Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli
The Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali "Guido Carli", known by the acronym "Luiss" or "Luiss Guido Carli", is an independent, private university in Rome, founded in 1974 by a group of entrepreneurs led by Umberto Agnelli, brother of Gianni Agnelli. Luiss provides undergraduate and post-graduate education, in addition to a range of Double Degree programs, in the fields of finance, management and political science, it is located near the historical center of the city, between the neighborhoods of Parioli and Trieste. The university is supported by the Italian confederation of industries. In 1974 a group of entrepreneurs led by Umberto Agnelli, launched a project investing economic and intellectual resources in the establishment of a university; this university would be designed to offer undergraduate and post-graduate education, geared towards the needs of the market. Luiss came out of a pre-existing university, redesigned and renamed Luiss in 1977. Other public and private industrial groups, as well as some banks, joined the founders.
The group of businessmen and bankers who had promoted and financed the birth of the project, as well as the transformation of the organization of the old Pro Deo University, into the more modern ones of Luiss University, as it is today, was established in 1985 in the current “Friends of Luiss”. This has had since its inception the Senator Umberto Agnelli as its president, succeeded by Francesco Gaetano Caltagirone, plays a vital role in the collection and distribution of economic resources to be allocated to provide scholarships for students who have enormous potential but a lack of economic resources, to ensure that the most brilliant Luiss graduates have the possibility of earning PhDs to dedicate themselves to scientific research with a view to an academic career or advanced professional activities. Guido Carli, former Governor of the Banca d'Italia, President of Confindustria and Senator was President of Luiss from 1978 until his death in 1993, his work was so esteemed that in 1994 the university changed its name to Luiss Guido Carli.
The university had only the faculties of Economics and Political Science, to, added the faculty of Law in 1982. In 2011 an academic reorganization took place, which resulted in today's four Departments: Law and Management, Economics and Finance, Political Science. Today the University offers many courses taught in English, such as'Economics&Business' or'Politics and Economics'. In 2013, in the Censis annual university ranking done in conjunction with the newspaper la Repubblica, Luiss Guido Carli ranked first for Political Science and second for Law and Economics among private universities. In February 2014, the Confindustria-supported university took first place at the Rotman International Trading Competition. With regard to research output, according to the final report on research quality for 2004/2010 from ANVUR, the university ranked second among small universities, tying with the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and behind the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies. In 2015, Luiss ranked second in the Il Sole 24 Ore annual national ranking.
In 2016, Luiss ranked first in the Il Sole 24 Ore annual national ranking. To attend a degree program at one of the four Departments at Luiss, candidates must pass an admission test; each year a maximum number of places available is set and the admission test is done in two different sessions, after which a ranking by session is drafted, where each student has a score made up of their final grade in secondary school and their test score. Admission is based on the available slots and where selected students choose not to attend, other students are selected from the waiting list; the admission test lasts 90 minutes and is made up of 100 multiple-choice questions measuring general culture and aptitude. The subjects on the test are: reading comprehension. On average, candidates admitted to Luiss are high achievers: 68.1% of students have a final secondary school average of over 90/100, compared to the national average of 24.6%. To be admitted to a master's degree, Luiss graduates with degree grades of 100 or above can be admitted to degree programs without having to take an admission test, until all the available slots are taken.
Graduates from other universities must take a written test to apply for admission. The University is divided into the following four departments: The academic organization provides a single five-year cycle for the combined bachelor's and master's degree program in Law; the Department of Business and Management offers the following degree programs: Bachelor’s degree in Economics and Management. The Department of Economics and Finance offers the following degree programs: Bachelor’s de
Alexander Stille is an American author and journalist. He is the son of Ugo Stille, a well-known Italian journalist and a former editor of Italy's Milan-based Corriere della Sera newspaper. Alexander Stille graduated from Yale and the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, he has written many articles in particular its politics and the Mafia. His first book and Betrayal: Five Italian Jewish Families Under Fascism, was chosen by the Times Literary Supplement as one of the best books of 1992 and received the Los Angeles Times book award. In 1995 he wrote Excellent Cadavers: The Mafia and the Death of the First Italian Republic, an investigation into the Sicilian Mafia in the latter half of the twentieth century and in particular the events leading up to the major crackdown against the criminal organization in the 1990s following the bloodthirsty reign of Salvatore Riina; the book was dedicated to the memory of anti-mafia judges Giovanni Paolo Borsellino. The events outlined in the book were made into a 1999 movie of the same name.
