Victory over Japan Day is the day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect bringing the war to an end. The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender was made – to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945 – as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred ending World War II. August 15 is the official V-J Day for the UK, while the official US commemoration is September 2; the name, V-J Day, had been selected by the Allies after they named V-E Day for the victory in Europe. On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, aboard the battleship USS Missouri. In Japan, August 15 is known as the "memorial day for the end of the war"; this official name was adopted in 1982 by an ordinance issued by the Japanese government. On August 6 and 9, 1945, the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, respectively.
On August 9, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. The Japanese government on August 10 communicated its intention to surrender under the terms of the Potsdam Declaration; the news of the Japanese offer began early celebrations around the world. Allied soldiers in London danced in a conga line on Regent Street. Americans and Frenchmen in Paris paraded on the Champs-Élysées singing "Don't Fence Me In". American soldiers in occupied Berlin shouted "It's over in the Pacific", hoped that they would now not be transferred there to fight the Japanese. Germans stated that the Japanese were wise enough to—unlike themselves—give up in a hopeless situation, but were grateful that the atomic bomb was not ready in time to be used against them. Moscow newspapers reported on the atomic bombings with no commentary of any kind. While "Russians and foreigners alike could hardly talk about anything else", the Soviet government refused to make any statements on the bombs' implication for politics or science. In Chungking, Chinese fired firecrackers and "almost buried in gratitude".
In Manila, residents sang "God Bless America". On Okinawa, six men were killed and dozens were wounded as American soldiers "took every weapon within reach and started firing into the sky" to celebrate. On Tinian island, B-29 crews preparing for their next mission over Japan were told that it was cancelled, but that they could not celebrate because it might be rescheduled. A little after noon Japan Standard Time on August 15, 1945, Emperor Hirohito's announcement of Japan's acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration was broadcast to the Japanese people over the radio. Earlier the same day, the Japanese government had broadcast an announcement over Radio Tokyo that "acceptance of the Potsdam Proclamation coming soon", had advised the Allies of the surrender by sending a cable to U. S. President Harry S Truman via the Swiss diplomatic mission in Washington, D. C. A nationwide broadcast by Truman was aired at seven o'clock p.m. on Tuesday, August 14, announcing the communication and that the formal event was scheduled for September 2.
In his announcement of Japan's surrender on August 14, Truman said that "the proclamation of V-J Day must wait upon the formal signing of the surrender terms by Japan". Since the European Axis Powers had surrendered three months earlier, V-J Day was the effective end of World War II, although a peace treaty between Japan and most of the Allies was not signed until 1952, between Japan and the Soviet Union in 1956. In Australia, the name V-P Day was used from the outset; the Canberra Times of August 14, 1945, refers to V-P Day celebrations, a public holiday for V-P Day was gazetted by the government in that year according to the Australian War Memorial. After news of the Japanese acceptance and before Truman's announcement, Americans began celebrating "as if joy had been rationed and saved up for the three years, eight months and seven days since Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941", Life magazine reported. In Washington, D. C. a crowd attempted to break into the White House grounds as they shouted "We want Harry!"In San Francisco two women jumped naked into a pond at the Civic Center to soldiers' cheers.
More thousands of drunken people, the vast majority of them Navy enlistees who had not served in the war theatre, embarked in what the San Francisco Chronicle summarized in 2015 as "a three-night orgy of vandalism, assault, robbery and murder" and "the deadliest riots in the city's history", with more than 1,000 people injured, 13 killed, at least six women raped. None of these acts resulted in serious criminal charges, no civilian or military official was sanctioned, leading the Chronicle to conclude that "the city tried to pretend the riots never happened"; the largest crowd in the history of New York City's Times Square gathered to celebrate. The victory itself was announced by a headline on the "zipper" news ticker at One Times Square, which read "*** OFFICIAL TRUMAN ANNOUNCES JAPANESE SURRENDER ***". S. Armed Forces. In the Garment District, workers threw out cloth scraps and ticker tape, leaving a pile five inches deep on the streets; the news of the war's end sparked
"Want Ads" is a song, a million-selling #1 pop and R&B hit recorded by female group, Honey Cone for their third album Sweet Replies and appears on their fourth album Soulful Tapestry. The song on the Detroit-based Hot Wax label was written by Greg Perry, General Norman Johnson and Barney Perkins, it was produced by staff producer, Greg Perry, features a young Ray Parker, Jr. on rhythm guitar. "Want Ads" was released as the first single from Soulful Tapestry in the United States in the spring of 1971. It reached the top of the Billboard Hot 100 for one week and topped the R&B singles chart for three weeks in the United States, becoming the group's most successful single and their only #1 placement on the pop charts. Perry and Johnson had written a song for a female singer called "Stick-Up", but the two decided that the song was not substantial enough so they re-wrote it with a change in chord progressions and new lyrics. With the catchy opening line of "Wanted, young man and free," "Want Ads" was born.
