Victor Espinoza (born May 23, 1972) is a jockey in American Thoroughbred horse racing who won the Triple Crown in 2015 on American Pharoah. He began riding in his native Mexico and went on to compete at racetracks in California. He has won the Kentucky Derby three times, riding War Emblem in 2002, California Chrome in 2014, and American Pharoah in 2015. He also won the Preakness Stakes three times, in those same years and with the same horses. He was the first jockey in history to enter the Belmont Stakes with a third opportunity to win the Triple Crown; his 2015 victory made him the oldest jockey and first Hispanic jockey to win the award.
Background and early career
Espinoza was born on a dairy farm in Hidalgo, Mexico, the eleventh of twelve children. He and his brother Jose L. Espinoza, his senior by three years, rode horses on the farm; when he was 15 he left home and traveled to Cancún to assist his brother as a Quarter Horse trainer. He paid for jockey school by driving a bus in Mexico City at age 17. Within a few years, Espinoza was racing Thoroughbreds at Mexico City's track, Hipódromo de las Américas.
Espinoza did not speak English when he came to the United States in 1990. He moved to Northern California in 1992, where by 1994 he was the leading apprentice rider at the Bay Meadows and Golden Gate Fields racetracks. At the Bay area tracks, he started out very poor and lived in a tack room at the stables. Espinoza was described as "just a hardworking kid who was out there every day...But he kept getting better and better, and soon people started seeing the talent he had."
A year later, he moved to Los Angeles. His big break came in 2000 when he won the Breeders' Cup Distaff aboard Spain. He rode his first Kentucky Derby in 2001, placing third on Congaree, and in 2002, he won both the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes atop War Emblem. Between 2000 and 2006 he averaged 193 wins a year and twice finished third in total earnings among jockeys. However, his career entered a slump until he decided to refocus. As he explained, "One day, I woke up and I said 'This is not how I'm going to end up my career." He hired a new agent in January 2013, Brian Beach, and with a change in motivation went on to obtain his 3,000th career win, aboard Flashy Delight, on May 31, 2013, at Betfair Hollywood Park in Inglewood, California. After winning the 2014 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes on California Chrome, in June 2014 Espinoza traveled to Britain to win the Windsor Castle Stakes at the Royal Ascot meeting on the Wesley A. Ward-trained colt Hootenanny.
California Chrome and American Pharoah
Espinoza became the first jockey in history to get three opportunities to win the Triple Crown and earned back-to-back wins with California Chrome and American Pharoah in both the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes, only the sixth jockey in history to do so.
In December 2013 Espinoza was selected as the jockey for California Chrome by veteran horse trainer Art Sherman, who had used him as a jockey during Espinoza's years in Northern California. Up to that point, California Chrome had won only 2 of his 6 starts. Espinoza rode California Chrome to consecutive victories in the King Glorious Stakes on December 22, the California Cup Derby on January 25, 2014, the San Felipe Stakes on March 8, and the Santa Anita Derby on April 5. On May 3, 2014, Espinoza lengthened the winning streak as he rode California Chrome to victory in the Kentucky Derby, marking the jockey's second Kentucky Derby win. On May 17, California Chrome placed first in the Preakness Stakes, also Espinoza's second Preakness win. On June 7, Espinoza's 6 for 6 streak aboard California Chrome came to an end when, due to an injury sustained right out of the starting gate, the Triple Crown contender finished in a dead heat for fourth place in the Belmont Stakes.
In the fall of 2014, Espinoza also became the regular rider of American Pharoah, trained by Bob Baffert and owned by Ahmed Zayat. Espinoza started with the colt's second race, the Grade I Del Mar Futurity on September 4. The pair went on to win the FrontRunner Stakes. The colt was scratched from the Breeders' Cup Juvenile, but the pair reunited in 2015 with wins in the Rebel Stakes and Arkansas Derby American Pharoah and Espinoza then won the 2015 Kentucky Derby After the win, Espinoza said, "I feel like the luckiest Mexican on earth. However, his performance attracted some scrutiny as he struck the horse 32 times with his whip during the race.Kentucky racing stewards reviewed Espinoza's ride and ruled that his whip use did not violate state regulations. On May 16, 2015, Espinoza and American Pharoah won the 2015 Preakness Stakes on a sloppy track, setting up Espinoza's third attempt at the Triple Crown. His June 6, 2015, victory at the 2015 Belmont Stakes made him the oldest jockey to win the Triple Crown, as well as the first Latino jockey to do so. For 3 years, he held the distinction of being the last jockey to sweep the Triple Crown until Mike Smith did it aboard Justify in 2018.
