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Vetulicolia

Vetulicolia is the name of a taxon, encompassing several extinct Cambrian organisms. The vetulicolian body comprises two parts: a voluminous anterior forebody, tipped with an anteriorly positioned mouth, lined with a row of five round to oval-shaped features on each lateral side, which have been interpreted as gills - or at least openings in the vicinity of the pharynx, a posterior section that primitively comprises seven segments, functions as a tail. All vetulicolians lack preserved appendages of any kind, having no legs, feelers, or eyes; the area where the anterior and posterior parts join is constricted. Their affinity has been uncertain; the general scientific consensus considered them early limbless arthropods, but now considers them early deuterostomes. Examined Vetulicolian fossils show the presence of notochord-like structures. Therefore, it can be concluded that vetulicolians are crown-group chordates and the sister group of modern tunicates. Newer research indicates Vetulicolia are rather related to Saccorhytus, another basal Deuterostome group.

As proposed, the phylum included the Didazoonidae and the Vetulicolidae. Other groups which may be related include the yunnanozoans; the taxonomic placement of the Vetulicolians remains controversial. One researcher has argued that the vetulicolians represent an early side-branch of deuterostomes, that this implies that segmentation in cephalochordates and vertebrates may be derived from the common ancestor of protostomes and deuterostomes. However, the researchers who described Skeemella from the Middle Cambrian of Utah regard it as having affinity to Vetulicolia, but as having arthropod features, thus confounding assignment of Vetulicolia to Deuterostomia. Dominguez and Jefferies have argued, based on morphological analysis, that Vetulicola is a urochordate, a stem-group larvacean; some question the relation to tunicates and larvaceans, as there is no evidence of segmentation in tunicates, larval or adult, comparable to segmentation in vetulicolians, that the anus of urochordates is within the atrium, while that of vetulicolians is positioned at the terminal end of the tail, most there is no exhalant siphon, or analogous structure, seen in vetulicolians.

However, recent research have confirmed a position close to urochordates for Vetulicolians. From their superficially tadpole-like forms, leaf or paddle-shaped tails, various degrees of streamlining, it is assumed that all vetulicolians discovered thus far were swimming animals that spent much, if not all, of their time living in the water column; some groups, like the genus Vetulicola, were more streamlined than other groups, such as the tadpole-like Didazoonidae. Because all vetulicolians had mouths which had no features for chewing or grasping, it is automatically assumed that they were not predators; because of their gill slits, many researchers regard the vetulicolians as being planktivores. The sediment infills in the guts of their fossils have led some to suggest that they were deposit feeders; this idea has been contested, as deposit feeders tend to have straight guts, whereas the hindguts of vetulicolians were spiral-shaped. Some researchers propose that the vetulicolians were "selective deposit-feeders" which swam from one region of the seafloor to another, while supplementing their nutrition with filter-feeding.

Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vetulicolia Class Vetulicolida Genus NesonektrisN. Aldridgei Family Vetulicolidae Genus Vetulicola V. rectangulata V. cuneata V. gangtoucunensis V. monile Genus OoedigeraO. Peeli Genus YuyuanozoonY. Magnificissimi Family Beidazooidae Genus Beidazoon B. venustum Family Didazoonidae Genus Didazoon D. haoae Genus Xidazoon X. stephanus Genus Pomatrum P. ventralis Family Yunnanozoonidae Genus Yunnanozoon Yunnanozoon lividum Genus Haikouella Haikouella lanceolata? Class Banffozoa Genus Skeemella Sk. clavula Family Banffiidae Genus Banffia B. constricta B. episoma Class Heteromorphida Family Heteromorphidae Genus Heteromorphus H. longicaudatus "Form A" New phylum on the block - Accessed January 3, 2008 Photos and drawings of fossils of various Vetulicolians - Accessed January 3, 2008

Gathering (album)

Gathering is the ninth full-length studio album by American singer-songwriter Josh Ritter. It was released September 2017 on Pytheas Recordings. Rolling Stone described Gathering as a combination of country and soul. Brian D’Ambrosio of Huffington Post said Ritter was uncertain and contemplative while remaining intimate to the listener. All songs written by Josh Ritter. "Shaker Love Song" – 1:03 "Showboat" – 4:22 "Friendamine" – 2:53 "Feels Like Lightning" – 3:02 "When Will I Be Changed" – 5:52 "Train Go By" – 4:26 "Dreams" – 6:19 "Myrna Loy" – 7:30 "Interlude" – 1:24 "Cry Softly" – 2:45 "Oh Lord, Pt. 3" – 3:30 "Thunderbolt's Goodnight" – 4:05 "Strangers" – 3:28 Josh Ritter – acoustic and electric guitar and harmony vocals Zackariah Hickman – bass, acoustic guitar, Wurlitzer Sam Kassirerpiano, synthesizers, percussion Josh Kaufman – guitar, synthesizer Ray Rizzodrums, percussion Matt Douglas – saxophones, clarinets and horn arrangements Paul Rogerstrumpet Recorded at Clubhouse Studio, Rhineback, NY.

