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Virginia Tech

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University known as Virginia Tech and by the initials VT and VPI, is a public, land-grant, research university with its main campus in Blacksburg, Virginia. It has educational facilities in six regions statewide and a study-abroad site in Riva San Vitale, Switzerland. Through its Corps of Cadets ROTC program, Virginia Tech is designated as one of six senior military colleges in the United States. Virginia Tech offers 280 undergraduate and graduate degree programs to some 34,400 students and manages a research portfolio of $522 million, placing it 46th among universities in the U. S. for research expenditures and the only Virginia school listed among the top 50. Virginia Tech is the state's second-largest public university by enrollment; the deadliest mass shooting on an American college campus occurred on campus in 2007, during which a student fatally shot 32 other students and faculty members and wounded 23 other people. In 1872, with federal funds provided by the Morrill Act of 1862, the Virginia General Assembly purchased the facilities of Preston and Olin Institute, a small Methodist school for boys in Southwest Virginia's rural Montgomery County.

That same year, 250 acres of the adjoining Solitude Farm including the house and several farm buildings on the estate were acquired for $21,250 The commonwealth incorporated a new institution on the site, a state-supported land-grant military institute named Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College. Virginia Tech's first student, Addison "Add" Caldwell registered on October 1, 1872, after hiking over 25 miles from his home in Craig County, Virginia. A statue, located in the Upper Quad of campus commemorates Add's journey to enroll. First-year cadets and their training cadre re-enact Addison Caldwell's journey every year in the Caldwell March, they complete the first half of the second half in the spring. The first five presidents of Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College served in the Confederate States Army or the Confederate government during the Civil War as did many of its early professors including the first Commandant, James H. Lane, a VMI graduate and former Confederate General who taught civil engineering and commerce at the college and is the namesake of Lane Hall, one of the oldest buildings on campus, built in 1888.

Its third president, Thomas Nelson Conrad, was a notorious Confederate spy who ran a covert intelligence gathering operation from a home in the heart of Washington, D. C, his wartime exploits included among other things, hatching a plot to assassinate the Commanding General of the United States Army, Winfield Scott, vetoed by the Confederate government who feared that the elderly and obese Scott would be replaced by someone more fit for command. S. President Abraham Lincoln from the White House, its sixth president and the namesake of Barringer Hall, Paul Brandon Barringer, was the son of Confederate General Rufus Barringer and a nephew of Confederate Generals Stonewall Jackson and Daniel Harvey Hill. In a nod to this southern heritage the Confederate Battle Flag was traditionally waved by cheerleaders at Virginia Tech football games and the Highty-Tighties played Dixie as a fight song when the Hokies scored a touchdown. A large Confederate flag hung inside Cassell Coliseum where Virginia Tech basketball games are played.

Since 1963, "Skipper", a replica of a Civil War cannon has been fired at football games by members of the Corps of Cadets when the team scores. The Confederate Flag was prominently featured on all Virginia Tech class rings; the display of the Confederate flag at athletic events ended in the late 1960s after Marguerite Harper, a black woman attending Virginia Tech on a Rockefeller Scholarship for culturally disadvantaged students, was elected to the student senate during her sophomore year and made a successful resolution to end the practice. Following the resolution there was a large demonstration in opposition to the removal of the Confederate flag; the campus was covered in Confederate flags and Dixie was blasting from dormitory windows. Harper and her white roommate received hate mail and threatening phone calls but the resolution stood and the display of the rebel flag ended in 1969; the Confederate flag on Virginia Tech class rings became optional in 1972 and could be left off of the ring at the student's request.

The Confederate flag has since been removed from class ring designs entirely. Under the 1891–1907 presidency of John McLaren McBryde, the school organized its academic programs into a traditional four-year college and a graduate department was founded; the evolution of the school's programs led to a name change in 1896 to Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College and Polytechnic Institute. The "Agricultural and Mechanical College" portion of the name was popularly omitted immediately. In 1923, VPI changed a policy of compulsory participation in the Corps of Cadets from four years to two years. In 1931, VPI began teaching classes at the Norfolk Division of the College of Mary; this program developed into a two-year engineering program that allowed students to transfer to VPI for their final two years of degree work. In 1943, VPI merged with Radford State Teachers College, in nearby Radford which became VPI's women's division.

