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Velociraptor

Velociraptor is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that lived 75 to 71 million years ago during the latter part of the Cretaceous Period. Two species are recognized, although others have been assigned in the past; the type species is V. mongoliensis. A second species, V. osmolskae, was named in 2008 for skull material from China. Smaller than other dromaeosaurids like Deinonychus and Achillobator, Velociraptor shared many of the same anatomical features, it was a bipedal, feathered carnivore with a long tail and an enlarged sickle-shaped claw on each hindfoot, thought to have been used to tackle and disembowel prey. Velociraptor can be distinguished from other dromaeosaurids by its long and low skull, with an upturned snout. Velociraptor is one of the dinosaur genera most familiar to the general public due to its prominent role in the Jurassic Park motion picture series. In real life, Velociraptor was the size of a turkey smaller than the 2 m tall and 80 kg reptiles seen in the films. Today, Velociraptor is well known to paleontologists, with over a dozen described fossil skeletons, the most of any dromaeosaurid.

One famous specimen preserves a Velociraptor locked in combat with a Protoceratops. Velociraptor was a mid-sized dromaeosaurid, with adults measuring up to 2.07 m long, 0.5 m high at the hip, weighing up to 15 kg, though there is a higher estimate of 19.7 kg. The skull, which grew up to 25 cm long, was uniquely up-curved, concave on the upper surface and convex on the lower; the jaws were lined with 26–28 spaced teeth on each side, each more serrated on the back edge than the front. Velociraptor, like other dromaeosaurids, had a large manus with three curved claws, which were similar in construction and flexibility to the wing bones of modern birds; the second digit was the longest of the three digits present. The structure of the carpal bones prevented pronation of the wrist and forced the'hands' to be held with the palmar surface facing inwards, not downwards; the first digit of the foot, as in other theropods, was a small dewclaw. However, whereas most theropods had feet with three digits contacting the ground, dromaeosaurids like Velociraptor walked on only their third and fourth digits.

The second digit, for which Velociraptor is most famous, was modified and held retracted off the ground. It bore a large, sickle-shaped claw, typical of dromaeosaurid and troodontid dinosaurs; this enlarged claw, which could grow to over 6.5 cm long around its outer edge, was most a predatory device used to tear into or restrain struggling prey. As in other dromaeosaurs, Velociraptor tails had long bony projections on the upper surfaces of the vertebrae, as well as ossified tendons underneath; the prezygapophyses began on the tenth tail vertebra and extended forward to brace four to ten additional vertebrae, depending on position in the tail. These were once thought to stiffen the tail, forcing the entire tail to act as a single rod-like unit. However, at least one specimen has preserved a series of intact tail vertebrae curved sideways into an S-shape, suggesting that there was more horizontal flexibility than once thought. In 2007, paleontologists reported the discovery of quill knobs on a well-preserved Velociraptor mongoliensis forearm from Mongolia, confirming the presence of feathers in this species.

Fossils of dromaeosaurids more primitive than Velociraptor are known to have had feathers covering their bodies and developed feathered wings. The fact that the ancestors of Velociraptor were feathered and capable of flight had long suggested to paleontologists that Velociraptor bore feathers as well, since flightless birds today retain most of their feathers. In September 2007, researchers found quill knobs on the forearm of a Velociraptor found in Mongolia; these bumps on bird wing bones show where feathers anchor, their presence on Velociraptor indicate it too had feathers. According to paleontologist Alan Turner, A lack of quill knobs does not mean that a dinosaur did not have feathers. Finding quill knobs on Velociraptor, means that it had feathers; this is something we'd long suspected. Co-author Mark Norell, Curator-in-Charge of fossil reptiles and birds at the American Museum of Natural History weighed in on the discovery, saying: The more that we learn about these animals the more we find that there is no difference between birds and their related dinosaur ancestors like velociraptor.

Both have wishbones, brooded their nests, possess hollow bones, were covered in feathers. If animals like velociraptor were alive today our first impression would be that they were just unusual looking birds. According to Turner and co-authors Norell and Peter Makovicky, quill knobs are not found in all prehistoric birds, their absence does not mean that an animal was not feathered – flamingos, for example, have no quill knobs. However, their presence confirms that Velociraptor bore modern-style wing feathers, with a rachis and vane formed by barbs; the forearm specimen on which the quill knobs were found represents an animal 1.5 meters in length and 15 kilograms in weight. Based on the spacing of the six preserved knobs in this specimen, the authors suggested that Velociraptor b

Norman Nawrocki

Norman Nawrocki, is a Montreal-based comedian, sex educator, cabaret artist, author, actor and composer. Nawrocki together with Sylvain Côté were the founding members of "rock'n roll cabaret" band Rhythm Activism. Nawrocki owns Les Pages Noires, through which he has published three books. Nawrocki was born in the East End of Vancouver to Polish/Ukrainian Canadian parents, he attended Langara College and Simon Fraser University, co-edited the university's newspaper The Peak. He left without graduating. In 1993, Nawrocki created I don’t understand women!, the first of several anti-sexist, sex positive, comedy cabarets on the topic of date rape, sexual harassment and violence against women. In 2001, Nawrocki and Godspeed You! Black Emperor drummer Aidan Girt formed a duo called Bakunin's Bum, named after the anarchist philosopher Mikhail Bakunin, their recording, Fight to Win! was released in 2001 on G7 Welcoming Committee Records as a benefit for the Ontario Coalition Against Poverty and featured spoken word by anti-poverty activists over instrumental music.

