Verein für Leibesübungen Wolfsburg e. V. known as VfL Wolfsburg or Wolfsburg, is a German professional sports club based in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony. The club grew out of a multi-sports club for Volkswagen workers in the city of Wolfsburg, it is best known for its football department, but other departments include badminton and athletics. The men's professional football team play in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Wolfsburg have won the Bundesliga once in their history, in the 2008–09 season, the DFB-Pokal in 2015 and the DFL-Supercup in 2015. Professional football is run by the spin-off organization VfL Wolfsburg-Fußball GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group. Since 2002, Wolfsburg's stadium is the Volkswagen Arena; the city of Wolfsburg was founded in 1938 as Stadt des KdF-Wagen to house autoworkers building the car that would become famous as the Volkswagen Beetle. The first football club affiliated with the autoworks was known as BSG Volkswagenwerk Stadt des KdF-Wagen, a works team.
This team played in the first division Gauliga Osthannover in the 1943–44 and 1944–45 seasons. On 12 September 1945, in the aftermath of World War II, a new club was formed and was known as VSK Wolfsburg; this side began play in the white still worn by VfL today. On 15 December 1945, the club went through a crisis that ended its existence when all but one of its players left to join 1. FC Wolfsburg; the only player remaining, Josef Meyer, worked with Willi Hilbert to rebuild the side by signing new players. The new group adopted the moniker VfL standing for Verein für Leibesübungen; this can be translated as "club for gymnastics" or "club for exercises." Within a year they captured the local Gifhorn title. In late November 1946, the club played a friendly against longtime Gelsenkirchen powerhouse Schalke 04 at the stadium owned by Volkswagen, emerging as the successor to BSG as the company sponsored side; the club made steady progress in the following seasons. They captured a number of amateur level championships, but were unable to advance out of the promotion playoffs until breaking through to the top tier Oberliga Nord in 1954 with a 2–1 victory over Heider SV.
Wolfsburg, struggled in the top flight, narrowly missing relegation each season until being sent down in 1959. When Germany's first professional football league, the Bundesliga, was formed in 1963, Wolfsburg was playing in the Regionalliga Nord having just moved up from the Verbandsliga Niedersachsen, reaching the German Amateur Championship Final that same year. Wolfsburg remained a second division fixture over the next dozen years with their best performance being a second-place finish in 1970; that finish earned the club entry to the promotion round playoffs for the Bundesliga, where they performed poorly and were unable to advance. From the mid-1970s through to the early 1990s, Die Wölfe played as a third division side in the Amateur Oberliga Nord. Consecutive first-place finishes in 1991 and 1992, followed by success in the promotion playoffs, saw the club advance to the 2. Bundesliga for the 1992–93 season. Wolfsburg continued to enjoy some success through the 1990s; the team advanced to the final of the German Cup in 1995 where they were beaten 0–3 by Borussia Mönchengladbach, but went on to the top flight on the strength of a second-place league finish in 1997.
Early predictions were that the club would be sent back down, but instead, the Wolves developed into a mid-table Bundesliga side. In the 1998–99 season, under Wolfgang Wolf, were holding onto the fifth spot in the 33rd round of fixtures, they had hopes of making fourth place, to gain UEFA Champions League participation. Losing 6–1 away to MSV Duisburg in the final fixture, the Wolves finished in sixth place with 55 points and qualified for next season's UEFA Cup, they qualified for the Intertoto Cup in 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005, enjoying their best run in 2003 after reaching the final in which they lost to Italian side Perugia. This was followed by a couple of seasons of little success for the club, just narrowly avoiding relegation with two 15th-place finishes in the 2005–06 and 2006–07 seasons. For the 2007–08 season, the club hired former Bayern Munich manager Felix Magath, with whom they managed to finish in fifth place at the end of the season, the highest finish for the club at the time.
This enabled the Wolves to qualify for the UEFA Cup for only the second time in their history. In the 2008–09 season, under Magath, Wolfsburg claimed their biggest success by winning their first Bundesliga title after defeating Werder Bremen 5–1 on 23 May 2009. During this campaign, Wolfsburg equalled the longest winning streak in one Bundesliga season with ten successive victories after the winter break, they became the only team in the Bundesliga to have had two strikers scoring more than 20 goals each in one season, with Brazilian Grafite and Bosnian Edin Džeko achieving this feat in their title-winning season, scoring 28 and 26 with Zvjezdan Misimović adding record 20 assists. As a result of their title win, Wolfsburg qualified for the UEFA Champions League for the first time in their history. In the 2009–10 season, Wolfsburg dismissed their newly appointed trainer Armin Veh after the winter break due to lack of success, with the club sitting tenth in the league. In the Champions League, they came third in their group, behind Manchester United and CSKA Moscow, losing the chance for a place in the competition's successive round
Kota Miyamoto is a Japanese professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for FC Gifu in the J2 League. Born in Shizuoka, Miyamoto made his professional debut for Shimizu S-Pulse on 20 May 2015 in the J. League Cup against Nagoya Grampus, he started the match and played the full match as S-Pulse lost 2–1. After the season, Miyamoto signed with J2 League side V-Varen Nagasaki, he made his debut for the club on 7 May 2016 in the league against Fagiano Okayama. He started the match and played the full match again as V-Varen Nagasaki fell 3–0. Updated to end of 2018 season. Kota Miyamoto at J. League Profile at FC Gifu Profile at V-Varen Nagasaki J. League Profile
El Último de la Fila was a successful Spanish rock group based in Barcelona, Spain. Formed in 1985 by Manolo García and Quimi Portet, the group released a total of 7 full-length albums before disbanding in early 1998. Manolo García was the singer in a group called Los Rápidos and Quimi Portet had created a group named Kul de Mandril, they started playing together in Los Burros in 1984. Around 1985 they decided to form El Último de la Fila, becaming one of the most successful Spanish groups in the 1980's and 1990's, touring throughout Spain and Latin America, they were ranked number 1 on Rolling Stone's "50 Greatest Spanish rock bands". In 1985, the two frontmen for the short-lived band, Los Burros ‒ Manolo García and Quimi Portet ‒ formed the group, El Último de la Fila. After signing with independent music label, PDI, they released their first full-length album in February 1985 entitled Cuando la pobreza entra por la puerta, el amor salta por la ventana. In 1986, the band released their follow-up album, Enemigos de lo ajeno, with the track, "Insurrección", being chosen as "Best Song of the Year" by Rock de Lux magazine.
