Irving Domingo Lorenzo, Jr. better known by his stage name Irv Gotti, is an American record executive, DJ and record producer and is the founder of Murder Inc. Records, he is the creator of the BET series Tales. A producer and music executive, he founded Murder Inc Records in 1997 with his brother Chris. A 2003 investigation, including a raid on the Manhattan offices of Murder, Inc. resulted in charges of money laundering being brought against Gotti and his brother Christopher in connection with alleged financial transactions associated with New York City drug kingpin Kenneth "Supreme" McGriff. On December 2, 2005, a jury acquitted the brothers of all charges. 1994 "Shit's Real" 1996 "Can I Live" 1998 "Can I Get A..." "Hot Spot" 1999 "What's My Name" "Holla Holla" 2000 "Come Back in One Piece" "Between Me and You" 2001 "What's Luv?" "I'm Real" "Ain't It Funny" "I Cry" "Always on Time" 2002 "Foolish" "Happy" "Down 4 U" "Mesmerize" "Gangsta Lovin" 2004 "Breakup 2 Makeup" "Wonderful" 2005 "Infatuated" 2008 "Nice" featuring Newz 2018 "Violent Crimes" Irv Gotti at MTV Irv Gotti on IMDb Interview with Irv Gotti on Running a Record Label VIBE Profile
Veni, vidi, vici
Veni, vici is a Latin phrase popularly attributed to Julius Caesar who, according to Appian, used the phrase in a letter to the Roman Senate around 47 BC after he had achieved a quick victory in his short war against Pharnaces II of Pontus at the Battle of Zela. The phrase is used to refer to a conclusive victory; the phrase is attributed in Plutarch's Life of Caesar and Suetonius's Lives of the Twelve Caesars: Julius. Plutarch writes that Caesar used it in a report to a friend of his at Rome. Suetonius states. Variations of the sentence Veni, vici are quoted, used in music, art and entertainment. Since the time of Caesar, the phrase has been used in military contexts. King Jan III of Poland alluded to it after the 17th-century Battle of Vienna, saying Venimus, Deus vicit. In 2011 the Secretary of State Hillary Clinton referred to the death of Muammar Gaddafi with a similar phrase, saying that "We came, we saw, he died"; the sentence has been used in music, including several well-known works over the years.
The opening of Handel's 1724 opera Giulio Cesare contains the line: Curio, Cesare venne, e vide e vinse. The title song in the musical Mame contains the line: "You came, you saw, you conquered". In the 1936 song These Foolish Things, the lyrics include the line You came, you saw, you conquered me; the rapper Jay-Z directly uses the English translation in his 2003 song "Encore". The rapper Pitbull includes in his song "Fireball" the lyrics I saw, I came, I conquered Or should I say, I saw I conquered, I came; the phrase has been referenced in literature and film. The title of French poet Victor Hugo's Veni, vixi, written after the death of his daughter Leopoldine at age 19 in 1843, uses the allusion with its first verse: J'ai bien assez vécu.... Peter Venkman, one of the protagonists in the 1984 film Ghostbusters, delivers a humorous variation: "We came. We saw. We kicked its ass!" This line was among the 400 nominees for the AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes. Veni, Vici is the name of the final main quest in the 2010 video game Fallout: New Vegas if the player character chooses to side with Caesar's Legion, an imperialistic slaver society modeled after the Roman Empire during the Second Battle of Hoover Dam.
