Osborne House is a former royal residence in East Cowes, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom. The house was built between 1845 and 1851 for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert as a summer home and rural retreat. Prince Albert designed the house himself in the style of an Italian Renaissance palazzo; the builder was Thomas Cubitt, the London architect and builder whose company built the main façade of Buckingham Palace for the royal couple in 1847. An earlier smaller house on the site was demolished to make way for a new and far larger house, though the original entrance portico survives as the main gateway to the walled garden. Queen Victoria died at Osborne House in January 1901. Following her death, the house became surplus to royal requirements and was given to the state, with a few rooms being retained as a private museum to Queen Victoria. From 1903 until 1921 it was used as a junior officer training college for the Royal Navy, known as the Royal Naval College, Osborne. In 1998 training programmes consolidated at the Britannia Royal Naval College, now at Dartmouth, thus vacating Osborne House.
The House is now open to the public for tours. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert bought Osborne House on the Isle of Wight from Lady Isabella Blachford in October 1845, they wanted a home removed from the stresses of court life. Queen Victoria had spent two holidays on the Isle of Wight as a young girl, when her mother, the Duchess of Kent, rented Norris Castle, the estate next door to Osborne; the setting of the three-storey Georgian house appealed to Prince Albert. They soon realised, they decided with advisors to replace the house with a new, larger residence. The new Osborne House was built between 1845 and 1851 in the style of the Italian Renaissance, complete with two belvedere towers. Prince Albert designed the house himself in conjunction with builder Thomas Cubitt, the London architect and builder whose company built the main façade of Buckingham Palace; the couple paid for much of the new house's furnishings by the sale of the Royal Pavilion at Brighton. The Prince Consort participated directly in the laying out of the estate and woodlands to prove his knowledge of forestry and landscaping.
At the more official royal residences, he had been overruled by the Commissioners of Woods and Forests, who had official responsibilities for the grounds. Below the gardens on Osborne Bay was a private beach, where the Queen kept her own private bathing machine; the house's original square wing was known as'The Pavilion,' containing the principal and royal apartments on the ground and first floors, respectively. The principal apartments hold reminders of Victoria's dynastic links with the other European royal families; the Billiard Room holds a massive porcelain vase, a gift of the Russian Tsar. The Billiard Room, Queen's Dining Room, the Drawing Room on the ground floor all express grandeur. In marked contrast is the more homely and unassuming décor of the royal apartments on the first floor; these include the Prince's Dressing Room, the Queen's Sitting Room, the Queen's Bedroom, the children's nurseries. Intended for private, domestic use, these rooms were made as comfortable as possible. Both Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were determined to bring up their children in a natural and loving environment.
They allowed the royal children to visit their parents' bedrooms at a time when children of aristocrats lived at a remove from their parents in nurseries, joining them in public rooms, rather than in shared intimate spaces. The'main wing' was added later: it contains the household accommodation and council and audience chambers; the final addition to the house was a wing built between 1890 and 1891. This wing was designed by father of the poet Rudyard Kipling. On the ground floor, it includes the famous Durbar Room, named after an anglicised version of the Hindi word durbar, meaning court; the Durbar Room was built for state functions. It now holds gifts Queen Victoria received on her Diamond jubilees; these include engraved silver and copper vases, Indian armour, a model of an Indian palace. The first floor of the new wing was for the sole use of her family. Beatrice was the Queen's youngest daughter, she lived near Victoria during her life. Osborne House expresses numerous associations with the British Raj and India, housing a collection of paintings of Indian persons and scenes, painted at Queen Victoria's request by Rudolf Swoboda.
