Vermont is a northeastern U. S. state in the New England region. It borders the states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the only state in New England. Vermont is the second-smallest by population and the sixth-smallest by area of the 50 U. S. states. The state capital is the least populous state capital in the United States; the most populous city, Burlington, is the least populous city to be the most populous city in a state. For some 12,000 years, indigenous peoples inhabited this area; the competitive tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Abenaki and Iroquoian-speaking Mohawk were active in the area at the time of European encounter. During the 17th century, French colonists claimed the territory as part of the Kingdom of France's colony of New France. After the Kingdom of Great Britain began to settle colonies to the south along the Atlantic coast, the two nations competed in North America in addition to Europe.

For years, each country enlisted Native American allies in continuous raiding and warfare between the New England and New France colonies. This produced an active trade in captives taken during such raids held for ransom, although some captives were adopted by families into the Mohawk or Abenaki tribes. After being defeated in 1763 in the Seven Years' War, France ceded its territory east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain. Thereafter, the nearby British Thirteen Colonies the provinces of New Hampshire and New York, disputed the extent of the area called the New Hampshire Grants to the west of the Connecticut River, encompassing present-day Vermont; the provincial government of New York sold land grants to settlers in the region, which conflicted with earlier grants from the government of New Hampshire. The Green Mountain Boys militia protected the interests of the established New Hampshire land grant settlers against the newly-arrived settlers with land titles granted by New York. A group of settlers with New Hampshire land grant titles established the Vermont Republic in 1777 as an independent state during the American Revolutionary War.

The Vermont Republic abolished slavery before any of the other states. Vermont was the first state to produce an African-American university graduate, Alexander Twilight, in 1823. Vermont was admitted to the newly established United States as the fourteenth state in 1791. Vermont is one of the four U. S. states that were sovereign states. During the mid-19th century, Vermont was a strong source of abolitionist sentiment, although it was tied to King Cotton through the development of textile mills in the region, which relied on southern cotton, it sent a significant contingent of soldiers to participate in the American Civil War. In the 21st century and Catholics make up the majority of those reporting a religious preference, with 37% reporting no religion, the highest rate of irreligion of all states. Other religions individually contribute no more than two percent to the total; the geography of the state is marked by the Green Mountains, which run north–south up the middle of the state, separating Lake Champlain and other valley terrain on the west from the Connecticut River valley that defines much of its eastern border.

A majority of its terrain is forested with hardwoods and conifers, a majority of its open land is devoted to agriculture. The state's climate is characterized by cold, snowy winters. Vermont's economic activity of $34 billion in 2018 ranked 52nd on the list of U. S. territories by GDP, but 34th in GDP per capita. In 1960, Vermonters' politics started to shift from being reliably Republican toward favoring Democratic candidates. Starting in 1963, Vermont voters have alternated between electing Republican and Democratic governors. Since 2007, Vermont has elected only Independents to Congress. In 2000, the state legislature was the first to recognize civil unions for same-sex couples. In 2011–2012, the state recognized four Abenaki tribes. Samuel de Champlain claimed the area around what is now Lake Champlain, giving the name, Verd Mont to the region he found, on a 1647 map. Evidence suggests that this name came into use among English settlers, before it morphed to "Vermont", ca. 1760. In 1777, Thomas Young introduced the name in writing with a broadside "To the Inhabitants of Vermont, a Free and Independent State".

Vermont is located in the New England region of the Northeastern United States and comprises 9,614 square miles, making it the 45th-largest state. It is the only state. Land comprises 9,250 square miles and water comprises 365 square miles, making it the 43rd-largest in land area and the 47th in water area. In total area, it is smaller than Haiti, it is the only landlocked state in New England, it is the easternmost and the smallest in area of all landlocked states. The Green Mountains in Vermont form a north–south spine running most of the length of the state west of its center. In the southwest portion of the state are located the Taconic Mountains. In the northwest, near Lake Champlain, is the fertile Champlain Valley. In the south of the valley is Lake Bomoseen; the west bank of the Connecticut River marks the state's eastern border with New Hampshire, though much of the river flows within New Hampshire's territory. 41% of Vermont's land area is part of the Connecticut River's watershed. Lake Champlain, the sixth-largest body of

2019 Florida Mayhem season

The 2019 Florida Mayhem season was the second season of the Florida Mayhem's existence in the Overwatch League and the team's second season under head coach Vytis "Mineral" Lasaitis. The Mayhem looked to improve from their 2018 campaign. After finishing Stage 1 with only one win, the Mayhem announced their intention to implement an all-Korean team and fired two coaches, including head coach Mineral; the team's struggles continued in Stage 2. Prior to Stage 3, the Mayhem's all-Korean overhaul continued. Florida hired; the Mayhem found success in Stage 4, when the league implemented a 2-2-2 role lock, as they were able to win four of their final five matches. From August 1 to September 9, 2018, all Overwatch League teams that competed in the 2018 season could choose to extend their team's players' contracts. After a disappointing season, Mayhem retained three of their nine players, releasing Andreas "Logix" Berghmans, Tim "Manneten" Bylund, Johan "CWoosH" Klingestedt, Sebastian "Zebbosai" Olsson, Aleksi "Zuppeh" Kuntsi, Joonas "zappis" Alakurtti.