In 2003 he wrote The Future of the Past, about the efforts to preserve historical monuments and documentary evidence of ancient times. In 2006 he wrote The Sack of Rome: How a Beautiful European Country with a Fabled History and a Storied Culture Was Taken Over by a Man Named Silvio Berlusconi, about Silvio Berlusconi, his book The Force of Things: A Marriage in War and Peace was published in February 2013. Stille writes for The Boston Globe, The New York Review of Books, The New York Times and The New Yorker. For a short time, Stille lived in Milan, but resides in New York City and is the San Paolo Professor of International Journalism at Columbia, he was married to poet Lexi Rudnitsky until her death in January 2005. They had one son, born in October 2004. Stille was named a Guggenheim Fellow in 2008. Contributions to The New Yorker Horrors And Heroes by John Elson, book review of Benevolence and Betrayal Transcript of an interview with Stille from PBS Stille archive from The New York Review of Books
The Italians are a Romance ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula and its neighbouring insular territories. Most Italians share a common culture, ancestry or language. All Italian nationals are citizens of the Italian Republic, regardless of ancestry or nation of residence and may be distinguished from people of Italian descent without Italian citizenship and from ethnic Italians living in territories adjacent to the Italian Peninsula without Italian citizenship; the majority of Italian nationals are speakers of a regional variety thereof. However, many of them speak another regional or minority language native to Italy. In 2017, in addition to about 55 million Italians in Italy, Italian-speaking autonomous groups are found in neighbouring nations: a quarter million are in Switzerland, a large population is in France, the entire population of San Marino, there are smaller groups in Slovenia and Croatia in Istria and Dalmatia; because of the wide-ranging diaspora, about 5 million Italian citizens and nearly 80 million people of full or partial Italian ancestry live outside their own homeland, which include the 62.5% of Argentina's population, 1/3 of Uruguayans, 40% of Paraguayans, 15% of Brazilians, people in other parts of Europe bordering Italy, the Americas and the Middle East.
Italians have influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts and music and technology, cuisine, jurisprudence and business both abroad and worldwide. Furthermore, Italian people are known for their localism, both regionalist and municipalist; the Latin name Italia according to Strabo's Geographica was used by Greeks to indicate the southwestern tip of the Italian peninsula, corresponding to the current region of Calabria, from the strait of Messina to the line connecting the gulf of Salerno and gulf of Taranto. It most originates with Oscan Víteliú, meaning "land of young cattle"; the bull was a symbol of the southern Italic tribes and was depicted goring the Roman wolf as a defiant symbol of free Italy during the Social War. The name was extended to include all the Italian peninsula south of the Rubicon, still by the end of the 1st century BC, to all of the peninsula and beyond. Latin Italicus as a substantive meaning "a man of Italy" is first recorded in Pliny the Elder, Letters 9.23.
The adjective italianus, from which are derived the Italian name of the Italians is medieval. The Italian peninsula was divided into a multitude of tribal or ethnic territory prior to the Roman conquest of Italy in the 3rd century BC. After a series of wars between Greeks and Etruscans, the Latins, with Rome as their capital, gained the ascendancy by 272 BC, completed the conquest of the Italian peninsula by 218 BC; this period of unification was followed by one of conquest in the Mediterranean, beginning with the First Punic War against Carthage. In the course of the century-long struggle against Carthage, the Romans conquered Sicily and Corsica. In 146 BC, at the conclusion of the Third Punic War, with Carthage destroyed and its inhabitants enslaved, Rome became the dominant power in the Mediterranean; the process of Italian unification, the associated Romanization, culminated in 88 BC, when, in the aftermath of the Social War, Rome granted its Italian allies full rights in Roman society, extending Roman citizenship to all Italic peoples.
