Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again
Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again is a 1990 American live-action made-for-television comedy film based on comic book characters published by Archie Comics. It was produced by DiC Entertainment and premiered on NBC Sunday Night at the Movies on May 6, 1990, it was shown in Britain as Weekend Reunion. Archie Andrews, fifteen years after graduating from Riverdale High, has become a successful lawyer and is preparing to marry his fiancée, move to "the big city." Before doing that, however, he returns home to Riverdale for his high school reunion and save his friend Pop Tate's diner. Archie and company are all now in their early thirties, with the trials and tribulations one might expect to have happened to such a group over the years: Betty, a grade school teacher, has had problems finding permanent employment, is bossed around by a crummy boyfriend named Robert. Veronica, having lived in France since graduation, has been married four times. Jughead, now a psychiatrist, is divorced, now has sole custody of a son named Jordan.
Due to the divorce and other failed relationships, Jughead carries emotional baggage that manifests itself in a terrible fear of women. This is played for laughs at the end when at the reunion it turns out that Big Ethel is no longer the gangly, awkward teenager she once was but is now a striking beauty. Moose and Midge have become chiropractors, they have a son, who hits it off with Jordan. Reggie is a gym owner; when Archie sees Betty and Veronica for the first time in fifteen years, all his old feelings for them come flooding back, threatening his engagement—and it doesn't help that the girls renew their pursuit of Archie, heedless of the fact that he has a fiancée. Meanwhile, Archie tries to keep Reggie, helped along by an uncharacteristically menacing Mr. Lodge, from evicting Pop Tate from his soda shop, under the pretext of expanding his gym. Archie saves the Chock'lit Shoppe, though he loses Pam in the bargain, decides to stay in Riverdale. All of the characters in the movie are regular or recurring characters in the originating comics: Additional characters were created for the movie to indicate the passage of time, such as the regulars' children or new romantic partners: The NBC movie, broadcast during the May sweeps period, was seen as a pilot for a possible series.
Despite being well received by critics, who praised the casting and performances from the actors, the movie finished a disappointing 51st in the Nielsen ratings. Archie Comics published a one-shot comic book adaptation of the TV movie which coincided with its premiere. Stan Goldberg and Mike Esposito drew the sections of the book featuring the characters in flashback as teens, while Gene Colan drew the characters as adults, in a realistic style and more "serious" look akin to Rex Morgan, M. D. and John Byrne drew the cover. The comic shows a flashback to the incident where Archie and Betty were alone in a motel room together. Back Issue! Described the one-shot as "an offbeat, impressive package"; the film was released on VHS in 1997 from New Horizons Home Video, with the movie re-titled as Archie: Return to Riverdale. In Australia, it was released on VHS as Archie's Weekend Reunion. Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again on IMDb Archie: To Riverdale and Back Again at AllMovie
A model is a person with a role either to promote, display or advertise commercial products, or to serve as a visual aid for people who are creating works of art or to pose for photography. Modelling is considered to be different from other types of public performance, such as acting or dancing. Although the difference between modelling and performing is not always clear, appearing in a film or a play is not considered to be "modelling". Types of modelling include: fashion, fitness, fine art, body-part and commercial print models. Models are featured in a variety of media formats including: books, films, newspapers and television. Fashion models are sometimes featured in films. Celebrities, including actors, sports personalities and reality TV stars take modelling contracts in addition to their regular work. Modelling as a profession was first established in 1853 by Charles Frederick Worth, the "father of haute couture", when he asked his wife, Marie Vernet Worth, to model the clothes he designed.
The term "house model" was coined to describe this type of work. This became common practice for Parisian fashion houses. There were no standard physical measurement requirements for a model, most designers would use women of varying sizes to demonstrate variety in their designs. With the development of fashion photography, the modelling profession expanded to photo modelling. Models remained anonymous, poorly paid, until the late 1950s. One of the first well-known models was Lisa Fonssagrives, popular in the 1930s. Fonssagrives appeared on over 200 Vogue covers, her name recognition led to the importance of Vogue in shaping the careers of fashion models. In 1946, Ford Models was established by Gerard Ford in New York. One of the most popular models during the 1940s was Jinx Falkenburg, paid $25 per hour, a large sum at the time. During the 1940s and 1950s, Wilhelmina Cooper, Jean Patchett, Dorian Leigh, Suzy Parker, Evelyn Tripp, Carmen Dell'Orefice, Lisa Fonssagrives dominated fashion. Dorothea Church was among the first black models in the industry to gain recognition in Paris.
