Juneau County, Wisconsin
Juneau County is a county located in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,664, its county seat is Mauston. Before white settlement, before loggers and explorers, the area, now Juneau County was the home of Native Americans who left behind artifacts like the thunderbirds etched on the wall at Twin Bluffs and the Gee's Slough mounds outside New Lisbon. Juneau County was established in 1857 when the State of Wisconsin passed legislation separating lands west of the Wisconsin River from what was Adams County. After a contest with neighboring New Lisbon, the county seat was established in Maugh's Town, known today as Mauston; the county was named after a founder of Milwaukee. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 804 square miles, of which 767 square miles is land and 37 square miles is water. Necedah Airport, serves surrounding communities. Mauston–New Lisbon Union Airport enhances county service. Wood County - north Adams County - east Columbia County - southeast Sauk County - south Vernon County - southwest Monroe County - west Jackson County - northwest Necedah National Wildlife Refuge Volk Field Air National Guard Base As of the census of 2000, there were 24,316 people, 9,696 households, 6,699 families residing in the county.
The population density was 32 people per square mile. There were 12,370 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.61% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, 0.74% from two or more races. 1.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.2% were of German, 9.9% Irish, 8.8% Norwegian, 6.5% Polish and 5.8% English ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 9,696 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.9% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males. Elroy Mauston New Lisbon Wisconsin Dells Camp Douglas Hustler Lyndon Station Necedah Union Center Wonewoc Juneau County can be considered a bellwether in Presidential Elections; the county has a perfect record of being won by the winning candidate in every Presidential Election since 1964. National Register of Historic Places listings in Juneau County, Wisconsin Biographical History of La Crosse and Juneau Counties, Wisconsin. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1892. Juneau County government website Juneau County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation Juneau County Economic Development website Juneau County Health and Demographic Data Wisconsin Hometown Stories: Juneau County Documentary produced by Wisconsin Public Television
1980 United States Census
The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census. It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000; the 1980 census collected the following information from all respondents: Address Name Household relationship Sex Race Age Marital status Whether of Spanish/Hispanic origin or descentIt was the first census not to ask for the name of the "head of household."Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1980 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1980 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Microdata from the 1980 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Identifiable information will be available in 2052. Between the 1980 census and the 1990 census, the United States' population increased by 22,164,837 or 9.8%. Historic US Census data 1981 U. S Census Report Contains 1980 Census results
1870 United States Census
The United States Census of 1870 was the ninth United States Census. Conducted by the Census Bureau in June 1870, the 1870 Census was the first census to provide detailed information on the African-American population, only years after the culmination of the Civil War when slaves were granted freedom; the population was said to be 38,555,983 individuals, a 22.62% increase since 1860. The 1870 Census' population estimate is controversial, as many believed it underestimated the true population numbers in New York and Pennsylvania; this was the first census in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 10,000. Under the Census Act of 1850, two new structural changes during the 1870 Census occurred: marshals had to return the completed population questionnaire to the Census Office in September and penalties for refusing to reply to enumerator questions were extended to encompass every question on the questionnaires; the past-used slave questionnaires were redesigned to reflect the American society after the Civil War.
The five schedules for the 1870 Census were the following: General Population, Agriculture, Products of Industry, Social Statistics. The general population saw a 22.62% increase to 38,555,983 individuals in 1870. Charges of an undercount, have been brought against Francis Amasa Walker, the Superintendent of the Census. Mortality rates in 1870, in general, decreased as a fraction of the total population by 0.03% from 1860 and by 0.11% from 1850. The lower death rates indicate that the standard of living increased, due to some exogenous factor, over the period of twenty years from 1850 to 1870. In terms of products of industry, total U. S. wealth increases by 17.3% from 1860 to 1870, to reach an assessed wealth of $14,178,986,732. The four main state contributors to this wealth were New York, Massachusetts and Ohio, in that order. Most of the wealth was concentrated in the developed Northeast region, as newer states like Wyoming were beginning to develop their young economies; the 1870 Census was the first of its kind to record the nativity of the American population.