From its inception, Rome was a republican city-state, but four famous civil conflicts destroyed the republic: Lucius Cornelius Sulla against Gaius Marius and his son, Julius Caesar against Pompey, Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus against Mark Antony and Octavian, Mark Antony against Octavian. Octavian, the final victor, was accorded the title of Augustus by the Senate and thereby became the first Roman emperor. Augustus created for the first time an administrative region called Italia with inhabitants called "Italicus populus", stretching from the Alps to Sicily: for this reason historians like Emilio Gentile called him Father of Italians. In the 1st century BC, Italia was still a collection of territories with different political statuses; some cities, called municipia, had some independence from Rome, while others, the coloniae, were founded by the Romans themselves. Around 7 BC, Augustus divided Italy into eleven regiones. During the Crisis of the Third Century the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasions, military anarchy and civil wars, hyperinflation.
In 284, emperor Diocletian restored political stability. The importance of Rome declined; the seats of the Caesars were Augusta Treverorum for Constantius Chlorus and Sirmium (on the Riv
Rudolph William Louis Giuliani is an American politician, attorney and public speaker who served as the 107th Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. He acts as an attorney to President Donald Trump. Politically a Democrat an Independent in the 1970s, a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani served as United States Associate Attorney General from 1981 to 1983; that year he became the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, holding the position until 1989. He prosecuted cases against corrupt corporate financiers; when Giuliani took office as Mayor of New York City, he appointed a new police commissioner, William Bratton, who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay, which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city. Within several years, Giuliani was credited for making major improvements in the city's quality of life and lowering the rate of violent crimes.
While Giuliani was still Mayor, he ran for the United States Senate in 2000. Giuliani was named Time magazine's Person of the Year for 2001, was given an honorary knighthood in 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II for his leadership in the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001. In 2002, Giuliani founded Giuliani Partners and sold Giuliani Capital Advisors, joined a Texas firm while opening a Manhattan office for the firm renamed Bracewell & Giuliani. Giuliani sought the Republican Party's 2008 presidential nomination, was considered the early front runner in the race, before withdrawing from the race to endorse the eventual nominee, John McCain. Giuliani was considered a potential candidate for New York Governor in 2010 and for the Republican presidential nomination in 2012. Giuliani declined all races, instead remained in the business sector. In April 2018, Giuliani became one of President Trump's personal lawyers. Since he has appeared in the media in defense of President Trump. Giuliani was born in an Italian-American enclave in East Flatbush in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, the only child of working-class parents, Harold Angelo Giuliani and Helen Giuliani, both children of Italian immigrants.
Giuliani is of Tuscan origins from his father side, as his paternal grandparents were born in Montecatini, Italy. He was raised a Roman Catholic. Harold Giuliani, a plumber and a bartender, had trouble holding a job, was convicted of felony assault and robbery, serving time in Sing Sing. After his release he worked as an enforcer for his brother-in-law Leo D'Avanzo, who ran an organized crime operation involved in loan sharking and gambling at a restaurant in Brooklyn; the family lived in East Flatbush, Brooklyn until Harold died of prostate cancer in 1981, after which Helen moved to Manhattan's Upper East Side. Helen was featured in a television commercial to promote her son in the 1993 mayoral election; when Giuliani was seven years old in 1951, his family moved from Brooklyn to Garden City South, where he attended the local Catholic school, St. Anne's, he commuted back to Brooklyn to attend Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School, graduating in 1961. Giuliani attended Manhattan College in Riverdale, where he majored in political science with a minor in philosophy and considered becoming a priest.
Giuliani was elected president of his class in his sophomore year, but was not re-elected in his junior year. He joined the Phi Rho Pi fraternity, he graduated in 1965. Giuliani decided to forego the priesthood and instead attended the New York University School of Law in Manhattan, where he made the NYU Law Review and graduated cum laude with a Juris Doctor degree in 1968. Giuliani started his political life as a Democrat, he volunteered for Robert F. Kennedy's presidential campaign in 1968, he worked as a Democratic Party committeeman on Long Island in the mid-1960s and voted for George McGovern for president in 1972. Upon graduation, Giuliani clerked for Judge Lloyd Francis MacMahon, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York. Giuliani did not serve in the military during the Vietnam War, his conscription was deferred while he was enrolled at NYU Law. Upon graduation from the latter in 1968, he was classified by the Selective Service System as 1-A, he was rejected. In 1969, Judge MacMahon wrote a letter to Giuliani's draft board, asking that he be reclassified as 2-A, because Giuliani, a law clerk for MacMahon, was an essential employee.
