Royal eponyms in Canada
In Canada, a number of sites and structures are named for royal individuals, whether a member of the past French Royal Family, British Royal Family, or present Canadian Royal Family thus reflecting the country's status as a constitutional monarchy under the Canadian Crown. Those who married into the royal family are indicated by an asterisk. Royal monuments in Canada Viceregal eponyms in Canada
The Scarborough Bluffs known as The Bluffs, is an escarpment in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Canada. There are nine parks along the bluffs, with Bluffers Park being the only one with a beach. Forming much of the eastern portion of Toronto's waterfront, the Scarborough Bluffs stands above the shoreline of Lake Ontario. At its highest point, the escarpment rises 90 metres above the coastline and spans a length of 15 kilometres; the French gave the name "tall points on the shore, to the cliffs. In the 1788 Plan of Toronto by Alexander Aitken, the bluffs were known as the High Lands, they became known as the Scarborough Highlands in 1793 named after North Yorkshire. This name was chosen by Elizabeth Simcoe, the wife of the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, John Graves Simcoe; the escarpment along Lake Ontario reminded Elizabeth Simcoe of the limestone cliffs in her hometown. In her diary, she wrote, "The shore is bold, has the appearance of chalk cliffs, but I believe they are only white sand.
They appeared so well that we talked of building a summer residence there and calling it Scarborough." The name was given to the entire township in 1796. In time, the cliffs became known as the Bluffs. A stylized version of The Bluffs was incorporated into the design of the flag of the former city of Scarborough; the Scarborough Bluffs extended further west along the coastline of Lake Ontario towards the Toronto Harbour, but extensive areas along the western fringe were leveled by the use of explosives for the implementation of industrial and some residential urban development. The existing formation has and continues to shrink decade after decade due to consistent and dramatic erosion; the Bluffs have become a community meeting place for people of all ages. It features various recreational hiking and walking trails, as well as picnic tables, fire pits, places to pitch a tent, parking lots, a restaurant, a large marina with a boating club; the Bluffs run 15 kilometres from the foot of Victoria Park Avenue in the west to the mouth of Highland Creek in the east, reaching as high as 90 metres — the equivalent of twenty-five storeys.
However, the escarpment continues westward inland, running between Kingston Road and Queen Street East, pausing over the Don Valley, continuing on the north side of Davenport Road. The escarpment forms part of the old shoreline of Glacial Lake Iroquois, formed after the last ice age, which left valuable geological records as the part of the escarpment by the lake eroded; the eroded alluvial deposits from the Bluffs settled westward to form the Toronto Islands. The Scarborough Bluffs have been eroding at a rapid rate since residences have been built along the lake bluff tops; the million-dollar views have been prime real estate since the 1940s. The desire for a beautiful lakeside view and an affluent lifestyle led to a real estate boom along the Bluffs—this resulted in a direct correlation of the accelerating rate of erosion; the eroding Bluffs have resulted in damaged private property and the need for public assets to be spend on repairs and corrective action. In summer 2008, chunks of the Bluffs had eroded to the point that one quarter of a cottage that the late actor and comedian Billy Van once owned, was left hanging on the cliff—the cottage was deemed a safety hazard by Toronto city officials as a result.
This is one of the many current and potential losses of properties, the case for remedial shoreline protection is clear. To combat erosion, boulders acting as armor and trees were placed at the base. However, to place these rocks and trees, a beach must be created to allow trucks to access the cliff base which would involve leveling parts of the Bluffs, such as the aforementioned Bluffer's Park; the Cathedral Bluffs, an impressive portion of the Bluffs, was the result of continued erosion.. To combat erosion and to make the area safe and more accessible, The Toronto Region Conservation Authority has created the Scarborough Waterfront Project which aims to revamp about 11 kilometers of Scarborough Bluff's shoreline; the Scarborough Bluffs have been a sought out destination for photographers and visitors to trek through. However due to erosion and flooding, this leads to dangerous conditions. Areas that appear to be stable can collapse. "In terms of the park areas or where people want to go right at the top of the Bluffs, it's safe as long as they stay on the appropriate side of the fence.
