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The Vitaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, with 14 genera and ca 910 known species, including the grapevine and Virginia creeper. The family name is derived from the genus Vitis; the name sometimes appears as Vitidaceae, but Vitaceae is a conserved name and therefore has priority over both Vitidaceae and another name sometimes found in the older literature, Ampelidaceae. In the APG III system onwards, the family is placed in Vitales. Molecular phylogenetic studies place the Vitales as the most basal clade in the rosids. In the Cronquist system, the family was placed near the family Rhamnaceae in order Rhamnales. Most Vitis species have 38 chromosomes, but 40 in subgenus Muscadinia, while Ampelocissus and Ampelopsis have 40 chromosomes and Cissus has 24 chromosomes; the family is economically important as the berries of Vitis species known as grapes, are an important fruit crop and, when fermented, produce wine. Species of the genus Tetrastigma serve as hosts to parasitic plants in the family Rafflesiaceae.

Leea, sometimes classified in its own family, Leeaceae, is included in Vitaceae by APG IV and the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Well preserved-fruits of Indovitis chitaleyae containing seeds with similar morphology to the Vitaceae have been recovered from Late Cretaceous Deccan Intertrappean beds of several sites in central India; these fruits and their dispersed seeds found in the same sediments, about 66 million years old, represent the oldest known fossils of the grape family. The fossil fruits containing 4 to 6 seeds are similar to extant Vitis

Margaret Clunies Ross

Margaret Beryl Clunies Ross is a medievalist, until her retirement in 2009 the McCaughey Professor of English Language and Early English Literature and Director of the Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of Sydney. Her main research areas are the history of their study. Since 1997 she has led the project of editing a new edition of the corpus of skaldic poetry, she has written articles on Australian Aboriginal rituals and contributed to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Margaret Tidemann was born in Adelaide, the eldest child of Ernest Phillips Tidemann, a dentist, his wife Beryl Chudleigh Tidemann, a kindergarten teacher, she attended Walford House, now Walford Church of England Girls' Grammar School, until she was 17 and graduated from the University of Adelaide in 1962 with First Class Honours in English. She was influenced to study Old and Middle English and Old Norse by Ralph Elliott, whom the university appointed as she was starting the Honours course, she completed a B.

Litt. at Oxford University on an overseas scholarship from the University of Adelaide and a scholarship from Somerville College. She worked as a lecturer at St. Hilda's College and Lady Margaret Hall, in 1968–69 visited the Arnamagnæan Institute in Copenhagen on a travelling fellowship, she became a lecturer at the University of Sydney in 1969, was appointed McCaughey Professor of English Language and Early English Literature in 1990 and in 1997 became Director of the Centre for Medieval Studies. She retired in 2009 and since has been Honorary Professor in the Medieval and Early Modern Centre and Emeritus Professor of English, her former husband was Major-General Adrian Clunies Ross. Clunies Ross was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Gothenburg and is a Fellow of the Royal Gustavus Adolphus Academy, she is an Honorary Research Associate of the Department of Anglo-Saxon and Celtic at the University of Cambridge. Clunies Ross was elected a Fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities in 1990.

Prolonged echoes. Volume 1 Old Norse Myths in Medieval Northern Society. Volume 2 The Reception of Norse Myths in Medieval Iceland; the Viking Collection 7, 10. Odense: Odense University, 1994, 1998. ISBN 87-7838-008-1, ISBN 87-7838-332-3 A History of Old Norse Poetry and Poetics. Cambridge: Brewer, 2005. ISBN 1-84384-034-0 The Cambridge Introduction to the Old Norse-Icelandic Saga. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-521-51401-9 Old Icelandic Literature and Society. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature 42. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University, 2000. ISBN 0-521-63112-2 Old Norse Myths and Society: Proceedings of the 11th International Saga Conference 2-7 July 2000, University of Sydney. Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Sydney, 2000, ISBN 1-86487-316-7. Repr. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark, 2003. ISBN 87-7838-794-9 with Stephen A. Wild. "Formal performance: the relations of music and dance in Arnhem Land clan songs." Ethnomusicology 28, no. 2: 209-235. Learning and Understanding in the Old Norse World: Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross.

Ed. Judy Quinn, Kate Heslop, Tarrin Wills. Medieval Texts and Cultures of Northern Europe 18. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007. ISBN 978-2-503-52580-8

Charlie Tyson

Charles Edward Tyson was an Australian rules footballer who played with Collingwood and North Melbourne in the Victorian Football League during the 1920s. Recruited to Collingwood from Western Australian based Goldfields Football League side Kalgoorlie Railways, Tyson was a half back flanker and made his VFL debut in 1920, he was named club captain in 1924 and despite not making the finals in his first season in charge he led them to Grand Finals in the next two. It was in the 1926 VFL Grand Final. Collingwood lost the match to Melbourne by 57 points and Tyson was accused of'playing dead'. To this day it is unclear whether the allegations hold water but what was known is that the Collingwood committee considered his relaxed and laid back demeanor as inappropriate for a club captain and were looking for an excuse to get rid of him. Disgruntled with the allegations, Tyson received a clearance to move to North Melbourne for the 1927 VFL season. Tyson topped North Melbourne's goal kicking in his first season with the club and subsequently became captain-coach.

