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2018–19 North American winter

The 2018–19 North American winter refers to winter in North America as it occurred across the continent from late 2018 through early 2019. Notable events have included a rare snow in the Southeast in December, a strong cold wave and several major winter storms in the Midwest, upper Northeast and much of Canada late January and early February, record snowstorms in the Southwest late February, two nor'easters that affected the east coast early March, deadly tornado outbreaks in the Southeast, collapsing buildings in Quebec, a historic mid-April blizzard in the Midwest, but the most notable event all season was a record-breaking bomb cyclone that affected much of central USA and Canada in mid March. Unlike previous winters, a developing El Niño was expected to influence weather patterns across North America. Overall, winter of 2018 - 2019 was mild along the mid and lower East Coast, West Coast, most of the southern Plains. While there is no well-agreed-upon date used to indicate the start of winter in the Northern Hemisphere, there are two definitions of winter which may be used.

Based on the astronomical definition, winter begins at the winter solstice, which in 2018 occurred on December 21, ends at the March equinox, which in 2019 occurred on March 20. Based on the meteorological definition, the first day of winter is December 1 and the last day February 28. Both definitions involve a period of three months, with some variability. Winter is defined by meteorologists to be the three calendar months with the lowest average temperatures. Since both definitions span the calendar year, it is possible to have a winter storm in two different years. On October 18, 2018, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Climate Prediction Center released its U. S. Winter Outlook; the outlook noted a 70 to 75% chance of El Niño developing. CPC Deputy Director Mike Halpert specified that development was expected to occur by late fall to early winter, he added that while the El Niño was expected to be weak, it still had the potential to bring drier conditions to the northern United States and wetter conditions to the southern U.

S. The outlook noted the potential for the Arctic oscillation to bring colder-than-average conditions to the eastern U. S. and the possibility of the Madden-Julian oscillation contributing to heavy-precipitation events along the West Coast. The temperature outlook favored warmer-than-normal conditions across the northern and western U. S. with the highest probabilities from the Pacific Northwest to the northern Plains and in Alaska. Such conditions were favored in Hawaii; the outlook noted that the Tennessee and Ohio Valleys, the Mid-Atlantic region, the U. S. Southeast had equal chances of either above-, below-, or near-average temperatures; the outlook did not delineate any areas to experience below-average conditions. The precipitation outlook noted an elevated probability of wetter-than-average conditions across the southern tier of the United States and along the eastern U. S. up to the Mid-Atlantic. Drier conditions were favored in parts of the northern Rockies and northern Plains, northern Ohio Valley, Great Lakes regions.

The drought outlook mentioned a high likelihood for drought conditions to persist across parts of the southwestern U. S. southern California, the central Great Basin, the central Rockies, the northern Plains, parts of the interior Pacific Northwest. Drought conditions were favored to improve in the central Plains, the coastal Pacific Northwest, southern portions of Colorado and Utah, in various areas in both Arizona and New Mexico. An early season winter storm developed in a deep dive of the jet stream into the mid-south on November 13. In Monroe, Louisiana 0.4 inches of snow accumulated on the morning of November 14th, breaking the record for the earliest snowfall by 10 days. In Mississippi light snow was reported in Greenville, sleet in Tueplo and Memphis, Tennessee picked up 0.6 inches of snow. Meanwhile, in Ohio, ice accumulations of one-quarter to one-third of an inch were reported in Cincinnati and Dayton metros as well as parts of Northern and Central Kentucky. A general 2 to 5 inches of snow fell in the St. Louis metro with isolated reports of 9 inches/22 cm.

November 15, as the storm headed northeastward, an unexpected 6.4 inches of snow fell in Central Park, catching many off guard and resulting in several hour-long commutes that night. Further north, the Toronto area received 10 -- 15 cm of snow. A winter storm formed over the Pacific Northwest November 23 and tracked into the interior Northeast by November 27. Snow caused a 20 vehicle pile-up in Colorado on Interstate 70, meanwhile Interstate 80 in Southeastern Wyoming had to be shut down due to heavy snow and strong winds; the storm snarled traffic in Kansas, Iowa and parts of Illinois as blizzard conditions were reported in Salina, Kansas towards Independence and northwards into Iowa and Illinois. Conditions were so bad. Nationwide, nearly 3,000 flights were cancelled and 4 have died. 5.8 inches of snow fell in 8.4 inches were reported at O'Hare. Additionally, as the storm pushed into Upstate New York and Northern New England, over a foot of snow were recorded in some locations. A significant winter storm brought ice from Southern plains to the Southeast.

Early on December 8, 10.5 inches of snow fell in Lubbock, TX. Snow fell as south and east as Abilene, TX; this storm caused thousands of people to lose power and 60 car crashes were reported across the Lubbock area. This was the third time. Only 4 inches were predicted across Lubbock.