It's when they go on the wrong side of the fence that it causes issue". For those who ignore signage and enter restricted areas, fines of up to $5,000 will be handed out. A number of city parks are located along the bluffs from Victoria Park Avenue to Rouge River. Most are located on the top the bluffs, but some are located at the base along the shoreline with Lake Ontario. Development of parkland began with the Borough of Scarborough prior to 1960, while some remained in private hands. From 1960 to 1978 the parks were acquired by the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority which developed into today's current parks. Outside of the parks, many sections of the bluffs are on private property. Bluffer's Park: only park along the Bluffs with direct access to the lake, it features man-made berms that provide views of both the bluffs and the lake.
North York is an administrative division in Toronto, Canada. It is located directly north of Old Toronto, between Etobicoke to the west and Scarborough to the east; as of the 2011 Census, it had a population of 655,913. It was first created as a township in 1922 out of the northern part of the former city of York, a municipality, located along the western border of Old Toronto. Following its inclusion in Metropolitan Toronto in 1954, it was one of the fastest growing parts of the region due to its proximity to Old Toronto, it was declared a borough in 1967, became a city in 1979, attracting high-density residences, rapid transit, a number of corporate headquarters in North York City Centre, its central business district. In 1998, North York was amalgamated with the rest of Metropolitan Toronto to form the new city of Toronto, has since been a secondary economic hub of the city outside Downtown Toronto; the Township of North York was formed on June 13, 1922 out of the rural part of the Township of York.
The growing parts of the township remained in that township. As North York became more populous, it became the Borough of North York in 1967, on February 14, 1979, the City of North York. To commemorate receiving its city charter on Valentine's Day, the city's corporate slogan was "The City with Heart", it now forms the largest part of the area served by the "North York Community Council", a committee of Toronto City Council. North York used to be known as a regional agricultural hub composed of scattered villages; the area boomed following World War II, by the 1950s and 1960s, it resembled many other sprawling North American suburbs. On August 10, 2008, a massive explosion occurred at the Sunrise Propane Industrial Gases propane facility just southwest of the Toronto-Downsview Airport; this damaged several homes nearby. About 13,000 residents were evacuated for several days before being allowed back home. One employee at the company was killed in the blast and one firefighter died while attending to the scene of the accident.
A follow-up investigation to the incident made several recommendations concerning propane supply depots. It asked for a review of setback distances between depots and nearby residential areas but didn't call for restrictions on where they can be located. On April 23, 2018, one of the deadliest attacks in Toronto's history occurred in the North York Centre area, in which a van intentionally hit pedestrians along Yonge Street from Finch Avenue to Sheppard Avenue; the attack resulted in 10 deaths out of a total of 26 people getting hit. The suspect was arrested uninjured after attempting to provoke a police officer to kill him; the incident is the deadliest vehicle-ramming attack in Canadian history. There are plans to erect a permanent memorial in North York Centre to honour the victims of the attack. North York is multicultural and diverse. In 2016, 56% of North York's residents were not born in Canada, 60% were classified as belonging to a visible minority: The neighbourhoods of North York are diverse, inhabited by people of many different cultures.
The North York neighbourhood with the largest percentage of immigrants in is the Bathurst–Steeles area of Westminster–Branson, where 73% of its population were not born in Canada. Furthermore, the neighbourhood of Parkway Forest has the highest percentage of recent immigrants in all of the Greater Toronto Area, with 1 in 4 residents arriving in Canada less than 5 years ago; as a result, the visible minority population in North York has been growing rapidly. Some of the neighbourhoods with the largest percentage of visible minorities in North York include the Yorkwoods-Driftwood area in Jane and Finch at 95%, the Weston-Finch area in Emery at 91%, the Driftwood-Shoreham area in Jane and Finch at 88%, the St. Dennis-Rochefort area in Flemingdon Park at 87%. Chinese cultural groups dominate the central and east end of North York, north of Highway 401 from Yonge Street to Victoria Park Avenue. 31% of the residents in the Don Valley North electoral district are of Chinese descent, the neighbourhood with the largest percentage of Chinese Canadians in North York is the Aspenwood-Cliffwood area in Hillcrest Village at 58%.
