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Villa rustica

Villa rustica was the term used by the ancient Romans to denote a villa set in the open countryside as the hub of a large agricultural estate. The adjective rusticum was used to distinguish it from an urban or resort villa, or villa otium built for purely leisure and luxury; the villa rustica would thus serve both as a residence of the landowner and his family and as a farm management centre. It would comprise separate buildings to accommodate farm labourers and sheds and barns for animals and crops. In modern British archaeology, a villa rustica is referred to as a "Roman villa" as most were of the rustica type; the villa rustica's design differed depending on the architect, but it consisted of three parts. Villa Rustica, Austria Mogorjelo Villa Armira in Ivaylovgrad Villa Boscoreale Boca do Rio Castelo da Lousa Villa of Fonte do Milho Roman Villa of Rabaçal Roman ruins of Quinta da Abicada Centum Cellas Villa of Torre de Palma Villa of Cerro da Vila Roman ruins of Pisões Roman ruins of São Cucufate Roman Ruins of Milreu Roman Villa of Sendim Gökkale Üçayaklı ruins Bignor Roman Villa Borough Hill Roman villa Brading Roman Villa Chedworth Roman Villa Crofton Roman Villa Fishbourne Roman Palace Gadebridge Park Roman Villa Littlecote Roman Villa Llantwit Major Roman Villa Low Ham Roman Villa Lullingstone Roman Villa Newport Roman Villa Piddington Roman Villa Woodchester Roman Villa Villa Rustica, Coustaty Villa Rustica, Lussas-et-Nontronneau Villa Rustica, Montcaret Villa Rustica, Montmaurin Villa Rustica, Petit-Bersac Villa Rustica, Pièce de Rance Baden-Württemberg Villa Rustica, Baden-Baden-Haueneberstein, Roman settlement at Wohlfahrtsberg Villa Rustica at Bondorf, Böblingen Villa rustica at Büßlingen, Konstanz Villa Rustica, Lörrach Villa Rustica at Eigeltingen Villa Rustica at Gaggenau-Bad Rotenfels / Oberweier Villa urbana at Grenzach-Wyhlen Villa rustica at Hechingen-Stein, Zollernalbkreis Villa urbana at Heitersheim Villa Rustica, Sigmaringen Villa Rustica at Hirschberg Villa Rustica, Sigmaringen Villa Rustica at Karlsruhe-Durlach Villa Rustica at Langenau Villa Rustica, Sigmaringen Villa Rustica, Heilbronn Villa Rustica at Mühlacker Villa Rustica at Nagold Villa Rustica Villa Rustica at Oberndorf-Bochingen Villa Rustica, Rems-Murr-Kreis Römerbad, Heilbronn Villa Rustica, Rhein-Neckar-Kreis Römisches Bad, Tuttlingen Villa Rustica, Heilbronn Villa Rustica Bietigheim-Weilerlen at Bietigheim-Bissingen, LudwigsburgBavaria Villa Rustica Villa rustica, Stadt München Villa Rustica Villa Rustica at Großberghofen, Dachau Villa Rustica, Donau-Ries Villa Rustica at Hüssingen Villa Rustica Kohlhunden, Ostallgäu Villa Rustica, Stadt Starnberg Villa Rustica Villa Rustica, Eichstätt Villa Rustica, Freising Villa Rustica Villa Rustica, Ingolstadt Villa Rustica, Weilheim-Schongau Villa Rustica Villa Rustica, OberallgäuHesse Groß-Umstadt-Heubach, Wamboltsches Schlösschen Haselburg Roman villa, Odenwald Rodau, Zwingenberg, "Kleine Weide"Northrhine-Westphalia Villa rustica Villae Rusticae at Eschweiler, Aachen Propsteier Villa, Aachen Villae Rusticae near Hambach surface mine, Düren Villa rustica at Sollig, Nettersheim-Roderath, EuskirchenRheinland-Palatine Villa rustica Weilberg, Bad Dürkheim-Ungstein Römerhalle, Bad Kreuznach Roman Villa of Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler Villa rustica, Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm Villa Otrang, Fließem, Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm Villa Rustica at Sarresdorf Villa Rustica, Mainz-Bingen Villa Rustica at Herschweiler-Pettersheim, Kusel Roman estate at Lösnich Villa Urbana in Longuich Villa Rustica, Trier-Saarburg Villa rustica Villa Rustica, Mainz-Bingen Villa rustica, Trier-SaarburgSaarland Roman Villa Borg Reinheim Roman villa at Nennig Village Gornja Bukovica.

Valjevo, villa rustica IV century A. D. Aargau Villa Rustica Villa Rustica Villa Rustica Villa rustica Basel-Landschaft Villa Rustica Villa Rustica Genf Villa Rustica Jura Villa Rustica Solothurn Villa rustica Villa rustica Waadt Villa romaine du PrieuréZürich Irgenhausen Castrum Villa in Wetzikon - Kempten Villa Rustica Villa Rustica Villa Rustica Villa Rustica Villa Rustica - open-air museum at Hechingen

Petersham Reservoir

Petersham Reservoir is a heritage-listed water reservoir at New Canterbury Road, Inner West Council, Sydney New South Wales, Australia. It was built by the New South Wales Public Works Department, it is known as Petersham Service Reservoir and WS089. The property is owned by Sydney Water, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 18 November 1999. Petersham Reservoir was commissioned in 1888 and was the first of the new reservoirs to come on line since the commissioning of the Upper Nepean Scheme in 1888, it supplied western Sydney and Illawarra suburbs, but with the amplification of storage in its former area of supply, it supplied only the low lying local areas. In 1888 a single main delivered water from Potts Hill by gravitation to Petersham Reservoir and continued on to Crown Street Reservoir. In 1935-1936, the southern system of supply mains needed major adjustment to use water from the Pressure Tunnel, including an offtake to Petersham Reservoir. In 1965, the City Tunnel supplied Petersham Reservoir.