Command & Conquer: Generals – Zero Hour

Command and Conquer: GeneralsZero Hour is the expansion pack for the 2003 video game Command & Conquer: Generals. Zero Hour added several new abilities and units to each side, a new mode of play called Generals' Challenge, along with a lot more changes, new features and bug/glitch fixes. Zero Hour contains 3 new campaigns of five missions each, one for each side, with their chronological order being USA first, Global Liberation Army second, China last. Unlike the previous campaigns, which were noted by Command and Conquer fans for not having full motion video cinematic sequences during mission briefing, the Zero Hour campaigns return to that Command and Conquer tradition, each showing a live-action video of a news reporter of the respective side giving details about the situation and instructions for what to do behind the current mission; the plot behind the Zero Hour campaigns picks up where it left off at the end of the previous campaigns. The beginning of the US campaign relates to the GLA's success in the previous game.

The GLA uses the Baikonur Cosmodrome to fire a toxin warhead at a US naval base in Northern Europe, prompting the US to respond before another missile can be fired. A Chinese assault on the base had failed, so the US uses the powerful Chinese arsenal to overrun and destroy the missile silo using a B-2 Bomber; the US tasks itself with watching over the relief effort by the United Nations in Mogadishu, however GLA incursions make the relief mission difficult. A US carrier group in the region provides aerial cover as US forces storm a secret GLA base, unintentionally discovering documents relating to'Dr. Thrax', a GLA General and scientist who plans to develop Anthrax Gamma Toxins; the US discovers from the documents that Dr. Thrax has a secret lab at Mount Elbrus, so sends a team led by Colonel Burton to destroy it and liberate prisoners of war along the way, while the Chinese operative, "Black Lotus" gathers intelligence from across the river dividing the region; the US leads a successful invasion on Iranian oil fields funding the toxin program, but it is soon learnt that Dr. Thrax has developed the agent and plans to fire missiles loaded with the toxin at major US cities.

A US led assault on Dr. Thrax's complex, supported by disillusioned GLA separatists, allows the US to capture the missile sites before they can be launched, it is implied that Dr. Thrax was killed in the assault; the start of the GLA campaign begins with Dr. Thrax's second in command being pursued by the Americans through an unknown city in the Middle East. Despite intense Tomahawk bombardment by the Americans, the General manages to evade the American pursuers and escapes from the area in a plane. With the whereabouts of Dr. Thrax still unknown, the GLA command is in complete disarray resulting in several splinter cells being formed to seize power. One such General, Prince Kassad uses stealth technology to, vital to the GLA's war effort. Having abandoned the GLA cause, the loyalists in turn attack Kassad's base in Egypt, acquiring the stealth technology and killing Kassad in the process. Now equipped with the new technology, the GLA launches a series of covert operations in the Mediterranean, aimed at destroying the US fleet based there, including the USS Ronald Reagan, a powerful super carrier.

The GLA remarkably achieves this feat by using a captured Particle Cannon to sink the carrier. Shaken by the decisive victory, rumors begin to spread that the US is unwilling to continue its war against the GLA and will begin pulling troops from its bases in Europe; the GLA seize this chance and land commandos on the US West Coast to steal toxins and US Army equipment from inside America. Jarmen Kell leads the attack, succeeds in forcing the bulk of US forces be withdrawn from Europe to defend the homeland; the GLA, once again seizing the chance of a weaker American presence in Europe, launches an assault on US Central Command Base in Stuttgart, capturing Chinese and US bases and using the stolen hardware in the attack. The assault succeeds, ushers in the period of GLA control over Europe. Angered and embarrassed by the GLA's use of Chinese weaponry in taking Europe, the Chinese respond by deploying nuclear weapons against the terrorists. Survivors of the nuclear attack at Stuttgart prompt the Chinese to remove the GLA threat and liberate Europe in the process.

But as the Chinese mobilize in Europe, a massive GLA assault against a nuclear reactor complex near Yencheng results in another GLA incursion inside China's borders. Though the reactor's defenses were crippled, the attack is thwarted and the Chinese secured their borders once more. Determined to eradicate the GLA in Europe, the Chinese begin the counter-offensive in Germany, but international opinion of the Chinese will determine how well they will be received, so restraint is placed upon the Chinese to not deploy their nuclear weapons here; the city of Coburg is defended by the GLA, but the Chinese resolve manages to push back the defenders wiping out the GLA in the region, as well as allowing European opinion towards the Chinese to skyrocket. After taking serious losses to the Chinese, the GLA begins a mass withdrawal from Europe, but part of the route will pass a PLA base in Halberstadt, outfitted to intercept the retreating forces. Having lost all of its forces present in Europe, the GLA has but one last stronghold based in Hamburg.