In 2002, CBC Radio’s Montreal Matters commissioned Nawrocki to write a series of six short plays Don’t Call Me Bob. In 2004 he wrote and released his first solo album Duck Work. By the end of 2005 Nawrocki was teaching a course at Concordia University's School of Community & Public Affairs on The Arts, Radical Social Change and Community Economic Development; as well as starring in Uncle Eddie's guide to art appreciation, by Donald Goodes. On 25 February 2010, Norman Nawrocki has signed, together with 500 artists, the call to support the international campaign for Boycott and Sanctions against Israeli apartheid. Rhythm Activism live Resist much – obey little Rebel moon: anarchist rants & poems ISBN 1-873176-08-2 Chasseur de tornades ISBN 2-9803993-7-X. No Gods!: dare to dream ISBN 0-9697112-2-0 The anarchist & the devil do cabaret ISBN 1-55164-204-2, ISBN 1-55164-205-0 L'anarchiste et le diable: voyages, cabarets et autres récits ISBN 2-89596-026-7 Breakfast for anarchists L’Anarchico e il Diavolo fanno cabaret, il Sirente, Fagnano Alto 2007, ISBN 978-88-87847-11-6.

Original Title: The Anarchist And The Devil Do Cabaret RED: Quebec Student Strike and Social Revolt Poems ISBN 978-2-9805763-5-5 Distributed in the United States and Europe by AK Press I don't understand women! LPN012 Less Rock, More Talk: Spoken Word compilation ISBN 1-873176-84-8. LPN016C Draft 1.0 LPN017C Rhythm Activism LPN001 Rhythm Activism Live LPN002 Resist Much, Obey Little LPN003 Louis Riel in China LPN004 Un logement pour une chanson LPN005 Fight the Hike! LPN006 Perogies and Liberty LPN007 Oka LPN008 War is the Health of the State LPN009 Oka II LPN010 Tumbleweed LPN011 Blood & Mud LPN013C More Kick!: live in Europe LPN014C Buffalo, Burgers & Beer: a 10 year retrospective LPN015 Jesus Was Gay G7006 Return of the Read Menace G7010 Take Penacilin Now G7040 SANN: Sylvain Auclair Norman Nawrocki LPN019C Musiques Rebelles Québec Uncle Eddie's Guide to Art Appreciation That's the way we tie our shoes: a recipe by Rhythm Activism Alive and kicking: the first ten years of Rhythm Activism Les Pages Noires Editrice il Sirente

Charlie Forbes

Charlie "Tracker" Forbes was an Australian rules footballer who played for the Essendon Football Club in the Victorian Football League. Forbes was a successful player for Essendon in the VFA prior to the VFL's foundation. A high marking ruckman, he was a member of the side which won four successive premierships from 1891 and 1894, playing 120 games in 1889-1896. Forbes was named Player of the Season in 1892 by The Argus; when he made his VFL debut in 1897, he was 32, he played in their premiership team that year. He played in the 1898 VFL Grand Final, the first but Essendon lost to Fitzroy. Charlie Forbes's playing statistics from AFL Tables Charlie Forbes at AustralianFootball.com Essendon Football Club profile

John B. Goodwin

John Benjamin Goodwin was born in Cobb County, United States the son of and attended school in Powder Springs. He moved to Atlanta in 1870 and studied law at Gartrell & Stephens and a year was admitted to the bar. From 1872 to 1874, he was a reporter for Alexander St. Clair-Abrams at the Daily Herald after which he returned to law, he served on the city council off and on from until 1883 when he was elected mayor, after which he served over ten years as city attorney served as mayor a second time during the Panic of 1893. He left the city in 1901 and for 16 years served as the grand secretary of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, he died in 1921 in Maryland. Garrett, Franklin and Its Environs, 1954, University of Georgia Press. Reed, History of Atlanta, Georgia, 1889, D. Mason & co. Atlanta On Google Books

Halina Schmolz

Halina Schmolz, born Halina Szmolcówna, was a Polish ballet dancer. Halina Szmolcówna was the daughter of his wife Barbara, she trained as a dancer in Warsaw. Halina Schmolz first appeared on stage in London in 1910, in the company of Anna Pavlova and Mikhail Mordkin. In 1911 and 1912, she danced in the United States, including New York and Philadelphia, with Alexandre Volinin. "Alone, or in company, she flitted through the most amazing and fascinating gyrations," a North Carolina newspaper marveled. She toured Australia and New Zealand in 1913, billed as a member of the Imperial Russian Ballet, with Volonin, Vlasta Novotna, Adeline Genée and others, she appeared in a short film, Spiew labedzi, in 1914. She was performing in Russia in 1915 and 1916 on tour again with Sergei Diaghilev in 1918 and 1919, in Paris and London, she was seen at the Theatr Wielki, in Warsaw, was the prima ballerina of the Warsaw Opera until 1934. She taught dance at her home in Saska Kępa neighborhood, at the T. Wysocka Stage Dance School in Warsaw.

