Visakhapatnam is the largest city of Andhra Pradesh. The city is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district and state headquarters of Indian Coast Guard, its geographical location is amidst the Eastern Ghats and the coast of the Bay of Bengal. It is the most populous city in the state with a population of 2,035,922 as of 2011, making it the 11th-largest city in the country, the fourth-most populous in South India, it is the ninth-most populous metropolitan area in India with a population of 5,018,000. With an output of $43.5.billion, Visakhapatnam is the ninth-largest contributor to India's overall gross domestic product as of 2016. The city is set to become Executive Capital of Andhra Pradesh once the decentralization bill is enacted as it has been approved by AP legislative assembly. Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century BCE, when it was considered a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, ruled by the Vengi, the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties. Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries with control over the city fluctuating between the Chola Dynasty and the Gajapati Kingdom, until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century.
Conquered by the Mughals in the 16th century, European powers set up trading interests in the city, by the end of the 18th century it had come under French rule. Control passed to the British in 1804 and it remained under British colonial rule until India's independence in 1947; the city is home to the only natural harbour on the east coast of India. Visakhapatnam Port is the fifth-busiest cargo port in India, the city is home to the headquarters of the Indian Navy's Eastern Command and South Coast Railway zone. Visakhapatnam is a major tourist destination and is known for its beaches, it is referred to by many nicknames such as The Jewel of the East Coast. It has been selected as one of the Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission; as per the Swachhta Sarvekshan rankings of 2017, it was the third-cleanest city in India in 2017. It fell to 7th position in 2018 and to 23rd position in 2019; the local belief behind the name of the city states, there was a king of 4th century, who on his pilgrimage halted at Lawson's Bay and built a temple dedicated to Vaisakha, submerged under the sea, but the name of the temple was got to the settlement.
Other such names are, named by the Chola King Kulotuna I. During the East India Company rule in India, the city was known with Vizagapatam; the suburb Waltair is another such name, derived from the British colonial name. "Vizagapatam" could be spelled Visakhapatnam in the West European alphabet. Its shortened form, Vizag was used by the British administrators who were unable to pronounce its long name, it is still referred to as Vizag by locals too, however since independence, people have reverted to calling it by its Indian name of Visakhapatnam. Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century B. C. E. and the city finds mention in ancient texts such as the 4th century B. C. E. Writings of Pāṇini and Katyayana. Considered part of the Kalinga region, it was ruled by the Vengi kingdom and the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties during medieval times. Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries C. E. by the Chola Dynasty king Kulothunga I.
Control over the city fluctuated between the Chola Dynasty of Tamil Nadu and the Gajapati Kingdom of Odisha until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century. In the 16th century it was conquered by the Mughals. European powers set up trading interests in the city and Visakhapatnam came under French rule at the end of the 18th century; the city was ruled by Andhra Kings of Pallavas. The city is named after Sri Vishaka Varma. Legend has it that Radha and Viśakha were born on the same day and were beautiful. Sri Vishaka Sakhi is the second most important gopi of the eight main gopis, she is the most expert gopi messenger. Local residents believe that an Andhra king built a temple to pay homage to his family deity Viśakha; this is now inundated under sea water near R K Beach. Another theory is, it was ruled by Qutb Shahis, Mughal Empire and France before being captured by the British in 1765. European powers set up trading interests in the city and Visakhapatnam came under French rule at the end of the 18th century.
The British captured Visakhapatnam after the 1804 Battle of Vizagapatam and it remained under British colonial rule until India's independence in 1947, a part of the Northern Circars. Hindu texts state that during the fifth century BC, the Visakhapatnam region was part of Kalinga territory, which extended to the Godavari River. Relics found in the area prove the existence of a Buddhist empire in the region. Kalinga lost the territory to King Ashoka in the bloodiest battle of its time, which prompted Ashoka to embrace Buddhism. Visakhapatnam is surrounded by ancient Buddhist sites, most of which have been excavated and illustrate the legacy of Buddhism in the region. Pavurallakonda is a hillock west of about 24 km from Visakhapatnam; the Buddhist settlement found here is estimated to date back from the first century BC to the second century AD. On the hillock are 16 rock-cut cisterns for collecting rainwater. Gopalapat
Route 172 is a minor Connecticut state highway running within the town of Southbury. The road serves the village of South Britain. Route 172 begins at an interchange with I-84/US 6 in western Southbury, it begins at the eastbound off-ramp at exit 14 of I-84, where it intersects Main Street South, the surface route to Southbury center. Route 172 proceeds northward, following a C-curve route, crossing the Pomperaug River into the village of South Britain in the western part of Southbury about a mile later; the road continues north for another three miles before ending at an intersection with Route 67 in northern Southbury. The entire route is classified as a collector road, it carries average volumes of 7,000 vehicles per day. Route 172 was created as part of the 1932 state highway renumbering from a unnumbered road, it was extended to an interchange with I-84 in 1963. The entire route is in Southbury, New Haven County
Koloa Talake was a political figure from the Pacific nation of Tuvalu. He represented the constituency of Vaitupu in the Parliament of Tuvalu, he was the prime minister for a short period of time. Talake served as the seventh Prime Minister of Tuvalu for nine months, 14 December 2001 – 2 August 2002, after defeating Faimalaga Luka in a vote of no confidence. Talake was defeated in elections in 2002. In that time, he negotiated the sale of that country's Internet domain name.tv, to an American company in order to bring an income to his resource-poor country. In 2002, he coordinated an effort, together with the leaders of Kiribati and Maldives to sue the governments of the United States and Australia for failing to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and for their greenhouse gas emissions, which the leaders claimed, resulted in rising sea levels that would flood their countries. Talake was not re-elected in the 2002 Tuvaluan general election and was succeeded as Prime Minister of Tuvalu by Saufatu Sopoanga.