However, these models were unknown outside the fashion community. Compared to today's models, the models of the 1950s were more voluptuous. Wilhelmina Cooper's measurements were 38"-24"-36" whereas Chanel Iman's measurements are 32"-23"-33". In the 1960s, the modelling world began to establish modelling agencies. Throughout Europe, secretarial services acted as models' agents charging them weekly rates for their messages and bookings. For the most part, models were responsible for their own billing. In Germany, agents were not allowed to work for a percentage of a person's earnings, so referred to themselves as secretaries. With the exception of a few models travelling to Paris or New York, travelling was unheard of for a model. Most models only worked in one market due to different labor laws governing modelling in various countries. In the 1960s, Italy was in dire need of models. Italian agencies would coerce models to return to Italy without work visas by withholding their pay, they would pay their models in cash, which models would have to hide from customs agents.
It was not uncommon for models staying in hotels such as La Louisiana in Paris or the Arena in Milan to have their hotel rooms raided by the police looking for their work visas. It was rumoured; this led many agencies to form worldwide chains. By the late 1960s, London was considered the best market in Europe due to its more organised and innovative approach to modelling, it was during this period. Models such as Jean Shrimpton, Tania Mallet, Celia Hammond, Penelope Tree, dominated the London fashion scene and were well paid, unlike their predecessors. Twiggy became The Face of'66 at the age of 16. At this time, model agencies were not as restrictive about the models they represented, although it was uncommon for them to sign shorter models. Twiggy, who stood at 5 feet 6 inches with a 32" bust and had a boy's haircut, is credited with changing model ideals. At that time, she earned £ 80 an hour. In 1967, seven of the top model agents in London formed the Association of London Model Agents; the formation of this association changed the fashion industry.
With a more professional attitude towards modelling, models were still expected to have their hair and makeup done before they arrived at a shoot. Meanwhile, agencies took responsibility for a model's promotional materials and branding; that same year, former top fashion model Wilhelmina Cooper opened up her own fashion agency with her husband called Wilhelmina Models. By 1968, FM Agency and Models 1 were established and represented models in a similar way that agencies do today. By the late 1960s, models were making better wages. One of the innovators, Ford Models, was the first agency to advance models money they were owed and would allow teen models, who did not live locally, to reside in their house, a precursor to model housing; the innovations of the 1960s flowed into the 1970s fashion scene. As a result of model industry associations and standards, model agencies b
Archie Comic Publications, Inc. is an American comic book publisher headquartered in Pelham, New York. The company's many titles feature fictional teenagers Archie Andrews, Jughead Jones, Betty Cooper, Veronica Lodge, Reggie Mantle, Sabrina Spellman, Josie and the Pussycats; the company began in 1939 as MLJ Comics, which published superhero comics. The initial Archie characters were created in 1941 by publisher John L. Goldwater and artist Bob Montana, in collaboration with writer Vic Bloom, they first appeared in Pep Comics #22. With the creation of Archie, publisher John Goldwater hoped to appeal to fans of the Andy Hardy movies starring Mickey Rooney. Archie Comics was the title of the company's longest-running publication, the first issue appearing with a cover date of Winter 1942. Starting with issue #114, the title was shortened to Archie; the flagship series was relaunched from issue #1 in July 2015 with a new look and design suited for a new generation of readers. Archie Comics characters and concepts have appeared in numerous films, television programs and video games.
Images from top to bottom: Pep Comics #36, Pep Comics #67, Ginger #1 Maurice Coyne, Louis Silberkleit, John L. Goldwater formed MLJ Magazines and started publishing in November 1939; the company name was derived from the initials of the partners' first names. Coyne served as MLJ's bookkeeper and CFO. Coyne and Silberkleit had been partners in Columbia Publications, a pulp company that published its last pulp in 1960. Silberkleit had a college degree from St. John's University, was a licensed and registered pharmacist, had a law degree from New York Law School, his efforts were focused on the business, separating and financial ends of the company. John Goldwater served as editor-in-chief. Goldwater was one of the founders of the Comics Magazine Association of America, he served as its president for 25 years. Goldwater was a national commissioner of the Anti-Defamation League. MLJ's first comic book, published in November 1939, was Blue Ribbon Comics with the first half full color and the last half in red and white tints.
