Villa rustica

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Villa rustica (countryside villa) was the term used by the ancient Romans to denote a villa set in the open countryside, often as the hub of a large agricultural estate (latifundium). The adjective rusticum was used to distinguish it from an urban or resort villa. The villa rustica would thus serve both as a residence of the landowner and his family (and retainers) and also as a farm management centre. It would often comprise separate buildings to accommodate farm labourers and sheds and barns for animals and crops.[1][2][3][4][5] In modern British archaeology, a villa rustica is commonly (and misleadingly) referred to simply as a "Roman villa".

The villa rustica's design differed depending on the architect, but usually it consisted of three parts; the urbana (main house), agricultural center and the rusticana (farm area).

List of Villae rusticae[edit]

Model of a Roman Villa Rustica. The remains of villas of this type have been found in the vicinity of Valjevo, Serbia.

Bulgaria[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Wurmlingen
Villa rustica, Haselburg at Höchst i. Odw., Hypocaust of the main building
Eschweiler

Baden-Württemberg

Bavaria

Hesse

Northrhine-Westphalia

Rheinland-Palatine

Ceiling painting at the Roman villa of Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler

Saarland

Boscoreale villa

Italy[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Aargau

Basel-Landschaft

Genf

Jura

Solothurn

Waadt

Zürich

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annalia Marzano: Roman villas in central Italy: a social and economic history. Brill 2007, ISBN 978-90-04-16037-8 (restricted online copy at Google Books)
  2. ^ Alfred Frazer: The Roman villa: villa urbana. UPenn Museum of Archaeology 1998, ISBN 978-0-924171-59-8 (restricted online copy at Google Books)
  3. ^ Alexander Gordon McKay: Houses, villas, and palaces in the Roman world . JHU Press 1998, ISBN 978-0-8018-5904-5 (restricted online copy at Google Books)
  4. ^ John T. Smith: Roman Villas. A Study in Social Structure. Routledge, London, 1997. ISBN 0-415-16719-1
  5. ^ John Percival: The Roman Villa. A Historical Introduction. Batsford, London, 1988 (Paperback)
  6. ^ Die Römer am Wolfartsberg. (Heimatblätter des Heimat- und Kulturvereines Haueneberstein e.V., Nr. 3). haueneberstein.de Archived February 11, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Willkommen". www.eigeltingia.de.
  8. ^ Gerhard Hoffmann: Spuren früher Zeiten – Funde und Fundstätten im Landkreis Rastatt. Eine Materialkunde zur Vor und Frühgeschichte. Bestandsaufnahme und Dokumentation. (Sonderveröffentlichungen des Kreisarchivs Rastatt, Band 5). Verlag Regionalkultur, Ubstadt-Weiher u. a. 2007, ISBN 978-3-89735-495-1. (Abstract) Archived March 18, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ gastgeber-hessen.de[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ ka.stadtwiki.net
  11. ^ W.M.Werner. "Langenau: villa rustica". www.archaeologie-bw.de.
  12. ^ Geiges, Thomas. "Mühlacker: Römische Villa Rustica in Enzberg". www.muehlacker.de.
  13. ^ "Stadt Nagold - Remigiuskirche". www.nagold.de.
  14. ^ naturparkschwarzwald.de Archived February 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ W.M.Werner. "Villa rustica von Oberndorf-Bochingen". www.archaeologie-bw.de.
  16. ^ "denkmalpflege-bw.de". Archived from the original on 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
  17. ^ Informationszentrum Naturpark Altmühltal in Trägerschaft des Landkreises Eichstätt. "Römischer Bauernhof". Retrieved 2015-07-05.
  18. ^ "Kohlhunden.html". www.kaluwi.de.
  19. ^ Scheuerer, Kurt. "Römervilla Möckenlohe". www.roemervilla-moeckenlohe.de.
  20. ^ altmuehltal.de Archived February 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Tourismusverband Pfaffenwinkel (de). "Villa Rustica Peiting". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-07-05.
  22. ^ Alpenland in Römerhand. "Peiting". Retrieved 2015-06-02.
  23. ^ "Kein Ackerbau über der "Villa rustica" Rodau - Bergsträßer Anzeiger".
  24. ^ roemervilla-blankenheim.de Archived February 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ "Grundriß einer römischen Villa Rustica, Sarresdorf, Gerolstein, Gerolstein - Datenbank der Kulturgüter in der Region Trier". www.roscheiderhof.de.
  26. ^ "Herzlich willkommen - Pfälzer Bergland". kuseler-musikantenland.de. Archived from the original on 2012-07-11.
  27. ^ Rimski lokaliteti valjevskog kraja Archived April 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ Horisberger, Beat; Hedinger, Bettina; Hoek, Florian; Büsser, Roger (2007). Römisches Landleben im Zürcher Oberland - Die Römer in Wetzikon (in German). Frauenfeld, Stuttgart, Wien: Verlag Huber. ISBN 978-3-7193-1441-5.

External links[edit]