The deferment was granted. In 1970, Giuliani received a high draft lottery number. In 1975, Giuliani switched his party registration from Democratic to Independent as he was recruited to Washington, D. C. during the Ford administration, where he was named Associate Deputy Attorney General and chief of staff to Deputy Attorney General Harold "Ace" Tyler. His first high-profile prosecution was of Democratic U. S. Representative Bertram L. Podell, convicted of corruption. From 1977 to 1981, during the Carter administration, Giuliani practiced law at the Patterson, Belknap and Tyler law firm, as chief of staff to his previous DC boss, Ace Tyler. Tyler became
Christian Democracy (Italy)
Christian Democracy was a Christian democratic political party in Italy. The DC was founded in 1943 as the ideal successor of the Italian People's Party, which had the same symbol, a crossed shield. A Catholic-inspired, catch-all party comprising both right- and left-leaning political factions, the DC played a dominant role in the politics of Italy for fifty years, from its inception in 1944 until its final demise in 1994 amid the Tangentopoli scandals; the party was nicknamed the White Whale, due to party's huge organization and to its official color. From 1946 until 1994 the DC was the largest party in Parliament, governing in successive coalitions, it supported governments based on liberal-conservative political positions, before moving to centre-left coalitions. The party was succeeded by a string of smaller parties, including the Italian People's Party, the Christian Democratic Centre, the United Christian Democrats, the still active Union of the Centre. Former Christian Democrats are spread among other parties, including the centre-right Forza Italia and the centre-left Democratic Party.
The DC was a founding member of the European People's Party in 1976. The party was founded as the revival of the Italian People's Party, a political party created in 1919 by Luigi Sturzo, a Catholic priest; the PPI won over 20% of the votes in the 1919 and 1921 general elections, but was declared illegal by the Fascist dictatorship in 1925 despite the presence of some Popolari in Benito Mussolini's first government. As World War II was ending, the Christian Democrats started organizing post-Fascist Italy in coalition with all the other mainstream parties, including the Italian Communist Party, the Italian Socialist Party, the Italian Liberal Party, the Italian Republican Party, the Action Party and the Labour Democratic Party. In December 1945 Christian Democrat Alcide De Gasperi was appointed Prime Minister of Italy. In the 1946 general election the DC won 35.2% of the vote. In May 1947 De Gasperi broke decisively with his Communist and Socialist coalition partners under pressure from U. S. President Harry Truman.
This opened the way for a centrist coalition that included the Italian Workers' Socialist Party, a centrist break-away from the PSI, as well as its usual allies, the PLI and the PRI. In the 1948 general election the DC went on to win a decisive victory, with the support of the Catholic Church and the United States, obtained 48.5% of the vote, its best result ever. Despite his party's absolute majority in the Italian Parliament, De Gasperi continued to govern at the head of the centrist coalition, successively abandoned by the Liberals, who hoped for more right-wing policies, in 1950 and the Democratic Socialists, who hoped for more leftist policies, in 1951. Under De Gasperi, major land reforms were carried out in the poorer rural regions in the early postwar years, with farms appropriated from the large landowners and parcelled out to the peasants. In addition, during its years in office, Christian Democrats passed a number of laws safeguarding employees from exploitation, established a national health service, initiated low-cost housing in Italy’s major cities.
De Gasperi would die a year later. No Christian Democrat would match his longevity in office and, despite the fact that DC's share of vote was always between 38 and 43% from 1953 to 1979, the party was more and more fractious; as a result, Prime Ministers changed more frequently. From 1954 the DC was led by progressive Christian Democrats, such as Amintore Fanfani, Aldo Moro and Benigno Zaccagnini, supported by the influential left-wing factions. In the 1950s the party formed centrist or moderately centre-left coalitions, a short-lived government led by Fernando Tambroni relying on parliamentary support from the Italian Social Movement, the post-fascist party. In 1963 the party, under Prime Minister Aldo Moro, formed a coalition with the PSI, which returned to ministerial roles after 16 years, the PSDI and the PRI. Similar "Organic Centre-left" governments became usual through the 1970s. From 1976 to 1979 the DC governed with the external support of the PCI, through the Historic Compromise. Moro, the party main leader and who had inspired the Compromise, was abducted and murdered by the Red Brigades.