In 2019, the PlayStation 4 video game title: Call of Duty - Black Ops 4, used a derivation of this quote as a zombies game mode "VENI, VIDI, ZOMBIE!". Veni and vici are first person singular perfect indicative active forms of the Latin verbs venire and vincere, which mean "to come", "to see", "to conquer", respectively; the sentence's form is classed as a hendiatris. The English phrase "I came, I saw, I conquered" employs. Grammarians agree that using a comma to join two independent clauses should be done sparingly. Sometimes, the comma splice is avoided by using a semicolon instead: "I came. Isocolon List of Latin phrases
It's Dark and Hell Is Hot
It's Dark and Hell Is Hot is the debut studio album by American rapper DMX. It was released on May 12, 1998 by Ruff Ryders Entertainment, Def Jam Recordings, PolyGram, it was supported by four singles —"Get at Me Dog", "Stop Being Greedy", "Ruff Ryders Anthem" and "How's It Goin' Down", in order of release — and their accompanying music videos. It includes production from Dame Grease and PK, in addition to production from Irv Gotti and Lil Rob and Swizz Beatz; the album is considered a classic among hip hop fans and critics. It's Dark and Hell Is Hot was met with positive reviews from music critics. AllMusic commented that "Unlike so many other hardcore rappers who are more rhetorical than physical, DMX commands an aggressive aura without speaking a word." Leading Hip Hop magazine The Source described the album as "a mind-gripping opus that encompasses the appeal of one of rap's newest sensations." The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, sold 251,000 copies in its first week in the United States.
The album was certified 4x platinum by Recording Industry Association of America on December 18, 2000. NotesTrack listing and credits from album booklet. "X-Is Coming" features additional vocals by Jamie and Randy. "I Can Feel It" features additional vocals by Nardo. Sample credits"Intro" contains a sample of "Beyond Forever" performed by James Mtume. "Fuckin' wit' D" contains a sample of "Shifting Gears" performed by Johnny "Hammond" Smith. "Get At Me Dog" contains a sample of "Everything Good to You" performed by BT Express. "Let Me Fly" contains a sample of "Lo Dudo" performed by José José. "Damien" contains a sample of "Slow Dance" performed by Stanley Clarke. "How's It Going Down" contains a sample of "God Made Me Funky" performed by The Headhunters. "Crime Story" contains a sample of "Easin' In" performed by Edwin Starr. "Stop Being Greedy" contains a sample of "My Hero Is a Gun" performed by the Temptations. "I Can Feel It" contains a sample of "In the Air Tonight" performed by Phil Collins.
"The Convo" contains a sample of "Nights on Broadway" performed by The Bee Gees, an interpolation of "Somebody's Knockin'" performed by Terri Gibbs. "Niggaz Done Start Something" contains a sample of "Mercy Me" performed by Marvin Gaye. CourtesiesThe Lox and Mase appear courtesy of Bad Boy Records. Big Stan and Dragon appears courtesy of Ruff Ryders Entertainment. Kasino appears courtesy of Jive Records. List of number-one albums of 1998 List of number-one R&B albums of 1998 List of hip hop albums considered to be influential
Malik Deshawn Cox, better known by his stage name Memphis Bleek, is an American rapper and actor known for his tenure with Roc-A-Fella and CEO of his own labels Get Low and Warehouse. He has released four albums during his career, had planned to release The Process in 2011, although the album has yet to be released. Memphis Bleek was one of the first artists signed to Roc-A-Fella Records, as protégé to Jay-Z, he grew up in Marcy Projects, the same neighborhood as Jay-Z. He appears on the Jay-Z albums: Reasonable Doubt, Vol. 2... Hard Knock Life, Vol. 3… Life and Times of S. Carter, The Dynasty: Roc La Familia, The Blueprint 2: The Gift & The Curse. Bleek's first official appearance was "Coming of Age" from Reasonable Doubt. After the huge success of Hard Knock Life and the exposure of the Roc-A-Fella camp, the label released Memphis Bleek's debut album, Coming of Age; the album was the week's Hot Shot Debut on the Billboard 200, peaking at #7 with 118,000 units sold in its first week. The name "Memphis", which the rapper explained to pay homage to pimps, was an acronym for "Making Easy Money, Pimping Hoes In Style".