On August 25, 2015, it was announced that Espinoza would compete on the 21st season of Dancing with the Stars. He was paired with professional dancer Karina Smirnoff. The couple was eliminated on Week 2 of competition and finished in 12th place.
Only July 22, 2018, Espinoza was injured when riding Bobby Abu Dhabi at the Del Mar racetrack. Espinoza suffered a fractured vertebra but was initially expected to make a full recovery.  Several weeks after the accident, he continued to have trouble shaving, walking and getting out of bed, and lacks feeling in his left arm. 
Espinoza is unmarried and has no children. He donates ten percent of his winnings to the City of Hope to support pediatric cancer research. Following his Triple Crown win, he announced that he would be donating 100% of his Belmont Stakes earnings to the City of Hope.[a] Espinoza has a nephew, Assael Espinoza, who is following in his uncle's footsteps and is an apprentice jockey who is riding at Santa Anita Park, in Arcadia, California.
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- The total paid to the winning horse at the 2015 Belmont was $800,000; jockeys typically earn 10% of the purse awarded to the horse
- "Victor Espinoza will look for Triple Crown for a third time". NBC Sports. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- "American Pharoah completes the Triple Crown, wins Belmont Stakes". Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- Layden, Tim (May 15, 2014). "Victor and Jose Espinoza share a career but lead two different lives". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Arrington, Debbie (May 30, 2014). "The players behind California Chrome bring passion". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Crawford, Eric (May 17, 2014). "Preakness: From humble beginnings to riding Chrome". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Drape, Joe (May 17, 2014). "California Chrome Wins Preakness for Second Jewel". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Tompkins, Courtney (June 15, 2015). "Triple Crown-winning jockey Victor Espinoza on his life-changing ride". The Pasadena Star-News. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- Harris, Beth (June 2, 2015). "Belmont Stakes 2015: Victor Espinoza confident American Pharoah can win elusive Triple Crown". Herald-Sun/Associated Press. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Espinoza: 'Look Forward, Never Look Back'". paulickreport.com. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
- "Victor Espinoza notches 3,000th win". PR Newswire. June 1, 2013. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "Hootenanny stretches clear in the Windsor Castle Stakes". the-racehorse.com. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Jerardi, Dick (June 6, 2014). "Espinoza has California Chrome on winning track". philly.com. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- "Santa Anita Park- January 25, 2014 – Race 10" (PDF). Equibase. January 25, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Santa Anita Park- March 8, 2014 – Race 5" (PDF). Equibase. March 8, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Trainers". Santa Anita Park. Archived from the original on April 3, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Janack, Phil (2014). "California Chrome Looks to Shine Again in Grade 1, $1.5 million Belmont Stakes". New York Racing Association. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- Hoppert, Melissa (June 7, 2014). "Tonalist Wins Belmont Stakes, Denying the Triple Crown for California Chrome". The New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- "American Pharoah". Equibase. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- "FrontRunner Stakes result". racingpost.com. 27 September 2014.
- Claire Novak (28 October 2014). "American Pharoah Out of BC Juvenile". BloodHorse.com.
- "Churchill Downs - Race 11 -May 2, 2015". Equibase. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Evan Hammonds (3 May 2015). "Favored American Pharoah Wins Kentucky Derby". BloodHorse.com.
- "Espinoza's whip use on American Pharoah under scrutiny". Daily Racing Form.
- "Pimlico Race 13 May 16, 2015" (PDF). Equibase. May 16, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- Almasy, Steve (June 6, 2015). "American Pharoah becomes first Triple Crown winner in 37 years". CNN. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Weseman, Lisa (August 25, 2015). "Victor Espinoza Joins the Cast of Dancing with the Stars Season 21". ABC. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
- "Dancing with the Stars Season 21 Cast Announcement". ABC. September 2, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "Legendary jockey fractures vertebra after horse dies mid-run". July 22, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- "Hall of Fame jockey Victor Espinoza, his body broken by one fateful fall, is holding on for dear life". August 18, 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
- Dwyre, Bill (May 12, 2014). "Victor Espinoza has a cause beyond riding California Chrome to victory". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- Harmonson, Tom (May 13, 2014). "Jockey Generous". Los Angeles Register. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "2015 Belmont Stakes Press Conference" (video). The Blood Horse. 8:50. June 6, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- Myrick, Steve (6 June 2015). "Bafferts, Espinoza donate Belmont winnings". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved 7 June 2015.