Sampson Harris (Medal of Honor)

Sampson Harris was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the Siege of Vicksburg on May 22, 1863. On May 22, 1863, General Ulysses S. Grant ordered an assault on the Confederate heights at Vicksburg, Mississippi; the plan called for a storming party of volunteers to build a bridge across a moat and plant scaling ladders against the enemy embankment in advance of the main attack. The volunteers knew the odds were against survival and the mission was called, in 19th-century vernacular, a "forlorn hope". Only single men were accepted as volunteers and then, twice as many men as needed came forward and were turned away; the assault began in the early morning following a naval bombardment. The Union soldiers came under enemy fire and were pinned down in the ditch they were to cross. Despite repeated attacks by the main Union body, the men of the forlorn hope were unable to retreat until nightfall. Of the 150 men in the storming party, nearly half were killed.

Seventy-nine of the survivors were awarded the Medal of Honor. "For gallantry in the charge of the volunteer storming party on 22 May 1863." List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: G-L "Sampson Harris". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Findagrave A Forlorn Hope Vicksburg Medal of Honor Recipients

Meanings of minor planet names: 383001–384000

As minor planet discoveries are confirmed, they are given a permanent number by the IAU's Minor Planet Center, the discoverers can submit names for them, following the IAU's naming conventions. The list below concerns those minor planets in the specified number-range that have received names, explains the meanings of those names. Official naming citations of newly named small Solar System bodies are published in MPC's Minor Planet Circulars several times a year. Recent citations can be found on the JPL Small-Body Database; until his death in 2016, German astronomer Lutz D. Schmadel compiled these citations into the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names and updated the collection. Based on Paul Herget's The Names of the Minor Planets, Schmadel researched the unclear origin of numerous asteroids, most of, named prior to World War II; this article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document: "SBDB". New namings may only be added after official publication as the preannouncement of names is condemned by the Committee on Small Body Nomenclature.

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Dustin Hodge

Dustin Hodge is an American television writer and producer. He is the founder of a Colorado media company. Hodge was born in Stephenville and graduated high school from Dublin, Texas. Hodge graduated summa cum laude from Arizona State University in Communications. Dustin is married to Donna Hodge. Hodge began his film career working on commercials, music videos, short videos in Dallas, Texas, he worked as a production assistant on series like Prison Break and as a camera operator on shows like Cheaters and an Eye for an Eye and feature films like Bollywood Beats. He was the cinematographer for the feature film Diwali, he worked as a producer on televised sports programming like Champs Boxing, Wrecking Ball Wrestling, Art of War 3. He worked for the CBS-affiliate KKTV, in Colorado Springs, CO as a news producer, he was part of the production team that covered the Waldo Canyon fire in Colorado for 130 continuous hours. Hodge is the show-runner for the national television series Little Britches Rodeo and has written 182 episodes.

In addition, he is the show-runner for Little Britches on the Road. Hodge has produced dozens of short documentaries covering programing by El Pueblo History Museum, History Colorado, the Smithsonian Institute, he was the producer for the feature documentaries The Arkansas River: From Leadville to Lamar and Tha Bridge, a documentary about hip-hop. Hodge speaks and presents about topics in media, pop culture, literacy. Dustin Hodge on IMDb Official website

Institute of Physics Michael Faraday Medal and Prize

The Michael Faraday Medal and Prize is a gold medal awarded annually by the Institute of Physics in experimental physics. The award is made "for outstanding and sustained contributions to experimental physics." The medal is accompanied by a prize of a certificate. 1914-1965 Guthrie Lecture initiated to remember founder of the Physical Society. 1966-2007 Guthrie Medal and Prize. From 1992, it became one of the Institute's Premier Awards. 2008–present Michael Faraday Medal and Prize 2019 Roy Taylor, "For his extensive, internationally leading contributions to the development of spectrally diverse, ultrafast-laser sources and pioneering fundamental studies of nonlinear fibre optics that have translated to scientific and commercial application." 2018 Jennifer Thomas, "For her outstanding investigations into the physics of neutrino oscillations, in particular her leadership of the MINOS/MINOS+ long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment." 2017 Jeremy Baumberg, "For his investigations of many ingenious nanostructures supporting novel and engineered plasmonic phenomena relevant to single molecule and atom dynamics, Raman spectroscopies and metamaterials applications."

2016 Jenny Nelson," For her pioneering advances in the science of nanostructured and molecular semiconductor materials " 2015 Henning Sirringhaus, "For transforming our knowledge of charge transport phenomena in organic semiconductors as well as our ability to exploit them" 2014 Alexander Giles Davies and Edmund Linfield, "For their outstanding and sustained contributions to the physics and technology of the far-infrared frequency region of the electromagnetic spectrum" 2013 Edward Hinds, "For his innovative and seminal experimental investigations into ultra-cold atoms and molecules" 2012 Roy Sambles, "For his pioneering research in experimental condensed matter physics" 2011 Alan Andrew Watson, "For his outstanding leadership within the Pierre Auger Observatory, the insights he has provided to the origin and nature of ultra high energy cosmic rays" 2010 Athene Donald, "For her many original studies of the structures and behaviour of polymers both synthetic and natural" 2009 Donal Bradley, "For his pioneering work in the field of'plastic electronics'" 2008 Roger Cowley, "For pioneering work in the development and application of neutron and X-ray scattering techniques to the physics of a wide range of important solid and liquid-state systems" List of Faraday Medal and Prize recipients and some Guthrie medal and prize recipients Institute of Physics Awards List of physics awards List of awards named after people Royal Society of London Michael Faraday Prize IET Faraday Medal