Vincent Thomas Lombardi was an American football player and executive in the National Football League. He is best known as the head coach of the Green Bay Packers during the 1960s, where he led the team to three straight and five total NFL Championships in seven years, in addition to winning the first two Super Bowls at the conclusion of the 1966 and 1967 NFL seasons. Lombardi began his coaching career as an assistant and as a head coach at St. Cecilia High School in Englewood, New Jersey, he was an assistant coach at Fordham, at the United States Military Academy, with the New York Giants before becoming a head coach for the Green Bay Packers from 1959 to 1967 and the Washington Redskins in 1969. He never had a losing season as a head coach in the NFL, compiling a regular season winning percentage of 72.8%, 90% in the postseason for an overall record of 105 wins, 35 losses, 6 ties in the NFL. Although Lombardi was noted for his gruff demeanor and "iron discipline," he was far ahead of his time in creating a supportive environment for gay players, he emphatically challenged existing Jim Crow Laws, provided leadership to break the color barrier in football.
He once said that he "... viewed his players as neither black nor white, but Packer green."Lombardi is considered by many to be the greatest coach in football history, he is recognized as one of the greatest coaches and leaders in the history of all American sports. The year after his sudden death from cancer in 1970, he was enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame, the NFL Super Bowl trophy was named in his honor. Lombardi was born on June 11, 1913, in the Sheepshead Bay neighborhood of Brooklyn to Enrico "Harry" Lombardi and Matilda "Mattie" Izzo. Harry's mother and father and Michelina, emigrated from Salerno, Italy. Mattie's father and mother and Loretta, emigrated from Vietri di Potenza, Basilicata. Harry had three siblings, Matilda had twelve. Vince would be the oldest of five children, Harold and Joe; the entire Lombardi and Izzo clan settled in Sheepshead Bay. Matilda's father, opened up a barber shop in Sheepshead Bay before the turn of the century. At about the time of Lombardi's birth and his brother, opened a butcher shop in the Meatpacking District of Manhattan.
Throughout the Great Depression, Harry's shop did well, his family prospered. Lombardi grew up in an ethnically diverse, middle-class neighborhood. Church attendance was mandatory for the Lombardis on Sundays. Mass would be followed with an compulsory few hours of dinner with friends, extended family members, local clergy. Lombardi himself was an altar boy at St. Mark's Catholic Church. Outside their local neighborhood, the Lombardi children were subject to the rampant ethnic discrimination that existed at the time against Italian immigrants and their descendants; as a child, Lombardi grew to hate it. At the age of 12 he organized football league in Sheepshead Bay. Lombardi graduated from the eighth grade at P. S. 206 at age 15 in 1928. He matriculated with the Cathedral Preparatory Seminary a part of Cathedral College of the Immaculate Conception in Brooklyn, a six-year secondary program to become a Catholic priest. At Cathedral, he played on the school's baseball and basketball teams, but his performance was hindered by his poor athleticism and eyesight.
Against school rules, he continued to play football off-campus throughout his studies at Cathedral. After completing four years at Cathedral he decided not to pursue the priesthood, he enrolled at St. Francis Preparatory high school for the fall of 1932. There he became a Charter Member of Omega Gamma Delta fraternity, his playing as a fullback on the Terriers' football team earned him a spot on the virtual All-City football team. In 1933, Lombardi received a football scholarship to Fordham University in the Bronx to play for the Fordham Rams and Coach Jim Crowley, one of the Four Horsemen of Notre Dame in the 1920s. During his freshman year, Lombardi proved to be an aggressive and spirited player on the football field. Prior to the beginning of his sophomore year, Lombardi was projected to start games at the tackle position. Lombardi was only 5'8" and about 180 pounds and was classified as undersized for the position In his senior year of 1936, he was the right guard in the Seven Blocks of Granite, a nickname given by a Fordham University publicist to the Fordham University football team's offensive front line.
In a game against Pitt, he suffered a severe gash inside his mouth and had several teeth knocked out. He missed most of the remainder of the game, until he was called in on defense for a successful goal line stand that preserved a 0–0 tie; the Rams were 5–0–2 before losing in the final game of the season, 7–6, to NYU. The loss destroyed all hopes of Fordham playing in the Rose Bowl and taught Lombardi a lesson he would never forget — never to underestimate your opponent. Lombardi graduated from Fordham University on June 16, 1937; the economic outlook of the Great Depression offered him few opportunities for a career. For the next two years, he showed ambition, he tried his hand at semi-professional football with the Wilmington Clippers of the American Association and as a debt collector, but those efforts quickly proved to be failures. With his father's strong support, he enrolled in Fordham Law school in September 1938. Although he did not fail any classes, he believed his grades were so poor that he dropped out after one semester.
