The R class was an express passenger steam locomotive that ran on Australia's Victorian Railways from 1951 to 1974. A long overdue replacement for the 1907-era A2 class 4-6-0, their development and construction was delayed due to financial constraints caused by the Great Depression and the manpower and materials shortages of World War II and the immediate postwar period. Orders totalling 70 locomotives were placed with the North British Locomotive Company of Glasgow. Once initial teething problems were overcome, R class locomotives proved to be a success and their power and speed enabled faster timetabled services. However, they were immediately superseded by mainline diesel-electric and electric locomotives on the VR from 1952 onwards. With successive orders of diesel-electric locomotives through the 1950s and 1960s displacing them, all but seven of the class were withdrawn and cut up for scrap. Four of the remaining locomotives were restored to operating condition between 1984 and 1998; these have seen use ranging from hauling special heritage train services through to substituting for modern diesel-electric locomotives on regular intercity rail services run by V/Line and West Coast Railway.
Another surviving example, number R 704, was displayed at the Festival of Britain in 1951 and is now on permanent display at the Australian Railway Historical Society Museum in Williamstown North, Victoria. Within a few years of the introduction of the A2 class 4-6-0 in 1907, it was clear that heavy train loads would require a more powerful locomotive on principal main lines. From as early as 1918, a series of drawings for potential 4-6-2'Pacific' type locomotives began to emerge from the VR's Locomotive Design Section, some of which were developed into the 3 cylinder S class heavy Pacific of 1928. However, plans for a smaller 2 cylinder Pacific, with an axle load below 20 tons to allow operation across the VR mainline network, were put on hold during the 1930s; this was due to the decline in traffic and revenue due to the Great Depression, due to the improved power outputs and efficiency from the A2 locomotives after the application of a series of smokebox design and draughting changes referred to as'Modified Front End' in the mid-1930s.
By 1943 however, the situation had changed. There was a massive increase in traffic brought by the advent of World War II, the A2s were by this point well past their prime; the VR Locomotive Design Section once again turned their attention to the proposed Pacific replacement. The addition of a mechanical stoker, the enlarging of the grate from 37 to 42 square feet for increased performance and the use of heavy bar-frame construction for increased durability increased the projected weight of the locomotive. To keep the axle load to 19.5 tons, the design by 1944 had changed from a 4-6-2'Pacific' to a 4-6-4'Hudson' wheel arrangement. The R class reflected an ongoing evolution of VR locomotive design and a response to the changing operational environment of the VR in the postwar era; the R class adopted the bar frame construction of the H and S class express passenger locomotives, which had proven to be far more robust in coping with the VR's varying track quality than the fracture-prone plate frames of the A2.
The decision to install MB Type 1 mechanical stoker equipment on a locomotive with only a 42-square-foot grate reflected improved postwar working conditions for locomotive firemen, the varying quality of postwar coal and the expectation of sustained high speed operation of the locomotive. The manually fired prewar VR S class Pacific, although capable of 2,300 drawbar horsepower, was limited by the physical ability of the fireman to feed its 50-square-foot grate and as such was reliant on coal with a high calorific value. Online locomotive database steamlocomotive.com notes: "They showed an interesting blend of European, British and Australian practice. The slotted pilot is Australian, the long sand dome American, the Belpaire firebox and cab British, the mid-line smoke lifters European."Other modern features included SKF roller bearings on all axles and the innovative, lightweight SCOA-P type driving wheels, which were specially developed for the R class by the Steel Company of Australia.
An order for 20 locomotives was placed with the VR's Newport Workshops in 1946, but remained unfulfilled for years as shortages of steel and manpower saw other projects given precedence. By the late 1940s, the A2 class was at the end of its life, new motive power was required. Australian Federal Government restrictions on the availability of US dollars precluded the VR from purchasing American diesel-electric locomotives; the VR broke with a long-standing policy of in-house steam locomotive construction and called for tenders to construct an additional 50 R class. The contract was awarded to North British Locomotive Company of Glasgow, Scotland on 21 September 1949; the order was increased to 70 on 12 January 1950 with the cancellation of the original order of 20 locomotives from VR's Newport Workshops. Parts manufactured. Further delays were experienced once the locomotives arrived from May 1951 onwards. Corrosion had set in during their sea voyage as deck cargo from Scotland to Australia, there were numerous manufacturing defects requiring rectification.
R 703 was the first of the class in service, on 27 June 1951, the last of the fleet R
Humayun Faridi was a Bangladeshi actor and drama organiser. He worked in television dramas and theatre plays, he won Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Actor for his lead role in the film Matritto. He was awarded Ekushey Padak posthumously in 2018 by the Government of Bangladesh. Faridi was born in Narinda, Dhaka on 29 May 1952 to Begum Farida Islam, he was the second among five siblings. Pinu was one of her sisters. In 1968, he passed the SSC exam from Islamia Government High School and in 1970 he passed the HSC from Chandpur Government College. In the same year, he entered the University of Dhaka to study organic chemistry. However, due to the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, it became impossible to continue his studies and he subsequently took part as a freedom fighter in the war, he was admitted to Jahangirnagar University to study economics and became a close associate of dramatist Selim Al-Deen. Faridi was discovered by dramatist Nasiruddin Yousuff, who went to serve as a judge to Jahangirnagar University where a play written and acted by Faridi was staged.
