Henlow is a village and civil parish in Bedfordshire, England. Henlow is mentioned in the Domesday Book; the entry reads: Haneslau/Hanslau: Herfast from Nigel d'Aubigny. 2 mills. RAF Henlow is nearer to the village of Stondon; the civilian settlement of Henlow Camp has grown up near to the RAF station. There is a health farm in Henlow at part of the Champneys group. There are three public houses, The Engineer's Arms in the high street, The Five Bells at the north end and The Crown at the southern end of the high street. There are several theories as to the origin of the name Henlow. Henna hlaw is one, meaning in old English "Hill of birds". Hlow was sometimes used to indicate a burial place; the parish church, parts of which are 13th-century, is dedicated to St Mary the Virgin. Parish Council's comprehensive website Church website Raynsford VC Lower School's football club website
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
No. 9 Squadron RAF
Number 9 Squadron is the oldest dedicated Bomber Squadron of the Royal Air Force. Formed in December 1914, it saw service throughout the First World War, including at the Somme and Passchendaele. During the Second World War, No. IX Squadron was one of two Avro Lancaster units specialising in heavy precision bombing and sank the battleship Tirpitz on 12 November 1944 in Operation Catechism. Between 1962 and April 1982, the Squadron flew the Avro Vulcan B.2 as part of the V-Force. In June 1982, it became the first front-line squadron in the world to operate the Panavia Tornado GR.1. In May 1998, No. IX Squadron received the RAF's first Tornado GR.4, which it operated until reequipping with the Eurofighter Typhoon FGR.4 at its present home base of RAF Lossiemouth on 1 April 2019. No. 9 Squadron was formed on 8 December 1914 at Saint-Omer in France, the first outside of the UK, from a detachment of the Royal Flying Corps HQ Wireless Flight. Known as No. 9 Squadron, it was tasked with developing the use of radio for reconnaissance missions through artillery spotting.
This lasted until 22 March 1915 when the squadron was disbanded and had its equipment dispersed amongst Nos. II, V, 6 and 16 Squadron; the Squadron reformed at Brooklands on 1 April 1915 under the command of Major Hugh Dowding as a radio-training squadron, flying the Farman MF.7, Blériot XI and Royal Aircraft Factory B. E.2s. The Bats moved to Dover on 23 July, re-equipping with the Royal Aircraft Factory B. E.8a, Avro 504 and a single Martinsyde S.1, before returning to Saint-Omer on 12 December as an army co-operation squadron. Moving to Bertangles on 24 December, No. 9 Squadron commenced bombing missions on 17 January 1916 with the B. E.2c. It flew reconnaissance and artillery spotting missions during the Battle of the Somme in 1916, assisting XIII Corps on the first day, it operated during the Second Battle of Arras in 1917. It re-equipped with Royal Aircraft Factory R. E.8s in May 1917, using them for artillery spotting and contact patrols during the Battle of Passchendaele, during which it suffered 57 casualties, carrying out short range tactical bombing operations in response to the German Spring Offensive in March 1918.
While it started to receive Bristol Fighters in July 1918, it did not discard its R. E.8s until after the end of the war. No. 9 Squadron returned to the UK in August 1919, arriving at Castle Bromwich where it remained until disbanding on 31 December 1919. The Squadron's life as a bomber unit began on 1 April 1924, reforming at RAF Upavon moving to RAF Manston, with the Vickers Vimy. Less than a year the Squadron re-equipped with the Vickers Virginia heavy bomber supplemented by Vickers Victoria transports, which it retained until this was replaced by the Handley Page Heyford in 1936; the squadron badge was approved by King Edward VIII in 1936, one of the few to be introduced during his short reign. The badge reflects the Squadron's development as a specialized night-operations unit, is a gentle leg-pull in the direction of Air Marshal Hugh "Boom" Trenchard credited as the founder of the RAF as an independent military force, who once famously remarked "Only bats and bloody fools fly at night!"
