Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland is the heir apparent to the Swedish throne, as the eldest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf. If she ascends to the throne as expected, she will be Sweden's fourth queen regnant and the first since 1720. Victoria was born on 14 July 1977 at 21:45 CET at the Karolinska Hospital in Solna, Stockholm County, is the oldest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia, she is a member of the House of Bernadotte. Born as a princess of Sweden, she was designated crown princess in 1979 ahead of her younger brother, her place as first in the line of succession formally went into effect on 1 January 1980 with the parliamentary change to the Act of Succession that introduced absolute primogeniture. Her given names honour various relatives, her first name comes from her great-great-grandmother Victoria of Baden, queen consort of Sweden. Her other names honour her great-aunt Ingrid of Sweden, she was baptised at The Royal Palace Church on 27 September 1977.
Her godparents were Crown Prince Harald of Norway, her maternal uncle, Ralf Sommerlath, Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands, her aunt Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld. The Crown Princess was confirmed in the summer of 1992 at Räpplinge church on the island of Öland. Victoria studied for a year at the Catholic University of the West at Angers in France, in the fall term of 1997 participated in a special program following the work of the Riksdag. From 1998 to 2000, Victoria resided in the United States, where she studied various subjects at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. In May 1999, she was an intern at the Swedish Embassy in Washington, D. C. Victoria completed a study program at the Government Offices in 2001. In 2003, Victoria's education continued with visits to Swedish businesses, a study and intern program in agriculture and forestry, as well as completion of the basic soldier training at SWEDINT. In 2006, Victoria enrolled in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs' Diplomat Program, running from September 2006 to June 2007.
The program is a training program for young future diplomats and gives an insight to the ministry's work, Swedish foreign and security policies and Sweden's relations with the rest of the world. In June 2009, she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Uppsala University, she speaks Swedish, English and German. Victoria was made crown princess on 1 January 1980 by the 1979 change to the Act of Succession of 1810; this constitutional introduced absolute primogeniture, meaning that the throne would be inherited by the monarch's eldest child without regard to gender. King Carl XVI Gustaf objected to the reform after it occurred—not because he objected to women entering the line of succession, but because he was upset about his son being stripped of the crown prince status he had held since birth; when she became heir, she was made Duchess of Västergötland, one of the historical provinces of Sweden. Prior to this constitutional change, the heir apparent to the throne was her younger brother, Carl Philip.
He is now fourth behind Victoria and her children. She is one of only three female heirs apparent in the world, the other two being her goddaughter Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange, Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant. Victoria's declaration of majority took place in the Hall of State at the Royal Palace of Stockholm on 14 July 1995; as of the day she turned 18, she became eligible to act as Head of State when the King is not in country. Victoria made her first public speech on this occasion. Located on the dais in the background was the same silver throne on which her father was seated at his enthronement, in actual use from 1650 and up until this ceremony; as heir apparent to the throne, Victoria is a working member of the Swedish Royal Family with her own agenda of official engagements. Victoria attends the regular Advisory Council on Foreign Affairs and the information councils with Government ministers headed by the King, steps in as a temporary regent when needed. Victoria has made many official trips abroad as a representative of Sweden.
Her first major official visit on her own was to Japan in 2001, where she promoted Swedish tourism, music and environmental sustainability during the "Swedish Style" event. That same year, Victoria travelled to the West Coast of the United States, where she participated in the celebrations of the Nobel centenary. In 2002, she paid official visits to United States, Uganda and Kosovo where she visited Camp Victoria. In 2003, she made official visits to the United States. In early 2004, she paid an official visit to Saudi Arabia, as a part of a large official business delegation from Sweden, in October 2004, she travelled to Hungary. Crown Princess Victoria was given her own household in October 2004, it is headed by the Marshal of the Court, serves to coordinate the official engagements of The Crown Princess. In January 2005, Victoria made a long official visit to Australia, promoting Swedish style and businesses, in April she visited Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to follow aid work and become informed about the work in the aftermath of the tsunami.