In January 1940, Pep Comics debuted with the Shield, the first USA patriotic comic book hero, created by writer and managing editor Harry Shorten and designed by artist Irv Novick. Top Notch Comics was launched in December 1941; until March 1944, the cover feature of Pep was the Shield. The Shield was a forerunner for Joe Simon's and Jack Kirby's Captain America, being published 14 months earlier; the Andy Hardy movies were an inspiration for Goldwater to have a comic book about a relatable normal person. Teenaged Archibald "Chick" Andrews debuted with Betty Cooper and Jughead Jones in Pep Comics #22, in a story by writer Vic Bloom and artist Bob Montana. Archie soon became MLJ Magazine's headliner, which led to the company changing its name to Archie Comic Publications. Siberkleit and Coyne discontinued Columbia Publications. In the late 1950s, Archie Publishing launched its "Archie Adventure Series" line with a new version of the Shield and two new characters; the February 1962 issue of Harvey Kurtzman's Help! magazine featured his parody of the Archie characters in its Goodman Beaver story, "Goodman Goes Playboy", illustrated by frequent collaborator Will Elder.
Help! Publisher Jim Warren received a letter on December 6, 1961, accusing Help! of copyright infringement and demanding removal of the offending issue from newsstands. Warren was unable to recall the magazine, but he agreed to settle out of court rather than risk an expensive lawsuit. Warren paid Archie Comics $1000, ran a note of apology in a subsequent issue of Help! The story was reprinted in the book collection Executive Comic Book in 1962, with the artwork modified by Elder to obscure the appearance of the Archie characters. Archie Comics found their appearance still too close to its copyrighted properties, threatened another lawsuit. Kurtzman and Elder settled out of court by handing over the copyright to the story. Archie Comics refused to allow the story to be republished. A request from Denis Kitchen in 1983 to include the story in his Goodman Beaver reprint collection was turned down. After The Comics Journal co-owner Gary Groth discovered that Archie Comics had allowed the copyright on "Goodman Goes Playboy" to expire, he had the story reprinted in The Comics Journal #262, made it available as a PDF on the magazine's website.
In the mid-1960s, during the period fans and historians call the Silver Age of Comic Books, Archie switched its superheroes to a new imprint, "Mighty Comics Group," with the MLJ heroes done in the campy humor of the Batman TV show. This imprint ended in 1967. In the early 1970s, Archie Enterprises Inc. went public. Just over 10 years Louis Silberkleit's son Michael and John Goldwater's son Richard returned Archie Comic Publications to private ownership. Michael Silberkleit served as chairman and co-publisher, while Richard Goldwater served as president and co-publisher. Coyne retired in the 1970s as CFO. In the 1970s and 1980s, Spire Christian Comics, a line of comic books by Fleming H. Revell, obtained license to feature the Archie characters in several of its titles, including Archie's Sonshine, Archie's Roller Coaster, Archie's Family Album, Archie's Parables; these comics used Archie and his friends to tell stories with strong Christian themes and morals, sometimes incorporating Bible scripture.
In at least one instance, the regular characters meet a Christ-like figure on the beach, listen as he preaches Christian values. Archie launched a short-lived fantasy and
Cue sports known as billiard sports, are a wide variety of games of skill played with a cue stick, used to strike billiard balls and thereby cause them to move around a cloth-covered billiards table bounded by elastic bumpers known as cushions. The umbrella term was billiards. While that familiar name is still employed by some as a generic label for all such games, the word's usage has splintered into more exclusive competing meanings in various parts of the world. For example, in British and Australian English, "billiards" refers to the game of English billiards, while in American and Canadian English it is sometimes used to refer to a particular game or class of games, or to all cue games in general, depending upon dialect and context. In colloquial usage, the term "billiards" may be used colloquially to refer to pocket billiards games, such as pool, snooker, or Russian pyramid. There are 3 major subdivisions of games within cue sports: Carom billiards, referring to games played on tables without pockets 10 feet in length, including balkline and straight rail, cushion caroms, three-cushion billiards, artistic billiards and four-ball Pool, covering numerous pocket billiards games played on six-pocket tables of 7-, 8-, or 9-foot length, including among others eight-ball, nine-ball, ten-ball, straight pool, one-pocket, bank pool Snooker, English billiards and Russian pyramid, games played on a billiards table with six pockets called a snooker table, all of which are classified separately from pool based on a separate historical development, as well as a separate culture and terminology that characterize their play.