Enemigos de lo ajeno achieved the first Gold record, due to sales in excess of fifty thousand, for the band. 1987 saw the release of the group's third album, Nuevas mezclas ‒ recorded on a larger budget with improved sound quality ‒ followed by 1988's Como la cabeza al sombrero which sold more than 400,000 copies. The band began performing at larger and larger concert venues throughout Europe and South America including 1988's Amnesty International Human Rights Now! Concerts along with other acts such as Bruce Springsteen, Peter Gabriel, Tracy Chapman, Youssou N'Dour. From 1988 to 1990, the group continued touring throughout Europe and the Americas including stops in Mexico, the United States, Colombia and Venezuela. In 1990, the band released their fifth album, Nuevo pequeño catálogo de seres y estares, which reached #1 on the AFYVE sales chart; the group founded their own music company, Perro Records. After another extensive tour throughout Spain and South America, the group issued its sixth album, Astronomía razonable, in 1993 which became the first album by a Spanish group to stay at #1 on the AFYVE sales chart for 10 or more weeks.
The disc went gold in Venezuela and Mexico. The group promoted the album with a new international tour which included scenography designed by the Els Comediants theater group. In 1995, the band released their seventh and final album, La rebelión de los hombres rana, again toured internationally in collaboration with Els Comediants; the concerts included tracks from the group's entire history including songs from the Los Rápidos and Los Burros eras. On 13 January 1998, El Último de la Fila announced their breakup so that the group's two founding members, Manolo García and Quimi Portet, would each separately pursue solo careers. Cuando la pobreza entra por la puerta, el amor salta por la ventana 1. "Dulces sueños" 2. "A cualquiera puede sucederle" 3. "El Monte de las águilas" 4. "El loco de la calle" 5. "Cuando la pobreza entra por la puerta, el amor salta por la ventana" 6. "Querida Milagros" 7. "¿Hay alguien ahí?" 8. "Otra vez en casa" 9. "No hay dinero para los chicos" 10. "Son cuatro dias" Enemigos de lo ajeno 1.
"Lejos de las leyes de los hombres" 2. "Insurrección" 3. "Mi patria en mis zapatos" 4. "Aviones plateados" 5. "Zorro veloz" 6. "Las palabras son cansancio" 7. "Soy un accidente" 8. "Los ángeles no tienen hélices" 9. "No me acostumbro" 10. "¿Para qué sirve una hormiga?" Nuevas mezclas 1. "El loco de la calle" 2. "Aviones plateados" 3. "Querida milagros" 4. "Lejos de las leyes de los hombres" 5. "¿Quién eres tú?" 6. "Insurrección" 7. "Son cuatro días" 8. "No me acostumbro" 9. "Soy un accidente" 10. "Mi patria en mis zapatos" 11. "Dulces sueños" Como la cabeza al sombrero 1. "Dios de la lluvia" 2. "Sara" 3. "En los árboles" 4. "La piedra redonda" 5. "A veces se enciende" 6. "Como la cabeza al sombrero" 7. "Ya no danzo al son de los tambores" 8. "Trabajo duro" 9. "Trece planetas" 10. "Llanto de pasión" 11. "Otro verano" 12. "Vamos" Nuevo pequeño catálogo de seres y estares 1. "Grünfink o pinzón verde" 2. "Músico loco" 3. "Canta por mí" 4. "Del templo a la taberna" 5. "Andar hacia los pozos no quita la sed" 6. "En mi pecho" 7. "Beatus ille" 8.
"Cuando el mar te tenga" 9. "A jazmín" 10. "Barrio triste" 11. "Sucedió en la antiguedad" 12. "Todo el día llovió" 13. Canción de cuna 823" 14. "Cauterización de una herida" 15. "The Blue Rabbits Machine Corporation Hymn" Astronomía razonable 1. "El que canta su mal espanta" 2. "Lápiz y tinta" 3. "Remando sobre el polvo" 4. "La risa tonta" 5. "Hierbas de Asia" 6. "Como un burro amarrado en la puerta del baile" 7. "Astronomía razonable" 8. "Piedra sobre piedra" 9. "Vino dulce" 10. "Mar antiguo" 11. "Cosas que pasan" 12. "Sumo y resto" 13. "Hagámoslo" 14. "Mar antiguo" La rebelión de los hombres rana 1. "¡Qué bien huelen los pinos!" 2. "Las hojas que ríen" 3. "Vestido de hombre rana" 4. "El bombero del atardecer" 5. "Sin llaves" 6. "Pedir tu mano" 7. "Bailarás como un indio" 8. "Dímelo tú" 9. "A medio soñar" 10. "Uva de la vieja parra" 11. "Illetes" Each album contains the lyrics