Verran is a former municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. The municipality existed from 1901 until its dissolution in 2020 when it was divided between Steinkjer Municipality and Indre Fosen Municipality, it was part of the Innherred region. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Malm. Other villages in Verran included Follafoss, Sela and Verrastranda. At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 602-square-kilometre municipality was the 185th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Verran was the 294th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,473; the municipality's population density was 4.4 inhabitants per square kilometre and its population had decreased by 16.1% over the last decade. The municipality of Verran was established on 1 January 1901 when the old municipality of Mosvik og Verran was divided into two new municipalities: Mosvik and Verran. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee.
On 1 January 1964, the neighboring municipalities of Malm to the north and Verran to the south were merged to form a new municipality of Verran. After the merger, there were 4,778 residents in Verran. On 1 January 1968, the Framverran area on the south side of the Verrasundet fjord was transferred from Verran to the neighboring municipality of Mosvik. On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county. On 1 January 2020 the municipality of Verran was merged with the neighboring municipality of Steinkjer to form a new, larger Steinkjer Municipality. On that date, the Verrabotn area in southwestern Verran was merged with the neighboring municipality of Indre Fosen; the municipality is named after the Verrasundet fjord, an arm of the great Trondheimsfjord. The meaning of the old name is "the quiet one" or "the fjord with still water"; the coat of arms was granted on 11 September 1987. The arms show a blue background with a silver verranjekt, a type of boat, common in the area.
The Church of Norway had two parishes within the municipality of Verran. It is part of the Nord-Innherad prosti in the Diocese of Nidaros. Verran bordered the municipalities of Åfjord to the west, Indre Fosen to the south, Inderøy to the southeast, Steinkjer to the east, Namdalseid to the north. Verran encompasses the western coastline of an arm of the Trondheimsfjord. There are three large lakes in Verran: Ormsetvatnet and Holden; the river Follaelva runs through the municipality. All municipalities in Norway, including Verran, are responsible for primary education, outpatient health services, senior citizen services and other social services, economic development, municipal roads; the municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Frostating Court of Appeal; the municipal council of Verran is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows: Forestry is an important industry in Verran.
There is a paper mill in Follafoss, a large factory. The paper mill is owned by Södra Cell Folla. List of former municipalities of Norway Trøndelag travel guide from Wikivoyage Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
Amami is a 1993 Italian comedy film directed by Bruno Colella. Tullio Venturini, a retired widower, has a daughter, an actress. However, he is the only one not to know; when he turns out the truth goes in full crisis. The daughter will be able to rebuild her relationship with him as to make him participate in a biopic about her career as a hard diva. Moana Pozzi as Anna Venturini Novello Novelli as Tullio Venturini Nadia Rinaldi as Mary Tony Esposito as Marco Flavio Bucci as Pagani Bruno Colella Victor Cavallo Eugenio Bennato Carlo Buccirosso Carlo Monni Jeff Blynn Massimo Ceccherini List of Italian films of 1993 Amami on IMDb
Elisa Izquierdo was a six-year-old Puerto Rican–Cuban-American girl who died from a brain hemorrhage inflicted by her mother, Awilda Lopez, at the peak of a prolonged and increasing campaign of physical and emotional child abuse conducted between 1994 and 1995. Described by authorities in New York as the "worst case of child abuse they had seen," the life and death of Elisa Izquierdo first made city national headlines when it became clear that the city's child welfare system had missed numerous opportunities to intervene with her family and save her life; these failures to protect Elisa subsequently became the inspiration for Elisa's Law, a major restructuring of the New York City Child Welfare System. Elisa's Law was implemented in February 1996. Elisa has been referred to as a modern-day Cinderella because she had been under the protection of a loving father and had befriended Prince Michael of Greece—who had offered to pay for her private tuition until 12th grade—before being placed into the permanent custody of her mother.
Elisa Izquierdo was born on February 1989, in Woodhull Hospital Brooklyn, New York. Her father, was a Cuban immigrant who had emigrated to America with aspirations to become a dance teacher, whereas her mother, was a Puerto Rican raised in Brooklyn; the pair met at a Fort Greene homeless shelter two years prior to Elisa's birth, where Gustavo worked part-time as a cleaner and caterer. Awilda herself was a temporary resident at the shelter, having been evicted from the apartment she shared with a previous partner named Ruben Rivera due to the couple's failure to pay rent—in part caused by her extensive usage of narcotics; the two began a temporary relationship, although this ended when Gustavo discovered Awilda – at the time pregnant with Elisa – was a regular user of crack cocaine. Concern by her own family as to her extensive usage of drugs resulted in Awilda losing custody of her two eldest children and Kasey, to her own family in January 1989; when Elisa was born, she was addicted to crack cocaine, requiring social workers to notify the city's child welfare administration services as to her condition.
As a result of her mother's evident addiction, full custody of Elisa was awarded to her father, who himself had no experience of parenting. By all accounts, Gustavo was a doting, caring father to Elisa: attending parenting classes. One family friend related: "She was his life, he would always say she was his princess." In 1990, Gustavo enrolled his daughter in the Montessori preschool, although shortly thereafter, his incipient ailing health complicated his ability to pay for Elisa's schooling. As Elisa was such an outstanding and promising student and Gustavo such a dedicated father, both teachers and the school principal introduced her to one of the school's patrons, Prince Michael of Greece, in 1993. Upon his arrival at the school, Elisa leaped into Prince Michael's arms, stayed by his side for the rest of the day, he in turn offered to pay for Elisa's private tuition at the independent Brooklyn Friends School until 12th grade. Thereafter, Prince Michael of Greece would send Elisa small gifts, to which she would express her thanks by responding with drawings or notes.
The same year Elisa was enrolled in preschool, a social worker signed an affidavit stating that Awilda had beaten her addiction, had secured permanent accommodation within the Rutgers Houses project in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, had married a maintenance worker named Carlos Lopez, with whom she was now expecting her fourth child. In December 1990, having given birth to a daughter named Taisha, she regained custody of her two oldest children. In November 1991, Awilda Lopez secured the right to obtain unsupervised visitation rights to Elisa: this ruling awarded her custody of the child every second weekend. Awilda's two oldest children informed relatives that throughout these unsupervised visits, Elisa would be beaten and neglected by her mother and stepfather; these relatives did not inform authorities of these revelations. Both Elisa's father and her teachers noted the child bore bruising and other signs of physical mistreatment when she returned from these unsupervised visits. One of the locations of these injuries was Elisa's genitalia and the child did divulge that her mother had hit her and locked her in cupboards, adding that she had no desire to see her mother again.
Her father noted that Elisa had begun bedwetting in addition to losing control of her bowels, would experience nightmares upon learning she was to be in the custody of her mother for short periods of time. Another family acquaintance noted that Elisa would always vomit upon her return from these visits to her mother, refused to enter bathrooms. Both Gustavo Izquierdo and Elisa's teachers did inform authorities of the abuse Elisa was enduring at the hands of her mother; these revelations were disclosed by Elisa herself to a social worker and her father did apply in 1992 to have Awilda Lopez's visitation rights ceased.