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Verkhovna Rada

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine simply Verkhovna Rada or just Rada, is the unicameral parliament of Ukraine. The Verkhovna Rada is composed of 450 deputies; the Verkhovna Rada meets in the Verkhovna Rada building in Ukraine's capital Kiev. The deputies elected in the 21 July 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election were inaugurated on 29 August 2019; the Verkhovna Rada was transformed out of the system of republican representative body known in the Soviet Union as Supreme Soviet, first established back in 1938 as a type of legislature of the Ukrainian SSR after the reorganization of the Central Executive Committee of the Ukrainian SSR. The 12th convocation of the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR issued the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine, introduced elements of a market economy and political liberalization, changed the numeration of its sessions, proclaiming itself the first convocation of the "Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine"; the current parliament is the ninth convocation. Because of the War in Donbass and the unilateral annexation of Crimea by Russia, elections for the constituencies situated in Donbass and Crimea were not held in the 2014 and 2019 elections.

In elections to the Verkhovna Rada, a mixed voting system is used. 50% of seats are distributed under party lists with a 5% election threshold and 50% through first-past-the-post in single-member constituencies. The method of 50/50 mixed elections was used in the 2012 elections; the name Rada means "council", "rede". The institution originated in the time of Kievan Rus', represented a council of boyars and of higher clergy. In the 17th and 18th centuries the Dnieper Cossacks used the term to refer to the meetings where major decisions were made; the Ukrainian People's Republic between 17 March 1917 and 29 April 1918 had a Central Rada. The West Ukrainian People's Republic and the Ukrainian government-in-exile each had a UNRada. Verkhovna, the feminine form of the adjective "верховний" meaning supreme, derives from the Ukrainian word "верх" meaning "top". Another name, used less is the Parliament of Ukraine. Central Rada in 1917–18 Ukrainian National Rada in 1918 Labour Congress of Ukraine in 1919 Rada of Republic in 1921 The Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR replaced the Central Executive Committee of the Ukrainian SSR, elected by All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets and was a type of legislative authority of Soviet Ukraine according to the 1937 Constitution of the Ukrainian SSR.

The All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets had been renamed the Supreme Council in 1927. The Congress of Soviets was initiated by the Central Executive Committee of Ukraine; the last chairman of the committee was Hryhoriy Petrovsky. The first elections to the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR took place on 26 June 1938; the first session of the parliament took place in Kiev from 25 July through to 28 July 1938. The first Chairman of the council was Mykhailo Burmystenko who died during World War II. In 1938, a presidium of the council was created, led by Leonid Korniyets. During the war the presidium was evacuated to the city of Saratov in the Russian SFSR. On 29 June 1943, the presidium issued an order postponing elections for the new convocation for one year while extending the first convocation. On 8 January 1944, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR in agreement with the Communist Party decided to relocate the Presidium of the Supreme Council from Kharkiv to Kiev. New elections were scheduled for 9 February 1947 for the Council.

Until 24 August 1991, Verkhovna Rada kept the name Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR. The first free elections to the Verkhovna Rada and local councils of people's deputies were held on 4 March 1990. Although the Communist Party still remained in control, a "Democratic Bloc" was formed by numerous parties, including People's Movement of Ukraine, Helsinki Watch Committee of Ukraine, Party of Greens of Ukraine, many others; the twelfth convocation of the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR issued the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine on 16 July 1990, declared Ukrainian independence on 24 August 1991, at 6 p.m. local time. At the time, the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada was Leonid Kravchuk; the Act of Ukrainian Independence was overwhelmingly supported in a national referendum held on 1 December 1991. On 12 September 1991 the parliament adopted the law "On the Legal Succession of Ukraine". Thus, the VR became the Supreme Council of Ukraine; the Constitution of Ukraine was adopted by the thirteenth convocation of the Verkhovna Rada on 28 June 1996, at 9 a.m. local time.

The parliament's fourteenth convocation changed the numbering of the convocations proclaiming itself the third convocation of the Verkhovna Rada. After the Orange Revolution, constitutional amendments were adopted in December 2004, by the fourth convocation of the Verkhovna Rada. On 1 October 2010 the Constitutional Court of Ukraine overturned the 2004 Amendments, considering them unconstitutional. On 21 February 2014, parliament reinstated the December 2004 amendments to the constitution. In 2017 and 2018, the website of the Verkovna Rada was the most po

St Andrew's Church, West Kirby

St Andrew's Church is in Meols Drive, West Kirby, Merseyside, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester, the deanery of Wirral North; the church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. This was from 1891 a chapel of ease to St Bridget's Church and became a separate parish in 1920. Building of the church began in 1889–91 by Douglas and Fordham and was completed in 1907–09 by Douglas and Minshull; the church has a slate roof. It is cruciform in shape, its plan consists of a five-bay nave, with a clerestory and south aisles, a crossing and south transepts, a chancel. Above the crossing is a tower, set diagonally on, a slate-hung spire and four slate-hung pinnacles; the south transept forms the north transept holds the organ chamber. At the west end is a four-light window and at the east end a five-light window flanked by niches containing statues; the chancel has embattled parapets. The columns of the arcade are octagonal.

The font is octagonal and it has a timber cover with crocketed pinnacles. In the crossing are the choirstalls, the chapel to the south has a parclose screen. On the south wall of the chancel are a sedilia; the reredos is by Geoffrey Webb, is dated 1911, contains canopied figures. It is painted and gilded, described by the authors of the Buildings of England series as "magnificent". In 1928 Arthur Barbosa designed pew fronts and six-foot candlesticks. At the west end of the church, dating from 1952, is a canopy forming a baptistry; the stained glass in the south transept, the north aisle and the east window is by Herbert Bryams, a pupil of Kempe. There are two windows dating from the 1990s by Septimus Waugh. Listed buildings in Hoylake List of new churches by John Douglas St Andrews Church, West Kirby Hubbard, The Work of John Douglas, London: The Victorian Society, pp. 176–177, ISBN 0-901657-16-6

Werther (1986 film)

Werther is a 1986 Spanish drama film written and directed by Pilar Miró and starring Eusebio Poncela. It is a modern adaptation of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's novel The Sorrows of Young Werther; the film was entered into the main competition at the 43rd edition of the Venice Film Festival. It won the award for best sound at the first edition of the Goya Awards. Eusebio Poncela as Werther Mercedes Sampietro as Carlota Féodor Atkine as Alberto Emilio Gutiérrez Caba as Federico Vicky Peña as Beatriz Reinhard Kolldehoff Werther on IMDb