These include depictions of Indians resident or visiting Britain in the 19th century, scenes painted in India when Swoboda traveled there to create such works. The royal family stayed at Osborne for lengthy periods each year: in the spring for Victoria's birthday in May. In a break from the past, Queen Victoria and Prince Albert allowed photographers and painters to make works featuring their family in the grounds and in the house; this was for their own enjoyment and as a form of public relations to demonstrate to the nation their character as a happy and devoted family. Many thousands of prints of the royal family were sold to the public, which led Victoria to remark, "no Sovereign was more loved than I am." Writing to her daughter Victoria in 1858 about the gloominess of Windsor Castle, Queen Victoria stated, "I long for our cheerful and unpalacelike rooms at Osborne." The grounds included a'Swiss Cottage' for the Royal children. The cottage wa
A burqa known as chadri or paranja in Central Asia, is an enveloping outer garment worn by women in some Islamic traditions to cover themselves in public, which covers the body and the face. Originating from Arabic: برقع, burquʻ or burqaʻ, Urdu: بُرقع, it is transliterated burkha, burka, burqua, or burqu' and is pronounced Arabic pronunciation:.aThe term burqa is sometimes conflated with niqab. In more precise usage, niqab is a face veil that leaves the eyes uncovered, while a burqa covers the entire body from the top of the head to the ground, with only a mesh screen allowing the wearer to see in front of her; the burqa and other types of face veils have been attested since pre-Islamic times, in particular among Pashtun and Arab women. Face veiling has not been regarded as a religious requirement by most Islamic scholars, past or present. However, some scholars those belonging to the Salafi movement, view it as obligatory for women in the presence of non-related males. Women may wear the burqa for a number of reasons, including compulsion, as was the case in Afghanistan during Taliban rule.
There are 13 nations that have banned the burqa, including Austria, the Canadian province of Quebec, France, Tajikistan, Bulgaria, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Netherlands and Morocco. The face-veil was part of women's dress among certain classes in the Byzantine Empire and was adopted into Muslim culture during the Arab conquest of the Middle East. However, although Byzantine art before Islam depicts women with veiled heads or covered hair, it does not depict women with veiled faces. In addition, the Greek geographer Strabo, writing in the first century AD, refers to some Median women veiling their faces. Clement of Alexandria commends the contemporary use of face coverings. There are two Biblical references to the employment of covering face veils in Genesis 38.14 and Genesis 24.65, by Tamar and by Rebeccah and Abraham's daughters-in-law respectively. These primary sources show that some women in Egypt, Arabia and Persia veiled their faces long before Islam. In the case of Tamar, the Biblical text,'When Judah saw her, he thought her to be a harlot.
The Afghan chadri style of burqa has been worn by Pashtun women since pre-Islamic times and was seen as a mark of respectability. Most Islamic scholars and most contemporary Islamic jurists have agreed that women are not required to cover their face. Although the Quran commands both men and women to behave modestly and contains no precise prescription for how women should dress, certain Quranic verses have been used in exegetical discussions of face veiling. Coming after a verse which instructs men to lower their gaze and guard their modesty, verse 24:31 instructs women to do the same, providing additional detail: Tell the believing women to lower their eyes, guard their private parts, not display their charms except what is apparent outwardly, cover their bosoms with their veils and not to show their finery except to their husbands or their fathers or fathers-in-law The verse goes on to list a number of other types of exempted males. Classical Quranic commentators differed in their interpretation of the phrase "except what is apparent outwardly".
Some argued that it referred to face and hands, implying that these body parts need not be covered, while others disagreed. Another passage, known as the "mantle verse", has been interpreted as establishing women's security as a rationale for veiling: O Prophet, tell your wives and daughters, the women of the faithful, to draw their wraps over them, they will thus be recognized and no harm will come to them. God is kind. Based on the context of the verse and early Islamic literature, this verse has been understood as establishing a way to protect the Muslim women from a hostile faction who had molested them on the streets of Medina, claiming that they confused them with slave girls; the exact nature of garments referred to in these verses and jilbab, has been debated by traditional and modern scholars. Islamic scholars who hold that face veiling is not obligatory base this on a narration from one of the canonical hadith collections, in which he tells Asma', the daughter of Abu Bakr: "O Asmaʿ, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, it does not suit her that she displays her parts of body except this and this", pointing to her face and hands.