The squadron emblem is accordingly a bat, with the motto "We Fly by Night". On 31 January 1939, No. IX Squadron became the third RAF squadron to receive the modern Vickers Wellington monoplane, when their first Wellington arrived at RAF Stradishall – reaching full strength by April; the Second World War began with the unit one of the few equipped with modern aircraft, the Vickers Wellington bomber, flying out of RAF Honington. On 4 September 1939, the Squadron’s Wellington aircraft and crews were the first to hit the enemy, the first to get into a dogfight the first to shoot down an enemy aircraft, the first to be shot down by one and, towards the end of the war, the first to hit the German battleship Tirpitz with the Tallboy 12,000-pound bomb, an achievement by the crew of an Avro Lancaster on her 102nd operation with the Squadron. No. IX Squadron fought with RAF Bomber Command in Europe all the way through the Second World War, took part in all the major raids and big battles and proved new tactics and equipment, produced several of the leading figures in The Great Escape, such as Les'Cookie' Long, as well as Colditz inmates – including the legendary'Medium Sized Man' Flight Lieutenant Dominic Bruce OBE MC AFM originator of the famous'tea chest' escape.
They became one of the two specialised squadrons attacking precision targets with the Tallboy bomb, led the final main force raid, on Berchtesgaden, 25 April 1945. The battleship Tirpitz had been moved into a fjord in Northern Norway where she threatened the Arctic convoys and was too far north to be attacked by air from the UK, she had been damaged by a Royal Navy midget submarine attack and a second attack from carrier born aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm. But both attacks had failed to sink her; the task was given to No. 9 and No. 617 Squadrons who, operating from a base in Russia, attacked Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs which damaged her so extensively that she was sent to Tromsø to be used as a floating battery. This fjord was in range of bombers operating from Scotland. There in October from a base in Scotland she was attacked again. On 12 November 1944, the two squadrons attacked Tirpitz; the first bombs missed their target, but following aircraft scored three direct hits in quick succession causing the s
Please refer to the overview article Vickers for other companies known by this nameVickers Limited was a significant British engineering conglomerate that merged into Vickers-Armstrongs in 1927. Vickers was formed in Sheffield as a steel foundry by the miller Edward Vickers and his father-in-law George Naylor in 1828. Naylor was a partner in the foundry Naylor & Sanderson, Vickers' brother William owned a steel rolling operation. Edward's investments in the railway industry allowed him to gain control of the company, based at Millsands and known as Naylor Vickers and Company, it began life making steel castings and became famous for casting church bells. In 1854 Vickers' sons Thomas and Albert joined the business. In 1863 the company moved to a new site in Sheffield on the River Don in Brightside; the company went public in 1867 as Vickers, Sons & Company and acquired more businesses, branching out into various sectors. In 1868 Vickers began to manufacture marine shafts, in 1872 they began casting marine propellers and in 1882 they set up a forging press.
Vickers produced their first armour plate in 1888 and their first artillery piece in 1890. It bought out the Barrow in Furness shipbuilder The Barrow Shipbuilding Company in 1897, acquiring its subsidiary the Maxim Nordenfelt Guns And Ammunitions Company at the same time, to become Vickers, Sons & Maxim; the yard at Barrow became the "Naval Construction Yard". With these acquisitions, Vickers could now produce a complete selection of products, from ships and marine fittings to armour plate and a whole suite of ordnance. In 1901 the Royal Navy's first submarine, Holland 1, was launched at the Naval Construction Yard. In 1902 Vickers took a half share in the famous Clyde shipyard John Company. Further diversification occurred in 1901 with the purchase of Herbert Austin's embryonic car manufacturing plans, Austin himself, from The Wolseley Sheep Shearing Machine Company; the new business was incorporated and named The Wolseley Tool and Motor Car Company and works were purchased at Adderley Park.
In 1911 a controlling interest was acquired in the torpedo manufacturers. In 1911, the company name was changed to Vickers Limited and expanded its operations into aircraft manufacture by the formation of Vickers Ltd. Vickers brand aircraft were produced from 1911 to until 1965. In 1919, the British Westinghouse electrical company was taken over as the Metropolitan-Vickers Electrical Company. At the same time they came into Metropolitan's railway interests. Wolseley now Wolseley Motors was sold to William Morris in mid-November 1926 who retained it as his personal property. At the sixtieth Annual General Meeting on 29 April 1927 at the River Don Works, the chairman, General Herbert Lawrence, reported that the ordinary dividend would be passed because of the Coal Strike, his review gave the activities of the main groups of operations divided under five main heads: Armaments and shipbuilding Heavy engineering– these two activities were carried on at works in Sheffield, Erith and Weybridge Rolling-stock – Metropolitan Carriage Wagon and Finance Company Electrical – Metropolitan-Vickers Miscellaneous – they had disposed of Docker Brothers Limited.