Petersham Reservoir was constructed in 1965. It was integrated into the structure of the covered reservoir beneath, replacing the central portion of its roof, it enabled supply to the higher parts of the Inner West. Petersham Reservoir is now empty. Petersham Reservoir is a covered reservoir, with fill grassed over; the enclosing mound is rectangular in shape, though the reservoir beneath is circular excavated and raised in embankment. The reservoir is built with brick floor and columns with cast iron beams; the roof comprises three concentric concrete barrel arches, is similar in design to Waverley Reservoir No. 1. These are the only two reservoirs which possess this roof design, although the central arch has been removed by the construction of Petersham Reservoir in 1965. Access to the reservoir is now through the tower of Petersham Reservoir; the site is surrounded by a polychrome brick wall, with the main entrance to the grounds from Canterbury Road. The entrance is flanked by two rectangular brick valve houses, each containing original valve control gear, as found at Pymble Reservoir No. 2.

The reservoir has cast iron roof ventilation caps, as at Waverley Reservoir No.1, Randwick Reservoir and Pymble Reservoir No.1. Plantings include oleander, it has a capacity of 9.1 megalitres. A former Water Service Operator Office is located on the Canterbury Road frontage, it is a brick building, with hipped tile roof, Federation in style. The curtilage includes the brick wall, WSO cottage, valve houses and gates; the construction of Petersham Reservoir in 1965 caused alteration to the central portion of the roof structure. Petersham Reservoir demonstrates the high level of engineering skill available for the construction of late 19th century covered reservoirs, it belongs to a small group of covered reservoirs, which together exhibit the changing technology used in construction. Petersham Reservoir was the first reservoir to be commissioned after the completion of the Upper Nepean Scheme in 1888; the valve houses still contain the original switch gear, unusual in the Sydney Water system. Petersham Service Reservoir was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 18 November 1999 having satisfied the following criteria.

The place is important in demonstrating the course, or pattern, of cultural or natural history in New South Wales. Petersham Reservoir was the first reservoir to be commissioned after the completion of the Upper Nepean Scheme in 1888; the place is important in demonstrating aesthetic characteristics and/or a high degree of creative or technical achievement in New South Wales. Architectural detailing demonstrates excellence in design, fitting in with the surrounding streetscape; the place has potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales. This reservoir demonstrates the broad range of construction techniques and high level of technical expertise available for covered reservoir construction. All covered reservoirs are significant within the SWC system, since all differ in construction technology and architectural detailing. All, contribute to our understanding of the development of covered reservoirs in NSW; the place possesses uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

One of a small group of large covered reservoirs in brick or concrete, each demonstrating differences in construction and architectural detailing. The first reservoir to be commissioned after the completion of the Upper nepean Scheme in 1888. Graham Brooks and Associates Pty Ltd. Sydney Water Heritage Study; this Wikipedia article was based on Petersham Service Reservoir & Site, entry number 01331 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 2 June 2018. Media related to Petersham Reservoir at Wikimedia Commons

1959 Football Championship of the Ukrainian SSR

The 1959 Football Championship of UkrSSR were part of the 1959 Soviet republican football competitions in the Soviet Ukraine. Some 80 teams participated this season and were split into 10 groups of eight teams each. Winners of all qualification groups formed two semifinal groups. Top two team of semifinal groups proceeded to the final group. All participants were admitted to the 1960 Ukrainian Class B except for SKVO Odesa, a team of which competed at team of masters level. In addition eight more teams were admitted to the Class B including six teams from qualification groups. Following this season, there were established such teams of masters in Ukraine such as FC Mariupol, FC Volyn Lutsk, FC Podillya Khmelnytskyi, FC Avanhard Sumy, FC Avanhard Ternopil, FC Desna Chernihiv. There were some clone teams among which are Shakhtar Stalino, Avanhard Mykolaiv, SKVO Odesa, Avanhard Simferopol. Final group: FC Avanhard Zhovti Vody, FC Torpedo-KhTZ Kharkiv, FC Naftovyk Drohobych Other participants: FC Dynamo Khmelnytskyi, FC Avanhard Chernivtsi, FC Khimik Severodonetsk, FC Avanhard Sumy, FC Avanhard Kramatorsk, FC Avanhard Zhdanov Other teams that did not participate: FC Avanhard Chernihiv, FC Volyn Lutsk FC Shakhtar Rutchenkove merged with FC Avanhard Zhdanov SKVO Odessa was fielding in tournament its reserve squad having its master team in Class B competitions 1964 KFK competitions 1959.

Football Championship of the UkrSSR Luhansk Nash Futbol. Group 1: ukr-football.org.ua Group 2: ukr-football.org.ua Group 3: ukr-football.org.ua Group 4: ukr-football.org.ua Group 5: ukr-football.org.ua Group 6: ukr-football.org.ua Final: ukr-football.org.ua