This social statistic indicates which areas were more composed of immigrants than native-born Americans. New York City had the most foreign-born individuals, with 419,094 foreigners, who comprised 44.5% of the city's total population. Philadelphia, Chicago, St. Louis, San Francisco had a great population of foreigners that made up a significant fraction of their total populations. Therefore, a great ethnic and cultural change was witnessed from 1860 to 1870, as part of the population growth was due to immigrants moving in and a shuffling of residents across state borders; the 1870 census collected the following information name age sex color citizenship for males over 21 profession, occupation or trade value of real estate owned value of personal estate place of birth whether father and mother were foreign born born within the year married within the year attended school within the year whether able to read and write whether deaf and dumb, insane or idioticFull documentation for the 1870 population census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
Although Francis Walker, the Superintendent of the 1870 Census, defended the quality of the census, arguing that standardized and statistical approaches and practices were carried out across all regions of the United States, the public at the time was disappointed in the national growth rate and suspected underenumeration. With bitter complaints coming from New York and Philadelphia claiming up to a third of the population was not counted, the President made the rare move to order a recount in those areas. While it was thought a large fraction of the population was not counted for being indoors in the wintry cold, newer estimates resulted in only a 2.5% increase in Philadelphia's population and a 2% increase in New York's. This controversy of the 1870 undercount resurfaced in 1890, when the national growth rate between 1880 and 1890 was discovered to be much lower than it was between 1870 and 1880. Critics asserted that the 1870 population must have been underenumerated by over 1.2 million people to account for the discrepancy between growth rates.
Despite the fact that modern investigations have yet to quantify the exact effect of the undercount, most modern social scientists do not believe the undercount was as severe as 1890 investigators assumed. Today most analyzers compare the 1870 undercount to the non-response rates seen in most modern census data. J. David Hacker, et al. "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series USA. "Public Use of Microdata Samples of the 1860 and 1870 U. S. Censuses of Population. University of Minnesota. 1 March 2011. "U. S. Census Bureau." Census of Population and Housing. 1 June 1870. 1 March 2011. "U. S. Census Bureau." Nativity of the Population for the 50 Largest Urban Places: 1870 to 1990. 1 March 2011. 1871 U. S Census Report Contains 1870 Census results "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981
1960 United States Census
The Eighteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000. Microdata from the 1960 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Identifiable information will be available in 2032. Historical US Census data 1961 U. S Census Report Contains 1960 Census results
1970 United States Census
The Nineteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 Census. This was the first census since 1800 in which New York was not the most populous state – California overtook it in population in November of 1962; this was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 300,000, the first in which a city in the geographic South recorded a population of over 1 million. Microdata from the 1970 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System; these data were created and disseminated by DUALabs. Identifiable information will be available in 2042. California took over as the most populous state, New York had been ranked number one. While the entire country increased to more than 204 million persons, four states lost population with West Virginia leading the list, down 8 and a half percent from 1960.
Historic US Census data 1971 U. S Census Report, with estimated 1970 Census results 1970 Census of Population
Richland County, Wisconsin
Richland County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,021, its county seat is Richland Center. The county was created from the Wisconsin Territory in 1842 and organized in 1850, it is named for the high quality of its soil. Some rural areas in the county have their power provided by the Richland Electric Cooperative. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 589 square miles, of which 586 square miles is land and 3.1 square miles is water. Richland Airport serves surrounding communities. Vernon County – north Sauk County – east Iowa County – southeast Grant County – southwest Crawford County – west As of the census of 2000, there were 17,924 people, 7,118 households, 4,833 families residing in the county; the population density was 31 people per square mile. There were 8,164 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.39% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, 0.68% from two or more races.
0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.7% were of German, 12.5% Norwegian, 10.3% Irish, 9.5% English and 8.8% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.1% spoke English, 1.1% German and 1.1% Spanish as their first language. There were 7,118 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.10% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. Richland Center Boaz Cazenovia Lone Rock Viola Yuba Gotham Sextonville Ashford Corwin Henrietta McGrew Mill Creek National Register of Historic Places listings in Richland County, Wisconsin History of Crawford and Richland Counties, Wisconsin.
Springfield, Ill.: Union Publishing, 1884. Miner, James H. History of Richland County, Wisconsin. Madison, Wis.: Western Historical Association, 1906. Richland County website Richland County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation Richland County Health and Demographic Data