All non-expansion teams could not enter the free agency period until October 8. On September 11, when Mayhem acquired Koo "xepheR" Jae-mo from Seoul Dynasty. Mayhem promoted HyeonWoo "HaGoPeun" Jo and Damon "Apply" Conti from Mayhem Academy on September 21 and 24, respectively. Florida made three free agency signings on October 15, signing Junsu "Kris" Choe, Sangbum "bqb" Lee, Sangwon "SWoN" Yoon; the Mayhem opened their season on February 15 with a match against the Atlanta Reign. Despite some strong performances by DPS Kevyn "TviQ" Lindström and flex tank Jae-mo "xepheR" Koo, Florida was swept 0–4 in the match. A week Florida took on the Philadelphia Fusion in their first match of week two. With a standout performance by Lee "BQB" Sang-bum on Sombra and Zarya, the Mayhem were able to edge a win over the Fusion by a score of 2–1. A day after the victory, Mayhem announced the signing of flex tank Caleb "McGravy" McGarvey. Florida's next match was against the Chengdu Hunters on February 23. After splitting the first four maps 2–2, the match went to a tiebreaker map.

The Mayhem faced the Guangzhou Charge on February 28 in their first match of week three. The match saw the debut of McGravy, but to their previous match, the team lost 2–3 after falling in a tiebreaker map; the team took on the Houston Outlaws two days later. Florida's lone match of week four was against the Boston Uprising on March 10. Unable to pick up a map, Florida was swept for the second time in Stage 1, losing 0–4; the team's final match of Stage 1 was against the winless Washington Justice on March 17. For the third time in the Mayhem's 2019 season, the match went to a fifth tiebreaker map, for the third time, Florida was unable to win map five, falling to the Justice 2–3 and ending their first stage with a 1–6 record. One day prior to their first match of Stage 2, Florida announced its plan to implement an all-Korean roster, citing that there were "multiple issues with communication and overall team synergy, in part due to the lack of a common language among players and coaching staff."

As such, Mayhem released head coach Vytis "Mineral" Lasaitis and assistant coach Jung "Yeah" Young-su. Florida began Stage 2 with a match against the 2018 champions London Spitfire on April 5. After splitting the two maps and tying the third map, Florida was full-held on the fourth map Watchpoint: Gibraltar, leading to a 1–2 loss. A day the Mayhem took on the Philadelphia Fusion, who Florida defeated in their only victory of Stage 1. Despite taking the first map Oasis in convincing fashion, the Mayhem dropped the following three maps, falling to the Fusion 1–3. In their first match of week two, the Mayhem took on the Paris Eternal. Florida struggled in the first half of the match, going 0–2 into halftime, but put up a stronger showing in the second half. Three days on April 14, Florida faced the undefeated New York Excelsior; the Mayhem were unable to contain the Excelsior throughout the entirety of the match, getting swept 0–4. Florida's first match of week three was against the Los Angeles Gladiators on April 18.

The team was able to win the first map Busan but subsequently lost the final three to lose the match 1–3. Two days the Mayhem took on the Shanghai Dragons, the only team they placed ahead of in the 2018 season. Despite strong showings from DPS Lee "BQB" Sang-bum and tank Yoon "Swon" Seong-won, Florida was unable to secure a win, losing the match by a 1–3 scoreline. After a week off, the Mayhem, for their final match of Stage 2, faced the Dallas Fuel on May 2. Looking to find their first win of the stage, Florida was able to split the first two maps to head into halftime 1–1. However, after losing a close map three, Florida was rolled in the final map Rialto to lose 1–3 and end the stage without a win. After the end of Stage 2, Mayhem made several roster moves. Mayhem traded Caleb "Mcgravy" McGarvy and Mayhem Academy players Russell "FCTFCTN" Campbell and Johannes "Shax" Nielsen to Los Angeles Valiant in exchange for Koo "Fate" Pan-seung on May 10, signed Lee "Byrem" Seong-ju on May 13, released Damon "Apply" Conti on May 29, released Kevyn "TviQ" Lindström and Kim "SNT" Sung-hoon on June 2.