According to Yusuf al-Qaradawi, traditional hadith scholars have not viewed this narration as providing proof on its own, because its recorded chain of transmission made them uncertain about its authenticity, but those who argued that face veiilng is not required have used it as supporting evidence strengthened by other textual sources, such as those recording customary practice at the time of Muhammad and his companions. According to Mona Siddiqui, in classical Sunni jurisprudence, Shafi'i and Hanbali jurists counted a woman's face among her awra which should be covered in public, while Hanafi and Maliki jurists did not, though Yusuf al-Qaradawi quotes classical Shafi'i and Hanbali jurists stating that covering the face is not obligatory. In the Shi'a Ja'fari school of fiqh, covering the face is no
Dame Judith Olivia Dench is an English actress. Dench made her professional debut in 1957 with the Old Vic Company. Over the following few years, she performed in several of Shakespeare's plays, in such roles as Ophelia in Hamlet, Juliet in Romeo and Juliet, Lady Macbeth in Macbeth. Although most of her work during this period was in theatre, she branched into film work and won a BAFTA Award as Most Promising Newcomer, she drew strong reviews for her leading role in the musical Cabaret in 1968. Over the next two decades, Dench established herself as one of the most significant British theatre performers, working for the National Theatre Company and the Royal Shakespeare Company, she received critical praise in television during this period, in the series A Fine Romance from 1981 until 1984, As Time Goes By from 1992 until 2005, in which she held a starring role. Her film appearances were infrequent, included supporting roles in major films, such as A Room with a View, before she rose to international fame as M in GoldenEye, a role she continued to play in James Bond films until Spectre.
A seven-time Oscar nominee, Dench won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Queen Elizabeth I in Shakespeare in Love, has received nominations for her roles in Mrs Brown, Iris, Mrs Henderson Presents, Notes on a Scandal, Philomena. She has received many other accolades for her acting in theatre and television, she has received the BAFTA Fellowship in 2001, the Special Olivier Award in 2004. In June 2011, she received a fellowship from the British Film Institute. Dench is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. Dench was born in North Riding of Yorkshire, her mother, Eleanora Olive, was born in Ireland. Her father, Reginald Arthur Dench, a doctor, was born in Dorset and moved to Dublin, where he was brought up, he met Dench's mother while he was studying medicine at Dublin. Dench attended the Mount School, a Quaker independent secondary school in York, became a Quaker, her brothers, one of whom was actor Jeffery Dench, were born in Lancashire. Her niece, Emma Dench, is a historian of ancient Rome and professor at Birkbeck, University of London, at Harvard University.
In Britain, Dench has developed a reputation as one of the greatest actresses of the post-war period through her work in theatre, her forte throughout her career. She has more than once been named number one in polls for Britain's best actor. Through her parents, Dench had regular contact with the theatre, her father, a physician, was the GP for the York theatre, her mother was its wardrobe mistress. Actors stayed in the Dench household. During these years, Judi Dench was involved on a non-professional basis in the first three productions of the modern revival of the York Mystery Plays in 1951, 1954 and 1957. In the third production she played the role of the Virgin Mary, performed on a fixed stage in the Museum Gardens. Though she trained as a set designer, she became interested in drama school as her brother Jeff attended the Central School of Speech and Drama, she applied and was accepted by the School based at the Royal Albert Hall, where she was a classmate of Vanessa Redgrave and being awarded four acting prizes, including the Gold Medal as Outstanding Student.
In September 1957, she made her first professional stage appearance with the Old Vic Company, at the Royal Court Theatre, Liverpool, as Ophelia in Hamlet. According to the reviewer for London Evening Standard, Dench had "talent which will be shown to better advantage when she acquires some technique to go with it." Dench made her London debut in the same production at the Old Vic. She remained a member of the company for four seasons, 1957–1961, her roles including Katherine in Henry V in 1958, as directed and designed by Franco Zeffirelli. During this period, she toured the United States and Canada and appeared in Yugoslavia and at the Edinburgh Festival, she joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in December 1961, playing Anya in The Cherry Orchard at the Aldwych Theatre in London and made her Stratford-upon-Avon debut in April 1962 as Isabella in Measure for Measure. She subsequently spent seasons in repertory both with the Playhouse in Nottingham from January 1963, with the Playhouse Company in Oxford from April 1964.