The Americans manage to rally enough forces to attack the base, but the GLA ambushes the American base, capturing it and using the US hardware to put a halt to the Chinese juggernaut. The Chinese manage to acquire US technology themselves, push towards the fortified GLA base. After heavy fig

Tokyo Metro 03 series

The Tokyo Metro 03 series is an electric multiple unit train type operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro in Tokyo, Japan. A total of 42 eight-car trainsets were built, between 1988 and 1994, entering service on 1 July 1988; the 03 series trains operate on the Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line, with through-running to and from the Tobu Skytree Line. As of 1 April 2017, the fleet consists of 40 eight-car sets, formed as shown below, with car 1 at the Naka-Meguro end. Sets consist of four non-powered trailer cars; the M1 cars each have two lozenge-style pantographs. Cars 1, 2, 7, 8 in sets 09 to 28 have five pairs of doors per side instead of three; the 03 series trains began to be replaced by new 13000 series trains from 25 March 2017. The first set to be withdrawn, set 14, was removed for scrapping in February 2017. Three former 03 series EMUs are scheduled to be resold for use by the Kumamoto Electric Railway in Kumamoto Prefecture between 2018 and 2020. In 31 January 2020, Nagano Electric Railway announced the second-hand purchase of a few 03 series units, which would be renumbered as the 3000 series and replace the older ex-TRTA 3000 series used on the railway.

Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line 03 series information

Jammaz ibn Hasan

Jammāz ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Qatādah ibn Idrīs al-Ḥasanī was Emir of Mecca for a few months from 1253 to 1254. Jammaz sought the assistance of an-Nasir Yusuf, the Ayyubid Sultan of Damascus, against his cousin Abu Sa'd al-Hasan, the Emir of Mecca. Supported by Syrian troops Jammaz entered Mecca in Ramadan 651 AH and deposed and killed Abu Sa'd. However, he reneged on his promise to put al-Nasir's name in the khutbah, instead continued the khutbah in the name of the Sultan of Yemen, al-Muzaffar Yusuf. On the last day of Dhu al-Hijjah his uncle Rajih ibn Qatadah took the Emirate from him without resistance, Jammaz fled to Yanbu; the Emirs of Yanbu were from among his progeny. de Zambaur, E.. Manuel de généalogie. Hanovre: Heinz Lafaire. P. 21. Daḥlān, Aḥmad ibn Zaynī. Tārīkh al-duwal al-Islāmīyah bi-al-jadāwil al-marḍīyah تاريخ الدول الإسلامية بالجداول المرضية. Al-Qāhirah: al-Maṭba‘ah al-Bahīyah. P. 144. Al-Ghāzī, ‘Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad. ‘Abd al-Malik ibn ‘Abd Allāh ibn Duhaysh. Ifādat al-anām إفادة الأنام.

3. Makkah: Maktabat al-Asadī. Pp. 146–147. Ibn Fahd, ‘Izz al-Dīn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz ibn ‘Umar ibn Muḥammad. Shaltūt, Fahīm Muḥammad. Ghāyat al-marām bi-akhbār salṭanat al-Balad al-Ḥarām غاية المرام بأخبار سلطنة البلد الحرام. 1. Makkah: Jāmi‘at Umm al-Qurá, Markaz al-Baḥth al-‘Ilmī wa-Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-Islāmī, Kullīyat al-Sharīʻah wa-al-Dirāsāt al-Islāmīyah. Pp. 638–639. Daḥlan, Aḥmad Zaynī. Khulāṣat al-kalām fī bayān umarā’ al-Balad al-Ḥarām خلاصة الكلام في بيان أمراء البلد الحرام. Dār Arḍ al-Ḥaramayn. Pp. 87–88. Al-‘Aṣimī, ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Ḥusayn. ‘Ādil Aḥmad ‘Abd al-Mawjūd. Samṭ al-nujūm al-‘awālī fī anbā’ al-awā’il wa-al-tawālī سمط النجوم العوالي في أنباء الأوائل والتوالي. 4. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīyah. P. 236

Live at Carnegie Hall (Renaissance album)

Live at Carnegie Hall is a 1976 live double album by the English progressive rock band Renaissance. It presented songs from all of the band's Annie Haslam-era studio albums thus far, including the forthcoming Scheherazade and Other Stories. In 2019 Esoteric Recordings announced a re-mastered and 3 CD expanded edition of the album, released on 31 May 2019. All songs by Michael Dunford and Betty Thatcher, except where noted. Side A"Prologue" - 7:35 "Ocean Gypsy" - 7:55 "Can You Understand?" - 10:20Side B"Carpet of the Sun" - 4:15 "Running Hard" - 9:43 "Mother Russia" - 10:48Side C"Song of Scheherazade" - 28:50 a. "Fanfare" b. "The Betrayal" c. "The Sultan" d. "Love Theme" e. "The Young Prince and Princess as told by Scheherazade" f. "Festival Preparations" g. "Fugue for the Sultan" h. "The Festival" i. "Finale" Side D"Ashes Are Burning" - 23:50 Annie Haslam – lead and backing vocals Michael Dunford – acoustic guitars, electric guitar, backing vocals John Tout – keyboards, backing vocals Jon Camp – bass, lead vocals on track 7c, backing vocals Terence Sullivan – drums, backing vocals, percussion New York Philharmonic Orchestra and choir with Tony Cox, orchestra conductor Carmine Rubino - recording engineer Dick Plant - mixing at De Lane Lea Studios, Wembley, UK Barry KIdd - mixing assistant