The Mayhem opened Stag

BOL Network

BOL Network is a media conglomerate based in Karachi owned by Shoaib Ahmed Shaikh, who served as the CEO and chairman of the media network. According to Declan Walsh Bol Network was under the auspices of the fake diploma mill Axact; the media group was supposed to incorporate television, digital media and theater as well as digital media, but when the parent company of Bol, was unmasked as a diploma mill selling fake degrees Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority revoked the licence that it had awarded BOL, the network was not able to start transmission. Pakistani journalist Kamran Khan was appointed as the editor in chief, but he quit after the Axact scandal surfaced and stated that his conscience did not let him be affiliated with such a network. Bol has launched its live regular transmission on 25 December 2016; the BOL Network was started by Pakistani businessman, Shoaib Ahmed Shaikh in June 2013, according to him, it was meant to create an independent media house to portray a soft image of Pakistan and several notable journalists joined the network at that time.

Bol TV claims to be on the Centrist/Left of Centre of the political spectrum but with a strong pro-nationalist outlook. It claims to have offered insurance of up to Rs. 10 million to cable operators. In 2014, BOL Network advertised on more than 20,000 public transport vehicles in Pakistan; the company announced a television set brand by the name of BG. During the early phases of Bol, many prominent media personnel joined the network; these included Nabeel Zafar, Zeba Shehnaz and Haider Imam Rizvi who joined the entertainment channel. Kamran Khan, Mubasher Lucman, Jasmeen Manzoor and Iftikhar Ahmed were a part of the Bol News channel; however all of them resigned once the Axact scandal unmasked the company as a fraud. The head office is located in Karachi and called Bolistan The network's regional headquarters in the provinces are in Lahore and Islamabad. BOL Network operated their own DSNG vans and when the parent company, was raided by FBR in connection with fake degrees and money laundering, Bol Network used its DSNG vans to create a barricade and prevent journalists from coming near the building.

When the Axact scandal came to light reliable sources informed the Federal Board of Revenue that most of the equipment used by Bol network had been imported illegally. A notice was served to the CEO under Section 26 of the Customs Act 1969 and he was ordered to submit proof that the equipment being used had been imported using legal means. List of Programme Broadcast by BOL Entertainment On 17 May 2015, The New York Times published an investigative story reporting that Axact ran at least 370 degree and accreditation mill websites; when Axact offices were raided by the FIA at the interior minister's orders, many compromising documents were recovered, including fake letterhead of the US State Department. Subsequently, Axact was sealed on May 28, 2015 and the Information ministry requested PEMRA to close down BOL. On May 26, 2015, Federal Investigation Agency arrested Shoaib Ahmed Shaikh for investigation; the case was filed against him on May 2015 in Karachi, Pakistan. The same day he was ordered to submit "copy of the letter of credit, contract or proof of payment in support of the transactions and the source of financing for the procurement of the imported goods" as the FBR had received intelligence that Bol was using illegal equipment.

On 5 June 2015, Ayesha Sheikh, the wife of Bol CEO Shoib Sheikh was indicted on charges of money laundering in connected with Axact and Bol. Bol was aggressive in recruiting media personnel. However, when it came to light that the network was being run through illegal means and was part of a scam they were quick to leave. While Kamran Khan tweeted that his conscience would not let him continue, Iftikhar Ahmad wrote “cannot work for an organisation whose basic workings conflict with my professional commitment.” Asma Shirazi posted on Twitter, "I have resigned from Bol News. Truth must prevail.” After the suspension of the BOL Network and BOL News there was a mass exodus of journalists and other media personnel from the company. However ARY Digital Network CEO Salman Iqbal offered to take over the beleaguered company in August 2015, he stated that the decision had been taken in view to provide career protection to media industry and its workers. The founder of ARY Group said that his media group would launch the transmission of the channel within three weeks.

On September 30, 2015, it was announced that the deal between the owners of BOL and ARY Digital Network had fallen through. Both Bol and Axact have been petitioning to be granted access to databases maintained by Axact; however FIA declined to allow them access. On 12 April 2016 the Supreme court of Pakistan rejected the plea entered by Bol and Axact administration which requested that they be granted access to their databases and offices; the three judges of the bench observed that such access will not be provided until the investigation into the diploma mill scams and other allegations has been completed. On October 15, 2013, the Hindustan Times reported that the entry of BOL media electronic player was backed by the ISI, which sparked controversy. A corrigendum was issued by Hindustan Times. Ishaq Dar sent legal notice to BOL for airing program to defame him. Aisay Nahi Chalay Ga, a current affairs talk show on BOL Official website