The Volkswagen Phideon is a mid-size luxury sedan manufactured by the German automobile manufacturer Volkswagen, described by Volkswagen as their "premium class" vehicle. Introduced at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show, the Phideon is aimed at the Chinese market; the Phideon features the new Active Info Display which replaced the conventional instrument cluster, chauffeur mode which allows passengers to send content to the infotainment system. Sales in China started in July 2016. A Plug-in hybrid version was launched in 2017
The Porsche Cayenne is a mid-size luxury crossover sport utility vehicle produced by the German manufacturer Porsche since 2002, with North American sales beginning in 2003. It is the first V8-engined vehicle built by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928 was discontinued, it is Porsche's first off road variant vehicle since its Super and Junior tractors of the 1950s, the first Porsche with four doors. Since 2008, all engines have featured direct injection technology; the second-generation Cayenne was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show in March following an online reveal. The Cayenne shares its platform, body frame and electronics with the similar Volkswagen Touareg and Audi Q7; the second generation received a facelift in 2014 with minor external changes, introduced a new plug-in E-Hybrid version, with its public launch at the Paris Motor Show. The Porsche Cayenne entered the market with mixed anticipation. However, it soon proved that it was the performance vehicle among SUVs and was praised for its excellent handling and powerful engines.
The lineup consisted of the V8-powered Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo. In the model cycle, VR6 and diesel-powered versions joined the lineup; the base model is powered by a 3.2-L VR6 engine producing 250 PS. Acceleration from 0–60 mph is approx 7.5 seconds with the manual transmission and 8.1 seconds with the Tiptronic S. The S is powered by an 8-cylinder engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing, it produces 340 310 lb ⋅ ft of torque. Acceleration from 0 -- 60 mph takes the top speed is 150 mph. Introduced only for 2006, a special distinctive Cayenne S Titanium Edition Wagon, a 1 Year exclusive, limited production SUV featuring a lightweight steel body, titanium-painted accented body parts, side lower rocker body panels, 4 sports chrome tailpipes, 19" titanium painted alloy wheels, bi-xenon headlights, two-tone interior upholstery, Porsche PCM w/ trip computer navigation, MP3 audio and Bose cabin surround sound; this sporty design S is powered by an alloy 4.5L V8 engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing.
The Cayenne S engine produces 340 310 lb · ft of torque. Acceleration is quicker from 0–60 mph at sub 6.8 seconds and the top speed is 150+ mph. It featured sport tuned suspension, includes a low-range case, a locking differential and six-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission; the GTS features a sport suspension and 21-inch wheels. It has an aerodynamic body kit; the Porsche Cayenne GTS has a 0–100 km/h time of 5.7 seconds. A six-speed manual transmission is offered; the first-generation Cayenne Turbo has 450 PS, can accelerate from 0–100 km/h in 5.3 seconds. A Turbo S version was built in 2006 to compete with the Mercedes-Benz ML 63 AMG; the Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S include a low-range case, a locking differential, height-adjustable, off-road suspension. The S is powered by a twin-turbocharged 4.5 L V8 that produces 720 N ⋅ m of torque. In 2008 an updated Turbo model, featuring a larger 4.8-L engine, was revealed at the Beijing Auto Show. It produces 50 PS more power, can accelerate from 0–60 mph in 4.9 seconds.
Revealed with the new Turbo, was a new 550 hp Turbo S model. Acceleration from 0–60 mph for that car takes 4.7 seconds and it can be had with optional ceramic composite brakes. Porsche has sold a diesel version of the Cayenne, powered by a 3.0-L V6 VW TDI engine, since February 2009. The engine is rated at 550 N ⋅ m of torque; the car was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. The diesel can accelerate from 0–60 mph in 9.2 seconds. The Cayenne S Transsyberia was a racing vehicle for Transsyberia rally, only 26 were built; the street version was built to commemorate Porsche's victory in Transsyberia rally. It is a variant with the 405 hp direct-inject 4.8-L V8 from the Cayenne GTS. Sales began with a production run of 600 road vehicles. In May 2009, a limited edition version based on the Cayenne GTS was introduced, designed by Porsche Design Studio and included a Porsche Design chronograph Type P’6612. Production was limited to 1000 units, 100 in the USA; the second-generation Porsche Cayenne went on sale in April–May 2010 as a 2011 model, with an official debut at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show.