The idea for the song started when studio engineer Barney Perkins, while looking through the classified section of a newspaper, suggested that someone write a song about want ads. Perry, as producer and songwriter for the project, felt; the duo brought in Johnson, leader of Chairmen of the Board, to contribute to the writing, after co-writing "Somebody's Been Sleeping" with Perry for the Hot Wax group, 100 Proof. The song was first recorded by another Hot Wax/Invictus act, Glass House led by Freda Payne's younger sister, Scherrie Payne. Payne did not like the song and with Perry being unsatisfied with that version and Freda recorded the song themselves. Still unsatisfied, Payne suggested that Honey Cone lead singer Edna Wright record it after she had passed through the studio; the initial version of the song, titled "Stick Up," was recorded and released as the group's follow up to "Want Ads." It peaked at # 11 on # 1 on the R&B charts in September. This song was covered by Ullanda McCullough and made into a disco song for her 1979 album "Love Zone" and by Taylor Dayne in 1988 for her hugely successful debut album Tell It to My Heart.
The song was used as a sample in "Heaven," Mary Mary's 2005 lead-off single from their self-titled third studio album. The single made history breaking and setting records when it remained at #1 for nine consecutive weeks on the Billboard Gospel Radio chart back in 2005. Edna Wright makes a brief cameo appearance at the end of the music video singing along to the chorus and lip-synching to her own sampled vocals; the song is featured in the 2007 film. 2016 saw Want Ads sampled on The Avalanches' track. "Want Ads" debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at #79 on April 10, 1971. Within nine weeks on the chart, "Want Ads" was at the #1 position for the week starting June 12; the song remained #1 on the R&B singles chart for three non-consecutive weeks for the week starting May 29, 1971 and after being bumped for one week by Aretha Franklin's rendition of Simon and Garfunkel's "Bridge over Troubled Water", the song re-positioned at #1 for two more weeks starting June 12 through June 19. Billboard ranked it as the No. 13 song for 1971.
The song received gold certification selling more than 1 million units in the U. S; the song's popularity had DJs playing the long version, available on Soulful Tapestry. This was rare at the time; the song is said to have been a major contributor to the structure and grit of the pre-disco movement. Lead vocals: Edna Wright Background vocals: Shellie Clark, Carolyn Willis Engineer: Barney Perkins Sound clip on EdnaWright-HoneyCone.com Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Julie Covington is a 1978 album by English singer Julie Covington. It was produced by Joe Boyd and the sound engineer was John Wood. Most of the album was recorded at Britannia Row Studios in Islington, it was her second album released on Virgin Records. In 2000, it features two bonus tracks. " Bright Lights" "By the Time It Gets Dark" "Sip the Wine" "How" "Barbara's Song" "A Little Bit More" "Let Me Make Something in Your Life" "I Can't Dance" "The Kick Inside" "Dead Weight" "Dancing in the Dark" bonus tracks on CD reissue:"Only Women Bleed" "Easy To Slip" Julie Covington – vocals Richard Thompson – guitar, backing vocals Simon Nicol – guitar Trevor Lucas – guitar, backing vocals Ray Russell – guitar Russ Titelman – acoustic guitar Chris Spedding – guitar synthesizer Neil Larsen – keyboards John Kirkpatrick – accordion John Cale – piano, clavinet Steve Winwood – organ Plas Johnson – saxophone Willie Weeks – bass Dave Markee – bass Mo Foster – fretless bass Dave Pegg – bass Andy Newmark – drums Dave Mattacks – drums Ray Cooper – percussion Greg Prestopino – backing vocals Andy Fairweather Low – backing vocals Gary Travers – backing vocals Iain Matthews – backing vocals Mandy More – backing vocals Sue Jones-Davies – backing vocals
German submarine U-433 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 4 January 1940 by Schichau-Werke, Danzig as yard number 1474, launched on 15 March 1941 and commissioned on 24 May 1941 under Oberleutnant zur See Hans Ey. German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-433 had a displacement of 769 tonnes when at the 871 tonnes while submerged, she had a total length of 67.10 m, a pressure hull length of 50.50 m, a beam of 6.20 m, a height of 9.60 m, a draught of 4.74 m. The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower for use while surfaced, two AEG GU 460/8–27 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower for use while submerged, she had two 1.23 m propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres; the submarine had a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots.