The Tusheti National Park in eastern Georgia is one of the eight new protected areas approved by Parliament of Georgia on 22 April 2003. The Global Environment Facility and the World Bank were part of this approval process under the "Georgia – Protected Areas Development Project". Plants conserved in the park are pine groves and birch groves; the Tusheti Protected Areas includes Tusheti National Park, Tusheti Protected Landscape and Tusheti Strict Nature Reserve with total protected area about 113,660.2 ha. The key faunal species in the park are the Anatolian leopard, chamois, golden eagle, lynx, mountain goat, wild goat and wolf; the park was named one of the "12 best places you’ve never heard of" by BudgetTravel in 2011 not only for its rich biodiversity but for its aesthetic terrain, old defense towers and folk culture. The park is set in the Tusheti Mountainous region in the north-eastern part of the country, it is 205 kilometres away from Tbilisi with the en route Alvani lying 120 kilometres away.
Omalo-Alvani highway of 85 kilometres length is difficult to drive. The visitor center to the parks and reserves of Tusheti is located along the 85 kilometres of the main watershed ridge of Caucasus in lower Omalo, its ecoregion is that of the Caucasus mixed forests. The park has an approved land area of 83,453 hectares, which lies within an elevation range of 900–4,800 metres; the main functions of the park administration are to provide protection and conserve the flora and fauna of the park concurrently supporting the interests of the 50 nomadic communities, achieving conservation of the linked historic monuments. For the endangered wild goat the park is the only intact habitat. To protect this species from poaching and enable its viewing in the park by visitors, the Centre for Biodiversity Conservation & Research, an IUCN member, carried out a pilot project titled "viewing potential" by monitoring the "risks and benefits to conservation and the cost of setting up and operation of wildlife viewing trails."
The local partners associated with this study were Tusheti Guide and Friends of Tusheti Protected Areas. A wild goat monitoring scheme was established, local guides, park rangers and local groups were trained to ensure protection to the wild goat; the project has proved successful as more visitors could view the goat now, NACRES is continuing its support. In Tusheti National Park, there are seven mammals, ten birds and one fish which are on the Georgia Red List. Mammals are represented by otter, brown bear, wild goat, tur and barbastelle. Birds, including some rare species, are common in the park, they include the imperial eagle, greater spotted eagle, lesser kestrel, steppe eagle, black kite, Montagu's harrier, Caucasian grouse and Caucasian snowcock. Trout is the only one species of fish on the list. Lagodekhi Protected Areas Tusheti Strict Nature Reserve Tusheti Protected Landscape
The Compagnie minière de l'Ogooué, or COMILOG, is a manganese mining and processing company based in Moanda, Gabon. It is a subsidiary of the French metallurgical group Eramet; the company is the world's second largest producer of manganese ore. At first the ore was carried by a cableway to the border with the Republic of the Congo by rail to the sea at Pointe-Noire. In the 1980s a railway was built to carry the ore through Gabon to the sea near Libreville. Manganese was first reported in the Franceville region in 1895. Further discoveries were made in 1934, 1944 and 1945. Systematic exploration began in 1951. In 1951 a joint mission of the Bureau Minier de la France d'Outre-Mer and U. S. Steel found; the ore is high quality with a manganese content of 45–50%. The deposits are found in five plateaus around Moanda in the Haut-Ogooué Province and were formed by supergene enrichment of Precambrian sediments; the Bangombe plateau has a 19 square kilometres mineralized area, was the first to be exploited.
The Okuama plateau has a 13 square kilometres mineralized area. There are smaller deposits in the Bafoula and Yeye plateaus; the lowest level of the ore zone is a 0.1 to 0.5 metres layer of massive manganese oxides and hydroxides with some manganese carbonate. Above this is the main ore zone, a 3 to 9 metres layer of plates of similar minerals between bands of clay and iron bearing material; the main manganese minerals are pyrolusite, polianite and psilomelane. Ramsdellite and cryptomelane are found. Above the main ore zone is a 5 to 6 metres layer rich in alumina and iron-rich manganiferous pisolites, with a manganese content of 15%. COMILOG was established on 24 April 1953 to mine a deposit estimated at 50 million tons of manganese ore in Gabon, with US Steel owning half the company; the ore deposit was over 350 kilometres from the sea, separated from it by rugged mountainous terrain. The solution was to carry the ore by cableway from Moanda to Mbinda in the Republic of the Congo, by a new railway line via Makabana to Monto Bello.