In 1964, Dench appeared on television as Valentine Wannop in Theatre 625's adaptation of Parade's End, shown in three episodes. That same year, she made her film debut in The Third Secret, before featuring in a small role in the Sherlock Holmes thriller A Study in Terror with her Nottingham Playhouse colleague John Neville, she performed again on BBC's Theatre 365 in 1966, as Terry in the four-part series Talking to a Stranger, for which she won a BAFTA Television for Best Actress. The 1966 BAFTA Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles was made to Dench for her performance in Four in the Morning and this was followed in 1968 by a BAFTA Television Best Actress Award for her role in John Hopkins' 1966 BBC drama Talking to a Stranger. In 1968, she was offered the role of Sally Bowles in the musical Cabaret; as Sheridan Morley reported: "At first she thought they were joking. She had never done a musical and she has an unusual croaky voice which sounds as if she has a p
A biographical film, or biopic, is a film that dramatizes the life of a non-fictional or historically-based person or people. Such films show the life of a historical person and the central character's real name is used, they differ from films "based on a true story" or "historical drama films" in that they attempt to comprehensively tell a single person's life story or at least the most important years of their lives. Because the figures portrayed are actual people, whose actions and characteristics are known to the public, biopic roles are considered some of the most demanding of actors and actresses. Ben Kingsley, Johnny Depp, Jim Carrey, Jamie Foxx all gained new-found respect as dramatic actors after starring in biopics: Ben Kingsley as Mahatma Gandhi in Gandhi, Depp as Ed Wood in Ed Wood, Carrey as Andy Kaufman in Man on the Moon, Foxx as Ray Charles in Ray, Eddie Redmayne as Stephen Hawking in The Theory of Everything. In rare cases, sometimes called auto biopics, the subject of the film plays himself or herself: Jackie Robinson in The Jackie Robinson Story.
Biopic scholars include George F. Custen of the College of Staten Island and Dennis P. Bingham of Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis. Custen, in Bio/Pics: How Hollywood Constructed Public History, regards the genre as having died with the Hollywood studio era, in particular, Darryl F. Zanuck. On the other hand, Bingham's 2010 study Whose Lives Are They Anyway? The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre shows how it perpetuates as a codified genre using many of the same tropes used in the studio era that has followed a similar trajectory as that shown by Rick Altman in his study, Film/Genre. Bingham addresses the male biopic and the female biopic as distinct genres from each other, the former dealing with great accomplishments, the latter dealing with female victimization. Ellen Cheshire's Bio-Pics: a life in pictures examines UK/US films from the 1990s and 2000s; each chapter concludes with further viewing list. Christopher Robé has written on the gender norms that underlie the biopic in his article, "Taking Hollywood Back" in the 2009 issue of Cinema Journal.
Roger Ebert defended The Hurricane and distortions in biographical films in general, stating "those who seek the truth about a man from the film of his life might as well seek it from his loving grandmother.... The Hurricane is not a documentary but a parable." Some biopics purposely stretch the truth. Confessions of a Dangerous Mind was based on game show host Chuck Barris' debunked yet popular memoir of the same name, in which he claimed to be a CIA agent. Kafka incorporated both the surreal aspects of his fiction; the Errol Flynn film They Died with Their Boots On tells the story of Custer but is romanticized. The Oliver Stone film The Doors about Jim Morrison, was praised for the similarities between Jim Morrison and actor Val Kilmer, look-wise and singing-wise, but fans and band members did not like the way Val Kilmer portrayed Jim Morrison, a few of the scenes were completely made up. Casting can be controversial for biographical films. Casting is a balance between similarity in looks and ability to portray the characteristics of the person.