When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles at 4 knots. U-433 was fitted with five 53.3 cm torpedo tubes, fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, a 2 cm C/30 anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between sixty; the boat's career began with training at 3rd U-boat Flotilla on 24 May 1941, continuing with active service on 1 August 1941 as part of the 3rd Flotilla for the remainder of her service. In two patrols she damaged one merchant ship, for a total of 2,215 gross register tons. U-433 took part in two wolfpacks, namely Markgraf Arnauld U-433 was sunk on 16 November 1941 in the Mediterranean E of Gibraltar, in position 36°13′N 04°42′W, by depth charges and gunfire from Royal Navy corvette HMS Marigold. There were 6 dead and 38 survivors. Mediterranean U-boat Campaign Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-433". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 December 2014. Hofmann, Markus. "U 433". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de.
Retrieved 26 December 2014
The Church of St Catherine is a Roman Catholic parish church that serves the village of Żurrieq. The original parish church of Żurrieq is first mentioned in 1436 by Bishop Senatore de Mello, commissioned to do an inventory of the parish churches in Malta; the church was mentioned again in a report by Bishop Pietro Dusina. Considering the increase in the village population, in 1630 the parish priest, Antonio Demos, started to plan for the building of a new church; the building started in 1632-1633 under the direction of Reverend Matteolo Saliba, the architect of the new church. The church was completed in 1658 after 25 years; the church is listed on the National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. The church includes a number of paintings by Mattia Preti; these include the Martyrdom of Saint Stephen, Martyrdom of Saint Andrew, Martyrdom of Saint Catherine of Alexandria, Eternal Father, Visitation of the Virgin to Saint Elizabeth, Saint Roch, Saint Blaise, Saint Dominic, Saint Nicholas of Tolentino and of Our Lady of Graces.
The Church includes a painting of Our Lady of Mount Carmel by Antonio Zammit inaugurated in 1908. The titular statue of St Catherine of Alexandria, dating from 1818, was made by Marjanu Gerada. Another statue is that of Our Lady of Mount Carmel made by Salvu Psaila and finished in 1842. Culture of Malta History of Malta List of Churches in Malta Religion in Malta Culture in Malta
Noris Díaz Pérez known as La Taína, was a Puerto Rican model and host. She appeared on the now defunct late-night show No te Duermas from 1996 to 2007. In addition to her work on television, she has appeared in numerous commercials and ads for beers and other products. Taína was born in Puerto Rico, she has produced eight calendars featuring photographs of her in various poses. She had brief roles, as a prostitute in the film Bad Boys II, in the Puerto Rican film Más allá del límite, both released in 2002. In January 2006, Taína was hospitalized with severe headaches and fell in critical condition for what was believed to be a brain tumor; the diagnosis was altered to encephalitis and she recovered from the illness and returned to television shortly after. On April 24, 2007, she announced her retirement from television to dedicate time to other things, to recover from her condition. After her exit from the entertainment industry, she became a born again Christian and started preaching in churches throughout Puerto Rico.