There are other variants that make use of obstacles and targets, table-top games played with disks instead of balls. Billiards has a long and rich history stretching from its inception in the 15th century, to the wrapping of the body of Mary, Queen of Scots, in her billiard table cover in 1586, through its many mentions in the works of Shakespeare, including the famous line "let's to billiards" in Antony and Cleopatra, through the many famous enthusiasts of the sport such as: Mozart, Louis XIV of France, Marie Antoinette, Immanuel Kant, Abraham Lincoln, Mark Twain, George Washington, French president Jules Grévy, Charles Dickens, George Armstrong Custer, Theodore Roosevelt, Lewis Carroll, W. C. Fields, Babe Ruth, Bob Hope, Jackie Gleason. All cue sports are regarded to have evolved into indoor games from outdoor stick-and-ball lawn games, as such to be related to the historical games jeu de mail and palle-malle, modern trucco and golf, more distantly to the stickless bocce and bowls; the word "billiard" may have evolved from the French word billart or billette, meaning "stick", in reference to the mace, an implement similar to a golf club, the forerunner to the modern cue.
The modern term "cue sports" can be used to encompass the ancestral mace games, the modern cueless variants, such as finger billiards, for historical reasons. "Cue" itself came from the French word for a tail. This refers to the early practice of using the tail of the mace to strike the ball when it lay against a rail cushion. A recognizable form of billiards was played outdoors in the 1340s, was reminiscent of croquet. King Louis XI of France had the first known indoor billiard table. Louis XIV further refined and popularized the game, it swiftly spread among the French nobility. While the game had long been played on the ground, this version appears to have died out in the 17th century, in favor of croquet and bowling games, while table billiards had grown in popularity as an indoor activity. Mary, Queen of Scots, claimed that her "table de billiard" had been taken away by those who became her executioners. Billiards grew to the extent that by 1727, it was being played in every Paris café. In England, the game was developing into a popular activity for members of the gentry.
By 1670, the thin butt end of the mace began to be used not only for shots under the cushion, but players preferred it for other shots as well. The cue as it is known today was developed by about 1800; the mace was used to push the balls, rather than strike them. The newly developed striking cue provided a new challenge. Cushions began to be stuffed with substances to allow the balls to rebound, in order to enhance the appeal of the game. After a transitional period where only the better players would use cues, the cue came to be the first choice of equipment; the demand for tables and other equipment was met in Europe by John Thurston and other furniture makers of the era. The early balls were made from wood and clay. Early billiard games involved various pieces of additional equipment, including the "arch", "port" and "king" in the 1770s, but other game variants, relying on the cushions, were being formed that would go on to play fundamental roles in the development of modern billiards; the early croquet-like games led to the development of the carom or carambole billiards category – what most non-Commonwealth and non-US speakers mean by the word "billiards".
Comics Buyer's Guide
Comics Buyer's Guide, established in 1971, was the longest-running English-language periodical reporting on the American comic book industry. It awarded its annual Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Awards from 1982–2008, with the first awards announced in #500; the publication ceased with the March 2013 issue. The magazine was headquartered in Wisconsin. CBG was founded in February 1971 by Alan Light under the title The Buyer's Guide to Comics Fandom as a monthly newspaper in a tabloid format. TBG began as an advertising venue – known in comics fandom as an "adzine", i.e. a fanzine devoted to ads. Ron Frantz, in his book Fandom: Confidential, traces the lineage of Light's endeavor to Stan's Weekly Express, a pioneering adzine published from 1969 to 1973, whose bare-bones approach was inspired by an "obscure journal of flower advertising known as Joe's Bulletin." Frantz provides background on Light's interaction with the WE Seal of approval program, with which he cooperated in order to help combat mail fraud.
