Veneto (US:, Italian:. Its population is ranking fifth in Italy; the region's capital is Venice. Veneto was part of the Roman Empire until the 5th century AD. After a feudal period, it was part of the Republic of Venice until 1797. Venice ruled for centuries over one of the largest and richest maritime republics and trade empires in the world. After the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Republic was annexed by the Austrian Empire, until it was merged with the Kingdom of Italy in 1866, as a result of the Third Italian War of Independence. Besides Italian, most inhabitants speak Venetian, divided into five varieties. Since 1971 the Statute of Veneto has referred to the region's citizens as "the Venetian people". Article 1 defines Veneto as an "autonomous Region", "constituted by the Venetian people and the lands of the provinces of Belluno, Rovigo, Venice and Vicenza", while maintaining "bonds with Venetians in the world". Article 2 sets forth the principle of the "self-government of the Venetian people" and mandates the Region to "promote the historical identity of the Venetian people and civilisation".

Despite these affirmations, approved by the Italian Parliament, Veneto is not among the autonomous regions with special statute, differently from its north-eastern and north-western neighbours, Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol respectively. Veneto is home to a notable nationalist movement, known as Venetian Venetism; the region's largest party is a founding component of the Lega Nord. The current President of Veneto is Luca Zaia, re-elected in 2015 with 50.1% of the vote. Zaia II Government includes Forza Italia and is externally supported by Independence We Veneto and the Brothers of Italy. An autonomy referendum took place in 2017: 57.2% of Venetians turned out, 98.1% voting "yes" to "further forms and special conditions of autonomy". Having been for a long period in history a land of mass emigration, Veneto is today one of the greatest immigrant-receiving regions in the country, with 487,493 foreigners, notably including Romanians, Chinese and Albanians. Veneto is the 8th largest region in Italy, with a total area of 18,398.9 km2.

It is located in the north-eastern part of Italy and is bordered to the east by Friuli-Venezia Giulia, to the south by Emilia-Romagna, to the west by Lombardy and to the north by Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. In its northernmost corner it borders Austria; the north-south extension of Veneto is 210 km from the Austrian border to the mouth of the River Po. By area, 29% of its surface is mountainous; the highest massif in the Dolomites is the Marmolada-massif at 3,342 m. Other dolomitic peaks are the Pale di San Martino; the Venetian Prealps range between 700 m and 2,200 m. A distinctive characteristic of the Pre-alps are the cave formations, including chasms and sink holes. Fossil deposits are abundant there; the Po Valley, covering 57% of Veneto, extends from the mountains to the Adriatic sea, broken only by some low hills: Euganean Hills, Berici Hills Colli Asolani and Montello, which constitute the remaining 14% of the territory. The plain itself is subdivided into the lower plain; the lower plain is both a mainstay of agricultural production and the most populated part of the region.

Several rivers flow through the region: the Po, Brenta, Livenza and Tagliamento. The eastern shore of the largest lake in Italy, Lake Garda, belongs to Veneto; the coastline covers 200 km, of which 100 km are beaches. The coasts of the Adriatic Sea are characterised by the Venetian Lagoon, a flat terrain with ponds and islands; the Po Delta to the south features dunes along the coastline. The inland portion contains cultivable land reclaimed by a system of canals and dykes. Fish ponds have been created there as well; the delta and the lagoon are a stopping-point for migratory birds. Veneto's morphology is characterised by its: mountains: 5,359.1 km2,. The climate changes from one area to another: while it is continental on the plains, it is milder along the Adriatic coast; the lowlands are covered by thick fog. Between the 2nd and 1st millennium BC, the region was inhabited by the Euganei. According to ancient historians, who wanted to link Venetic origins to legend of Roman origins in Troy, the Veneti came from Paphlagonia in Anatolia at the time of the Fall of Troy, led by prince Antenor, a comrade of Aeneas.