In life, he would explain to others that he was close to graduating, but his desire to start and support a family forced
William Hewer, sometimes known as Will Hewer, was one of Samuel Pepys' manservants, Pepys's clerk, before embarking on an administrative career of his own. Hewer is mentioned several times in Pepys' diary and was the executor of Pepys' will. Hewer was employed by Samuel Pepys as a manservant and office clerk for Pepys' work as the new Clerk of the Acts to the Navy Board. By November 1663, Hewer was able to have his own lodgings. Hewer was introduced to Pepys by Hewer's uncle Robert Blackborne, whose sister was Hewer's mother, and, a longtime Pepys friend with whom he worked at the Admiralty, it has been said that the biggest favor Blackborne did for Pepys was the introduction of his nephew Hewer to Pepys in 1660. Hewer is mentioned in Pepys' diary as a trusted friend as well as an assistant; as their relationship developed, it became a professional partnership as well as a personal friendship. When Pepys moved to the Admiralty in 1673, Hewer moved to the Admiralty as well and became Chief Clerk the following year.
In 1677, he was appointed as Judge Advocate-General. In 1685, he became MP for Isle of Wight, he was appointed to the Special Commission which replaced the Navy Board in 1686 with responsibility for accounts. After the deposition of James II in 1689, Pepys and Hewer lost their patronage from the Crown. Hewer managed to become rich, he made much of it through his involvement in trading with his uncle Blackborne, who became Secretary to the Admiralty, Secretary to the British East India Company. Like Pepys, Hewer received payments from those doing business with the Navy, but suspicions of illicit payments were never proved and he did not hold a lucrative office for any length of time, he also inherited from his father, a merchant, as Pepys' diary mentions his increased expenditures after his father's death in 1665. By 1674, Hewer was wealthy enough to finance the construction of three warships, he became a director of the old East India Company in 1698 and served two terms as its Deputy Chairman.
He served as Treasurer of Tangier. He owned a house near The Strand which became the Admiralty Office when he and Pepys moved from the Navy Board. Pepys lived in the house while he was at the Admiralty, he bought an estate in the then-village of Clapham in 1688. Pepys went to live in Hewer's house on Clapham Common in his old age and died there in 1703. Hewer was the executor of Pepys' will and retained Pepys' library and book collection including his famous diary until he died on 3 December 1715. Wiliam Hewer is buried in Clapham. Hewer never married and so devised that his estate go to his godson Hewer Edgeley on the condition that he change his surname to Hewer; this the heir did. Subsequently, lawsuits arose over the immense Hewer estate. In 1684 William Hewer was admitted to the Freedom of the Clothworkers' Company, was sworn in as a member of the Court of Assistants, he was elected Master of the Clothworkers' Company for the 1686–87 year. In 1687 he donated a barge to the Clothworkers' Company.
It seems that he did not attend a single Court meeting during his Mastership
Jum Jainudin Akbar was a Filipino politician who had served two terms as provincial governor of Basilan. She was the widow of deceased strongman Wahab Akbar. Akbar, along with other Mindanao governors, had a hand in supporting the Bangsamoro Basic Law. Akbar was the first female governor of the Province of Basilan, was elected during the May 2007 elections. However, Jum had substantial political experience as a result of her years as an active political partner to her husband and predecessor, Wahab Akbar. Upon election, Gov. Akbar pledged to fulfill a campaign promise of providing free rubber trees and polybags to farmers of the region, at a cost of thirty million pesos or more. In her first term as governor, an IED went off near her home; the explosion was thought by authorities to be linked to politics. Akbar handled the evacuation and retrieval operations at Al Barka after the July 2007 massacre of Philippine Army troops by rebel ambush during her tenure, she died in office on 11 November 2016.
Akbar was described to be soft-spoken and cool, but competent. According to her official bio, she had both "a male competitive capacity and female collaborative capability," giving her the strength to tailor her leadership style to suit individual cases or situations, she was survived by her son, Al-Qauid