Frantz in addition describes the infamous long-running feud between Light and Comics Journal founder Gary Groth. TBG's frequency was changed to twice-monthly with issue #18. Besides occasional letter columns, beginning with issue #19, prominent fans Don and Maggie Thompson began a monthly column, "Beautiful Balloons." A news column, "What Now?" by Murray Bishoff, was added with #26. These provided the editorial content required by the United States Postal Service to qualify for second class mail. TBG went weekly with issue #86. Cat Yronwode succeeded Bishoff as news reporter with issue #329, renaming the column “Fit to Print". In 1983, The Buyer's Guide was purchased by Krause Publications. Columnists Don and Maggie Thompson were hired as editors. Krause changed the name with their first issue #482 to Comics Buyer's Guide. At that time Krause instituted the controversial CBG Customer Service Award, the display of which signifies an advertiser had a "clean bill of health". Writer Peter David's column, "But I Digress...", joined the publication in 1990.
The magazine added Mark Evanier's column "P. O. V." in late 1994. In 1992, the magazine spun off its distributor and retailer news into a separate periodical, Comics & Games Retailer. Co-editor Don Thompson died in May 23, 1994. In 1998, Krause brought on John Jackson Miller as managing editor and Brent Frankenhoff as projects editor, with Maggie Thompson remaining as editor. Frankenhoff was promoted to CBG Editor in 2006, with Maggie Thompson assuming the title of Senior Editor. In July 2002, Krause was acquired by F+W Publications. With issue #1595, CBG changed its format from a weekly tabloid to a monthly perfect bound magazine. In addition, in hopes of enhancing newsstand sales, CBG added a price guide for contemporary comics as well as other new features intended to make the magazine more appealing to those with an avid interest in comic books as an investment; this marketing strategy was tied to the yearly publication of the Standard Catalog of Comic Books, produced in conjunction with Human Computing, the makers of the comic collectors’ software ComicBase.
In July 2005, the magazine began archiving past features at its CBGXtra.com service. In late 2009, CBG's page count was reduced, the perfect binding ended, some of the features changed, including the removal of the price guide listings. On January 9, 2013, Krause Publications announced the cancellation of Comics Buyer’s Guide effective with issue #1699; the website CBGXtra and its Facebook page continued as archived resources for a time but are no longer online, replaced by the web site of the new owner The Antique Trader. Alter Ego #122 is a tribute issue devoted to Comics Buyer's Guide with features regarding what would have made the 1700th CBG issue if the magazine had continued. A complete collection of CBG and its predecessor is held by the Michigan State University Comic Art Collection. CBG hosted many columns over the years in addition to Don and Maggie Thompson's "Beautiful Balloons", Murray Bishoff's "What Now?", Cat Yronwode's "Fit to Print." With issue #25 Martin L. Greim, publisher of the fanzine The Comic Crusader, began to contribute an occasional column titled "M.
L. G. on Comics," that would be known as "Crusader Comments." With issue #162 in 1976 Shel Dorf began an occasional series "Shel Dorf and the Fantasy Makers" interviewing creators in comics and film. Another columnist in the 1970s was David Scroggy. Another column was Robert Ingersoll's "The Law is An Ass!". The column dealt with how comics writers erred in their depiction of the law, what Ingersoll thought they should have done, it dealt with procedural errors. In the CBG era, the magazine has been noted for its letter column "Oh, So?", as well as columns by Peter David, Tony Isabella, Catherine Yronwode, Rick Norwood, Mark Evanier, John Jackson Miller, Bob Ingersoll, Heidi MacDonald, Chuck Rozanski, Craig Shutt, Beau Smith, Andrew Smith, others. As part of the June 2004 switch to monthly publication, Maggie Thompson revived the "Beautiful Balloons" column. Cartoonists whose work appeared in CBG include Marc Hansen, Chuck Fiala, Jim Engel, Dan Vebber, Fred Hembeck, Mark Engblom, Brian Douglas Ahern, Chris Smigliano, Mark Martin, Batton Lash, Brian Hayes, others.