He had reported in the year before that an internal reorganization was in progress to deal with those subsidiary branches which proved a heavy drain on financial resources. This internal review led to the retention of the rolling stock group and the disposal of: Vickers-Petters Limited British Lighting and Ignition Company – shut down the plywood department at Crayford Creek Canadian Vickers William Beardmore and Company Wolseley Motors. Subsequently, Vickers carried through a financial reconstruction scheme which after making additional reserves for contingent liabilities reduced their assets by £12.5 million and their total balance sheet from £34.7 to £22.2 million. In 1927, Vickers agreed to merge their armaments and shipbuilding and heavy engineering activities with the Tyneside based engineering company Armstrong Whitworth, founded by W. G. Armstrong, to form Vickers-Armstrong Limited; this merger was to take effect 1 January 1928 and would give Vickers shareholders ownership of two-thirds of the new company.
Metropolitan Carriage Wagon and Finance Company and The Metropolitan -Vickers Company were not included in the merger. Vickers sold the Maxim machine gun, forming a partnership with its inventor, they took over the company and improved the design as the Vickers machine gun, the last major design Hiram Maxim himself worked on. It became the standard machine gun of the British Empire and Commonwealth, serving for some 50 years in the British Army. Vickers sold it all over the world, they scaled it up to larger calibres for the Royal Navy as a 0.5 inch model. Vickers & Maxim introduced one of the first cannon to have an hydraulic recoil absorbing mechanism: in 1900 they produced a small 75 mm cannon that used two cylinders mounted alongside the barrel. Vickers was involved in the production of numerous firearms; the British tested John Pedersen's design for a semi-automatic rifle between World War I and World War II. Vickers made a British version of the rifle, their version of the Pedersen rifle goes by the name "Vickers Pedersen Rifle".
The company was involved in the manufacture of 6,000–10,000 Luger pistols in 1922–24. These 1906 pat
The Vickers Type 56 Victoria was a British biplane freighter and troop transport aircraft used by the Royal Air Force, which flew for the first time in 1922 and was selected for production over the Armstrong Whitworth Awana. The Victoria was a twin-engined biplane transport with a conventional landing gear with a tailskid; the design mated a similar fuselage of the earlier Vernon transport with the wing of the Virginia bomber, developed in parallel. It was powered by two Napier Lion engines; the enclosed cabin had room for 24 troops on collapsible canvas seats arranged along the sides of the fuselage. In April 1921 two prototypes were ordered by the Air Ministry to Specification 5/20; the first prototype, allocated serial number J6860, was built as a Type 56 and designated a Victoria I, the second J6861 was built as a Type 81 Victoria II. The Type 56 had two 450 hp Napier Lion engines with large frontal radiators and were fitted directly onto the lower mainplanes, the fuel tanks were placed under the inboard section of the bottom mainplane.
The prototype J6860 first flew from Brooklands, Surrey on 22 September 1922. The Type 81 flew in January 1923, differed only in having the fuel tanks under the top mainplane, it was modified by replacing the flat sided engine cowling with more streamlined nacelles with the radiators between the undercarriage legs, as fitted in the Virginia II bomber. In March 1925, it was decided to place an order for 15 production aircraft. By this time, the Virginia design had evolved to incorporate swept-back wings, the production Victoria IIIs incorporated this change. Another improvement first introduced in the Virginia was the introduction of metal structures instead of the all-wooden airframes of the early aircraft, with an order being placed for a prototype Victoria with a metal structure in September 1927, this being delivered in October 1928; the metal airframe proved much more suitable for the hot and humid areas where the Victoria served, with Victoria IV and Vs with metal structures produced by conversion and new production respectively.
