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Vespers

Vespers is a sunset evening prayer service in the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Eastern Catholic and Lutheran liturgies of the canonical hours. The word comes from the Greek ἑσπέρα and the Latin vesper, meaning "evening", it is referred to in the Anglican tradition as evening prayer or evensong. The term is used in some Protestant denominations to describe evening services. Vespers called Evening Prayer, takes place as dusk begins to fall. Evening Prayer makes an evening sacrifice of praise to God; the general structure of the Roman Rite Catholic service of vespers is as follows: Vespers opens with the singing or chanting of the words Deus, in adiutorium meum intende. Domine, ad adiuvandum me festina. Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto. Sicut erat in nunc et semper, et in saecula saeculorum. Amen. Alleluia; the appointed hymn is sung. Each psalm is preceded and followed by an antiphon. Additionally, most Psalms have a short caption explaining how the Psalm/Canticle relates to the Church in a Christological or spiritual way.

After the psalms, there is a reading from the Bible. Following the reading, there is a short responsory consisting of a verse, a response, the first half only of the Gloria Patri, the verse again; the participants sing the Magnificat — the canticle of the Blessed Virgin Mary from the Gospel of Luke 1:46-55. The Magnificat is always preceded by an antiphon, followed by the Gloria and an antiphon. At Solemn Vespers, the Altar is incensed during the Magnificat; the preces are said, followed by the Our Father, the closing prayer and final blessing/invocation. The office is followed by Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament; the Byzantine Rite has three basic types of vespers: great and small. Great vespers is used on Sundays and major feast days when it may be celebrated alone or as part of an All-Night Vigil, as well as on a handful of special days e.g. Good Friday and Pascha afternoon. Daily vespers is otherwise used. Small vespers is a abbreviated form used only on the afternoon before a vigil and is redundant to the subsequent great vespers, being a place holder between the ninth hour and compline and is used except in monasteries where the vigil can last all night.

Since the liturgical day begins at sunset, vespers is a day's first service and its hymns introduce the day's themes. The general structure of the service is as follows: Vespers opens with a blessing by the priest and "Come, let us worship...". Proemial Psalm: "Bless the Lord, O my soul; the Great Litany A selection of psalms, called. On Saturday evening, it is the First Kathisma. "Lord I have Cried". Starting with the last two verses of Psalm 141, stichera about the feast day are chanted alternately with the verses; the Entrance is made with the censer. The Prokeimenon is chanted. On feast days, there are three or more readings from the Old Testament, called Paroemia; the prayer "Vouchsafe, O Lord", is read. The Litany of Fervent Supplication On major feast days, a Litiy will be served at this point; the clergy and the cantors will process to the back of the church in front of an icon of the feast or saint being commemorated. After the cantors chant hymns pertaining to the feast, the deacon or priest will read a litany with several long petitions, to which the cantors respond with Kyrie eleison many times.

The priest ends with a long prayer invoking the intercessions of the Theotokos. The Aposticha are chanted; these are verses. The Nunc dimittis, the Canticle of St. Simeon, is read; the Apolytikia are chanted. If it is an All-Night Vigil on Saturday night, the hymn "Rejoice, O Virgin Theotokos" is chanted instead. On major feast days, the artoklasia is performed, at which the priest will bless five loaves of bread which have been prepared in the center of the church, together with wheat and oil; these will be distributed to the faithful in the service. Psalm 33 is read u

Ian Thomson (colonial administrator)

Sir John Sutherland Thomson, known throughout his life as Ian Thomson and with his knighthood as Sir Ian Thomson, was a British colonial administrator who served in Fiji for 40 years and was Administrator of the British Virgin Islands. Thomson was born in Glasgow, he was educated at the University of Glasgow. In 1939 he joined the Black Watch but was able to finish his studies at Glagow University, graduating with a degree in economics in 1940, he had applied to join the Colonial Service, did so in 1941 and was sent to Fiji a British colony, as aide-de-camp to the Governor, Sir Harry Luke. He saw action in the Solomon Islands campaign, he was appointed a military "in recognition of gallant and distinguished services in the South West Pacific" in 1945. After the war he served the Administration of Fiji, becoming a District Officer and District Commissioner 1963–66. In 1966 he was appointed to the Executive Council while serving as Acting Chief Secretary. In 1967 he reluctantly left Fiji to become Governor of the British Virgin Islands.

He was appointed in the 1968 Birthday Honours. In 1971 he returned to Fiji after being invited by the Prime Minister of the newly independent Dominion of Fiji, Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, to chair the board of the Fiji Sugar Corporation, he was chairman of Fiji's airline, Air Pacific. He was knighted KBE in the 1985 New Year Honours on the advice of the Fijian government. In 1945 Thomson married Nancy Kearsley, a fourth-generation Fiji islander from a European family, she became ill in 1986 and they retired to Scotland where she died in 1988. They had seven sons, one of whom is Peter Thomson, a Fijian diplomat. Fiji in the Forties and Fifties, Thomson Pacific, 1994 THOMSON, Sir John Sutherland, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2016 "Caring Scot fell for Fiji's charms"; the Sydney Morning Herald. 25 April 2008. "Sir Ian Thomson – Distinguished long-term Colonial Service administrator in Fiji". The Times. London. 4 April 2008. "Farewell Sir Ian Thompson". 22 March 2008. "Sir Ian Thomson". The Herald. Scotland. 14 April 2008

List of people from Fort Lauderdale, Florida

The following people were born, or live in, Fort Lauderdale, Florida: David Cassidy, 1970s teen idol and actor from the Partridge Family, died there. David L. Cook, Christian singer, The Cook Family Singers musician Guitar Nubbit, blues musician Marilyn Manson, musician Dude Mowrey, country music artist Nonpoint, musical group Jaco Pastorius, influential jazz bassist Scott Putesky, former lead guitarist for Marilyn Manson Puya, rock band Reggie Sears, R&B/soul artist, former child prodigy blues guitarist Archie Shepp, free jazz saxophonist Nadine Sierra, opera singer Ski Mask the Slump God, rapper Edward Buchanan, former Speaker of the Wyoming House of Representatives James A. "Jimmie" Dallas, Sr. educator, musical patron and civic leader Fred DeLuca, founder and CEO of Subway Arnold Denker, Chess Grandmaster and United States Chess Champion in 1945 and 1946 Eddie Egan and actor Lolita Files, author and producer Brian Patrick Flynn, interior designer Leo Goodwin, Sr. founder of GEICO. Fan Noli, Albanian scholar and politician James Randi, magician and author Mark Sanford, U.

S. Representative and former Governor of South Carolina Theodore Swinarski, Illinois state legislator Dave Thomas, founder of Wendy's