For some years CBG reprinted installments of The Spirit comic strip by Will Eisner. The panel cartoon "Last Kiss" by John Lustig was among the longtime fixtures. Professional comic book artists such as Jack Kirby, C. C. Beck and Alex Toth, as well as otherwise-unknown
An electric organ known as electronic organ, is an electronic keyboard instrument, derived from the harmonium, pipe organ and theatre organ. Designed to imitate their sound, or orchestral sounds, it has since developed into several types of instruments: Hammond-style organs used in popular music genres and rock bands. HarmoniumThe immediate predecessor of the electronic organ was the harmonium, or reed organ, an instrument, popular in homes and small churches in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In a fashion not unlike that of pipe organs, reed organs generated sound by forcing air over a set of reeds by means of a bellows operated by pumping a set of pedals. While reed organs had limited tonal quality, they were small, self-powered, self-contained; the reed organ was thus able to bring an organlike sound to venues that were incapable of housing or affording pipe organs. This concept played an important role in the development of the electric organ. Pipe organIn the 1930s, several manufacturers developed electronic organs designed to imitate the function and sound of pipe organs.
At the time, some manufacturers thought that emulation of the pipe organ was the most promising route to take in the development of an electronic organ. Not all agreed, however. Various types of electronic organs have been brought to market over the years, with some establishing solid reputations in their own niche markets. Electricity arrived on the organ scene in the first decades of the 20th century, but it was slow to have a major impact. Electrically powered reed organs appeared during the first decades of electricity, but their tonal qualities remained much the same as the older, foot-pumped models. Thaddeus Cahill's gargantuan and controversial instrument, the Telharmonium, which began piping music to New York City establishments over the telephone system in 1897, predated the advent of electronics, yet was the first instrument to demonstrate the use of the combination of many different pure electrical waveforms to synthesize real-world instrument sounds. Cahill's techniques were used by Laurens Hammond in his organ design, the 200-ton Telharmonium served as the world's first demonstration of electrically produced music on a grand scale.
Meanwhile, some further experimentation with producing sound by electric impulses was taking place in France. After the failure of the Telharmonium business, similar designs called tonewheel organs were continuously developed. Built in Belleville, the Robb Wave Organ predates its much more successful competitor Hammond by patent and manufacture, but shut down its operations in 1938 due to lack of funding; the first widespread success in this field was a product of the Hammond Corporation in 1934. The Hammond organ became the successor of the reed organ, displacing it completely. From the start, tonewheel organs operated on a radically different principle from all previous organs. In place of reeds and pipes and Hammond introduced a set of spinning magnetic wheels, called tonewheels, which excited transducers that generated electrical signals of various frequencies that were mixed and fed through an amplifier to a loudspeaker; the organ was electrically powered, replacing the reed organ's twin bellows pedals with a single swell pedal more like that of a pipe organ.
Instead of having to pump at a constant rate, as had been the case with the reed organ, the organist varied the position of this pedal to change the volume as desired. Unlike reed organs, this gave great control over the music's dynamic range, while at the same time freeing one or both of the player's feet to play on a pedalboard, unlike most reed organs, electronic organs incorporated. From the beginning, the electronic organ had a second manual rare among reed organs. While these features meant that the electric organ required greater musical skills of the organist than the reed organ had, the second manual and the pedalboard along with the expression pedal enhanced playing, far surpassing the capabilities of the typical reed organ; the most revolutionary difference in the Hammond, was its huge number of tonewheel settings, achieved by manipulating a system of drawbars located near the manuals. By using the drawbars, the organist could combine a variety of electrical tones and harmonics in varying proportions, thus giving the Hammond vast "registration."
In all, the Hammond was capable of producing more than 250 million tones. This feature, combined with the three-keyboard layout, the freedom of electrical power, a wide controllable range of volume made the first electronic organs more flexible than any reed organ, or indeed any previous musical instrument except the pipe organ itself; the classic Hammond sound benefitted from the use of free-standing loudspeakers called "tone cabinets" that produced a higher-quality sound than small built-in speakers. The sound was further enhanced by rotating speaker units manufactured by Leslie; the Hammond organ was adopted in popular
Forsythe Pendleton "Jughead" Jones III is one of the fictional characters created by Bob Montana and John L. Goldwater in Archie Comics who first appeared in the first Archie story, from Pep Comics #22, he is the drummer and co-songwriter of rock band The Archies and is son of John Jones II. He has a white sheepdog named a younger sister, Forsythia "Jellybean" Jones. Jughead is the best friend of vocalist/guitarist Archie Andrews. Jughead is a smart, sharp-tongued, laid-back, easy going, eccentric high school student, he is obsessed in some storylines is asexual. Most see him as being lazy, he can be identified by his long nose, half-closed eyes, "S" sweatshirt, crown-like button beanie hat, called a whoopee cap. Jughead is portrayed by Cole Sprouse in the live action series Riverdale. Bob Montana stated that Jughead was a character he imagined, unlike other characters in the series who were based on people he knew. Montana's widow, Peg Bertholet, stated that high school friend of Montana's named Skinny Linehan had some of Jughead's peculiar traits.