The final version was the Mark VI, which substituted modern, more powerful Bristol Pegasus radial engines for the Napier Lions. The Vickers Valentia was a further improved version with a stronger structure, capable of operating at higher weights.97 Victorias were built, many of which were converted into Valentias. Deliveries of the Victoria III started on 23 February 1926, with the type replacing Vernons and Vimys with 70 Squadron in Iraq and 216 Squadron in Egypt that year. Eight Victorias of 70 Squadron played an important part in the Kabul Airlift of November 1928–February 1929, when in severe winter conditions, RAF aircraft evacuated diplomatic staff and their dependents together with members of the Afghan royal family endangered by a civil war. Victorias were used to ferry troops to potential trouble spots including both in Iraq and elsewhere, flying reinforcements to Palestine in 1929 and Jordan in 1930 and from Egypt to Cyprus in 1931; the Victorias of the two operational squadrons made a number of long range training flights, such as return trips from Cairo to Aden in 1931, helped to pioneer air routes for Imperial Airways' Handley Page HP.42 airliners.
One Victoria was used as a blind flying trainer by the Central Flying School, being fitted with two sets of controls and instruments in a blanked off cabin. The Victoria continued in service until 1935, although many were converted to Valentias, which remained in use until well into the Second World War. Type 56 Victoria Mk I The first prototype. Powered by two 450 hp Napier Lion IAX W12 engines. Type 81 Victoria Mk II The second prototype. Type 117 Victoria Mk III The first production version. Military transport aircraft for the RAF. Powered by 450 hp Napier Lion II engines. 46 built. Type 145 Victoria Mk IV Metal wing structure. One prototype powered by Bristol Jupiter radials. Thirteen Lion-engined conversions from earlier marks. Type 169 Victoria Mk V New production aircraft with metal structure, powered by two 570 hp Napier Lion XIB engines. 37 new-built. Type 262 Victoria Mk VI Final production - powered by 660 hp Bristol Pegasus IIL3 engines instead of Lions. 11 new-build, 23 by conversion. United KingdomRoyal Air ForceNo.
70 Squadron RAF No. 216 Squadron RAF Data from Aircraft of the Royal Air ForceGeneral characteristics Crew: 2 Capacity: 22 troops Length: 59 ft 6 in Wingspan: 87 ft 4 in Height: 17 ft 9 in Wing area: 2,178 sq ft Empty weight: 10,030 lb Gross weight: 17,760 lb Powerplant: 2 × Napier Lion XI inline piston engines, 570 hp eachPerformance Maximum speed: 110 mph at sea level= Range: 770 mi Service ceiling: 16,200 ft Time to altitude: 11 min to 4,920 ft Related lists List of aircraft of the Royal Air Force
RAF Manston was an RAF station in the north-east of Kent, at grid reference TR334663 on the Isle of Thanet from 1916 until 1996. The site was split between a commercial airport Kent International Airport, since closed, a continuing military use by the Defence Fire Training and Development Centre, following on from a long-standing training facility for RAF firefighters at the Manston base. In March 2017, RAF Manston became the HQ for the 3rd battalion Princess of Wales Royal Regiment. At the outset of the First World War, the Isle of Thanet was equipped with a small and precarious landing strip for aircraft at St Mildreds Bay, Westgate, on top of the chalk cliffs, at the foot of, a promenade, used for seaplane operations; the landing grounds atop the cliff soon became the scene of several accidents, with at least one plane seen to fail to stop before the end of the cliffs and tumble into the sea, which for the fortunate pilot had been on its inward tide. In the winter of 1915-1916 these early aircraft first began to use the open farmlands at Manston as a site for emergency landings.
Thus was soon established the Admiralty Aerodrome at Manston. It was not long after this that the training school, set up to instruct pilots in the use of the new Handley Page bombers, was established, so by the close of 1916 there were two distinct units stationed at Manston, the Operational War Flight Command and the Handley Page Training School, its location near the Kent coast gave Manston some advantages over the other established aerodromes and regular additions in men and machinery were soon made in these early days, from Detling. By 1917 the Royal Flying Corps was well established and taking an active part in the defence of England. At a time when Zeppelin raids were bringing the war directly to English civilians, daylight bombing raids by German'Gotha' Bombers, a twin engined biplane, would have been more effective were it not for the RFC's presence at Manston; the German air raids had lasted for thirteen weeks, the last being on 22 August 1917. On this occasion, of the 15 bombers that set out for England five did not reach the Kent coast, the'spirited' intervention from Manston-based fighters prevented those remaining from flying further west, three being destroyed outright and the remaining seven returning to Germany with dead and wounded on board.
