Vicksburg, Mississippi

Vicksburg is a historic American city, located on a high bluff on the east bank of the Mississippi River across from Louisiana. Built by French colonists in 1719, the outpost withstood an attack from the native Natchez people, it was incorporated as Vicksburg in 1825 after Methodist missionary Newitt Vick. In the American Civil War, it was a key Confederate river-port, its surrender to Ulysses S. Grant in July 1863 marked the turning-point of the war. Vicksburg had a troubled history of racial conflict, well into the 20th century; the city is home to three large installations of the US Army Corps of Engineers, involved in local flood control. Vicksburg is the county seat of Warren County, with a population of 23,856 at the 2010 census. Vicksburg is the only city in, county seat of, Warren County, United States, it is located 234 miles northwest of New Orleans at the confluence of the Mississippi and Yazoo rivers, 40 miles due west of Jackson, the state capital. It is located on the east bank of the Mississippi River across from Louisiana.

The city has increased in population since 1900. The population was 26,407 at the 2000 census. In 2010, it was designated as the principal city of a Micropolitan Statistical Area with a total population of 49,644, which includes all of Warren County; the area, now Vicksburg was long occupied by the Natchez Native Americans as part of their historical territory along the Mississippi. The Natchez spoke a language isolate not related to the Muskogean languages of the other major tribes in the area. Before the Natchez, other indigenous cultures had occupied this strategic area for thousands of years; the first Europeans who settled the area were French colonists who built Fort Saint Pierre in 1719 on the high bluffs overlooking the Yazoo River at present-day Redwood. They conducted fur trading with the Natchez and others, started plantations. On 29 November 1729, the Natchez attacked the fort and plantations in and around the present-day city of Natchez, they killed several hundred settlers, including the Jesuit missionary Father Paul Du Poisson.

As was the custom, they took a number of women and children as captives, adopting them into their families. The Natchez War was a disaster for French Louisiana, the colonial population of the Natchez District never recovered. Aided by the Choctaw, traditional enemies of the Natchez, the French defeated and scattered the Natchez and their allies, the Yazoo; the Choctaw Nation inhabited it for several decades. Under pressure from the US government, the Choctaw agreed to cede nearly 2,000,000 acres of land to the US under the terms of the Treaty of Fort Adams in 1801; the treaty was the first of a series that led to the removal of most of the Choctaw to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River in 1830. Some Choctaw remained in Mississippi, they struggled to maintain their culture against the pressure of the binary slave society, which classified people as only white or black. In 1790, the Spanish founded a military outpost on the site; when the Americans took possession in 1798 following the American Revolutionary War and a treaty with Spain, they changed the name to Walnut Hills.

The small village was incorporated in 1825 as Vicksburg, named after Newitt Vick, a Methodist minister who had established a Protestant mission on the site. In 1835, during the Murrell Excitement, a mob from Vicksburg attempted to expel the gamblers from the city, because the citizens were tired of the rougher element treating the city residents with nothing but contempt, they hanged five gamblers who had shot and killed a local doctor. Historian Joshua D. Rothman calls this event "the deadliest outbreak of extralegal violence in the slave states between the Southampton Insurrection and the Civil War." During the American Civil War, the city surrendered during the Siege of Vicksburg, after which the Union Army gained control of the entire Mississippi River. The 47-day siege was intended to starve the city into submission, its location atop a high bluff overlooking the Mississippi River proved otherwise impregnable to assault by federal troops. The surrender of Vicksburg by Confederate General John C.

Pemberton on July 4, 1863, together with the defeat of General Robert E. Lee at Gettysburg the day before, has marked the turning point of the Civil War in the Union's favor. From the surrender of Vicksburg until the end of the war in 1865, the area was under Union military occupation; because of the city's location on the Mississippi River, it built extensive trade from the prodigious steamboat traffic in the 19th century. It was a major trading city. In 1876, a Mississippi River flood cut off the large meander flowing past Vicksburg, leaving limited access to the new channel; the city's economy suffered greatly. Between 1881 and 1894, the Anchor Line, a prominent steamboat company on the Mississippi River from 1859 to 1898, operated a steamboat called the City of Vicksburg. Celebrations of the 4th of July, the day of surrender, were irregular until 1947; the Vicksburg Evening Post of July 4, 1883, called July 4 "the day we don't celebrate", another Vicksburg newspaper, the Daily Commercial Appeal, in 1888 hoped that a political victory would bring an enthusiastic celebration the following year.

In 1902, the 4th of July saw only "a parade of colored draymen". In 1947, the Jackson Clarion-Ledger stated that the city of Vicksburg did not celebrate the 4t

Golitsyno, Moscow Oblast

Golitsyno is a town in Odintsovsky District of Moscow Oblast, located 40 kilometers west of Moscow. Population: 17,593 , it was founded as a settlement in 1872 and was granted town status in 2004. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with six rural localities, incorporated within Odintsovsky District as the Town of Golitsyno; as a municipal division, the Town of Golitsyno is incorporated within Odintsovsky Municipal District as Golitsyno Urban Settlement. A railway station of the same name on the Moscow–Minsk railway is located in Golitsyno. There are two schools. Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г..

Московская областная Дума. Закон №64/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Одинцовского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №7/2012-ОЗ от 17 февраля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Одинцовского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №42, 10 марта 2005 г.. Official website of Golitsyno Unofficial website of Golitsyno Another unofficial website of Golitsino


Kazampur is a village in Batala in Gurdaspur district of Punjab State, India. It is located 17 kilometres from sub district headquarter, 51 kilometres from district headquarter and 13 kilometres from Sri Hargobindpur; the village is administrated by Sarpanch an elected representative of the village. As of 2011, The village has a total number of 160 houses and the population of 834 of which 449 are males while 385 are females. According to the report published by Census India in 2011, out of the total population of the village 440 people are from Schedule Caste and the village does not have any Schedule Tribe population so far. List of villages in India Tourism of Punjab Census of Punjab