The event was a shock for the party. When Moro was abducted, the government, at the time led by Giulio Andreotti took a hardline position stating that the "State must not bend" on terrorist demands; this was a different position from the one kept in similar cases before. It was however supported by all the mainstream parties, including the PCI, with the two notable exceptions of the PSI and the Radicals. In the trial for Mafia allegations against Andreotti, it was said that he took the chance of getting rid of a dangerous political competitor by sabotaging all of the rescue options and leaving the captors with no option but killing him. During his captivity Moro wrote a series of letters, at times critical of Andreotti; the memorial written by Moro during his imprisonment was subject to several plots, including the assassination of journalist Mino Pecorelli and general Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa. At the beginning of the 1980s the DC had lost part of its support over Italian voters. In 1981 Giovanni Spadolini of the PRI was the first non-Christian Democrat to lead a government since 1944, at the head of a coalition comprising the DC, the PSI, the PSDI, the PRI and the PLI, the so
University of Malta
Is the highest educational institution in Malta. It offers undergraduate bachelor's degrees, postgraduate master's degrees and postgraduate doctorates, it is a member of the European University Association, the European Access Network, Association of Commonwealth Universities, the Utrecht Network, the Santander Network, the Compostela Group, the European Association for University Lifelong Learning and the International Student Exchange Programme. In post-nominals the University's name is abbreviated as Melit; the precursor to the l-Universita ta Malta was the Collegium Melitense, a Jesuit college, set up on 12 November 1592. This was located in an old house in Valletta, but a purpose-built college was constructed between 1595 and 1597; this building is now known as the Valletta Campus. The Jesuits were expelled from Malta in 1768, although their property was taken over by the Treasury of the Order of St. John, the college remained open and professors retained their posts; the l-Universita ta Malta came to existence on 22 November 1769, when Grand Master Manuel Pinto da Fonseca signed a decree constituting a Pubblica Università di Studi Generali.
The University was suspended during the magistracy of Francisco Ximenes de Texada in the 1770s, but it was reconstituted by his successor Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc in 1779. The University was replaced by the École Centrale during the French occupation of Malta from 1798 to 1800, but was once again reopened by the British in the early 19th century. From 1937 to 1974, the institution was known as the Royal University of Malta. Over time, the Valletta campus became too small and Evans Laboratories was built in 1959 to house the Faculty of Science. In 1968, the Medical School moved to a building near St. Luke's Hospital in Gwardamanġa; the University opened a much larger campus at Tal-Qroqq in Msida in the late 1960s, but it retained the Valletta building, still used for some lectures and conferences. The administrative set up of the university comprises academic and administrative and technical staff members who are appointed or elected to the governing bodies of the University; the principal officers of the University are the Chancellor, the Pro-Chancellor, the Rector, the Pro-Rectors, the Secretary, the Registrar, the Deans of the Faculties as well as the Finance Officer and the Librarian.
The main governing bodies are the Senate and the Faculty Boards. As the supreme governing body of the University, the Council is responsible for the administration of the University. Faculties group together departments concerned with a major area of knowledge, while institutes are of an interdisciplinary nature; the council is responsible for appointing staff members to academic posts. The senate is responsible for the academic matters of the University regulating studies, research and examinations at the University; the senate establishes the entry regulations. The faculty board directs the academic tasks of the faculty; the board presents proposals to the senate and the council. Besides, it determines the studies and research within the faculty. In March 2016, it was announced that Professor Alfred J. Vella was elected by the members of the University Council as the next Rector of the l-Universita ta Malta He took up the post in July 2016, when the term of the previous Rector, Professor Juanito Camilleri, expired The administration rebranded the university for the fall semester of 2017 with a stylized version of the logo that removed the Latin motto “Ut Fructificemus Deo” for daily use and retained it in a version to be used in ceremonial contexts.