Shortly after such formation raids and in consequence the Cabinet recommended the creation of a separate Air Ministry. The RAF was formed on 1 April 1918. At the start of the Second World War, Manston hosted a School of Air Navigation but this was moved out. On 10 September 1939, No. 3 Squadron flew in equipped with Hawker Hurricanes and Manston was put under the command of No. 11 Group Fighter Command. During an eventful Battle of Britain, Manston was bombed; the station was littered with unexploded bombs. This caused many staff to move to nearby woods for at least a week. Others were dispersed to surrounding housing. For example, WAAFs stationed at Manston were billeted at the nearby Ursuline Convent in Westgate on Sea. Barnes Wallis used the base to test his bouncing bomb on the coast at nearby Reculver prior to the Dambusters raid. A prototype is on public display at the Hurricane Museum. Hawker Typhoon attack aircraft were based there in the war, the first Meteor jet squadron of the RAF, it was used as a departure point for airborne forces in Operation Market Garden.
It was one of the few airfields installed with the Fog, Dispersal Of system designed to remove fog from airfields by burning it off with petrol. Along with RAF Carnaby and RAF Woodbridge, Manston was developed as a South coast emergency landing ground for bomber crews; these airfields were intended for use by returning bombers suffering from low-fuel and/or suspected damage to their pneumatic and/or hydraulic systems. All three airfields were equipped with a single runway, 9,000 ft long and 750 ft wide. There was a further clear area of 1,500 ft at each end of the runway. At each of the three airfields, the runway was divided into three 250 ft lanes; the northern and central lanes were allocated by flying control, while the southern lane was the emergency lane on which any aircraft could land without first making contact with the airfield. The hilltop site was chosen as it was fog-free and had no approach obstructions. Being close to the front line, the airfield became something of a magnet for badly damaged aircraft that had suffered from ground fire, collisions, or air attack but retained a degree of airworthiness.
The airfield became something of a "graveyard" for heavy bombers and no doubt the less-damaged portions of aircraft landing or otherwise arriving here sometimes provided spare parts for other Allied aircraft in need of repair. The museums on site display some startling aerial views dating from the post-war years. After the war, the runway was reconfigured, becoming 200 feet wide with a full-length parallel taxiway, both within the original paved width. During the Cold War of the 1950s the United States Air Force used RAF Manston as a Strategic Air Command base for its bomber and fighter-bomber units. In the early 1950s, SAC's backbone bombers were Boeing B-47 Stratojet. To support this strategy, the SAC 7th Air Division was established in May 1951. At the time, Manston had only recovered from the ravages of the Second World War. There were still makeshift bomb shelters, i.e. trenches with tin roofs, many large
Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station Aldergrove
Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station Aldergrove or more JHC FS Aldergrove is located 4.4 miles south of Antrim, Northern Ireland and 18 miles northwest of Belfast and adjoins Belfast International Airport. It is sometimes referred to as Aldergrove, the name of a nearby village; the military flying units share the Aldergrove runways but have their own separate facilities and helipad. The site was RAF Aldergrove a Royal Air Force station, in operation between 1918 and 2009. RAF Aldergrove first opened in 1918 but was not designated as an operational RAF station until 1925. Various squadrons were posted here during this time: A detachment of No. 4 Squadron RAF between 30 April 1920 and 26 September 1922 again with the Bristol F2B. No. 2 Squadron RAF at full strength between 2 June 1922 and 27 September 1922 and as an detachment until 17 September 1923 flying the Bristol F2B Fighter. No. 502 Squadron RAF was formed here on 15 May 1925 and used various aircraft types including Vickers Vimy's, Handley Page Hyderabad's, Virginia X's, Westland Wallace's, Hawker Hind's, Avro Anson I's, Blackburn Botha I's and Armstrong Whitworth Whitley V's until 27 January 1941.
A detachment of No. 214 Squadron RAF between 15 October 1935 and 1 October 1936 with the Virginia X. No. 9 Squadron RAF between 15 January 1936 and 1 October 1936 flying the Vickers Virginia X until April 1936 when they started converting to the Handley Page Heyford III. No. 85 Squadron RAF with the Hawker Hurricane I between 18 October 1938 and 4 November 1938. Aldergrove’s location made it an important station of RAF Coastal Command in the Battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War. From the base, long-range reconnaissance aircraft were able to patrol the Eastern Atlantic for U-boats; some of these patrols ranged as far out as the distant islet of Rockall. Various squadrons were posted here during this time: A detachment of No. 224 Squadron RAF between 1 September 1938 and 15 April 1941 with the Hudson I and III version's. A detachment of No. 235 Squadron RAF with the Bristol Blenheim IVF between 24 June 1940 and 4 June 1941. No. 231 Squadron RAF between 1 July 1940 and 15 July 1940 with the Westland Lysander II.