Black Canadians are most prominent in the west end of North York along Jane Street and the areas nearby. Most are from the Caribbean, but there is a large African population with many Ghanaians and Nigerians in certain west end neighbourhoods; the Jane & Wilson neighbourhood has the largest Ghanaian community in Toronto. The two census tracts/neighbourhoods with the largest percentage of Black Canadians in all of Toronto are located in North York with the Black Creek–Martha Eaton Way area in Brookhaven-Amesbury at 48%, the Yorkwoods–Driftwood area in Jane and Finch at 47%. North York has large South Asian communities in Flemingdon Park and Emery, with the latter having a large Pakistani and Sikh population; the neighbourhood with the largest percentage of South Asians in North York is the Gateway–Glenway area of Flemingdon Park at 47%. Filipinos are the fastest growing community in North York, is home to the largest Filipino community in Toronto. There is a presence of Filipinos in both west and east ends of North York, however the centre of Toronto's Filipino community is located at Bathurst and Wilson, unofficially known as "Little Manila".
This area hosts every summer the "Taste of Manila", the only Filipino street festival in Toronto. One of the longest running community centres, the Kababayan Multicultural Centre, is located near Bathurst and Finch; the census tract/neighbourhood with the largest percentage of Filipino people in North York and all of Toronto is the Neptune area in Lawrence Manor at 37%, followed by the Branson
Parkway Mall is a community-scale shopping centre in Toronto, Canada, located at the southeast corner of Victoria Park Avenue & Ellesmere Road in the Maryvale neighbourhood in the former city of Scarborough. Parkway Mall is more geared toward providing essential community and neighbourhood-level retail stores and services, rather than being a large-scale regional shopping destination, such as the nearby Fairview or Scarborough Town Centre; the mall has always had a larger grocery store within it and for many years until the early 2000s had a Zellers discount department store. In 2009, Parkway Plaza became the first post-war supermarket building to be added to the City of Toronto’s Inventory of Heritage Properties, it was designated under the Ontario Heritage Act in May 2015. "In the late 1970s, Parkway Plaza underwent significant alterations. The circular record store building was demolished and the stores enlarged into space occupied by the parking lot; the revamp turned the shopping centre in on itself.
Stores that used to face the outside world were reoriented to have their windows and entrances inside the mall, a move that left the complex with a forbidding facade of service doors and blank concrete walls." Built in 1958 and designed by Bregman & Hamann, it was used as the last new Canadian store for Grand Union, operated as such until it became a Steinberg's when Grand Union was bought out in 1959. It became a Miracle Food Mart, a Dominion up until 2008, it is a Metro store. "What set the Parkway apart was the design of its anchor unit, leased to Grand Union supermarkets, a gigantic parabolic arched roof with glass walls at either end. Supported by curved wooden beams, the structure was among largest of its kind built in Canada in 1958." List of shopping malls in Toronto John Spears. "Metro store nominated as heritage property". The Toronto Star. Retrieved December 24, 2009. "Heritage hit and run". Now! Magazine. January 20, 2009. Retrieved December 24, 2009. Christopher Hume. "Supermarket evokes time when suburbia seemed heroic".
The Toronto Star. Retrieved December 24, 2009. Parkway Mall Spacing.ca: Saving a Suburban Supermarket Parkway Mall's Steinberg's, 1959
Sheppard Avenue is an east–west principal arterial road in Toronto, Canada. The street has two distinct branches near its eastern end, with the original route being a collector road leading to Pickering via a turnoff, the main route following a later-built roadway which runs south to Kingston Road. To avoid name duplication, the Toronto portion of the northern branch was renamed Twyn Rivers Drive; the section of the street in Toronto is in length, while the Pickering section and Twyn Rivers Dr. is long. Sheppard is named for Joseph Shepard I, who acquired 400 acres of land at the northwest corner of Sheppard and Yonge Street, his son opened a general store there. The site was occupied in 1860 by the Dempsey Hardware Store, moved and restored as a museum. In the mid-2010s, a commercial building was constructed on the original site. Sheppard was a sideroad between lots 15 and 16 York TownshipIn the former Scarborough municipality, Sheppard was once called the Lansing Sideroad. A post office known as "Lansing" occupied the corner of Sheppard.