Pascali's Island (film)

Pascali's Island is a 1988 British drama film, based on the novel by Barry Unsworth. It was directed by James Dearden, it stars Charles Dance and Helen Mirren. It was entered into the 1988 Cannes Film Festival; the action takes place in 1908 on the fictional Ottoman-ruled Greek island of Nisi. The film was shot on the Greek island of Symi and in Rhodes in the late summer of 1987. In 1908 at Nisi, a small Greek Island under Ottoman rule, Turkish officials, Greek rebels, German emissaries and other foreign mercenaries mingle as they all try to keep the upper hand in that remote part of the crumbling Ottoman Empire. Basil Pascali, a half-British half-Cypriot man, considers himself a local feature on the island. Since his arrival twenty years before, he spies for the Sultan sending detailed reports about suspicious activities, he has no idea if anybody reads his observations as he never receives a reply but his payment still arrives so he continues his work as an informant with unfailing eagerness.

Pascali's suspicions are aroused with the arrival of Anthony Bowles, a British archeologist, whose purpose in visiting the island is unclear. Basil befriends Bowles at the hotel’s lounge bar and offers the archeologist his services as translator. Pascali introduces Bowles to his close friend, Lydia Neuman, a bohemian Austrian painter resident in the island. While Lydia and Anthony become smitten with each other, Pascali slips into Bowles' hotel room to investigate. In Bowles' suitcase, Pascali finds a fake antique, a small statue's head, which makes him suspect that the archeologist may be a fraud. Needing help arranging a deal to lease some land from the local Pasha, Bowles hires Pascali as a translator. At Bowles' insistence, the agreement is sealed with a contract. Suspecting Bowles' intentions, Pascali warns him. On their part, the Turkish authorities tell Pascali that he will be held responsible if Bowles fails to make the full payment. Spying on Bowles, Pascali finds the archeologist romancing Lydia.

Pascali envies the handsome British archeologist. Aroused by the experience, Pascali relieves his sexual frustration at a Turkish bath. Unexpectedly, Bowles wants to change the terms of his contract, he found some small archeological object of great significance, he claims, so he wants the right to excavate to be included in a new lease. Once again Pascali serves as translator and intermediary with the Pasha, who seeing the objects, a gold collar and the antique statue's head, refuses to grant the excavation rights; the Turkish Pasha wants to buy the lease back. Pascali tells Bowles. Pascali knows that the small statue's head is a forgery and that Bowles intention from the start was to swindle the Turkish authorities enticing them to buy the lease back at a higher amount. Pascali asks for part of Bowles earning in exchange for his silence forcing Bowles to concede; the ploy becomes more complicated when, by chance, Bowles makes a real important archeological discovery: a large bronze statue of a boy from Greek times, in pristine condition.

Deciding to secretly retrieve the statue, Bowles asks Pascali for help delaying the closing of the lease deal for two more days. Pascali helps him not only with the Turkish authorities but on the excavation, he intends to use the money Bowles offers him to travel to Constantinople and find out what has happened with his reports, the only thing that has given meaning to his life. Both Lydia and Bowles try to persuade Pascali to leave the island as the fall of the Ottoman Empire is imminent. However, believing that Bowles is going to swindle him with the money, Pascali denounces him with the Turkish authorities, he guides them that night to the excavation site. As Bowles and Lydia are planning to leave the island, with the help of the Americans, taking the statue with them, they are all shot and killed by the Turks. Pascali regretting having betrayed his friends, returns home to find the money and a letter from Bowles trying to help him leave the island. Pascali is devastated for his useless mistakes.

He concludes his reports were neither kept. He caused their deaths; as the Ottoman Empire crumbles, the only thing left for Pascali is to wait for the Greeks to come for him. Ben Kingsley - Basil Pascali Charles Dance - Anthony Bowles Helen Mirren - Lydia Neuman Kevork Malikyan - Mardosian George Murcell - Herr Gesing Nadim Sawalha - Pasha Stefan Gryff - Izzet Effendi Vernon Dobtcheff - Pariente Sheila Allen - Mrs. Marchant T. P. McKenna - Dr. Hogan Danielle Allen - Mrs. Hogan Nick Burnell - Chaudan Giorgos Oikonomou - Greek Rebel Alistair Campbell - Captain Ali Abatsis - Boy in Bath Brook Williams - Turkish Officer Joshua Losey - Turkish Soldier Nick Karagiannis - Boy in Church Caryn James, writing for The New York Times called it "Slow and stately, never gets beneath its own superficial gentility" and criticized the performances and cinematography. Conversely, Roger Ebert praised the cast's performances, writing "Everything in a film like this depends on performance, it is hard to imagine how it could have been better cast."