Anthony Hopkins felt that he should not have played Richard Nixon in Nixon because of a lack of resemblance between the two. The casting of John Wayne as Genghis Khan in The Conqueror was objected to because of the American Wayne being cast as the Mongol warlord. Egyptian critics criticized the casting of Louis Gossett, Jr. an African American actor, as Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in the 1982 TV miniseries Sadat. Some objected to the casting of Jennifer Lopez in Selena because she is a New York City native of Puerto Rican descent while Selena was Mexican-American; the musical biopic Bohemian Rhapsody, based on the life of Queen singer Freddie Mercury, became the highest-grossing biopic of all time in 2018. Biographical novel Biography in literature List of biographical films
Beeban Tania Kidron, Baroness Kidron is an English film director, children's rights campaigner and member of the UK House of Lords. As a director she is best known for directing an adaptation of Jeanette Winterson's autobiographical novel Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit and Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason. Baroness Kidron is the joint founder of the education charity Filmclub, which uses film to educate children in after-school clubs in the United Kingdom. Kidron was born to Nina and Michael Kidron. Michael's family were South African Jews. Michael left Israel to attend Oxford University, he went on to teach economics, the family spent several years living in Yorkshire while he taught at the University of Hull. She first took up photography when she was given a camera by landscape photographer Fay Godwin during a period when she was unable to speak following a throat operation, her photographs were spotted by photographer Eve Arnold, whom she worked for at the age of 16 for two years. Aged 20, Kidron enrolled at the prestigious National Film School as a camera woman.
At the end of her three years of film school, Kidron switched to directing and stayed on for another year. In 1983 Kidron made her first documentary Carry Greenham Home with co-director Amanda Richardson, it was filmed during the year that they spent at the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp during the anti nuclear protests. The film was shown at the Berlin Film Festival and, to celebrate Greenham's 25th year anniversary, it was revived through The Guardian-backed website, www.yourgreenham.com. In 1988, she made her first feature film, which starred Clive Owen in his debut film; the following year she came to greater prominence with her adaptation of Jeanette Winterson's autobiographical novel Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit. This won three Baftas including best drama series/serial. Kidron won an audience award at the San Francisco International Lesbian & Gay Film Festival. In 2010 The Guardian named Oranges the eighth best TV series of all time. Following the success of Oranges, Kidron continued to work for the BBC, making TV feature film Antonia and Jane, distributed by Miramax in the USA, a TV film, Itch.
In 1992 Kidron moved to Hollywood to make Used People with Shirley MacLaine and Marcello Mastroianni. In 1993, she was hired to direct the feature film Unstrung Heroes, based on the eponymous memoir by Franz Lidz, but dropped out when the studio, put the film into turnaround; that same year she returned to the UK to pair up with Winterson for the second time for the BBC film Great Moments in Aviation. That year she returned to the States to make Hookers, Hustlers and Their Johns, a hard hitting documentary about the New York City sex industry. In 1995, she made To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar, a drag queen road movie starring Wesley Snipes and Patrick Swayze. In 1997, she made Amy Foster, starring Ian McKellen. Over the next few years Kidron made a number of TV films both at home and abroad, including Cinderella and Murder, for which she was nominated for a second Bafta. In 2004 she directed in the Bridget Jones series, Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason, starring Renée Zellweger, Colin Firth and Hugh Grant.
In 2007 she made a documentary about the sculptor Anthony Gormley. Beeban and her husband and author of Billy Elliot, Lee Hall began work on Hippie Hippie Shake, a film about the OZ magazine trials; the film was shot in 2009 with Cillian Murphy. Kidron spent much of 2010 in Southern India shooting a documentary on the Devadasi. Sex and the Gods premiered on BBC 4 as part of the Storyville series; the documentary, supported by the charity EveryChild achieved critical success and high ratings while the plight of the Devadasi was publicized by the film. Beeban appeared on many shows including Woman's Hour and Radio 5 Live, she wrote articles and was interviewed by The Guardian, the Spectator and theartsdesk.com. In 2013 Kidron directed, in a co-production between her and her husband Lee Hall's production company Cross Street Films and Studio Lambert, the documentary InRealLife; the films explored their relationship to the internet. It was this film that acted as a catalyst for her campaign work around children's rights in the online world.
Following a period away from feature films, Kidron produced the Stephen Frears-directed Victoria & Abdul, released in 2017. It was the first feature film produced by Cross Street Films, starred Judi Dench as Queen Victoria and Ali Fazal as Abdul Karim. Beeban Kidron started Filmclub in September 2006 with Lindsey Makie. Filmclub is an educational charity which sets up after-school film clubs in schools in England and Wales; the scheme is free to secondary schools. The organisation was founded in September 2006, after a successful pilot in 2007 launched by Chancellor Gordon Brown, Filmclub launched across the country in June 2009. Filmclub gives children from participating schools access to thousands of films and organises school visits by professionals from within the film industry. Pupils are encouraged to watch a diverse range of films including blockbusters, classics and white movies and foreign language titles, to review the films they watch on the organisation's website; the clubs are run by teachers or a similar education professional, but may be led by older pupils from a school's 6th Form.
