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Victoria Woodhull

Victoria Claflin Woodhull Victoria Woodhull Martin, was an American leader of the women's suffrage movement. In 1872, she ran for President of the United States. While many historians and authors agree that Woodhull was the first woman to run for President of the United States, some have questioned that priority given issues with the legality of her run, they disagree with classifying it as a true candidacy because she was younger than the constitutionally mandated age of 35.. However, election coverage by contemporary newspapers does not suggest. An activist for women's rights and labor reforms, Woodhull was an advocate of "free love", by which she meant the freedom to marry and bear children without social restriction or government interference. "They cannot roll back the rising tide of reform," she said. "The world moves."Woodhull twice went from rags to riches, her first fortune being made on the road as a magnetic healer before she joined the spiritualist movement in the 1870s. Authorship of many of her articles is disputed.

However, despite her ethical problems, her role as a representative of these movements was powerful. Together with her sister, Tennessee Claflin, she was the first woman to operate a brokerage firm on Wall Street, making a second, more reputable fortune, they were among the first women to found a newspaper in the United States, Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly, which began publication in 1870. Woodhull was politically active in the early 1870s, when she was nominated as the first woman candidate for the United States presidency. Woodhull was the candidate in 1872 from the Equal Rights Party, supporting women's suffrage and equal rights. A check on her activities occurred when she was arrested on obscenity charges a few days before the election, her paper had published an account of the alleged adulterous affair between the prominent minister Henry Ward Beecher and Elizabeth Richards Tilton which had rather more detail than was considered proper at the time. However, it all added to the sensational coverage of her candidacy.

She was born Victoria California Claflin, the seventh of ten children, in the rural frontier town of Homer, Licking County, Ohio. Her mother, Madame Roxanna "Roxy" Hummel Claflin, was born to unmarried parents and illiterate, she had become a follower of the new spiritualist movement. Her father, Reuben "Buck" Buckman Claflin, Esquire was a con man and snake oil salesman, he came from an impoverished branch of the Massachusetts-based Scots-American Claflin family, semi-distant cousins to Massachusetts Governor William Claflin. Woodhull was whipped according to biographer Theodore Tilton. Biographer Barbara Goldsmith claimed she was starved and sexually abused by her father when still young, she based her incest claim on a statement in Theodore Tilton's biography: "But the parents, as if not unwilling to be rid of a daughter whose sorrow was ripening her into a woman before her time, were delighted at the unexpected offer." Biographer Myra MacPherson disputes Goldsmith's claim that "Vickie intimated that he sexually abused her" as well as the accuracy of Goldsmith's saying that "Years Vickie would say that Buck made her'a woman before my time.'"

Macpherson wrote, "Not only did Victoria not say this, there was no'often' involved, nor was it about incest."Woodhull believed in spiritualism – she referred to "Banquo's Ghost" from Shakespeare's Macbeth – because it gave her belief in a better life. She said that she was guided in 1868 by Demosthenes to what symbolism to use supporting her theories of Free Love; as they grew older, Victoria became close to her sister Tennessee Celeste Claflin, seven years her junior and the last child born to the family. As adults, they collaborated in founding a stock newspaper in New York City. By age 11, Woodhull had only three years of formal education, but her teachers found her to be intelligent, she was forced to leave school and home with her family when her father, after having "insured it heavily," burned the family's rotting gristmill. When he tried to get compensated by insurance, his arson and fraud were discovered; the town held a "benefit" to raise funds to pay for the rest of the family's departure from Ohio.

When she was 14, Victoria met 28-year-old Canning Woodhull, a doctor from a town outside Rochester, New York. Her family had consulted him to treat the girl for a chronic illness. Woodhull practiced medicine in Ohio at a time when the state did not require formal medical education and licensing. By some accounts, Woodhull abducted Victoria to marry her. Woodhull claimed to be the nephew of Caleb Smith Woodhull, mayor of New York City from 1849 to 1851, they were married on November 20, 1853. Their marriage certificate was recorded in Cleveland on November 23, 1853, when Victoria was two months past her 15th birthday. Victoria soon learned that her new husband was a womanizer, she had to work outside the home to support the family. She and Canning had two children and Zulu Maude Woodhull. Byron was born with an intellectual disability in 1854, a condition Victoria believed was caused by her husband's alcoholism

Elk Mountain Ski Area

Elk Mountain Ski Resort is a ski area in the Endless Mountains on the summit of North Knob in Herrick Township, Susquehanna County, near Union Dale, Pennsylvania. It is located 30 miles north of Scranton, PA; the mountain has been given favorable reviews from Ski Magazine, including a listing in "Six Unsung Heroes", a roundup of hidden gems in skiing. Elk Mountain opened in 1959; the ski area provided a small lodge, a 2,200 ft T-Bar ski lift, tow rope lifts and a small number of trails. In 1961 a double chair lift was installed. A year in 1962, snowmaking was added along with a new A-frame lodge at the base of the mountain. Night skiing came to Elk Mountain in 1966—expanding to more trails in 1972. Elk Mountain built a 4,000-foot-long long quad chairlift in 1994. North Chair at Elk Mountain accesses a top elevation of 2,667 ft —the highest lift-serviced skiing in eastern Pennsylvania. Elk has 27 trails and two terrain parks. Five double chair lifts and a fixed-grip quad chair lift provide access to the top of the mountain.