He has released three more albums since his debut, The Understanding, M. A. D. E. and 534. In between the release of The Understanding and M. A. D. E, he took a three-year hiatus, in which time he took care of his older brother, injured in a motorcycle accident. There are three significant notes to take away from the album 534, named after the building number where Memphis and Jay-Z grew up in the Marcy Projects. First, it was the first release from the "new" Roc-A-Fella Records, referring to Jay-Z becoming President of Def Jam, it was the first official Def Jam recording by label mate turned international star, Rihanna, on the song "The One". And lastly, this album marks where Jay-Z released his first song since beginning his brief "retirement"; the song was called "Dear Summer", in reference to what Jay called the time of the year when he would drop a classic album or single every year for eight straight years, how he had to metaphorically leave "her", Summer. His highest charting single was "Is That Yo Chick", Featuring Missy Elliott and Jay-Z, which peaked at #7 on the Hot Rap Singles Billboard Chart, only one of two songs by the artist to crack the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at #68, the only track to appear on one of his solo albums.
The other single being "It's Alright", appearing on the Hard Knock Life album by Jay-Z, peaking at #61 on the Billboard Hot 100. He has had countless collaborations with fellow hip-hop artists such as DMX, Ja Rule, T. I. and Trick Daddy, with many of the features coming with other Roc-A-Fella artists, including Beanie Sigel, Cam'ron, Young Gunz, of course Jay-Z. In fall 2005, Memphis Bleek told MTV that he was recording an album called The Process, that he would describe as a make or break album, saying "I want to do an album that's through the roof, I want to do a classic album. I feel that if this album I'm not recording is a classic, I'm not gonna put it out. I have to do it bigger than anybody has done it. I have to make a good record this time, not just talking-junk records." The rapper has worked on the album since 2005 and during that time frame he would release the songs "Hustla", "Get Ya Money Off" and "Let It Off". During this time, he would leave Roc-A-Fella after Jay-Z told him he could run his own company and had the proper distribution deals to do so.
He found a new home in 2009. In the summer of 2010, he was on stage with Jay-Z, as a background singer, in the Swedish festival Peace&Love. On June 6, 2012 Memphis Bleek working with The Liberty Music Group released "KG Vol. 2". The release went on to garnish over 59,000 Downloads and get a 3/5 Review from XXL Writer Adam Fleischer. On April 10, 2012 Memphis Bleek working with The Liberty Music Group re-released "The Movement"; the release went on to garnish over 125,000 Downloads. On March 21, 2014 Memphis Bleek released "The Movement 2" a mixtape for free download. On December 13, 2014 Memphis Bleek married longtime girlfriend, Ashley Coombs, in an evening ceremony at The Merion in Cinnaminson, New Jersey. Bleek's mentor and hip hop mogul, Jay Z, was in attendance. Bleek is the cousin of fellow Brooklyn rapper Sean Price. Getting the thumbs up from Jay-Z to give Memphis Bleek his own label as CEO and founder of Warehouse Music Group; the debut release from the label was Memphis Bleek single "So Different" featuring Manolo Rose that created a big buzz for the label.
On July 28, 2016 Memphis Bleek made the announcement of signing Manolo Casanova. In 2017, Manolo Rose releases "Ball Drop" and "Pink Fur". Casanova releases three big singles "Don't Run", "Go Best Friend" and "Left, Right" featuring Chris Brown and Fabolous. Memphis Bleek Manolo Rose Casanova In 2002, Memphis Bleek starred in State Property as "Blizz". In 2002, he was in Paper Soldiers. Studio albumsComing of Age The Understanding M. A. D. E. 534 Memphis Bleek is a playable character in the video game Def Jam: Fight for NY. Memphis Bleek on Myspace
Music recording certification
Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. The threshold quantity varies by nation or territory. All countries follow variations of the RIAA certification categories, which are named after precious materials; the threshold required for these awards depends upon the population of the territory where the recording is released. They are awarded only to international releases and are awarded individually for each country where the album is sold. Different sales levels, some 10 times lower than others, may exist for different music media; the original gold and silver record awards were presented to artists by their own record companies to publicize their sales achievements. The first silver disc was awarded by Regal Zonophone to George Formby in December 1937 for sales of 100,000 copies of "The Window Cleaner"; the first gold disc was awarded by RCA Victor to Glenn Miller and His Orchestra in February 1942, celebrating the sale of 1.2 million copies of single "Chattanooga Choo Choo".