Michael Wilmington of The Los Angeles Times called it "a film easy to recommend critically, but hard, in some ways, to like." At the same time, he wrote "This is quality film making with a vengeance." Pascali's Island on IMDb Pascali's Island at Rotten Tomatoes Pascali's Island at Box Office Mojo

Grigory Drozd

Grigory Anatolyevich Drozd is a Russian former professional boxer. He is the former WBC cruiserweight champion, having lost the title when he was unable to defend it due to injury and was subsequently stripped, he is a former European cruiserweight champion. Drozd only fought three amateur fights, his manager is Dietmar Poszwa. Drozd faced Darnell Wilson on July 2, 2009 at the Krylatskoye Sports Palace in Moscow, winning the fight in the tenth round, he fought Michael Simms on February 23, 2008, at the DIVS in Ekaterinburg with an attendance of 25,000 at the stadium. The fight went Drozd won the fight via unanimous decision. On 6 December 2008, Drozd Fought Rob Calloway for the vacant WBO Asia Pacific Cruiserweight title, vacant WBC Asian Boxing Council Cruiserweight title and the vacant PABA Cruiserweight title at the circus in Nizhny Novgorod, it was voted Asian Super Fight of the year, with Drozd winning by seventh-round technical knockout. On October 5, 2013, Drozd won the EBU Cruiserweight title in Moscow by defeating Mateusz Masternak via eleventh-round technical knockout.

Drozd retained the title against mandatory challenger Jeremy Ouanna on March 15, 2014, before winning his first world title by defeating Krzysztof Włodarczyk on September 27, 2014, to win the WBC Cruiserweight title. Drozd lost the WBC cruiserweight title at the end of May 2016 when he was unable to defend it due to injury, Tony Bellew defeated Ilunga Makabu in three rounds to win it. Instead he was made interim champion, but was removed from that position due to inactivity in December 2016, he has not fought since

St Peter's Church, Stainforth

St Peter's Church is in the village of Stainforth, North Yorkshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Bowland, the archdeaconry of Craven, the Diocese of Leeds, its benefice is united with those of St Oswald, Horton-in-Ribblesdale and St John the Evangelist, Langcliffe. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. Before this church was built, Stainforth was part of the parish of Giggleswick; the church was built at the instigation of three sisters from the Dawsons. It was constructed between 1842 to a design by the Lancaster architect Edmund Sharpe; the church was consecrated by Rev Charles Longley, the Bishop of Ripon on 29 September 1842. It was "thoroughly improved" in 1873. St Peter's is constructed in squared rubble stone with ashlar dressings and slate roofs, its plan consists of a four-bay nave, a porch at the southeast, a lower single-bay chancel with a northeast vestry, a west tower. The architectural style is "impeccably" Perpendicular.

The tower is in three stages that are separated by string courses, it has buttresses at the corners. The top string course is embellished with three carved heads. On the west side of the tower is a doorway, above, a single-light window with a cinquefoil head. On each side of the top stage is a two-light bell opening with slate louvres and cinquefoil heads; the tower is surmounted by an embattled parapet with gargoyles. There are clock faces on east sides. Along the wall of the nave, the bays are separated by buttresses, each of which contains a three-light window; the chancel has an embattled parapet. The vestry has a chimney disguised as a turret; the stained glass in the east window and some of the other windows is by William Wailes. Above the east window is the heraldic shield of the Dawson family; the two-manual organ was made by Nicholson. There is a ring of three bells, all cast in 1842 by Thomas Mears II at Whitechapel Bell Foundry, but these are no longer ringable. List of architectural works by Edmund Sharpe Media related to St Peter's church, North Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons

Glan Conwy railway station

Glan Conwy railway station is on the east bank of the River Conwy on A470 road in the centre of the village of Llansanffraid Glan Conwy, Wales and is located on the Llandudno Junction to Blaenau Ffestiniog Conwy Valley Line. There are through services to Blaenau Ffestiniog; the station was opened by the Conway and Llanrwst Railway on 17 June 1863, was named Llansaintffraid. Until around 1959, the station had its own Station Master. Afterwards, it was supervised by the Tal-y-Cafn station master; the staff comprised two porters working an late shift between them. A siding was provided which catered for agricultural traffic. For many years, a camping coach was situated in the siding and used by holidaymakers, until the 1964 closure; the station was closed to passenger traffic on 26 October 1964, during the Beeching era, but reopened on 4 May 1970. On 12 May 1980 it was renamed Glan Conwy; the station buildings are in private occupation. The station is operated as an unstaffed halt and is a request stop - all tickets must be purchased on the train or prior to travel.

Entrance is by a ramp from the end of the lower and original platform, where there is a small shelter. The station is fitted with digital information screens for providing running information, along with a payphone and timetable poster boards. Five southbound and six northbound trains call on request Mon-Sat, with three trains each way on Sundays between May and early September; as of March 2019 however, services from here were suspended due to major infrastructure damage to the track and formation caused by Storm Gareth. Several sections of embankment have been washed out by the River Conwy and needed repaired before the line reopened. A replacement bus service was in operation in the meantime. Services resumed on 18 July with the remainder of the line reopening on 24 July. Mitchell, Vic. Bala to Llandudno. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Figs. 99-100. ISBN 9781906008871. OCLC 668198724. Train times and station information for Glan Conwy railway station from National Rail Conwy Valley Railway

List of U.S. state crustaceans

As of July 2017, six U. S. states have designated state crustaceans: Louisiana has the freshwater crawfish Procambarus clarkii. Maryland has the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus. Oregon has Metacarcinus magister. Alabama has the brown shrimp, Peneaus aztecus. Maine has the lobster, Homarus americanus. Texas has the Texas Gulf Shrimp, Penaeus aztecus, P. setiferus, P. duorarum. In 1983, the state of Louisiana designated the Louisiana crawfish, Procambarus clarkii, as their state crustacean; the native range of P. clarkii is along the Gulf Coast from northern Mexico to the Florida panhandle, as well as inland, to southern Illinois and Ohio. It is most found in warm fresh water, such as flowing rivers, reservoirs, irrigation systems and rice paddies. P. clarkii grows and is capable of reaching weights over 50 grams, lengths of 5.5–12 centimetres. Harvests of P. clarkii account for a large majority of the crayfish produced in the United States and elsewhere. Louisiana consumes 70 % of it locally. Louisiana crawfish are boiled in a large pot with heavy seasoning and other items such as potatoes, corn on the cob, onions and sausage.

There are many differing methods used to season a crawfish boil and an equal number of opinions on which one is correct. The blue crab, Callinectes sapidus was chosen as the state crustacean of Maryland in 1989. C. sapidus is a crab found in the waters of the western Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific coast of Central America and the Gulf of Mexico. The blue crab may grow to a carapace width of 230 mm, it can be distinguished from a related species that occurs in the same area by the number of frontal teeth on the carapace. The Chesapeake Bay, located in Maryland and Virginia, is famous for its blue crabs, they are one of the most important economic items harvested from it. In 1993, the combined harvest of the blue crabs was valued at around US$100 million. Over the years the population of the blue crab has dropped, the amount captured has fallen from over 125,000 t in 1993 to 81,000 t in 2008. In the Chesapeake Bay, the population fell from 900 million to around 300 million, capture fell from 52,000 t in the mid 1990s to 28,000 t in 2004, with revenue falling from $72 million to $61 million.

The Dungeness crab, Metacarcinus magister, is a species of crab that inhabits eelgrass beds and water bottoms on the west coast of North America. Its common name comes from the port of Washington. In 2009, based on lobbying from schoolchildren at Sunset Primary School in West Linn and citing its importance to the Oregon economy, the Oregon State Legislature designated the Dungeness crab as the state crustacean of Oregon; the carapace width of mature Dungeness crabs may reach 25 cm in some areas off the coast of Washington, but are under 20 cm. They are a popular delicacy, are the most commercially important crab in the Pacific Northwest, as well as the western states generally; the annual Dungeness Crab and Seafood Festival is held in Port Angeles, Washington each October