Tyson came from a leading Western Australian footballing family. Charles Sr represented WA on three occasions, had six brothers who all played football to a high standard: Edward with Kalgoorlie Railways, Victorian Football Association club Prahran and the NSW state team. William, Kalgoorlie Railways. Additionally, Sam's son Ted Tyson played for West Perth from 1930 to 1945. Atkinson, G. Everything you wanted to know about Australian rules football but couldn't be bothered asking, The Five Mile Press: Melbourne. ISBN 0 86788 009 0. Charlie Tyson's playing statistics from AFL Tables Charlie Tyson at

Nizamuddin Dargah

Nizamuddin Dargah is the dargah of one of the Sufi saints, Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya. Situated in the Nizamuddin West area of Delhi, the dargah is visited by thousands of pilgrims every week; the site is known for its evening qawwali devotional music sessions. The descendants of Nizamuddin Auliya look after the whole management of dargah Sharif; the present white pearl dome was constructed by nawab syed fàrid murtaza bukhari, treasurer and mir bakshi of Akbar and Jahangir's empire and was descendent of syed jalaluddin surkhposh bukhari of uch Sharif. The neighborhood surrounding the dargah is named after the saint, is divided into two parts along Mathura Road: Nizamuddin West where the Dargah complex and a lively market dominated by Muslim vendors is located, Nizamuddin East, an upper-Nizamuddin Railway Station; the other important monuments in the Nizamuddin heritage area include Humayun's Tomb, Chausath Khamba, Mirza Ghalib's tomb, Sabz Burj at the Nizamuddin Circle and Lal Mahal. Arziyan, a qawwali in the film Delhi 6 composed by A. R. Rahman is dedicated to Nizamuddin Auliya.

Kun Faya Kun a song in the movie Rockstar composed by A. R. Rahman, is shot at the dargah, featuring Ranbir Kapoor and Nizami Bandhu, the traditional qawwals of the dargah; the dargah has been featured in movies like Bajrangi Bhaijaan featuring Salman Khan and Kareena Kapoor, in Aawan Akhiyan Jawan Akhiyan a qawwali in the film Ahista Ahista featuring Soha Ali Khan and Abhay Deol. Islamic places of pilgrimage in India Turabul Haq Dargah Shrine of Baba Farid Sadia Dehlvi; the Sufi Courtyard: Dargahs of Delhi. Harper Collins. ISBN 9350290952; the official websiteA short guide to the dargah Nizamuddin area at Delhi Maps of the Dargah Nizamuddin area in New Delhi Photos of the dargah of Nizamuddin

Valery Gore

Valery Gore is a Canadian indie pop singer-songwriter and pianist. A classically trained pianist who describes her own style as "jazz and classically influenced piano pop", Gore released her self-titled debut album on Six Shooter Records in 2005, followed up with Avalanche to Wandering Bear on Do Right! Music in 2008, she has toured Canada and Japan, both as a headliner and as an opening act for Jorane, Josh Ritter and Joel Plaskett. Valery Gore Avalanche to Wandering Bear Saturated Spring Idols in the Dark Heart Valery Gore at CBC Radio 3

Thomas Curtis (lord mayor)

Sir Thomas Curtis was an English pewterer and politician, elected Lord Mayor of London in 1556. Born circa 1502 to John Curtis of Enfield, Thomas Curtis was one of the most important pewterers of his time, served as warden of the Worshipful Company of Pewterers in 1524 and master of the company in 1538, 1539, 1545, 1546, his touch mark appears on much of the pewter found on the Mary Rose, as well as about thirty percent of the pewter found in a shipwreck near Punta Cana, lost en route to the Americas. His public career started inauspiciously. At the end of his term, he was elected one of the MPs for London, he left Parliament in 1551 to become alderman of Farringdon Within. At that time, he was still a member of the Pewterer's Company, which brought him into conflict with the customary requirement for aldermen of London to be members of one of the Great Twelve City Livery Companies, he was sent to Newgate Prison and fined for his refusal to comply, after which he became a fishmonger. He was elected mayor of London in 1556.

The only other pewterer to become mayor of London, John Fryer became a fishmonger. Curtis died on 27 November 1559, his son predeceased him, leaving Anne, as heir. She married the mercenary Thomas Stukley. Curtis was buried at St Dionis Backchurch on 6 December 1559