Halina Szmolcówna became the second wife of Grzegorz Fitelberg, a composer and conductor with the Polish Radio Orchestra, in 1928. In 1939 she was wounded near their home in the bombing of Poniatowski Bridge during World War II, she was 46 years old. Her home in Saska Kępa has been restored in recent years. "History of the Polish National Ballet", Teatr Wielki Opera Narodowa. Halina Schmolz on IMDb

Gun safety

Gun safety rules and practice recommendations are intended to avoid accidental discharge or negligent discharge, or the consequences of firearm malfunctions. Their purpose is to eliminate or minimize the risks of unintentional death, injury or property damage caused by improper possession, storage or handling of firearms. There were 47,000 unintentional firearm deaths worldwide in 2013. Gun safety training seeks to instill a certain mindset and appropriate habits by following specific rules; the mindset is that firearms are inherently dangerous and must always be stored and handled with care. Handlers are taught to treat firearms with respect for their destructive capabilities, discouraged from playing or toying with firearms, a common cause of accidents; the rules of gun safety follow from this mindset. In 1902, the English politician and game shooting enthusiast Mark Hanbury Beaufoy wrote some much-quoted verses on gun safety, including many salient points, his verses "A Father's Advice" begin with the following: Ira L. Revees, in his 1913 book The A B C of Rifle and Pistol Shooting, stated the following: "The Accident-Proof Rule": "The muzzle of a firearm should never point in a direction in which, if discharged, it would do injury where injury is not meant to be done."

"the companion rule of the one just given": "All firearms are at all times loaded." And he went on to say: "The trigger should never be pulled until the identity of the thing fired at has been established beyond any doubt."Various version of the "Ten Commandments of Gun Safety" have been published. This one is from the Sporting Shooters Association of Australia: Treat every gun with the respect due a loaded gun. Carry only empty guns, taken down or with the action open, into your car and home. Always be sure that the barrel and action are clear of obstructions. Always carry your gun. Be sure of your target before you pull the trigger. Never point a gun at anything you do not want to shoot. Never leave. Never climb a tree or a fence with a loaded gun. Never shoot at a flat, hard surface or the surface of water. Do not mix gunpowder and alcohol. Jeff Cooper, an influential figure in modern firearms training and popularized "Four Rules" of safe firearm handling. Prior lists of gun safety rules included as few as three basic safety rules or as many as ten rules including gun safety and sporting etiquette rules.

In addition to Cooper, other influential teachers of gun safety include Massad Ayoob, Clint Smith, Chuck Taylor, Jim Crews, Bob Munden and Ignatius Piazza. Jeff Cooper's Four Rules are: All guns are always loaded. Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy. Keep your finger off the trigger until your sights are on the target. Be sure of your target and what is beyond it; the National Rifle Association provides a similar set of rules: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction. ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot. ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use. Project Appleseed provides similar rules for their rifle marksmanship clinics: Always keep the muzzle in a safe direction. Do not load until given the load command. Keep your finger off the trigger until the sights are on the target. Make sure those around you follow the safety rules; the Canadian Firearms Program uses the concept of The Four Firearm ACTS: Assume every firearm is loaded.

Control the muzzle direction at all times. Trigger finger off out of trigger guard. See that the firearm is unloaded; the United States Marine Corps uses the following four weapons safety rules: Treat every weapon as if it were loaded Never point the weapon at anything you do not intend to shoot Keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you're ready to fire Keep the weapon on safe until you intend to fire Blank ammunition, a primed casing filled with gunpowder, either crimped or covered with a wad, is dangerous up to 15 feet. In the past, people killed themselves believing that blanks were not dangerous. Therefore, gun safety rules apply to guns loaded with blanks; this rule is a matter of keeping a vigilant mindset. The purpose is to create safe handling habits, to discourage presumptive reasoning along the lines of, "I know my gun is unloaded so certain unsafe practices are OK"; the proposition "the gun is always loaded" means that though it may be known that this is not true of a particular firearm, that knowledge is never trusted or relied upon until definitively proven.

Thus if the firearm turned out to be loaded when the handler thought it was not, treating it as loaded would avoid an "unintentional discharge", if one should occur anyway, avoiding damage, injury or death. Many firearm accidents result from the handler mistakenly believing a firearm is emptied, safetied, or otherwise disarmed when in fact it is ready to be discharged; such misunderstandings can arise from a number of sources. Faulty handling of the firearm. A handler may execute the steps of procedures such as loading and emptying in the wrong order or omit steps of the procedures. Misunderstandings about a firearm's status. For instance, a handler may think. A round of ammunition may be left in the chamber or in the magazine while the handler thinks it is emptied; the firearm may have been handled by another individual without the handler's knowledge. A handler may receive a firearm and assume it is in a certain state without checking whether that assumption is true. For example, as handlers interact and pass the firearm between them, each avoids over-relying on the "show clear" of the other.

Person 1 may misjudge the status.