No. 245 Squadron RAF with Hurricane I between 20 July 1940 and 14 July 1941. No. 233 Squadron RAF between 3 August 1940 and 14 September 1940 with the Hudson I. No. 102 Squadron RAF with the Whitley V between 1 September 1940 and 10 October 1940. No. 272 Squadron RAF reformed here on 18 November 1940 with the Blenheim IVF and stayed until 3 April 1941. No. 252 Squadron RAF between 6 April 1941 and 15 June 1941 with Beaufighter IC. No. 254 Squadron RAF using Blenheim IVF between 29 May 1941 and 12 December 1941. No. 143 Squadron RAF reformed here on 15 June 1941 with the Bristol Beaufighter IC, stayed here until 24 March 1944. A detachment of No. 48 Squadron RAF between 3 August 1941 and 20 October 1941 with the Lockheed Hudson V & III's. No. 206 Squadron RAF between 12 August 1941 and 1 July 1942 using various versions of the Hudson including the I/II/III/IV and V. No. 311 Squadron RAF between 28 April 1942 and 12 June 1942 with the Vickers Wellington IC. A detachment of No. 120 Squadron RAF between 21 July 1942 and 24 March 1944 with the Liberator III.
No. 220 Squadron RAF with Boeing Fortress II between 14 February 1943 and 30 March 1943. No. 86 Squadron RAF between 18 March 1943 and 6 September 1943 using the Liberator IIIA & V versions. No. 59 Squadron RAF between 11 May 1943 and 15 September 1943 with the Consolidated Liberator V's. A detachment of No. 547 Squadron RAF between 25 October 1943 and 13 June 1944 with Wellington XI and XIII's and Liberator V's. Aldergrove was designated as a dispersal airfield for the RAF's V bomber force in the 1950s and was included in a reduced list of 26 airfields in 1962. In 1968 No. 23 Maintenance Unit RAF was responsible for the maintenance of McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II's in RAF service, with 116 aircraft passing through on their way to front-line service. Aldergrove was the main servicing and reconditioning station for the English Electric Canberra from their introduction in 1951. In 1976, the station had a staff of 1,500 civilians. Various squadrons were posted here between 1945 and 1985: No. 518 Squadron RAF operated the Halifax III, Hurricane IIC, Spitfire VII and Halifax VI between 18 September 1945 and 1 October 1946 when the squadron was disbanded here.
A detachment of No. 280 Squadron RAF between 21 June 1946 when it was disbanded. It operated the Vickers Warwick I. No. 502 Squadron RAF reformed here on 10 May 1946 and operated various aircraft types including de Havilland Mosquito B.25 & NF.30's, Supermarine Spitfire F.22's and de Havilland Vampire F.3's, FB.5's and FB.9's until 10 March 1957. No. 202 Squadron RAF with the Halifax GR.6, A.9 and Met 1 version's from 1 October 1946 and 28 August 1964 when it was disbanded. No. 214 Squadron RAF reformed here on 1 March 1948 and operated the Halifax GR.6 until 18 October 1948. No. 240 Squadron RAF reformed here on 1 May 1952 with the Avro Shackleton MR.1 and stayed until 27 May 1952. A detachment of No. 275 Squadron RAF between 18 November 1954 and 1 September 1959 when it was disbanded. The detachment operated the Hiller HTE-2, Anson T.21, de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk T.10, Sycamore HR.14, Westland Whirlwind HAR.4 & 2. No. 1913 Light Liaison Flight of No. 651 Squadron RAF between 1 November 1955 and 4 April 1957 operated the Taylorcraft Auster AOP.6.
The flight was renamed 13 Flight No. 651 Squadron AAC on 1 September 1957 and stayed here until November 1952 when it was replaced by 2 Reconnaissance Flight, 2 Royal Tank Regiment. No. 118 Squadron RAF reformed here on 1 September 1959 with Bristol Sycamore HR.14 before being disbanded here on 31 August 1962. No. 72 Squadron op