East of Yonge Street, Sheppard travels east through North York to Highway 404. It continued straight to Victoria Park Avenue at the Scarborough border, where drivers turned south to meet up with the Sheppard section through Scarborough. However, a new section called the Lansing Cutoff was constructed joining the two disconnected pieces; the orphaned section of Sheppard between the 404 and Victoria Park was renamed Old Sheppard Avenue. 43°46′34″N 79°20′13″W Sheppard continues straight east through Scarborough until just east of Meadowvale Road, where the Rouge River valley presents steep grades 43°48′33″N 79°09′58″W, so Sheppard curves southwards to meet Kingston Road just north of Highway 401. At that junction, it meets Port Union Road, which heads south into the Port Union neighbourhood. However, the street continued straight east into the Rouge valley, but that section was renamed Twyn Rivers Drive after the connection to Port Union Rd. was constructed, though Twyn Rivers becomes Sheppard again at Altona Road just east of the Toronto-Pickering limits in Durham Region.
It continues farther east as a collector road until it ends at Fairport Road just north of Kingston Road. 43°49′28″N 79°06′26″W This routing parallels the alignment for Highway 401 and serves as an alternative if the highway is closed or congested. West of Yonge Street, Sheppard travels west across the Sheppard Avenue Bridge over the Don and past Bathurst Street and Wilson Heights Boulevard. Further west, the road allowance became blocked in 1939 by the appropriation of land for a De Havilland aircraft plant and, after World War II, Canadian Forces Base Downsview. A crescent-shaped section of road was constructed along the northern edge of the now former base in the 1970s, connecting Sheppard at Wilson Heights to Keele Street. 43°45′17″N 79°28′42″W Today, Sheppard intersects Allen Road on this section, but the intersecting portion of Allen Road was not constructed until 1982. Sheppard Avenue continues still further west to Weston Road and ends there due to the wide valley at the confluence of the two branches of the Humber River, preventing it from continuing further west.
The Line 4 Sheppard subway runs under Sheppard Avenue East from Yonge Street to Don Mills Road, with proposals to continue the line farther eastwards to the Scarborough Town Centre and westwards to Sheppard West station at Allen Road. There are five stations on the line providing access to Sheppard Avenue, including Bayview and Leslie, as well as the Sheppard–Yonge and Don Mills termini. Sheppard West station is located at the corner of Sheppard and Allen Road, Downsview Park station is located between Keele Street and Allen Road. Four bus routes runs along Sheppard Avenue in Toronto from Sheppard–Yonge station: 84 Sheppard West 85 Sheppard East 384 Sheppard West 385 Sheppard East Two express routes runs along Sheppard Avenue: 984 Sheppard West Express 985 Sheppard East Express GO Transit has stations at Agincourt on the Stouffville line, on Sheppard between Kennedy Road and Midland Avenue, Oriole on the Richmond Hill line, southwest of the intersection of Leslie Street and Sheppard, at Downsview Park on the Barrie line, on Sheppard between Keele Street and Allen Road.
Emery Dublin Heights Elia Downsview Lansing Bayview Village Don Valley Village Willowdale North York Centre Henry Farm Parkway Forest The Peanut Agincourt Malvern L'Amoreaux Bayview Village - retail shopping mall Sheppard Centre - retail and residential complex Fairview Mall - large retail shopping mall Agincourt Mall - mid-size retail shopping mall Downsview Park - park and recreational facility owned by federal government and on the former CFB Downsview lands LCol George Taylor Denison III Armoury North York General Hospital - major hospital and teaching unit of the University of Toronto's Faculty of Medicine Rouge Park - regional park in the east end of the city Toronto Zoo - zoo located in east end of the city
The Beaches is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Canada. It is so named because of its four beaches situated on Lake Ontario, it is located east of downtown within the "Old" City of Toronto. The approximate boundaries of the neighbourhood are from Victoria Park Avenue on the east to Kingston Road on the north, to Coxwell Avenue on the west, south to Lake Ontario; the Beaches is part of the east-central district of Toronto. The commercial district of Queen Street East lies at the heart of The Beaches community, it is characterized by a large number of independent speciality stores. The stores along Queen are known to change tenants quite causing the streetscape to change from year to year, sometimes drastically; the side streets are lined with semi-detached and large-scale Victorian and new-style houses. There are low-rise apartment buildings and a few row-houses. Controversy has risen in recent years over new development in the neighbourhood, changing the traditional aesthetic, with denser housing causing some residents to protect the traditional cottage-like appearance of the homes with heritage designations for some streets.