In preparation for the unveiling, the Cayenne production facility in Leipzig, closed in December 2009 to commence factory retooling for the new model, a process that took 2–3 months. The 2011 Porsche Cayenne is larger than its predecessors, but features a more slanted rear window, less upright windshield, a more sloping roofline, door-mounted mirrors, smaller windows at the rear of the vehicle, headlights inspired by the Carrera GT, taillights that extend onto the car's tailgate, LED daytime running lights and a vastly redesigned interior modeled after the Panamera; the 2011 Cayenne is 250 kg lighter than the previous models due to extensive use of aluminum and magnesium, making it more fuel efficient than the previous lineup. Despite its lower stance, the new vehicle's off-road capabilities have been retained without compromising the street performance-orien
Volkswagen AG, known internationally as the Volkswagen Group, is a German multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony and indirectly majority owned by the Austrian Porsche-Piëch family. It designs and distributes passenger and commercial vehicles, motorcycles and turbomachinery and offers related services including financing and fleet management. In 2016, it was the world's largest automaker by sales, overtaking Toyota and keeping this title in 2017 and 2018, selling 10.8 million vehicles. It has maintained the largest market share in Europe for over two decades, it ranked seventh in the 2018 Fortune Global 500 list of the world's largest companies. Volkswagen Group sells passenger cars under the Audi, Bugatti, Porsche, SEAT, Škoda and the flagship Volkswagen marques, it is divided into two primary divisions, the Automotive Division and the Financial Services Division, as of 2008 had 342 subsidiary companies. Volkswagen has two major joint-ventures in China.
The company has operations in 150 countries and operates 100 production facilities across 27 countries. Volkswagen was founded in 1937; the company's production grew in the 1950s and 1960s, in 1965 it acquired Auto Union, which subsequently produced the first post-war Audi models. Volkswagen launched a new generation of front-wheel drive vehicles in the 1970s, including the Passat and Golf. Volkswagen acquired a controlling stake in SEAT in 1986, making it the first non-German marque of the company, acquired control of Škoda in 1994, of Bentley and Bugatti in 1998, Scania in 2008 and of Ducati, MAN and Porsche in 2012; the company's operations in China have grown in the past decade with the country becoming its largest market. In June 2018, Volkswagen Trucks and Buses which comprises the MAN, RIO truck brands are renamed to TRATON AG but the marques will not change, said by Andreas Renschler. Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft is a public company and has a primary listing on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, where it is a constituent of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index, secondary listings on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange, SIX Swiss Exchange.
It has been traded in the United States via American depositary receipts since 1988 on the OTC Marketplace. Volkswagen delisted from the London Stock Exchange in 2013; the state of Lower Saxony holds 12.7 % of the company's shares. Volkswagen was founded on 28 May 1937 in Berlin as the Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH by the National Socialist Deutsche Arbeitsfront; the purpose of the company was to manufacture the Volkswagen car referred to as the Porsche Type 60 the Volkswagen Type 1, called the Volkswagen Beetle. This vehicle was designed by Ferdinand Porsche's consulting firm, the company was backed by the support of Adolf Hitler. On 16 September 1938, Gezuvor was renamed Volkswagenwerk GmbH. Shortly after the factory near Fallersleben was completed, World War II started and the plant manufactured the military Kübelwagen and the related amphibious Schwimmwagen, both of which were derived from the Volkswagen. Only a small number of Type 60 Volkswagens were made during this time.
The Fallersleben plant manufactured the V-1 flying bomb, making the plant a major bombing target for the Allied forces. After the war in Europe, in June 1945, Major Ivan Hirst of the British Army Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers took control of the bomb-shattered factory, restarted production, pending the expected disposal of the plant as war reparations. However, no British car manufacturer was interested. To build the car commercially would be a uneconomic enterprise". In 1948, the Ford Motor Company of USA was offered Volkswagen, but Ernest Breech, a Ford executive vice president said he didn't think either the plant or the car was "worth a damn." Breech said that he would have considered merging Ford of Germany and Volkswagen, but after the war, ownership of the company was in such dispute that nobody could hope to be able to take it over. As part of the Industrial plans for Germany, large parts of German industry, including Volkswagen, were to be dismantled. Total German car production was set at a maximum of 10% of the 1936 car production numbers.