From there the existing Congo–Ocean Railway would link to the port of Pointe-Noire. The 76 kilometres aerial cableway was the second longest in the world. 286 kilometres of track were built between 1959 and 1962 from Mbinda to the CFCO tracks at a location 200 kilometres from Pointe-Noire. On the cableway the ore bins were spaced along the cable 54 metres apart; the bins discharged 150 tons of ore per hour into a 25,000 ton storage tank at Mbinda. From there a conveyor belt carried the ore to railway wagons; the 1,470 hp locomotives each pulled 40 wagons with 49 tons of load, could carry from 600,000 to 700,000 tons annually. Space was allocated to COMILOG at the port of Point-Noire for embarkation of the ore; the ore was carried on a network of conveyor belts that routed it to or from a storage facility with about 160,000 tons capacity, or directed it to ships at the rate of 1,000 tons per hour. Henri Lafond, the first president of COMILOG, was responsible for equipping the mine and for building the cableway and facilities for ore handling at Pointe-Noire.
The US Steel team participated in this work. Construction of the factories and the COMILOG Cableway were complete in 1959; the first ore was shipped from Moanda on 2 October 1962. The new mine and port provided regular jobs to many people, opened up land for settlement. Shipment of COMILOG ores became an important component of the Congoloese economy. Annual shipment volumes were at first limited to the capacity of the cableway. Gabon experienced an economic expansion between 1973 and 1985 based on exports of petroleum, manganese and timber; the government used some of the proceeds to build the Trans-Gabon Railway between 1974 and 1986. It connected the new port being built at Owendo to Franceville on the upper Ogooué River and opened up the forests and mines of the interior; the only railway line in Gabon, it runs for 640 kilometres from Libreville to Franceville. The new railway was used to carry ore from Moanda to the port of Owendo near Libreville. In 1985 six MaK G 1203 BB locomotives with Cummins engines were built by Maschinenbau Kiel for the OCTRA railway company.
In 2003 the tracks were upgraded to increase train frequency, allowing greater volumes of ore shipment. In 2012 the railway carried an estimated 711,201 tons of 255,930 passengers. At Owendo COMILOG operates a private ore shipment terminal and storage facilities with capacity for three months' production; the ore shipment port at Owendo was inaugurated in 1988, the cableway was shut down in 1991. The company laid off 955 workers; the workers claimed compensation for unfair dismissal, but the case dragged out until September 2015, when the Court of Appeal of Paris ordered COMILOG to compensate the workers. After ore shipments stopped the Republic of the Congo expropriated the track and equipment in their country, worth about 60 billion CFA francs; the COMILOG railway in the DRC was taken over by the CFCO and is the main means of transport for people and goods north of Niari. The aerial cableway was sold to South Korea and dismantled in 1993; as of 2001 the Moanda mine had a capacity of 2.5 million tons of ore per year, with reserves of 100 years.
The ore is mined by the open pit technique, using trenches 600 to 900 metres long and 20 metres wide. The waste, accounting for 50% of material
Jok Richard Church was an American cartoonist who created the Universal Press Syndicate syndicated comic strip You Can With Beakman and Jax adapted into the TV series Beakman's World. The series premiered September 18, 1992, on The Learning Channel cable network and in national syndication. On September 18, 1993, it moved from national syndication to CBS Saturday morning children's lineup. At the peak of its popularity, it was seen in nearly 90 countries around the world, he created his comic strip You Can with Beakman & Jax in 1991 for his local newspaper in Marin County, California—inspired by a stint answering kids' letters for Lucasfilm. It was the first syndicated newspaper comic drawn and distributed by computer, a Macintosh SE using Adobe Illustrator-88; the comic strip does not answer readers' questions directly. His weekly newspaper feature was posted to his Twitter mini-blog page the week after newspapers have published it. Jok Church died in San Francisco from a heart attack on April 29, 2016.