Another example of a company award is the gold record awarded to Elvis Presley in 1956 for one million units sold of his single "Don't Be Cruel". The first gold record for an LP was awarded by RCA Victor to Harry Belafonte in 1957 for the album Calypso, the first album to sell over 1,000,000 copies in RCA's reckoning. At the industry level, in 1958 the Recording Industry Association of America introduced its gold record award program for records of any kind, albums or singles, which achieved one million dollars in retail sales; these sales were restricted to U. S.-based record companies and did not include exports to other countries. For albums in 1968, this would mean shipping 250,000 units; the platinum certification was introduced in 1976 for the sale of one million units for albums and two million for singles, with the gold certification redefined to mean sales of 500,000 units for albums and one million for singles. No album was certified platinum prior to this year. For instance, the recording by Van Cliburn of the Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto from 1958 would be awarded a platinum citation, but this would not happen until two decades after its release.
In 1999, the diamond certification was introduced for sales of ten million units. In the late 1980s, the certification thresholds for singles were dropped to match that of albums; the first official designation of a "gold record" by the Recording Industry Association of America was established for singles in 1958, the RIAA trademarked the term "gold record" in the United States. On 14 March 1958, the RIAA certified its first gold record, Perry Como's hit single "Catch a Falling Star"; the Oklahoma! Soundtrack was certified as the first gold album four months later. In 1976, RIAA introduced the platinum certification, first awarded to the Eagles compilation album Their Greatest Hits on 24 February 1976, to Johnnie Taylor's single "Disco Lady" on 22 April 1976; as music sales increased with the introduction of compact discs, the RIAA created the Multi-Platinum award in 1984. Diamond awards, honoring those artists whose sales of singles or albums reached 10,000,000 copies, were introduced in 1999.
In the 20th century, for a part of the first decade of the 21st, it was common for distributors to claim certifications based on their shipments – wholesale to retail outlets – which led to many certifications which outstripped the actual final retail sales figures. This became much less common once the majority of retail sales became paid digital downloads and digital streaming. In most countries certifications no longer apply to physical media but now include sales awards recognizing digital downloads. In June 2006, the RIAA certified the ringtone downloads of songs. Streaming from on-demand services such as Apple Music, Spotify and Napster has been included into existing digital certification in the U. S since 2013 and the U. K. and Germany since 2014. In the U. S. and Germany video streaming services like YouTube, VEVO, Yahoo! Music began to be counted towards the certification, in both cases using the formula of 100 streams being equivalent to one download. Other countries, such as Denmark and Spain, maintain separate awards for digital download singles and streaming.
The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry was founded in 1996, grants the IFPI Platinum Europe Award for album sales over one million within Europe and the Middle East. Multi-platinum Europe Awards are presented for sales in subsequent multiples of one million. Eligibility is unaffected by time, is not restricted to European-based artists; the Independent Music Companies Association was founded in 2000 to grow the independent music sector and promote independent music in the interests of artistic and cultural diversity. IMPALA sales awards were launched in 2005 as the first sales awards recognising that success on a pan-European basis begins well before sales reach one million; the award levels are Silver, Double Silver, Double Gold, Diamond and Double Platinum. Below are certification thresholds for the United States, United Kingdom and France; the numbers in the tables are in terms of "units", where a unit represents one sale or one shipment of a given medium. Certific
Ramel Leroy Gill better known by his stage name Black Child is an American rapper and actor from Queens, New York City. He is best known as being an associate of Ja Rule, Irv Gotti, Cadillac Tah, Chris Gotti and the Murder Inc Records crew, he appeared on hit singles with Ja Rule, such as Murda 4 Life with Memphis Bleek and various songs with Ja Rule and other members of Murder Inc. Gill was born in New York, his family moved to Queens. During his childhood years, one of family friends wrote verses for him at the age of 11. While Gill was spitting rhymes in his neighborhood, he began to write some of his own rhymes to use that motivation from his family and friends. Learning his ways of life, he had a few run-ins with the law, doing time in jail for a gun case that lasted only 30 months, while after being signed by Jam Master Jay Records in 1993, a label owned by the late DJ Jam Master Jay. Before that, he was making songs with a few other aspiring upcoming artists who were trying to make a name for themselves, including Irv Gotti, under the moniker DJ Irv produced "Can I Live" for Jay-Z off the Reasonable Doubt album and Ja Rule with "Cash Money Click" featuring Nemesis and Chris Black.
While being incarcerated, he began to write rhymes, joining freestyle battles and showing his unique talent to infiltrate the rap world. After spending a few years in jail, Gill reached out to Ja Rule, showing him his lyrical ability to prove himself as a rapper which Ja Rule liked and accepted him to sign with Murder Inc after being released from Jam Master Jay Records due to a gun charge, he was involved in the Ja Rule/50 Cent feud, where he and other fellow Murder Inc. labelmates had an altercation with 50 Cent and a few other G-Unit members at The Hit Factory in New York City, March 2000. In self-defense, he admitted that he stabbed 50 Cent, saying that 50 was the one reaching for his gun, he released a diss song called "The Real Wanksta" which attacked 50 Cent labeling him as a snitch, which Gill claims that 50 Cent had filed an order of protection on Murder Inc. 1999: "Holla Holla" 1999: "Murda 4 Life" 1999: "WhereDaPaperAt?" 1999: "We Here Now" 1999: "Nigguz Theme" 1999: "The Murderers" 2000: "Gunrunner" 2000: "Die" 2000: "Extasy" 2001: "He Loves U Not" Dream feat.
Black Child & P. Diddy) 2001: "The Inc." 2001: "Worldwide Gangsta" 2001: "My Dogz Iz My Gunz" 2001: "Vita Vita Vita" 2002: "State To State" 2002: "Ride Wit Us" 2002: "We Still Don't Give A Fuck" 2002: "1 Hearse, 2 Suburbans" 2002: "O. G." 2002: "Breakup 2 Makeup" 2002: "No One Does It Better" 2003: "Things Gon' Change" 2003: "The INC Is Back" 2004: "Last Of The Mohicans" 2004: "Gun Talk" 2004: "Bout My Business" 2005: "Only U" 2007: "Prison" Cash Rules Animal Kojak All Bets Off: Part 2 All Bets Off: Part 1 Kind of Blue Hitman Talescoldhearted Black Child discography at Discogs Black Child on IMDb Black Child on Twitter
Shawn Corey Carter, known professionally as Jay-Z, is an American rapper, record producer and record executive. Considered one of the best rappers of all time, he is regarded as one of the world's most significant cultural icons and has been a global figure in popular culture for over two decades. Born and raised in New York City, Jay-Z first began his musical career after founding the record label Roc-A-Fella Records in 1995, subsequently released his debut studio album Reasonable Doubt in 1996; the album was released to widespread critical success, solidified his standing in the music industry. He has gone onto release twelve additional albums, which have all attained positive critical reception and universal commercial success, with The Blueprint and The Black Album albums being heralded as modern musical classics, he has released the full-length collaborative albums Watch the Throne and Everything Is Love with Kanye West and wife Beyoncé, respectively. Outside of his musical career, Jay-Z has attained significant success and media attention for his career as a businessman.