Other historians links Venetic origins with Celts. In the 7th–6th centuries

Hamilton Wright Mabie

Hamilton Wright Mabie, A. M. L. H. D. LL. D. was an American essayist, editor and lecturer. He was born at Cold Spring, N. Y. in 1846. Mabie was the youngest child of Sarah Colwell Mabie, from a wealthy Scottish-English family and Levi Jeremiah Mabie, whose ancestors were Scots-Dutch, they were early immigrants to New Amsterdam, New Netherland about 1647. Due to business opportunities with the opening of the Erie Canal his family moved to Buffalo, New York when he was approaching school age. At the young age of 16 he passed his college entrance examination, but waited a year before he attended Williams College and the Columbia Law School. While at Williams, Mabie was a member of Alpha Delta Phi fraternity and would serve as the first president of the North-American Interfraternity Conference, he received honorary degrees from his own alma mater, from Union College, from Western Reserve and Washington and Lee universities. Although he passed his bar exams in 1869 he hated both the practice of law. In 1876 he married Jeanette Trivett.

In the summer of 1879 he was hired to work at the weekly magazine, Christian Union, an association that lasted until his death. In 1884, Mabie was promoted to associate editor of the Christian Union and elected to the Author's Club, whose members included such men of established reputation as George Cary Eggleston, Richard Watson Gilder, Brander Matthews, Edmund Clarence Stedman. In 1890, a small collection of Mabie's essays which reflected upon life and nature were published as a volume entitled My Study Fire. Many of Mabie's books are available at Project Gutenberg. Mabie was a resident of New Jersey. "Blessed is the season which engages the whole world in a conspiracy of love." "Don't be afraid of opposition. Remember, a kite rises against, not with the wind." Norse Stories, Retold from the Eddas Nature in New England My Study Fire In the Forest of Arden Short Studies in Literature Under the Trees and Elsewhere Essays in Literary Interpretation Essays on Nature and Culture Essays on Books and Culture Essays on Work and Culture The Life of the Spirit William Shakespeare, Poet and Man A Child of Nature Published by Dodd and Company Works and Days Parables of Life In Arcady Published by Dodd and Company Backgrounds of Literature Introduction to Notable Poems American Ideals and Life Japan To-Day and To-Morrow Doubleday, Page & Co. published this anthology series, in which Mabie edited several early volumes: Fairy Tales Every Child Should Know Myths That Every Child Should Know Heroes Every Child Should Know Legends That Every Child Should Know Famous Stories Every Child Should Know Essays That Every Child Should Know Heroines That Every Child Should Know, ed. Mabie and Kate Stephens Folk Tales Every Child Should Know Works by Hamilton Wright Mabie at Project Gutenberg Works by Hamilton Wright Mabie at Faded Page Works by or about Hamilton Wright Mabie at Internet Archive Works by Hamilton Wright Mabie at LibriVox Hamilton Wright Mabie at Library of Congress Authorities, with 111 catalog records


Volatolomics is a branch of chemistry that studies volatile organic compounds emitted by a biological system, under specific experimental conditions. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the suffix ‘omics’ refers to ‘the totality of some sort’. In biology, ‘omics’ techniques are used for the high-throughput analysis of DNA sequences and epigenetic modifications, mRNA and miRNA transcripts, expressed proteins, as well as synthesised metabolites in a biological system under a given set of experimental conditions. Due to the high number of variables that are measured these techniques provide large and complex datasets that require adapted tools for data analysis and interpretation; the European Council directive 1999/13/EC defines volatile organic compounds as “any organic compound having at 293.15 K a vapor pressure of 0.01 kPa or more, or having a corresponding volatility under the particular conditions of use”. In our daily life, these molecules are notably responsible of the flavor of food products, as well as of the fragrance of essential oils used in the cosmetics industry.

In nature, these molecules are produced by fungi. They are synthesized by plants and animals; the profiling of VOCs emitted by living organisms takes an increasing importance in various scientific domains like in medicine, in food sciences or in chemical ecology. For instance, in medicine, non-invasive diagnosis techniques of cancer based on the profiling of VOCs from the exhaled breath have been developed. In the field of chemical ecology, gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry is used to characterize the volatile semiochemicals involved in the biotic interactions taking place aboveground and belowground between plants and phytopathogens