Kidron was awarded an Honorary Doctorate
75th Golden Globe Awards
The 75th Golden Globe Awards honored film and American television of 2017 and was broadcast live on January 7, 2018, from The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California beginning at 5:00 p.m. PST / 8:00 p.m. EST by NBC; the ceremony was produced by Dick Clark Productions in association with the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Talk-show host Seth Meyers hosted the ceremony for the first time. Oprah Winfrey was announced as Cecil B. DeMille Lifetime Achievement Award honoree on December 13, 2017; the nominees were announced on December 11, 2017, by Sharon Stone, Alfre Woodard, Kristen Bell and Garrett Hedlund. Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri won the most awards for the evening with four, including Best Motion Picture – Drama; the Shape of Water and Lady Bird won two awards each. Big Little Lies, The Handmaid's Tale, The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel were among the television shows that received multiple awards; the nominees for 75th Golden Globe Awards were announced on December 11, 2017.
Winners are listed first in boldface. The following seventeen films received multiple nominations: The following films received multiple wins: The following fourteen programs received multiple nominations: The following three programs received multiple wins: During a pre-show event the award for "Best Podcast" was announced; the event was streamed live on YouTube. In support of the #MeToo and Time's Up movements all the attendees wore black. Many of the acceptance speeches mentioned these causes, including that of Oprah Winfrey. Known as Miss or Mr. Golden Globe, the title was changed this ceremony to Golden Globe Ambassador to better reflect inclusiveness; the inaugural ambassador was daughter of Dwayne Johnson and Dany Garcia. Due to the Weinstein effect, many attendees wore black in support of the Time's Up movement, wore corresponding #MeToo pins. Tarana Burke, who created the "Me too" movement in 2006, attended the awards as a guest of Michelle Williams. Activists attended the ceremony as guests, namely: Tarana Burke as a guest of Michelle Williams, Rosa Clemente as a guest of Susan Sarandon, Saru Jayaraman as a guest of Amy Poehler, Billie Jean King as a guest of Emma Stone, Marai Larasi as a guest of Emma Watson, Calina Lawrence as a guest of Shailene Woodley, Ai-jen Poo as a guest of Meryl Streep, Mónica Ramírez as a guest of Laura Dern.
The ceremony averaged a Nielsen 5.0 ratings/18 share, was watched by 19.0 million viewers. The ratings was a five percent decline from the previous ceremony's viewership of 20.02 million, becoming the lowest since 2012. No "In Memoriam" section was broadcast on television during the ceremony, so the HFPA included a slideshow on their website, they included the following names: Jerry Lewis Glen Campbell Jeanne Moreau Martin Landau John G. Avildsen Roger Moore Jonathan Demme Christine Kaufmann Richard Hatch John Hurt Mike Connors Mary Tyler Moore Michèle Morgan William Peter Blatty 90th Academy Awards 45th Annie Awards 23rd Critics' Choice Awards 71st British Academy Film Awards 38th Golden Raspberry Awards 21st Hollywood Film Awards 33rd Independent Spirit Awards 22nd Satellite Awards 24th Screen Actors Guild Awards Golden Globes official website 75th Golden Globe Awards on IMDb
Timothy Peter Pigott-Smith, was an English film and television actor and author. He was best known for his leading role as Ronald Merrick in the television drama series The Jewel in the Crown, for which he won the British Academy Television Award for Best Actor in 1985. Other noted TV roles included roles in The Chief, Midsomer Murders, The Vice, The Suspicions of Mr Whicher, King Charles III and two Doctor Who stories. Pigott-Smith appeared in many notable films including: Clash of the Titans, Gangs of New York, Johnny English, Alexander, V for Vendetta, Quantum of Solace, Red 2 and Jupiter Ascending. Pigott-Smith was born in Rugby, the son of Margaret Muriel and Harry Thomas Pigott-Smith, a journalist, he was educated at Wyggeston Boys' School, King Edward VI School, Stratford-upon-Avon and Bristol University. He trained as an actor at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. After a long career in smaller roles, Pigott-Smith's appearance as Arthur Llewellyn Davies in the BBC's The Lost Boys mini-series led to his gaining his big break with the leading role of Ronald Merrick in the 1984 television serial The Jewel in the Crown.