Bertholet has stated that the "S" insignia refers to a location called Skunk Hill in Haverhill, Massachusetts which Montana turned into Squirrel Hill. The "S" alludes to a combination of the location and Montana's elementary school athletic team near Haverhill called the Tigers. Bertholet has stated that "S" stands for "'Squirrel Hill Independent Tigers,' and you couldn't abbreviate it any other way." Jughead has a characteristic wry and sarcastic sense of humor. He is considered a bit of an oddity, but prefers his nonconformism as opposed to going along with others' styles, his many quirks make him the butt of teasing and abuse from Reggie and other classmates and teachers. Many episodes involve Reggie and Jughead trying to outdo one another with pranks and bets, Jughead always comes out the victor, he is revealed to be clever and creative when necessary and he takes advantage of Reggie's and his other tormentors' weaknesses. In the earlier comics, a running gag involved various characters trying to discover Jughead's real name, while Jughead thwarted their efforts.
In one story, Archie Andrews and Reggie Mantle go to the school office, where a woman tells them that Jughead's real first name is Steve. After Archie and Reggie leave the office, the audience learns that the woman is Jughead's aunt who has just lied as a favor to Jughead to help keep his real first name hidden. In another story we find out he is named after his ancestor, an American hero. For a brief time, Jughead started to use his given name in honor of his ancestor. After learning that this ancestor was married nine times, Jughead reverted to his nickname. In the Little Archie series, his real name is revealed by Miss Grundy at the start of class, he believes his name attracts girls as in a strip, his name was mentioned and it made the girls crazed for him. Another mystery that follows Jughead's character is the meaning of the "S" on his sweatshirt; this remains a mystery to this day. In Jughead #30, when his psychiatrist, asked him "why an'S'?" he replied "I dunno! My third cousin was called skinny..."
The triangular banner on the cover of issue 140 of Archie & Friends shows that the "S" stands for Silby, as in Silby High School, which he attended for a few months as a freshman. At one time after his sweater was filled with holes due to what he thought was a moth when it was a chemical accident caused in lab class, he reveals that he likes the letter S and finds it "compatible," because the letter can stand for "soup, sandwich and all kinds of goodies!" after his friends ask him. Betty rolls her eyes at the explanation and adds, "S stands for "sorry I asked"!" Another theory is that he is a non-conformist so when everyone wears "R" which stands for Riverdale he just goes with the next letter "S". Jughead is known for his love of food hamburgers, his ability to consume absurdly large quantities in a single sitting without getting sick or gaining weight, although he sports a pot-belly after a large meal. Jughead is a preferred customer of most of Riverdale's food establishments Pop Tate's Chock'lit Shoppe, except when he is behind on paying his lengthy tab.
In one story, he was given a "Restaurant Club Card" and ate out at high-class restaurants until he found out how much interest the card charged, Pop Tate loaned him the money on the condition that he eat at the Chok'lit Shoppe. His ability to eat so much food without gaining weight is attributed to a rare and implausibly high metabolism, he once claimed that he weighed 300 pounds after a meal, although he is portrayed as slim and healthy. Jughead's special abilities concerning food extend to being able to identify food in a sealed can by smell, being able to detect the slightest flaws in food preparation by taste; as such, he is a respected food critic, as well as a gourmet chef himself. One time, when he sought out Miss Grundy's help with his creative writing, she suggested that he write about a subject he knew, leading to the "Forsythe P. Jones Cookbook". Jughead participates in eating contests winning outright, or else coming from behind after comic distractions, with room to spare while the competitor retires unwell.
In a citywide eating contest, he a