Faridi was one of the principal organizers of the 1976 Drama Festival of Jahangirnagar University. He joined as a member of the Dhaka Theatre. In 1978, he debuted his theater acting career in the Shakuntala rendition by Selim Al-Deen, playing the character, Tokkhok. After that, he performed in Phoni Monsha in 1980, Kirtankhola as Chaya Ranjan in 1981 and Keramat Mangal as Keramat in 1985. Faridi's last theatre acting was in the mid 1990s in a play called Bhut. Faridi debuted in the television dramas through his performance in Nil Nakshar Shandaney in 1982, he went on to act in Bhangorer Shobdo Shuni, Pathar Shomoy, Dui Bhai, Shiter Pakhi, Kothao Keu Nei, Shomudrey Gangchil, Kachher Manush, Doll's House. Faridi debuted his film acting career in the film Din-Mojur directed by Shahidul Islam Khokon, he went on to act in Top Rongbaz and Bish Daat. In the 1980s, Faridi married Nazmun Ara Begum Minu, they had one daughter – Shararat Islam Devyani. The couple got divorced after four years, he was married the actress Suborna Mustafa until 2008.
Ben 10: Destroy All Aliens is an American computer-animated science fiction action film that premiered on Cartoon Network Asia on March 11, 2012, in the United States on Cartoon Network March 23, 2012, as part of "Ben 10 Week" which ran from March 19, 2012 – March 24, 2012. The events of the film take place after the final episode of the series, it was unveiled at San Diego Comic-Con International 2011. This is Cartoon Network Asia's first film in collaboration with Cartoon Network Studios; the movie would be Cartoon Network's first CG animated movie as well as the first time the Ben 10 universe would be interpreted in full CG. Tiny Island Productions, producer of Qubo's Shelldon, provided the CGI for the film. David Kwok, CEO of Tiny Island Productions, commented that having an opportunity to work on the film was amazing and challenging; this movie took place one whole year after the first animated movie, Secret of the Omnitrix, making Ben and Gwen eleven years old and Grandpa Max sixty-one.
It is dedicated to Dulce Lim Chen. Ben Tennyson, his cousin Gwen and his Grandpa Max spend their evenings fighting aliens on the streets of Bellwood. During a battle that involves chasing and fighting a robotic tank, Ben as Upgrade and Gwen argue about the best way to defeat it, resulting in Gwen utilizing her extraordinarily strong magic to cast a dismantling spell on the tank while Ben is still attached to it. Though this does defeat the tank, unknown to the cousins, it leads to a malfunction in the Omnitrix. After a mishap in school where J. T. and Cash throw Ben in his locker and lock him in it, the Omnitrix accidentally teleports his homework away in a sudden flash of green-pink energy, Ben is grounded by his parents and Sandra, forced to stay at home to do a history report. Ben attempts to work on the report. Shortly afterwards, Ben's alien friend Tetrax Shard arrives and tells Ben that Azmuth has asked to meet with him, they go to meet Azmuth. Tetrax and Ben start to fight the alien, teleported into the Omnitrix, though neither of them is aware of it.
Tetrax activates a new function on the Omnitrix. Before he can explain this new ability, the ship is attacked and Ben is sucked out into the atmosphere, falling to the ground as Diamondhead, it is revealed that the new ability prevents Ben from returning to human form when he times out switching into many of his alien forms. Ben as Four Arms arrives at Stonehenge, but is confronted and attacked by a Galvanic Mechamorph, who demands to know about the To'kustar that attacked Ben. Ben tries to explain he knows nothing, but the Mechamorph only continues to attack and its teleporting ability causes the pair to carry their battle across the globe, destroying part of Stonehenge, nearly damaging Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro and fighting at the Great Pyramids in Egypt before arriving back in Bellwood. Ben manages to escape the Mechamorph. Meanwhile and Grandpa Max receive a call from Ben's parents Carl and Sandra informing them that Ben has escaped, they go in search of him only to find Tetrax.
The three with no sign of Azmuth. Looking at the ship's log, they discover that Azmuth disguised it as a truck to track down and fix the malfunctioning Omnitrix, but crashed and was destroyed by the To'kustar. After escaping the Mechamorph, Ben as Grey Matter is mistaken as a small creature by his parents before Gwen, Grandpa Max and Tetrax soon encounter him back at his house. Tetrax restores Ben's Omnitrix to normal. Gwen sees how the Omnitrix reacts after Ben returns to his human form and deduces what has happened just as she, Ben and the Mechamorph are transported into the Omnitrix itself. Inside and the Mechamorph continue to battle before being attacked by a swarm of Lepidopterrans just as Gwen and Tetrax are ambushed by a pack of Vulpimancers; the four catch up with each other and they realize that the To'kustar is inside with them just as he resurfaces. The Mechamorph, revealed to be Azmuth's father, attacks the To'kustar to avenge the death of his son while Gwen explains to Ben about the malfunction that she accidentally caused to the Omnitrix when she cast the dismantling spell on the robotic tank while Ben was attached to it.
She uses Azmuth's father to return them all to Earth. Azmuth's father pursues and fights the To'kustar, but the Omnitrix malfunctions again and transforms Ben's parents into a Vulpimancer and a Pyronite, causing Gwen to realize that the Omnitrix had transformed Azmuth into the To'kustar. Leaving Grandpa Max and Tetrax to fight his parents and Gwen follow Azmuth's father and Azmuth to the city where Ben transforms into Way Big to battle Azmuth and hold off his father while he and Gwen try to reverse the transformation, although the three-way battle causes massive damage to the city in the process. Ben and Gwen convince Azmuth's father that his son is the To'kustar they are fighting, the three work together to convince Azmuth to regain control of himself. By doing this, Azmuth is able to use his father's Mechamorph abilities to fix the Omnitrix and return himself to normal. Azmuth reprimands Ben and Gwen for their errors and reveals his father is a Galvan wearing a Mechamorph-type enhanced armor.