Virginia House of Delegates
Virginia House of Delegates
|Virginia General Assembly|
|Preceded by||House of Burgesses|
New session started
|January 10, 2018|
since June 2011
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Virginia Constitution|
|Salary||$17,640/year + per diem|
|November 7, 2017|
|November 5, 2019|
|House of Delegates Chamber|
Virginia State Capitol
|Virginia General Assembly|
The Virginia House of Delegates is one of two parts in the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years; the House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is usually a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House; the House shares legislative power with the Senate of Virginia, the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the Virginia House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619; the House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.
History and location
The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in the New World. Originally having 22 members, the House of Burgesses met from 1619 through 1632 in the choir of the church at Jamestown. From 1632 to 1699 the legislative body met at four different state houses in Jamestown; the first state house convened at the home of Colonial Governor Sir John Harvey from 1632 to 1656. The burgesses convened at the second state house from 1656 until it was destroyed in 1660. Historians have yet to precisely identify its location.
The House has met in Virginia's Capitol Building, designed by Thomas Jefferson, since 1788; the legislative body met from 1788 to 1904 in what is known as today the Old Hall of the House of Delegates or commonly referred to as the Old House Chamber. The Old House Chamber is part of the original Capitol building structure, it measures 76 feet in width and is filled today with furnishings that resemble what the room would have looked like during its time of use. There are many bronze and marble busts of historic Virginians on display in the Old House Chamber, including: George Mason, George Wythe, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and Meriwether Lewis. From 1904 to 1906, University of Virginia graduate and architect John K. Peeples designed and built compatible classical wings to the west and east side of the Capitol building; the new wings added to provide more space and serve as the legislative chambers in the Virginia General Assembly, the Senate of Virginia resides in the west chamber and the House of Delegates resides in the east chamber. The General Assembly members and staff operate from offices in the General Assembly Building, located in Capitol Square. Prior to 1788 the House of Delegates met in the Colonial Capital of Williamsburg.
In 1999, Republicans took control of the House of Delegates for the first time since Reconstruction (with the exception of a brief 2-year period in which the Readjuster Party was in the majority in the 1880s); the Republican Party has held the majority in the House since then.
Salary and qualifications
The annual salary for delegates is $17,640 per year; each delegate represents roughly 84,702 people. Candidates for office must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the districts they seek to represent, and qualified to vote for General Assembly legislators; the regular session of the General Assembly is 60 days long during even numbered years and 30 days long during odd numbered years, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses.
Article IV, Section 3 of the Constitution of Virginia stipulates that the House of Delegates shall consist of between 90 and 100 members, it does not put any condition on the number of districts and only speaks of "several house districts". While there used to be multi-member districts, starting with the 1982 election there have been 100 districts electing one member each.
Current political composition
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Previous legislature (2016–2018)||66||34||100||0|
|August 31, 2018||50||49||99||1|
|November 26, 2018||51||49||100||0|
|Janauary 11, 2019||51||48||99||1|
|February 20, 2019||51||49||100||0|
|Latest voting share||51%||49%|
Historical party control
(The party control table shows the balance of power after each recent general election. The preceding Makeup table includes results of special elections since the last general election.)
|Majority Leader||Todd Gilbert|
|Minority Leader||Eileen Filler-Corn|
|Caucus Chair||Charniele Herring|
Committee chairs and ranking members
The House has 14 standing committees.
|Committee||Chair||Senior Minority Member|
|Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural Resources||Danny Marshall (HD14)||Kenneth R. Plum (HD36)|
|Appropriations||S. Chris Jones (HD76)||Luke Torian (HD52)|
|Commerce and Labor||Terry Kilgore (HD01)||Jeion Ward (HD92)|
|Counties, Cities and Towns||Riley Ingram (HD62)||Charniele L. Herring (HD46)|
|Courts of Justice||Rob Bell (HD58)||Vivian E. Watts (HD39)|
|Education||Steve Landes (HD25)||Roslyn Tyler (HD75)|
|Finance||Lee Ware (HD65)||Vivian Watts (HD39)|
|General Laws||Chris Peace (HD97)||Jeion Ward (HD92)|
|Health, Welfare and Institutions||Bobby Orrock (HD54)||Mark D. Sickles (HD43)|
|Militia, Police and Public Safety||Ben Cline (HD24)||Roslyn Tyler (HD75)|
|Privileges and Elections||Mark Cole (HD88)||Mark D. Sickles (HD43)|
|Rules||Kirk Cox (HD66)||Kenneth Plum (HD36)|
|Science and Technology||Roxann Robinson (HD27)||Vivian Watts (HD39)|
|Transportation||David Yancey (HD94)||Jeion Ward (HD92)|
The Virginia House of Delegates is reelected every two years, with intervening vacancies filled by special election; the list below contains the House delegates currently serving through January 2020.
|District||Name||Party||Areas Represented||First Election|
|1||Terry Kilgore||Rep||Lee, Scott, Wise (part)||Norton||1993|
|2||Jennifer Carroll Foy||Dem||Prince William (part), Stafford (part)||2017|
|3||Will Morefield||Rep||Bland, Buchanan, Russell (part), Tazewell||2009|
|4||Todd Pillion||Dickenson, Russell (part), Washington (part), Wise (part)||2013|
|5||Israel O'Quinn||Grayson, Smyth (part), Washington (part)||Bristol, Galax||2011|
|6||Jeff Campbell||Carroll, Smyth (part), Wythe||2013|
|7||Nick Rush||Floyd, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part)||2011|
|8||Joe McNamara||Craig, Montgomery (part), Roanoke (part)||Salem||2018|
|9||Charles Poindexter||Franklin (part), Henry (part), Patrick||2007|
|10||Wendy Gooditis||Dem||Clarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)||2017|
|11||Salam "Sam" Rasoul||Roanoke (part)||2013|
|12||Chris Hurst||Giles, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part)||Radford||2017|
|13||Danica Roem||Prince William (part)||Manassas Park||2017|
|14||Danny Marshall||Rep||Henry (part), Pittsylvania (part)||Danville||2001|
|Page, Rockingham (part), Shenandoah, Warren (part)||2005|
|16||Les Adams||Henry (part), Pittsylvania (part)||Martinsville||2013|
|17||Chris Head||Botetourt (part), Roanoke (part)||Roanoke (part)||2011|
|18||Michael Webert||Culpeper (part), Fauquier (part), Rappahannock, Warren (part)||2011|
|19||Terry Austin||Alleghany, Bedford (part), Botetourt (part)||Covington||2013|
|20||Richard P. Bell||Augusta (part), Highland, Nelson(part)||Staunton, Waynesboro||2009|
|21||Kelly Fowler||Dem||Virginia Beach (part) Chesapeake (part)||2017|
|22||Kathy Byron||Rep||Bedford (part), Campbell (part), Franklin (part)||Lynchburg (part)||1997|
|23||Scott Garrett||Amherst (part), Bedford (part)||2009|
|24||Ronnie Campbell||Amherst (part), Augusta (part), Bath, Rockbridge||Buena Vista, Lexington||2018|
|25||Steve Landes||Albemarle (part), Augusta (part), Rockingham (part)||1995|
|26||Tony Wilt||Rockingham (part)||Harrisonburg||2010|
|27||Roxann Robinson||Chesterfield (part)||2010|
|28||Bob Thomas||Stafford (part)||Fredericksburg (part)||2017|
|29||Chris Collins||Frederick (part), Warren (part)||Winchester, Front Royal (part)||2015|
|30||Nicholas Freitas||Culpeper (part), Madison, Orange||2015|
|31||Elizabeth Guzman||Dem||Fauquier (part), Prince William (part)||2017|
|32||David A. Reid||Loudoun (part)||2017|
|33||Dave LaRock||Rep||Clarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)||2013|
|34||Kathleen Murphy||Dem||Fairfax (part), Loudoun (part)||2015|
|35||Mark Keam||Fairfax (part)||2009|
|36||Kenneth R. Plum||1981|
|39||Vivian E. Watts||1995|
Majority Caucus Chairman
|Rep||Fairfax (part), Prince William (part)||2002|
|43||Mark D. Sickles||2003|
|45||Mark Levine||Arlington (part), Fairfax (part)||Alexandria (part)||2015|
|47||Patrick Hope||Arlington (part)||2009|
|48||Rip Sullivan||Arlington (part), Fairfax (part)||2014|
|50||Lee Carter||Prince William (part)||Manassas||2017|
|53||Marcus Simon||Fairfax (part)||Falls Church||2013|
|54||Bobby Orrock||Rep||Caroline (part), Spotsylvania (part)||1989|
|55||Buddy Fowler||Caroline (part), Hanover (part), Spotsylvania (part)||2009|
|56||John McGuire III||Goochland (part), Henrico (part), Louisa, Spotsylvania (part)||2017|
|57||David Toscano||Dem||Albemarle (part)||Charlottesville||2005|
|58||Rob Bell||Rep||Albemarle (part), Fluvanna (part), Greene, Rockingham (part)||2001|
|59||Matt Fariss||Albemarle (part), Appomattox, Buckingham, Campbell (part), Nelson (part)||2011|
|60||James Edmunds||Campbell (part), Charlotte, Halifax, Prince Edward||2009|
|61||Tommy Wright||Amelia, Cumberland, Lunenburg (part), Mecklenburg, Nottoway||2000|
|62||Riley Ingram||Chesterfield (part), Henrico (part), Prince George (part)||Hopewell (part)||1991|
|63||Lashrecse Aird||Dem||Chesterfield (part), Dinwiddie (part), Prince George (part)||Hopewell (part), Petersburg||2015|
|64||Emily Brewer||Rep||Isle of Wight (part), Prince George (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part)||Franklin (part), Suffolk (part)||2017|
|65||Lee Ware||Chesterfield (part), Fluvanna (part), Goochland (part), Powhatan||1998|
|Chesterfield (part)||Colonial Heights||1989|
|67||Karrie Delaney||Dem||Fairfax (part), Loudoun (part)||2017|
|68||Dawn Adams||Chesterfield (part), Henrico (part)||Richmond (part)||2017|
|69||Betsy Carr||Chesterfield (part)||2009|
|70||Delores McQuinn||Chesterfield (part), Henrico (part)||2009|
|71||Jeff Bourne||Henrico (part)||2017|
|73||Debra H. Rodman||Richmond (part)||2017|
|74||Lamont Bagby||Charles City, Henrico (part)||2015|
|75||Roslyn Tyler||Brunswick, Dinwiddie (part) Greensville, Isle of Wight (part), Lunenburg (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part)||Emporia, Franklin (part)||2005|
|76||Chris Jones||Rep||Chesapeake (part), Suffolk (part)||1997|
|77||Cliff Hayes, Jr.||Dem||2016|
|78||James Leftwich||Rep||Chesapeake (part)||2013|
|79||Steve Heretick||Dem||Norfolk (part), Portsmouth (part)||2015|
|80||Matthew James||Chesapeake (part), Norfolk (part), Portsmouth (part), Suffolk (part)||2009|
|81||Barry Knight||Rep||Chesapeake (part), Virginia Beach (part)||2009|
|82||Jason Miyares||Virginia Beach (part)||2015|
|83||Chris Stolle||Norfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)||2009|
|84||Glenn Davis||Virginia Beach (part)||2014|
|86||Ibraheem Samirah||Fairfax (part), Loudoun (part)||2019|
|87||John Bell||Loudoun (part), Prince William (part)||2015|
|88||Mark Cole||Rep||Fauquier (part), Spotsylvania (part), Stafford (part)||Fredericksburg (part)||2001|
|89||Jay Jones||Dem||Norfolk (part)||2017|
|90||Joe Lindsey||Norfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)||2014|
|91||Gordon Helsel||Rep||York (part)||Hampton (part), Poquoson||2011|
|92||Jeion Ward||Dem||Hampton (part)||2003|
|93||Michael P. Mullin||James City (part), York (part)||Newport News (part), Williamsburg||2016|
|94||David Yancey||Rep||Newport News (part)||2011|
|95||Marcia Price||Dem||Hampton (part), Newport News (part)||2015|
|96||Brenda Pogge||Rep||James City (part), York (part)||2007|
|97||Chris Peace||Hanover (part), King William (part), New Kent||2006|
|98||Keith Hodges||Essex, Gloucester, King and Queen, King William (part), Mathews, Middlesex||2011|
|99||Margaret Ransone||Caroline (part), King George, Lancaster, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland||2011|
|100||Robert Bloxom, Jr.||Accomack, Northampton||Norfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)||2014|
Database of Members past and present
Marking the 400th anniversary of the House of Burgesses, the House Clerk's Office announced a new Database of House Members called "DOME" that chronicles the "9,700-plus men and women who served as burgesses or delegates in the Virginia General Assembly over the past four centuries."
- List of Speakers of the Virginia House of Delegates
- Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2017
- Senate of Virginia
- Members of the Virginia House of Delegates
- Mace of the Virginia House of Delegates
- Redistricting in Virginia
- Political party strength in Virginia
- List of Virginia state legislatures
- "This Day in History". Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- Commonwealth of Virginia. "Capitol Square Timeline". Retrieved April 26, 2011.
- Commonwealth of Virginia. "Timeline".
- "Virginia House of Delegates". DailyPress.com. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
- "Virginia State Legislature" (PDF). VAKids.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
- "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 4. Qualifications of senators and delegates". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
- "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 6. Legislative sessions". Virginia General Assembly. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
- "Del. Greg Habeeb resigns House of Delegates seat, special election to be set". The Roanoke Times. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- The 1997 general election yielded a 51-48-1 Democratic majority. David Brickley resigned his seat right afterward, however, and a special election for District 51 was called, his seat flipped to the Republicans, and with Independent Lacey Putney siding with the Republicans, the chamber was tied. Democrats retained the Speakership through a power-sharing agreement.  
- "Virginia House of Delegates Committees List". virginiageneralassembly.gov. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
- "Virginia House unveils new searchable website of its members". Village News. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- "Virginia House of Delegates unveils searchable website". Henrico Citizen. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- Hankerson, Mechelle (January 3, 2019). "New database holds 400 years worth of information on members of Virginia's legislature". Virginia MErcury. Retrieved January 25, 2019.