In 1999, he founded the clothing retailer Rocawear, in 2003, he founded the luxury sports bar chain 40/40 Club. Both businesses have grown to become multi-million dollar corporations, allowed Jay-Z to fund the start-up for the entertainment company Roc Nation, founded in 2008. In 2015, he acquired the tech company Aspiro, took charge of their media streaming service Tidal, which has since become the world's third-largest online streaming company, his marriage to musician Beyoncé has been a source of substantial media attention. Jay-Z is among the most critically acclaimed musicians and one of the best-selling music artists of all time with over 100 million records sold worldwide, he has won a total of 22 Grammy Awards, the most by a rapper, holds the record for the most number-one albums by a solo artist on the Billboard 200, with 13. He has been ranked by Billboard and fellow music publication Rolling Stone as one of the 100 greatest artists of all time. In 2017, he became the first rapper to be honored into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, in 2018, received the commemorative "Salute to Industry Icons" award at the 60th Grammy Awards.
Carter was born in the Brooklyn borough of New York City and was raised in Marcy Houses, a housing project in the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood. After their father, Adnis Reeves, abandoned the family and his three siblings were raised by their mother, Gloria Carter. Reeves would meet and reconcile with Jay-Z before dying in 2003. Jay-Z claims in his lyrics that in 1982 at age 12, he shot his older brother in the shoulder for stealing his jewelry. Along with future rapper AZ, Carter attended Eli Whitney High School in Brooklyn until it was closed down, he attended the nearby George Westinghouse Career and Technical Education High School with future rappers The Notorious B. I. G. and Busta Rhymes, followed by a stint at Trenton Central High School in Trenton, New Jersey, though he did not graduate. According to his interviews and lyrics, during this period he sold crack cocaine and was shot at three times. According to his mother, Carter used to wake up his siblings at night banging out drum patterns on the kitchen table.
She bought him a boom box for his birthday. He began writing lyrics. Known as "Jazzy" around the neighborhood, Carter adopted the showbiz/stage name "Jay-Z" in homage to his mentor Jaz-O. Jay-Z can be heard on several of Jaz-O's early recordings in the late 1980s and early 1990s, including "The Originators" and "Hawaiian Sophie." Jay-Z became embroiled in several battles with rapper LL Cool J in the early 1990s. He first became known to a wide audience on the posse cut "Show and Prove" on the 1994 Big Daddy Kane album Daddy's Home. Jay-Z has been referred to as Big Daddy Kane's hype man during this period, although Kane explains that he didn't fill the traditional hype man role, was instead making cameo appearances on stage. "When I would leave the stage to go change outfits, I would bring out Jay-Z and Positive K and let them freestyle until I came back to the stage." The young Jay-Z appeared on a popular song by Big L, "Da Graveyard", on Mic Geronimo's "Time to Build", which featured early appearances by DMX and Ja Rule in 1995.
His first official rap single was called "In My Lifetime", for which he released a music video in 1995. An unreleased music video was produced for the B-side "I Can't Get with That." With no major label to give him a record deal, Jay-Z sold CDs out of his car and, with Damon Dash and Kareem Biggs, created Roc-A-Fella Records as an independent label in 1995. After striking a distribution deal with Priority, Jay-Z released his 1996 debut album Reasonable Doubt with beats from acclaimed producers such as DJ Premier and Super DJ Clark Kent and an appearance by The Notorious B. I. G.. The album reached number 23 on the Billboard 200, was favored by critics; this album would be included in Rolling Stone's "500 Greatest Albums of All Time" as No. 248 and reach platinum status. After reaching a new distribution deal with Def Jam in 1997, Jay-Z released his follow-up In My Lifetime, Vol. 1. Produced by Sean "Puff Daddy" Combs, it sold better than his previous effort. Jay-Z explained that the album was made during one of the worst periods of his life when he was reeling from the death of his close friend, The Notorious B.
I. G; the album was a personal revelation for Jay-Z. The album's glossy production stood as a contrast to his first release, some dedicated fans felt he had "sold out." However, the al