The company survived by producing cars for the British Army, in 1948 the British Government handed the company back over to the German state, it was managed by former Opel chief Heinrich Nordhoff. Production of the Type 60 Volkswagen started after the war due to the need to rebuild the plant and because of the lack of raw materials, but production grew in the 1950s and 1960s; the company began introducing new models based on the Type 1, all with the same basic air-cooled, rear-engine, rear-drive platform. These included the Volkswagen Type 2 in 1950, the Volkswagen Karmann Ghia in 1955, the Volkswagen Type 3 in 1961, the Volkswagen Type 4 in 1968, the Volkswagen Type 181 in 1969. In 1960, upon t
The Audi Q5 is a series of compact luxury crossover SUVs produced by the German luxury car manufacturer Audi from 2008. The original first-generation model was the third member of the B8 family to be released after the Audi A5 and fourth-generation A4, all being based on the Audi MLB platform; the second generation Q5 debuted in 2016 and shares the Audi MLBevo platform with the corresponding B9 versions of the A4 and A5. A concept vehicle for the upcoming Q5, this was a 2-door convertible with a 3.0 TDI engine rated at 240 PS and 500 N⋅m torque, quattro permanent four wheel drive, 8-speed automatic transmission, Copper Sunset body, LED headlights, 21-inch wheels with 265/35R21 tyres, seats with White Stone leather upholstery, MMI, 505W Bang & Olufsen sound system and internet radio, CDC shock absorbers, electric ride height adjustment, 380/356 mm front/rear ceramic brake discs with 6-piston monobloc aluminium front, floating rear callipers, Audi Drive Select. The vehicle was unveiled at the 2007 Los Angeles Auto Show.
The vehicle was unveiled at the 2008 Beijing Auto Show, at the 2008 Los Angeles Auto show. Early models include 2.0 TDI quattro, 3.0 TDI quattro. Initial vehicle models for US, Canada & Brazil include the 3.2 FSI. The Q5 commenced shipments in October 2008 for Europe, in the first quarter of 2009 for North America; the US model went on sale in March 2009 as a 2009 model year vehicle. Early models include 3.2 FSI quattro. 2.0 TFSI quattro was added in 2011 model year. Indian models went on sale in June 2009, were built by Audi's Ingolstadt facility, but are now being built at its Aurangabad, India plant. Launch models include 3.0 TDI, 2.0 TFSI. Middle East models went on sale in 2009 Q2. Launch models include 2.0 TFSI, 3.2 FSI. Japanese models include 3.2 FSI quattro. It is a concept vehicle that includes an enhanced engine, 7-speed S tronic transmission, quattro all-wheel drive; the 3.0 TFSI V6 engine was rated 408 PS at 6,000–7,000 rpm and 500 N⋅m at 3,000–5,500 rpm. Other features include ceramic brakes, active sound exhaust system, 90 millimetre wider track, 60 millimetre lower ride height, 21-inch Daytona Gray colour wheels of 7 twin-spoke design, modified air intake, cooling water strut brace in engine compartment, stainless steel-plated pedals, S line sport seats, panorama roof system, "Wörthersee 09" adhesive film, textile floor mats with "Wörthersee 09" print application, Audi drive select vehicle dynamics system, parking aid with rearview camera, voice control, Audi lane assist, headlight range control with cornering lights.
The vehicle was unveiled at the Wörthersee Tour 2009. The Audi Q5 FCEV is a fuel cell based concept car, demonstrated on 19 October 2009 at CEP Berlin, it sports a 22 Kw lithium-ion battery and a 230 Nm asynchronous motor. Audi has reported that it would offer the Q5 hybrid as launch model, but it was reported that Audi suspended the plan because of unsatisfying crash test results for the nickel metal hydride batteries. In 2009, Audi announced, it included a 1.3 kWh, battery pack. The Q5 has maximum all-electric speed of 100 km/h; the production version would be on sale in 2012 for the Japanese market. The release in the U. S. market was scheduled for late 2011. 180 PS 2.0 TFSI and 143 PS 2.0 TDI engines were introduced in Europe beginning in 2009. German models include standard 7-speed S tronic transmission for all V6 models. 8-speed Tiptronic is an option for Q5 2.0 TFSI quattro. US and Canadian Q5 3.2 FSI models include 6-speed Tiptronic as standard transmission. US and Canadian Q5 2.0 TFSI models include 8-speed Tiptronic as standard transmission.
Japanese models include standard 7-speed S tronic transmission for all models. Harman/Becker Automotive Systems produced Audi's new updated Multi Media Interface technology for Q5; the new system includes navigation and wide-screen entertainment. A three-dimensional orientation view with true-to-scale terrain and photo realistic depictions of key landmarks will be generated. Included features in this new system are USB storage media, satellite radio, an integral four-band GSM mobile/cell phone with Bluetooth connectivity. S line package includes 20-inch S line wheels, headlight washers, sport steering wheels with shift paddles, brushed aluminium inlays, S line aluminium door sills, a black headliner; the Offroad exterior package includes front and rear underbody protection panels, along with flared fender and door sill protection. A sensor informs the ESP system if a roof rack has been mounted, which will cause the Audi Q5's centre of gravity to be shifted higher in keeping with the roof load of up to 100 kg.