There is an extensive park system along the Waterfront as well as a parks that follow a ravine that bisects the neighbourhood from North to South at Glen Manor Road. Kingston Road is a four-lane road along the northern section of the neighbourhood. Woodbine Avenue is a five-lane road originating from Lake Shore Boulevard at the Lake Ontario shoreline, running north, it is residential. The beach itself is a single uninterrupted stretch of sandy shoreline bounded by the R. C. Harris Water Treatment Plant to the east and Woodbine Beach Park to the west. A long boardwalk runs along most of its length with a portion of the Martin Goodman Trail bike path running parallel. Although it is continuous, there are four names which correspond each to one quarter of the length of the beach: Balmy Beach, Scarboro Beach, Kew Beach and Woodbine Beach. Woodbine Beach and Kew-Balmy Beach are Blue Flag certified for cleanliness and are suitable for swimming. In the 2006 Canadian census The Beach was covered by census tracts 0020.00, 0021.00, 0022.00, 0023.00, 0024.00.
According to that census, the neighbourhood has 20,416 residents, a 7.8% increase from the 2001 census. Average income is $67,536, well above the average for Toronto; the Beaches is known as being a great place to raise a family with little crime as well as many parks and schools. The neighbourhood is located to the East from Coxwell east to Victoria Park; the lakefront is divided into four sections. It is four beaches which give the neighbourhood its defining principal characteristic; until Lake Shore Boulevard was extended to Woodbine Avenue in the 1950s, Woodbine Beach was not a bathing beach, but rather a desolate wooded area known as The Cut. And Woodbine Avenue was the western boundary of the neighbourhood. While the official City northern boundary ends at Kingston Road, the area to the north has become known as the'Upper Beaches' according to real estate marketers; the area bounded by Queen Street and Kingston Road is nicknamed the'Beach Triangle'. Ashbridge's Bay is a small body of water, once part of the marsh that lay east of Toronto Islands and Toronto Harbour.
The bay is named for the Ashbridge family. Infill to form the Port Lands and building of the water treatment plant shrunk the size of the bay to the area between the Port Lands and Woodbine Beach; the current bay is surrounded by marinas, the treatment plant and a small tree lined section along Lake Shore Boulevard East such that the original natural shoreline has disappeared completely. The name of the community is the subject of a long-standing dispute; some long-time local residents assert that "The Beach" is the proper historical name for the area, whereas others are of the view that "The Beaches" has at least equal historical provenance and is additionally the more universally recognized neighbourhood name by non-residents. All government levels refer to the riding, or the ward in the case of the municipal government, as Beaches-East York; the dispute over the area's name reached a fever pitch in 1985, when the City of Toronto installed 14 street signs designating the neighbourhood as "The Beaches".
The resulting controversy resulted in the eventual removal of the signs, although the municipal government continues to designate the area as "The Beaches". In early 2006 the local Beaches Business Improvement Area voted to place "The Beach" on signs slated to appear on new lampposts over the summer, but local outcry caused them to rescind that decision; the Beaches Business Improvement Area board subsequently held a poll in April 2006 to determine whether the new street signs would be designated "The Beach" or "The Beaches", 58% of participants selected "The Beach" as the name to appear on the signs. In fact, the two names have been used to refer to the area since the first homes were built in the 19th century. In his book, Accidental City: The Transformation of Toronto, Robert Fulford, himself a former resident, wrote: "the historical argument for'the Beaches' as a name turns out to be at least as strong as the historical argument for'the Beach'". "Pluralists" hold that since the area had four distinct beach areas, using the singular term is illogical.
Those preferring the singular term "Beach" hold that the term has histo
Victoria Park Collegiate Institute
Victoria Park Collegiate Institute. It is the first publicly funded school in Ontario to host the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme. Authorized to offer the IB Diploma Programme since July 1987, the programme is taught in English; the school is open to female students. Some feeder schools include Donview Middle School; the student population of Victoria Park Collegiate Institute is diverse, with a component of English as Second Language students. Victoria Park Collegiate Institute was opened to students in 1960. Two decades after its founding, Victoria Park C. I. became the first public school within Ontario to offer the International Baccalaureate Program. In the late 2000s, a fitness centre was opened which goes by the name of "Brian Maxwell Fitness Centre"; this was to dedicate Brian Maxwell and his contributions to this school, as well as his passing in 2004. Throughout 2016-2018, many renovations had occurred in the school with new additions such as a new and improved resource room, a remodelled gym, an improved track field, revamped parking lots, a cell phone charging station, repainted walls/doors.
For the year 2010/2011, Grade 9 EQAO Mathematics assessment: 89% of all students were at or above the provincial standard, compared with 81% for the Toronto District School Board. Grade 10 Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test: 86% of first-time eligible students who participated successfully passed the assessment, compared with 81% for the Toronto District School Board. Victoria Park C. I. was the first public school in Ontario to offer the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program, beginning in 1987. Grade nine and ten students are admitted into a pre-IB program at Victoria Park where they are given the opportunity to gauge the IB curriculum. Individuals who wish to apply for the pre-IB program must complete a math test and write a student application essay of 400-500 words. Afterwards, the applicant must attend an interview with the IB Coordinator in order to complete the application process. IB graduates from Victoria Park C. I. score in the top 10% worldwide, with many individuals in the top 5%.
In the graduating class of 2013, 16 students out of 94 achieved a total score of 40 points or above, including one student who scored 44 points. Sports offered at Victoria Park C. I. include: Curling BaseballThe Varsity Boys' Baseball offered again in the 2006-2007 school yearVolleyball Soccer ArcheryThe archery team was started in 2002 and has won a medal every year since 2003. Girls' Field Hockey Tennis Ultimate Frisbee Badminton RugbyResumed in the fall of 2010 after a 15-year hiatusIce Hockey Aquatics Basketball Track and Field Water PoloThe Varsity Girls' Water Polo team was the TDSB North Region champion in 2015 and 2016Competitive clubs include: ChessThe Senior chess team placed first at the city championships and 2nd overall at the provincial championships in 2009-2010. In 2018, the Senior chess team took first place again in the Toronto Secondary School Chess League Team Championships; the junior team placed second on tiebreak. VPCI has its student-led orchestra, not limited to students taking music classes.
VPCI has a yearbook committee who works every year to deliver and design the school's annual yearbook. Victoria Park C. I. Like all high schools in the TDSB, has a resourceful library; the library offers over 20 workstations, two computer labs, independent study areas, printing services, photocopying service. The library is the home to over a thousand books of all genres; the library holds fundraisers for the Hospital for Sick Children and much more. Some programs on the hundreds of computers are Turing programming software, Microsoft Office 2010, graphic editors such as Adobe Photoshop; the Accelerated Reader software is offered, with which grade nine students are encouraged to read and are tested afterwards on the content of the novel they chose. Victoria Park CI has many carts of laptops which run on Windows 7 as well; the White Pine high school reading program started in Victoria Park C. I. in the spring of 2003. Every year at the beginning of semester two, a meeting is held in the school library to gather students who are interested in participating in this reading program.
All books nominated. The ten nominated books are introduced to the students who will have to read at least seven out of the ten selections to be eligible to vote for their favourite book. A meeting takes place every three weeks in the library where students get an opportunity to discuss, with their peers as well as other teachers, about the books they have read; the voting for the favourite book takes place in mid-May at the school. After all the votes from across Ontario have been accounted for and students of Victoria Park C. I who have participated in the White Pine reading program are invited to the ceremony where the winning author of the nominated books is announced. Brian Maxwell, founder of PowerBar Pierre Browne, sprinter Bruce Boudreau, Coach of the Minnesota Wild Paul Quarrington and musician Dan Hill and songwriter Michael Coteau, Ontario MPP and Minister for Citizenship and Immigration Yuanling Yuan, Canadian WIM Chess Master and founder of Chess in the Library. List of high schools in Ontario Victoria Park Collegiate Institute's Official Website TDSB School Info