SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sugar Cane Growers Council

Sugar Cane Growers Council represents the sugar cane farmers with the sugar industry in Fiji. It is made up of 38 members elected by eight members nominated by the government; the Sugar Cane Growers Council election is held every three years. The Council has a chief executive, the first one being Vijay R. Singh, a chairman. In elections held in March 1992 and the National Farmers Union won 33 of the 38 Council seats. In the 1998 elections, the National Farmers Union won 22 seats. In 2001, the National Farmers Union won 21 seats while the Fiji Cane Growers Association won 16 seats and one seat went to an independent; the National Farmers Union retained its majority in 2004, winning 22 of the 38 seats contested, the Fiji Cane Growers Association won fourteen seats, the remaining two seats went to independent candidates. The National Farmers Union polled 52 per cent of all votes cast compared to the Fiji Cane Growers Association's 42 percent; the eight members nominated by the government and the two independent candidates hold the balance of power.

Since the National Farmers Union is supported by the Government Party's main rival, the Fiji Labour Party, government appointees to the Council have always been rivals of the National Farmers Union. On 27 December 2006, military commander Commodore Voreqe Bainimarama, who had taken power in a military coup on 5 December, suspended Jagannath Sami, the chief executive, the council, Chairman Vijendra Autar, citing abuse of office, misuse of funds, irregularities in the elections of the Board of Directors and $80,000 growers' funds being used without proper approval by board members who went on a recent trip to India. Commodore Bainimarama revoked the appointment of eight council members by the deposed government of Laisenia Qarase. On 31 March 2007, former Fiji Labour Party parliamentarian Jai Gawander was appointed as the new chief executive officer of the Council; the General Secretary of the Fiji Cane Growers Association, Bala Dass questioned why all the Fiji Labour Party members were being elected to run the affairs of the Sugar Cane Growers Council board.

Dass said. Vijay R. Singh Grish Maharaj Jagannath Sami Jai Gawander Sundresh Chetty SCGC – Sugar Cane Growers Council official site

Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo

The Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo was a World War I battle fought by the Italian and Austro-Hungarian Armies on the Italian Front between 18 August and 12 September 1917. On the Soča River, Luigi Cadorna, the Italian Chief of Staff, concentrated three quarters of his troops: 600 battalions with 5,200 guns; the attack was carried forth from a front from Tolmin to the Adriatic Sea. The Italians crossed the river at several points on temporary bridges, but the main effort was exerted on the Banjšice Plateau, whose capture was to further the offensive and break the Austro-Hungarian lines in two segments, isolating the strongholds of Mount Saint Gabriel and Mount Hermada. After fierce and deadly fightings, the Italian Second Army, led by General Capello, pushed back Boroević's Isonzo Armee, conquering the Bainsizza and Mount Santo. Other positions were taken by the Duke of Aosta's Third Army. However, Mount Saint Gabriel and Mount Hermada turned out to be impregnable, the offensive wore out. After the battle, the Austro-Hungarians were exhausted, could not have withstood another attack.

So were the Italians, who could not find the resources necessary for another assault though it might have been the decisive one. So the final result of the battle was an inconclusive bloodbath. Moreover, the end of the battle left the Italian Second Army split in two parts across the Soča, a weak point that proved to be decisive in the subsequent Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo. To commemorate the participation of the Royal Bavarian Infantry Lifeguards Regiment, Georg Fürst wrote the March "Isonzo-Marsch"; the Italians fired 5.5 million artillery shells including poison gas shells. First Battle of the Isonzo – 23 June–7 July 1915 Second Battle of the Isonzo – 18 July–3 August 1915 Third Battle of the Isonzo – 18 October–3 November 1915 Fourth Battle of the Isonzo – 10 November–2 December 1915 Fifth Battle of the Isonzo – 9–17 March 1916 Sixth Battle of the Isonzo – 6–17 August 1916 Seventh Battle of the Isonzo – 14–17 September 1916 Eighth Battle of the Isonzo – 10–12 October 1916 Ninth Battle of the Isonzo – 1–4 November 1916 Tenth Battle of the Isonzo – 12 May–8 June 1917 Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo – 24 October–7 November 1917 known as the Battle of Caporetto Schindler, John R..

Isonzo: The Forgotten Sacrifice of the Great War. Praeger. ISBN 0275972046. OCLC 44681903. Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo FirstWorldWar. Com: The Battles of the Isonzo, 1915-17 Battlefield Maps: Italian Front 11 battles at the Isonzo The Walks of Peace in the Soča Region Foundation; the Foundation preserves and presents the historical and cultural heritage of the First World War in the area of the Isonzo Front for the study and educational purposes. The Kobarid Museum Društvo Soška Fronta Pro Hereditate - extensive site