Four of the lifts, including the quad, run from the base to just below the summit of the mountain. Most ski runs are groomed, but a few are allowed to bump up, or become moguled, to allow for additional challenge; the mountain receives, on average, 5 feet of natural snow per season. Snowmaking covers 100% of the 180 acres of skiable terrain; the base complex features a day lodge, guest services, ski school center, rentals, a ski-and-snowboard shop. According to the Trewartha climate classification system, Elk Mountain Ski Area has a Temperate Continental Climate with warm summers, cold winters and year-around precipitation. Dcbo climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F, four to seven months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F, all months with an average mean temperature < 72.0 °F and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months at Elk Mountain Ski Area, episodes of high heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 88 °F at the summit and ≥ 90 °F at the base.

The annual peak in thunderstorm activity is July. During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −26 °F at the summit and < −24 °F at the base. The plant hardiness zone is 5b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −13.5 °F at the summit and −11.7 °F at the base. The average seasonal snowfall total is 64.8 inches at the base. Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing ≥ 12 inches of snow are somewhat frequent during nor’easters from December through March. Elk Mountain Ski Resort Elk Mountain Area Directory

Mario Ančić

Mario Ančić is a Croatian former professional tennis player who works as an investment banker in New York City. He won five doubles titles, his career-high singles ranking came during the 2006 ATP Tour, when he reached world no. 7. Ančić helped Croatia to win the 2005 Davis Cup and at the Athens Olympic Games in 2004, he and Ivan Ljubičić won a bronze medal in doubles for Croatia; as a teenager making his Grand Slam debut at the 2002 Wimbledon Championships, he defeated seventh-seeded Roger Federer. His best performance at Grand Slams came at the 2004 Wimbledon Championships, when he reached the semifinals. During 2007 and 2008, mononucleosis and minor injuries forced him to miss many major events, his ranking dropped from No. 9 in January 2007 to No. 135 in January 2008. Ančić was born in Split to Stipe and Nilda Ančić, his father owns a supermarket chain, his mother is a financial adviser. His older brother Ivica and younger sister Sanja were professional tennis players. Ančić was raised in a Catholic family and states that his faith is important to him.

He is close to his uncle, a priest and former missionary. From 2002 to 2008, Ančić was a law student at the University of Split, his thesis described the legal organisation of the ATP Tour. Illness forced Ančić to be off courts in much of the 2009 tennis season, he started his residency in the law office of Turudić in Zagreb. After attending Harvard Law, he graduated with an LLM from Columbia Law School, he became an investment banking associate at Credit Suisse. As a junior, Ančić rose to No. 1 in the junior world-rankings on 2 January 2001, compiling a singles record of 62–20. He made the finals in the Boys' Singles at the 2000 Australian Open and the 2000 Wimbledon Championships. Goran Ivanišević was his doubles partner in his Croatian Davis Cup Team debut and at the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in doubles. At first, Ančić played Futures and Davis Cup tournaments, winning one title in Zagreb, he compiled a record of 30–16 in Challenger play in 2002. His ATP debut was at Miami Masters, where he drew a wild card.

The highlight of his Grand Slam debut at the 2002 Wimbledon Championships was the major upset of his first round defeat of Roger Federer, the seventh seed, 6–3, 7–6, 6–3 in just under two hours. He finished the 2002 season in the top 100 in singles. At the ATP Indesit Milano Indoor in February 2004, Ančić made it into his first singles ATP final, defeating sixth seed Rafael Nadal and third seed Tommy Robredo. At the 2004 Wimbledon Championships, Ančić had his best Grand Slam result. In reaching the Grand Slam semi-finals, he jumped 36 places on the ATP singles ranking to No. 27. In doubles, he teamed up with Ivan Ljubičić, represented Croatia at the 2004 Summer Olympics, they won a bronze medal, losing to Nicolás Massú in the semi-final. He won his first ATP singles title at the Ordina Open, his 2005 highlights include the final at the Japan Open Tennis Championships, losing to Wesley Moodie. Ančić started on the 2006 ATP Tour with strong note in his second tournament of the year in Auckland, where he defeated top seed Fernando González on his way to the final.

In February, he reached the final in Marseille, losing to Arnaud Clément. He made in the quarter-finals at two Grand Slams tournaments. Ančić was defeated by David Nalbandian at Miami and Rome and by Roger Federer at the French Open and Wimbledon, he reached his career high at Master Series event, reaching the semi-finals at Hamburg Masters. Ančić defended his 2005 title at ‘s-Hertogenbosch. After Wimbledon, Ančić reached No. 7, his career high in singles. At the 2006 French Open, he had a shoving incident with Paul Capdeville at the end of his second-round match. Ančić was bothered by the Chilean's repeated complaints to the chair umpire, including just before the post-match handshake. Both of them were fined $3,000, he reached the quarter-finals before losing to Federer. Ančić missed the U. S. hard-court season due to a knee injury received in a jet skiing accident. In September, in the first event after the summer injuries, he reached the final at the China Open, losing to Marcos Baghdatis. In October, he won his third singles title at the St. Petersburg Open.

At the Paris Masters, Ančić lost to Nikolay Davydenko in the quarterfinals. He entered the 2007 Australian Open as the ninth seed, advanced to a fourth round. In Marseille, Ančić was diagnosed with mononucleosis, he confessed that he was playing sick a week before in a match against Germany in the Davis Cup, the virus had started to affect him at the Australian Open. Due to his illness, Ančić spent most of the next 10 weeks in bed and missed six months from the tour. Ančić started training in June with his Swedish coach Fredrik Rosengren. After he withdrew from two tournaments in July, Ančić returned in August at the Canada Masters and the Cincinnati Masters, where he lost in the second rounds. Ančić fractured a small bone at the gym a week before the US Open, the third Grand Slam he missed in 2007. In October, he made his first big result after the illness, making it into the quarterfinals at Madrid Masters. In 2007, he dropped to No. 83 at the end of the year. Ančić started the 2008 season again with illness and was forced to