Jok Church was born in Akron, Ohio raised in Akron and Munroe Falls and attended high school in Stow, Ohio. After running away from home, Church hitchhiked to San Francisco and began working in what was called "underground" radio with news director careers at KTIM, San Rafael; as a co-founder and resident at Damian House Gay Men's Collective in Sacramento, Church "came out" as a gay man on the air on KZAP in 1970. He and his late-partner Adam Kazimir Ciesielski were together for 34 years. Church was the webmaster for environmental artist, Christo whom he met in 1976 during the installation of "Running Fence." Jok attended the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights with Adam Ciesielski on October 14, 1979. Together, they recorded a documentary vinyl LP of the main speeches at the event; the recording includes the voices of Robin Tyler, Steve Ault, Tom Robinson, Lucia Valeska, Allen Ginsberg, Arlie Scott, Richard Ashworth, Florynce Kennedy, Charles Law, Mary Watkins & Company, Kate Millet, the Reverend Troy Perry, people on the Gay Freedom Train.
Adam Ciesielski is credited for the photos. The record was released by Magnus Records of Sacramento, California in association with Alternate Publishing. Houston LGBT History holds an online recording of the record. Jok attended the TED conference in Monterey, California, on March 7–10, 2007 and gave a short talk entitled "A circle of caring". At the time of his death, the talk had been viewed 649,716 times; the talk was about two incidents from his personal life that had to do with creating and holding safe spaces for those in need. Church's death was noted in the TED Blog on May 1, 2016. Washingtonpost.com: Comics: Meet the Artist With Jok Church Jok's personal web page Jok Church at TED
Luoshan County is a county in the southeast of Henan province, bordering Hubei province to the south. It is under the administration of Xinyang city; the primary dialect is the Xinyang city dialect of Southwestern Mandarin. The Western Han Dynasty began belonging to Jiangxia County; the Wei and Jin Dynasties use the Chinese system. The Southern Song Dynasty is divided into the county of Baocheng County, which belongs to Yiyang County. Nanqi was changed to Baocheng as Baocheng. In the Northern Wei Dynasty, Baocheng County, Qi County, Dongsui County were placed. Baocheng County and Qi County belong to Qi'an County. North Qihe County is located in Gao'an County, still in Qi'an County. In the third year of the Kaihuang Emperor, Gao'an County was merged into Zhongshan County. In the 16th year of Kaihuang, it was analyzed that Zhongshan County was located in Luoshan County and belonged to Yiyang County; because of the southwest of the county, there is Xiaoluo Mountain, hence the name. Tang Wude four years set South Luozhou, led Luoshan County.
Wude eight years South Luozhou waste, Luoshan County is Shenzhou. Five generations with the Tang system. Song Kaibao nine years Luoshan County waste. In the third year of the reign of Emperor Xixi, it belonged to Xinyang Army. In the 20th year of Yuanzhiyuan, Xinyang Prefecture was reorganized in Luoshan County; the former Luoshan County moved to the southwest, it was called Luoshan New County. It belonged to Xinyang Prefecture of Suining. In the first year of Ming Hongwu, the county was restored to the old, still known as Luoshan County, belonging to Xinyang Prefecture. In the 7th year of Hongwu, it was changed to Suining. Chenghua Decade is a copy of Xinyang Prefecture. Luoshan in the Qing Dynasty belonged to Suining. In the 2nd year of the Republic of China, the waste state was changed to the county, Luoshan County belonged to Henan South Road, changed to Xiangyang Road. In the 16th year of the Republic of China, it was directly under Henan Province. In 17 years, Henan Province was divided into 14 administrative districts, Luoshan was the seventh Inspector Administrative Region.
In the 21st year of the Republic of China, it was assigned to the ninth administrative inspectorate of Henan Province. In the 22nd year of the Republic of China, it was analyzed in the southern part of the county, it was newly established in Hubei Province, now Dawu County. In March 1949, the Chinese People's Liberation Army occupied Luoshan, belonging to the Huangchuan area. In 1952, the Huangchuan area was merged into the Xinyang area, Luoshan was merged. In 1998, Xinyang withdrew from the city, Luoshan was the county
Ren Hongqiang is a Chinese environmentalist serving as dean of the School of the Environment of Nanjing University. Ren was born in Zhuozhou, Hebei, in May 1964. In 1990 he graduated from Hebei University of Technology, he earned his master's degree in thermal power from North China Electric Power University in 1997 and his doctor's degree in fermentation engineering from Jiangnan University in 2000, respectively. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Nanjing University between 2001 and 2002. In 2003 he became doctoral supervisor at Nanjing University. 2012 "Chang Jiang Scholar" 2014 Science and Technology Progress Award of the Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation November 22, 2019 Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering