Class is a 1983 American comedy film directed by Lewis John Carlino, starring Rob Lowe, Jacqueline Bisset and Cliff Robertson. It marked the film debuts of John Cusack and Virginia Madsen; when Jonathan Ogner first shows up to prep school, he is laughed at for wearing his school uniform. He goes up to his dorm and meets his new roommate, who introduces himself as Squire Franklin Burroughs IV but tells Jonathan to call him "Skip." Skip takes off his bath robe and is shown to be wearing a red bra and panties. He explains to the shocked Jonathan that it isn't what it looks like and that it's a tradition for the seniors to parade around campus wearing only girls' underwear; when Jonathan doesn't have any, Skip gives him a set. Skip and Jonathan travel out of the dorm together until they get to the final door where Skip stays behind and locks the door; the other students begin to mock Jonathan for wearing girls' underwear. Mortified, Jonathan attempts to flee the scene. After discovering that Skip has locked all the doors, Jonathan climbs a trellis that leads into his dorm where he finds Skip lying on the floor laughing hysterically.
Skip tries to tell Jonathan that it was all just a practical joke and to just laugh it off, but Jonathan is too embarrassed to see the humor. During lunch time in the cafeteria, the other students again begin to taunt Jonathan as he tries to eat his meal; when Skip invites Jonathan over to his table to sit with him and his friends, Jonathan turns to reveal that he is crying from shame. Skip is now remorseful for having played such a prank on Jonathan as he sees Jonathan flee the cafeteria; when Skip returns to their room to apologize to Jonathan he finds Jonathan hanging with a rope around his neck in an apparent suicide. Skip goes to get help, but when he returns to the room where Jonathan hanged himself and the gathering crowd find not Jonathan but a mannequin with a picture of the Dean's face attached to its head; the crowd begins to laugh hysterically at Skip as the Dean says he wants to see both Skip and Jonathan in his office. As the crowd disperses, Skip hears laughter coming from the closet.
Upon opening the closet door Skip finds Jonathan much alive and laughing at Skip telling Skip that it was just a joke. Skip grudgingly accepts the two become fast friends. After becoming friends the two share secrets and Jonathan admits to Skip that he cheated on the SAT. After several failed attempts to find Jonathan a date, Skip decides that it is his sworn duty to help his friend have a successful sexual encounter. Skip decides to send Jonathan to Chicago to meet a girl and gain sexual experience before both of their reputations are ruined. Jonathan is picked up by Ellen, a beautiful older woman, has an affair with her. Jonathan begins to fall in love with Ellen though the older woman knows it to be just a fling between them. Jonathan lies and claims to be a Ph. D. student. When Jonathan proclaims his love to Ellen during one of their sessions, Ellen begins to have second thoughts about continuing the relationship, her decision is finalized when she discovers that Jonathan is not only much younger than he had claimed to be, but he attends the same school that her own son attends.
Over Christmas break, Skip invites Jonathan to spend Christmas with him and his family at the Burroughs estate. It is here that Jonathan discovers that Ellen is Skip's mother and is married. Jonathan tries to end the affair. Jonathan agrees to meet Ellen to talk, he lies claiming to need time alone. When Jonathan and Ellen meet, they end up in bed again. In an attempt to cheer up his friend and friends go to Jonathan's hotel room. There they discover Jonathan in bed with Skip's mother. Skip and Jonathan have a fist fight, but make up. Jacqueline Bisset as Ellen Burroughs Rob Lowe as Squire Franklin Burroughs IV Andrew McCarthy as Jonathan Ogner Cliff Robertson as Franklin Burroughs III John Cusack as Roscoe Maibaum Alan Ruck as Roger Virginia Madsen as Lisa Bisset replaced Lesley Ann Warren for the role of Ellen Burroughs. Bisset was disappointed; these included a scene at the end. "When you're in a comedy... It's always difficult to develop a character because they always cut for the comic effect.
I lost a couple of scenes. She was more interesting in the original script. Why does she do what she does? She's a unhappy woman, she doesn't have any relationship at home. Cliff tells her in the bedroom as long as she's a Burrows she must behave. That's not much of a relationship to have with your husband. So she's a bit off balance in need of a childlike component in her life. She's been buckled down by Cliff. There's no fantasy aspect to her life. She's condemned to being an adult... The director sees it much more as a rites-of-passage film", Bisset said. McCarthy wound up with the lead at New York University. Lowe said "It was a atypical role for me. So it's a little uncomfortable when I'm too associated with it.'Oh yeah, him, he was in Class.' It was such an extroverted role, most of my work has been just the opposite. I like the movie. I think it was fun, not the vile concoction a lot of people seem to think it was."Madsen dislikes talking about her experience making the film, stating in a 2013 interview, "Those guys were assholes.
They were shitty to me. It was bad. Bad memories."Rob Lowe said this was justifiable, pointing out "her big part in that movie required her shirt to get rip
81st Academy Awards
The 81st Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, honored the best films of 2008 and took place on February 22, 2009, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories; the ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Bill Condon and Laurence Mark and directed by Roger Goodman. Actor Hugh Jackman hosted the show for the first time. Two weeks earlier in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California held on February 7, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Jessica Biel. Slumdog Millionaire won eight awards, the most of the evening, including Best Picture and Best Director for Danny Boyle. Other winners were The Curious Case of Benjamin Button with three awards, The Dark Knight and Milk with two awards, Departures, The Duchess, La Maison en Petits Cubes, Man on Wire, The Reader, Smile Pinki, Vicky Cristina Barcelona, WALL-E with one.
The telecast garnered 37 million viewers in the United States. The nominees for the 81st Academy Awards were announced on January 22, 2009, at 5:38 p.m. PST at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Sid Ganis, president of the Academy, the actor Forest Whitaker; the Curious Case of Benjamin Button received the most nominations with thirteen. The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 22, 2009. Slumdog Millionaire was the eleventh film, last to date, to win Best Picture without any acting nominations. Sean Penn became the ninth person to win Best Lead Actor twice. Best Supporting Actor winner Heath Ledger became the second performer to win a posthumous acting Oscar; the first actor to receive this distinction was Peter Finch who posthumously won Best Actor for Network two months after his death in January 1977. With its six nominations, WALL-E tied with 1991's Beauty and the Beast as the most nominated animated film in Oscar history. Winners are listed first.
Jerry Lewis The following individuals performed musical numbers. Due to the declining viewership of the recent Academy Awards ceremonies, AMPAS had contracted an new production team in an attempt to revive interest surrounding both the awards and festivities. In September 2008, the Academy selected producers Bill Condon and Laurence Mark to co-produce the telecast. Nearly three months actor Hugh Jackman, who had emceed three consecutive Tony Awards ceremonies between 2003 and 2005, was chosen as host of the 2009 gala. Jackman expressed his anticipation of the awards in the few days preceding, had commented that he was thrilled with preparations for the ceremony. Notable changes were introduced in the production of the telecast. In an attempt to build suspense and curiosity leading up to the awards and Mark announced that they would not reveal any of the presenters or performers who would participate in the Oscarcast. Another unique feature of the ceremony was that the orchestra performed onstage instead of being relegated to a pit.
In a break from previous presentations, five previous Oscar-winning performers presented each of the acting categories as opposed to only one or two. In addition, the Academy announced that for the first time since Oscar began broadcasting on television, film studios would be able to televise advertisements promoting their upcoming films. Furthermore, a montage of upcoming 2009 films was shown over the ceremony's closing credits. Several other people participated in the production of the ceremony. Chris Harrison hosted "Road to the Oscars", a weekly behind-the-scenes video blog on the Oscar ceremony website. David Rockwell designed a new stage design for the ceremony. Film historian and author Robert Osborne greeted guests entering the festivities at the Hollywood and Highland Center. Film director Judd Apatow filmed a comedy montage which featured Seth Rogen and James Franco reprising their roles from Pineapple Express. Director Baz Luhrmann produced a dance number saluting movie musicals. Peter Gabriel, scheduled to perform his nominated song "Down to Earth" from WALL-E during the live broadcast, declined to perform after learning that he would be allowed to sing only 65 seconds of the song during the ceremony's Best Original Song nominee performances.
Gabriel still attended the ceremony but singer John Legend, backed by the Soweto Gospel Choir, performed the song in place of Gabriel. During rehearsals and Condon compared Jackman to P. T. Barnum. After Jackman expressed interest in a Barnum project and Condon approached Jenny Bicks, a writer for the ceremony, she and Condon wrote The Greatest Showman starring Jackman. Continuing a trend in recent years, the field of major nominees favored independent, low-budget films over blockbusters. However, one of the nominees for Best Picture had grossed over $100 million before the nominations were announced; the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees when the Oscars were announced was $188 million with an average gross of $37.7 million per film. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $104.4 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Slumdog Millionaire, Frost/Nixon, The Reader. Among the rest of the top 50 releases of 2008 in U.
S. box office before the nominations, 33 nominations went to nine films on the list
New Trier High School
New Trier High School is a public four-year high school, with its main campus for sophomores through seniors located in Winnetka, United States, a freshman campus in Northfield, with freshman classes and district administration. Founded in 1901, the school serves the Chicago North Shore suburbs of Wilmette, Winnetka, Glencoe and portions of Northbrook and unincorporated Cook County. New Trier's logo depicts a symbol of Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany; the athletic teams are known as an archaic demonym for the people of Trier. New Trier High School opened its doors for the first time on February 4, 1901, welcoming 76 students. In 1912, it became one of the first American high schools with an indoor swimming pool. In 1920, the inaugural edition of The New Trier News was published. In 1934, the track and field team won the school's first IHSA state championship. In 1965, the New Trier West Campus was opened in the village of Northfield; the 1987-88 New Trier School Board proposed selling the New Trier West Campus in Northfield to facilitate a $10–12 million renovation project at the East Campus.
Their decision to sell the property was based on a demographers report and a reluctance to raise property taxes to cover the NT East revamp. The demographer, expressed caution about relying on predictions that exceeded a 10-year span stating in part that "...after 10 years, greater risk emerges of unanticipated events invalidating the most scientifically-based projection methods." Concerned about another spike in population and the need to retain the 42.5 acre Campus for future generations, local citizen advocates formed "The Coalition for the Future of New Trier". In March 1988 the Coalition forced the issue to referendum which, backed by broad community support, resulted in a successful ratification of the Coalition's position; the Campus was retained and subsequently rented to various entities until it was again needed as additional space for a growing NT student population. According to research it took less than two decades for the combined New Trier enrollment to exceed 4,000 students.
The Coalition has never been acknowledged publicly for their significant role as a catalyst in retaining the 42.5-acre New Trier West Campus. In 2017, the school neared completion of a $104.9 million renovation and addition project at its East Campus, which replaced three aging buildings on the west side of the campus with the addition of a new student cafeteria, a new library, more than two dozen classrooms for core English, social studies and business program classes, new art labs, applied arts classroom spaces in the basement for STEM programming, space for the school's radio and broadcasting programming, two green roofs, two new theaters. Jonathan Kozol wrote a book called Savage Inequalities in 1991 that discussed the harsh conditions in the poorest school districts in the United States, making a correlation between inequality and racial separation and segregation. In the book, Kozol contrasted New Trier High School's spending per student to impoverished schools within Chicago. In 2016, Newsweek magazine ranked New Trier as the top open enrollment high school in Illinois and the 17th best high school in the country.
The New Trier High School Board of Education's members are from Glencoe and Wilmette. As of September 1, 2017, the current superintendent of New Trier Township High School District 203 is Dr. Paul Sally, he replaced Dr. Linda L. Yonke, the first woman to hold the position, at the end of June 2017. New Trier spends more than $15,000 yearly per student, well above the state average of $8,786, it has been included in the "Top Hundred" and "Most Successful" lists of the National Association of Secondary School Principals, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Parade magazine. The school was identified as "quite the best public school in America" by Town & Country, in a six-page article on New Trier that cited the "rich" and "demanding" curriculum, extensive arts and activities, strong participation in athletics, faculty of the caliber found teaching at good colleges. Life recognized New Trier as one of the best high schools in America with cover stories in 1950 and 1998. In the class of 2017, 23 students were National Merit finalists, 27 were National Merit semifinalists, 71 received letters of commendation and 442 were Illinois State Scholars.
For this same class, the average composite ACT score was 27.8, the highest in Illinois for an open enrollment public school and among the top school scores in the United States. The class of 2018 scored an average 28.0 composite on the ACT, the highest for New Trier, the highest in Illinois for open enrollment schools. According to an article by the University of Michigan Department of Psychology, "New Trier students outperform their Illinois classmates on every conceivable measure." The article points out that 92% of the school's funding comes from the high property taxes of its affluent surroundings. 98% of the class of 2014 went on to enroll in college. New Trier ensembles or individuals have received 39 awards in the Downbeat Student Music Awards program. A record-setting seven of these were achieved in 2007 alone. More than 1,100 students participate in the music department; the student-run Soundtraks Club produces all 24 concerts a year, webcast live on the internet at ntjazz.com, on local cable television, in stereo on WNTH radio.
New Trier was named a Grammy Signature School
Designated Survivor (season 1)
The first season of the American political drama series Designated Survivor began airing on September 21, 2016 on ABC. The series was ordered straight to series by ABC in December 2015, with a formal announcement of 13 episodes in May 2016. Eight days after the premiere, on September 29, 2016, ABC gave the series a full season order; the series is produced by ABC Studios and The Mark Gordon Company, is filmed in Toronto, Canada. The series was renewed for a second season on May 11, 2017. On the night of the State of the Union, an explosion claims the lives of the President and everyone in the line of succession except for Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Thomas Kirkman, named the designated survivor. Kirkman is sworn in as President, unaware that the attack is just the beginning of what is to come. Kiefer Sutherland as President Thomas "Tom" Kirkman Natascha McElhone as First Lady Alexandra "Alex" Kirkman Adan Canto as Aaron Shore Italia Ricci as White House Chief of Staff Emily Rhodes LaMonica Garrett as Mike Ritter Tanner Buchanan as Leo Kirkman Kal Penn as White House Press Secretary Seth Wright Maggie Q as Hannah Wells Designated Survivor was ordered straight to series by ABC in December 2015, with a formal announcement of 13 episodes in May 2016.
A month ABC revealed that the series would premiere on September 21, 2016. Eight days after the premiere, on September 29, 2016, ABC gave the series a full season order. Created by David Guggenheim, the series is executive produced by Simon Kinberg, Suzan Bymel, Aditya Sood, Nick Pepper. Paul McGuigan directed the pilot episode. Amy B. Harris was set to be the showrunner in February 2016, but after the series' official pick-up in May, it was announced she would be stepping down due to creative differences, that Jon Harmon Feldman was in talks to replace her. In July 2016, Feldman was confirmed as showrunner/executive producer. In December 2016, Jeff Melvoin was hired as showrunner. Kal Penn associate director in the White House's Office of Public Engagement, serves as a consultant for the series as well as acting in the main cast. Producers Jon Harmon Feldman and Guggenheim described the series as more than one genre, drawing inspiration from other political thriller-dramas, with Guggenheim explaining, "There is a West Wing component of a man governing and his team governing our nation at this critical time.
It's the Homeland aspect of investigating the conspiracy. It has a House of Cards component, the characters and the business of government through the eyes of these characters." Kiefer Sutherland joined the cast in December 2015, playing Tom Kirkman, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development who becomes President. Sutherland had no intention of doing television again, but changed his mind after reading the first script of the series, saying, "I remember getting to the end of the script and thinking I was holding the next 10 years of my life in my hands."In February 2016, it was announced that Kal Penn, Maggie Q, Natascha McElhone, Italia Ricci had been cast as Kirkman's speech writer. Shortly after, Adan Canto had joined the series as Aaron Shore, the White House Deputy Chief of Staff. In early March, LaMonica Garrett joined the cast as Mike Ritter, Kirkman's Secret Service agent, Tanner Buchanan and Mckenna Grace had been cast as Kirkman's children. In July 2016, Malik Yoba was announced for a recurring role as Jason Atwood, the seasoned Deputy Director of the FBI, to appear in seven episodes, while Virginia Madsen had been cast in the recurring role of Kimble Hookstraten, a conservative Congresswoman and the designated survivor for the rival political party.
A month Ashley Zukerman joined the series in a recurring role as Peter MacLeish, an Afghan War veteran and popular third-term Congressman. In September 2016, Mykelti Williamson was cast as Admiral Chernow, a career military man and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. On November 4, 2016, it was announced that Mariana Klaveno had been cast for the show as the Dark-Haired Woman, a clandestine operator in league with the people behind the Capitol attack. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gave the first season an approval rating of 85% based on 52 reviews, with an average rating of 6.98/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Kiefer Sutherland skillfully delivers the drama in Designated Survivor, a fast-paced engrossing escapist political action fantasy." Metacritic reported a score of 71 out of 100 based on 35 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Terri Schwartz from IGN gave the first episode a rating of 8.0/10, saying, "Designated Survivor is a strong debut for a show that will fit well alongside Quantico and Scandal in ABC's government-set political drama lineup."
Variety said that the episode "does everything it needs to, checking off the necessary boxes for the unwilling American hero-president in efficient, compelling scenes." Chuck Barney from Mercury News called the first episode "suspenseful". Writing for TV Insider, Matt Roush compared Designated Survivor with other series as he said "fall's niftiest new drama has West Wing idealism, Homeland suspense and House of Cards political intrigue in its robust and compelling DNA." Zack Handlen from The A. V. Club wrote positively about the show and the premiere, praising Sutherland's performance and commented on the symbol of Sutherland's glasses as he said, "The glasses he's wearing serve as a way to tell us this is a different kind of hero, but they're a form of camouflage, making it easier for us to understand why so many
Ghosts of Mississippi
Ghosts of Mississippi is a 1996 American biographical courtroom drama film directed by Rob Reiner and starring Alec Baldwin, Whoopi Goldberg and James Woods. The plot is based on the true story of the 1994 trial of Byron De La Beckwith, the white supremacist accused of the 1963 assassination of civil rights activist Medgar Evers. James Woods was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role of Byron De La Beckwith; the original music score was composed by Marc Shaiman and the cinematography is by John Seale. Medgar Evers was an African-American civil rights activist in Mississippi, murdered by an assassin on June 12, 1963, it was suspected that a white supremacist, was the murderer. He had been tried twice and both trials ended in hung juries. In 1989, Evers' widow Myrlie, trying to bring De La Beckwith to justice for over 25 years, believed she had what it takes to bring him to trial again. Although most of the evidence from the old trial had disappeared, Bobby DeLaughter, an assistant District Attorney, decided to help her despite being warned that it might hurt his political aspirations and despite the strain that it caused in his marriage.
DeLaughter becomes involved with bringing De La Beckwith to trial for the third time 30 years later. In 1994, Byron De La Beckwith was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment, giving justice to the family of Medgar Evers; the soundtrack of the film, with a score by Marc Shaiman, featured two versions of the Billy Taylor composition "I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free" – one sung by Dionne Farris and the other by Nina Simone – as well as numbers by Muddy Waters, Tony Bennett, Robert Johnson and B. B. King; the movie received mixed reviews from critics, with Rotten Tomatoes giving it a 43% rating based on 30 reviews. The film was not a theatrical success, making only half of its budget back. Civil rights movement in popular culture Ghosts of Mississippi on IMDb Ghosts of Mississippi at AllMovie Ghosts of Mississippi at Rotten Tomatoes Ghosts of Mississippi at Box Office Mojo Ghosts of Mississippi at Virtual History
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role while working within the film industry; the award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Supporting Actor winner. At the 9th Academy Awards ceremony held in 1937, Gale Sondergaard was the first winner of this award for her role in Anthony Adverse. Winners in both supporting acting categories were awarded plaques instead of statuettes. Beginning with the 16th ceremony held in 1944, winners received full-sized statuettes. Nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the actors branch of AMPAS. Since its inception, the award has been given to 81 actresses. Dianne Wiest and Shelley Winters have received the most awards in this category with two awards each. Despite winning no awards, Thelma Ritter was nominated on six occasions, more than any other actress.
As of the 2019 ceremony, Regina King is the most recent winner in this category for her role as Sharon Rivers in If Beale Street Could Talk. In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County. All Academy Award acting nominees BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Supporting Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Crouse, Richard. Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-1-55002-574-3. Kinn, Gail. Inside Oscar: The Unofficial History of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-34540-053-6. OCLC 779680732. Oscars.org Oscar.com The Academy Awards Database