this faith alone justifies us... Nothing of this article can be yielded or surrendered though heaven and earth and everything else falls. Traditionally, Lutherans have taught forensic justification, a divine verdict of acquittal pronounced on the believing sinner. God declares the sinner to be "not guilty" because Christ has taken his place, living a perfect life according to God's law and suffering for his sins. For Lutherans, justification is in no way dependent upon the thoughts and deeds of those justified through faith alone in Christ; the new obedience that the justified sinner renders

Marcus Dale

Marcus Dale was a leading African Methodist Episcopal preacher in New Orleans. Marcus Dale was born in 1832 in Ohio to free blacks David and Synthia Dale. David and Synthia were born in North Carolina. In about 1842, the family moved to Michigan. David died while Marcus was still young, Marcus quit school to help raise four younger siblings, working as a cooper. In January 1852 he joined the African Methodist Episcopal church. In the fall of 1854 he married Mary L. Williams, the daughter of Rev. J. M. Williams, the new pastor at Dale's church, he enrolled at Oberlin College, but after one year could not pay the fees, in spite of working nights. He returned to working as a cooper, affording him the means to finish his studies, he became a preacher, being licensed as an exhorter in 1856, a preacher in 1858, an elder in 1861. The American Civil War started in 1861, in 1864, Dale enrolled as a private in the 1st Michigan colored infantry regiment, which became the 102nd Regiment United States Colored Troops.

Dale led a soldier protest against unequal pay for black soldiers compared to white soldiers. He influenced soldiers not to accept lesser pay, but not to refuse to do their duty; the protest succeeded, the regiment's pay was increased to equal white regiments. By the end of the war, he held the rank of commissary sergeant. After the war ended in 1865, Dale began working as a teacher. In 1867 he taught at a Freedmen's Bureau school, he organized a church in the same building. He joined the Louisiana Conference of the Methodist Episcopal church. Less than a year he built a new church and schoolroom, his success was not universally well received, in 1874 he received death threats from white supremacist White League clubs. In 1880, he was nominated bishop of the Methodist Episcopal church at the national conference of the church in St. Paul, Minnesota but was not elected. In the early 1880s he was appointed to the largest church in New Orleans. In 1884, he was appointed presiding elder of the North New Orleans district, before returning to Wesley.

In 1885, he helped organize an "Old Folks Home" for poor African Americans in New Orleans. In 1887, he was assigned to Mount Zion

List of North Dakota railroads

The following railroads operate in the U. S. state of North Dakota. BNSF Railway Canadian Pacific Railway through subsidiary Soo Line Railroad Dakota, Missouri Valley and Western Railroad Dakota Northern Railroad Northern Plains Railroad Operates the Mohall Railroad and Mohall Central Railroad Red River Valley and Western Railroad Yellowstone Valley Railroad Cenex Harvest States Cooperatives Amtrak ElectricDevils Lake and Chautauqua Railway North Dakota Public Service Commission, "North Dakota Railroad Companies". Archived from the original on 2005-03-28.. Retrieved March 10, 2005

Milt Kogan

Milt Kogan is an American actor. He is best known for playing the desk sergeant, Officer Kogan, on the television series Barney Miller in 1975, he made guest appearances on many television series including It Takes a Thief, Mission: Impossible, Ironside and Son, The Law, Police Story, Eight Is Enough and the Man, The Rockford Files, Quincy, M. E. Diff'rent Strokes, Lou Grant, Night Court, Cagney & Lacey, Knots Landing, Quantum Leap, General Hospital, Wonder Woman, The A-Team, My Two Dads, many more. Kogan's movie credits include Lucky Lady, The Sunshine Boys, No Deposit, No Return, Dr. Black and Mr. Hyde, The Lady in Red, E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Bachelor Party, The Woman in Red, Brewster's Millions, Solar Crisis, Accidentally in Love, The Descendants, among others. He produced two award-winning documentaries titled Different From You, Final Farewell of the Fabulous Apostles. Milt is an M. D. who practices board-certified Family Medicine in California. He entered Cornell University with the class of 1957, but left after his junior year to earn his medical degree.

He returned to Cornell to finish his B. S. in Animal Science fifty years graduating in 2007. As an undergraduate, he was a member of the Dagger society, he holds an M. P. H. from University of California, Los Angeles. He was a Peace Corps Physician in West Africa, practiced with the National Health Service Corps in Harlowton, served with the U. S. Army in Hanau, West Germany and practiced in Vermillion, South Dakota, he speaks English, French and Spanish. Published works include: Escape From Montana, Diary of the Ouagadougou Doc, Second Act. 2. Jimsuva.typepad.com/blog/2013/07/the-rockford-files-an-interview-with-milt-kogan Milt Kogan on IMDb Different From You at Fanlight Productions