Other appearances include the title role in the crime drama series The Chief, a recurring role in ITV drama The Vice as Ken Stott's nemesis and Bloody Sunday. He appeared in two adaptations of South. In 1995, he starred in a serial of the series Ghosts, he appeared twice in Doctor Who: in the stories The Claws of Axos and The Masque of Mandragora. He was a regular narrator of documentary television series, he narrated the Battlefield series, which examines pivotal battles of the Second World War from an operations point of view. He narrated a series on the British Royal Family, entitled Monarchy: The Royal Family at Work; the series followed Queen Elizabeth II for more than a year, including the 2007 state visit to the United States. He appeared in Lewis in 2015 as a taxidermist in the episode "One For Sorrow", he appeared on the ITV series, Downton Abbey in the third series' fifth episode as obstetrician/gynaecologist Sir Philip Tapsell, present at the death of Lady Sybil Crawley Branson from eclampsia after giving birth to her daughter.
His film career included the 2004 film Alexander, The Four Feathers, Clash of the Titans, Gangs of New York, Johnny English, The Remains of the Day and V for Vendetta. He appeared as Major General Robert Ford in director Paul Greengrass's Bloody Sunday, as the Foreign Secretary in the James Bond film Quantum of Solace. In February 2010 Piggott-Smith played Alan Keen in the television film On Expenses, he had a cameo appearance as Sniggs in the BBC production of Evelyn Waugh's Decline and Fall in 2017. His final film role was that of Sir Henry Ponsonby, Queen Victoria's Private Secretary, in Victoria & Abdul. Pigott-Smith worked in the theatre in Shakespearean and Greek roles, including Posthumus in John Barton's 1974 production of Cymbeline for the Royal Shakespeare Company. In early stage roles he was credited as "Tim Smith". In 2011 he took the title role in King Lear at Leeds. Contemporary works included Enron, playing Ken Lay, for the Chichester Festival Theatre, London, in 2009 and Tobias in A Delicate Balance at the Almeida Theatre, London in 2011.
He returned to the Almeida in 2014 as a post-accession Charles, Prince of Wales in King Charles III, for which he received a nomination for the Olivier Award for Best Actor, his first Tony Award nomination for its production on Broadway in 2015. He appeared as Charles in the 2017 film adaptation of the play, he was a radio actor, appearing in many productions on BBC Radio 4. During the making of The Jewel in the Crown, Pigott-Smith wrote a diary on his impressions of India; this was published together with an anthology of prose under the title Out of India. He wrote two children's books in the series The Baker Street Mysteries, featuring the exploits of Sherlock Holmes' Baker Street Irregulars – The Dragon Tattoo and Shadow of Evil, he played Holmes in a BBC Radio adaptation of The Valley of Fear. Pigott-Smith died on 7 April 2017, aged 70, he had been scheduled to appear in a touring production of Death of a Salesman, with opening night in Northampton only three days later. His wife Pamela Miles was originally scheduled to appear in the play but had withdrawn after breaking a bone and needing surgery.
1990-93 The Chief TV series... Chief Constable John Stafford....first two series Note: "Vocal performance" would be more accurate than "narration," in that each character in each book has a distinctive voice, women as well as men, class differences and accents are made plain. In The Fortune of War, for example, Pigott-Smith portrayed 22 British, 9 Americans, 2 French. Pigott-Smith won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor for his role in The Jewel in the Crown. In 2014–15, he was nominated for the Laurence Olivier Award and the Tony Award for his lead role in the play King Charles III, he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2017 New Year Honours for services to drama. Tim Pigott-Smith at the British Film Institute Tim Pigott-Smith on IMDb Tim Pigott-Smith