Admission to the university is based on Matriculation examination results, grades are awarded on a seven-point scale. Grade 1 is awarded for the highest level of achievement, whereas Grade 7 indicates the minimum satisfactory performance. However, entry on basis of maturity and experience is granted for certain courses in the arts and sciences; the Faculty of Dental Surgery allows for a maximum of six European students per year chosen according to merit and only after the students have passed an admissions interview. Full-time undergraduate courses are free-of-charge to citizens of the European Union. Maltese students enrolled in higher education in Malta are entitled to a stipend. Fees are charged to nationals from non-EU states. There are 600 international students studying at the university, comprising around 7% of the student population. There are 11,500 students including 750 international students from 82 countries, following full-time or part-time degree and diploma courses, many of them run on the modular or credit system.
The university hosts other exchange students. A basic Foundation Studies Course enables international high school students who have completed their secondary or high school education overseas but who do not have the necessary entry requirements, to qualify for admission to an undergraduate degree course. Over 3,000 students graduate annually. There are a further 2,500 pre-tertiary students at the Junior College, managed by the university; the university has fourteen Faculties, a number of institutes and centres and the School of Performing Arts. The floor area occupied by the library building is between 6,000 square metres. A collection of one million volumes is housed throughout the Main Library and institutes; the library subscribes to 60,000 e-journals, 308 print journal titles and a collection of e
Tina Anselmi Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI was a member of the Italian resistance movement during World War II who went on to become an Italian politician. She was the first woman to hold a ministerial position in an Italian government. Anselmi was born in Treviso, her father was an assistant pharmacist, her mother and grandmother ran an inn together. She attended the local high school, the Teaching Institute in Bassano del Grappa. In September 1944, Nazi soldiers forced her and a group of other students to witness the hanging of a group of 31 young Partisans; as a result, she joined the Italian Resistance movement and became part of the Cesare Battisti brigade. That year she joined the Christian Democracy Party. After World War II, she studied literature at the Catholic University of Milan and became a primary school teacher. While working as a teacher, Anselmi held positions in Christian trade unions, including the primary teachers' union from 1948-55. In 1959 she joined the national council of the Christian Democracy Party, she was the party's deputy leader from 1968-92.
In 1963, she was elected vice-president of the Female Board of the European Union. From 1958-64 she was head of the Christian Democracy party's youth programmes. From 1968 to 1987 she was a Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, re-elected five times in the Venice-Treviso district, she served three times as undersecretary to the Department of Work and Social Services, in 1976 she became the first woman to be a member of an Italian cabinet, being chosen by Giulio Andreotti as Minister for Labour and Social Security. She held this position from 1976-79, she served as Minister for Health from 1978 to 1979. Anselmi is best known for having been the main proposer of Italian laws on equal opportunities, a matter she always fought for in her political life. For example, in 1977 she passed a bill which recognised fathers as primary caregivers for their children, allowed for both fathers and mothers to have time away from their children. In the same year, a major piece of legislation was passed on gender parity in employment conditions, of which Anselmi was a key supporter.
She chaired the National Equal Opportunities Commission until 1994, played a significant role in the introduction of Italy's National Health Service. In 1981, she headed the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry into the illegal P2 Masonic Lodge. Anslemi wrote the Commission's final majority report, approved in 1984, all activity of the lodge ceased the following year. Anselmi was the chair of a commission of inquiry into the work of Italian soldiers in Somalia, of a national commission on the consequences of laws for the Italian Jewish community, she was an honorary vice president of the National Institute for the History of the Liberation Movement in Italy. In her life, she began to write about her experiences in the Resistance. In 2004, she wrote a second book for young people, Bella ciao: la resistenza raccontata ai ragazzi. In 2006, she published her memoirs, as Story of a Passion for Politics. Anselmi died at home in Castelfranco Veneto, Treviso on 31 October 2016, aged 89. In 1998, Anselmi was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.
In June 2016, Anselmi was featured on an Italian postage stamp, the only living person to be honoured in this way. Tina Anselmi on Radio Radicale