If a roof rack is present, the ESP engages earlier in the handling limit. Without a roof load, the driver is free to tap the full dynamic potential of the Audi Q5; the Audi Q5 is capable of towing up to 2.0 tonnes. The Q5 is fitted with an advanced Trailer Stability Program designed to combat any unwanted snaking when towing a large trailer or caravan; the new vehicle was expected to be built in Audi's home town of Ingolstadt. An investment of €300 million in production tooling and expansion was expected. Audi assembles its Q5 model in India to avoid import taxes and compete with BMW AG, Daimler AG and Porsche AG in the
The Audi A7 is an executive car produced by Audi since 2010. A five-door liftback, it features a sloping roofline with a steeply raked rear window and integrated boot lid, four frameless doors; the Audi Sportback concept is a concept vehicle powered by a 3.0-litre V6 TDI clean diesel engine rated at 225 PS and 550 N⋅m of torque. It features a 7-speed S tronic transmission, quattro permanent all-wheel-drive system, five-link front suspension, continuous damping control shock absorbers, electromechanical steering, ceramic brake discs, front 6-piston monobloc aluminum brake calipers, rear floating-caliper brakes and 21-inch wheels; the vehicle was unveiled in 2009 at the Detroit Auto Show. The A7 is in essence, a four door fastback version of the C7-series Audi A6, based on the Volkswagen Group MLB platform; the A7 was released before the more conventional A6 saloon/estate. Both cars share the same core structure, chassis and interior, whilst the A7 has its own unique exterior panelwork, it differs from the A6 in that it uses aluminium for much of its front body structure.
The A7 was the first fastback to appear within the Audi C-platform series since the Avant version of the C2 Audi 100, discontinued in 1982. The vehicle was unveiled in Pinakothek der Moderne art museum in Munich on 26 July 2010, at the 2010 Paris Motor Show, 2011 New York Auto Show, Wörthersee Tour 2011 The vehicles went on sale in fall 2010. Early models include 2.8 FSI with multitronic, 3.0 TFSI quattro with seven-speed S tronic, 3.0 TDI quattro with seven-speed S tronic. The 2011 model year A7 introduces FlexRay high speed databus that controls all the driver assistance systems from the A8, but it adds head-up display and active lane assist. Full LED headlamps with Automatic high beam switching or Audi adaptive light with variable headlight range control. US models went on sale 2012 model year vehicles. Early models include 3.0 TFSI quattro with an 8-speed automatic transmission. The S7 is a version of the A7 with a 4.0 litres biturbo TFSI V8 engine rated at 420 PS and 550 N⋅m of torque, as well as a quattro four wheel drive system and 7-speed S–tronic gearbox.
The S7 can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in 4.7 seconds. The vehicle was unveiled at the 2011 Frankfurt Auto Show, in 2012 Audi quattro Cup. Delivery of the S7 began in spring 2012. Reviewers have cited the Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class as the inspiration to the Audi A7 in the four-door executive sedan market; the following internal combustion engines are available, with variations dependent on market. In the ICOTY Awards, the Audi A7 was named the International Car of the Year in 2012. AutoWeek magazine named the Audi A7 as the Best of the Best/Car for 2012. Esquire magazine named the Audi A7 as the 2011 Esquire Car of the Year. Automobile Magazine named the Audi A7 "2012 Automobile of the Year"; as part of the A7 Sportback product launch, a launch campaign was created in collaboration with the London advertising agency Bartle Bogle Hegarty. The birth story of the A7 Sportback became the inspiration of the Paper Liberation spot; as part of the A7 launch in the US, a papercraft version of 2012 Audi A7 was produced.
As part of the S7 launch in the US, a Super Bowl commercial was produced. A7 3.0 TDI quattro was added to the UK market. The A7 3.0 TDI clean diesel quattro was unveiled at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show. US model of A7 3.0 TDI clean diesel quattro was set to go on sale in fall 2013 as 2014 model year vehicle. The A7 Sportback Black Edition is a version of the A7 for the UK market, it includes 21-inch rotor-design alloy wheels with a dark titanium finish with further lowered S line sports suspension, black grille and number plate surrounds and the window frame strips, by privacy glass extending from the B-pillar rearwards. Sales began in November 2012, with deliveries began in early 2013; the RS 7 has a 4.0 TFSI twin scroll twin turbo V8 engine rated at 412 kW and 700 N⋅m of torque, as well as cylinder on demand system deactivates intake and exhaust valves of 4 cylinders, eight-speed tiptronic transmission with D and S driving modes, quattro with torque vectoring with self-locking center differential with a high locking rate and oil cooler, polished 20-inch forged wheels in a seven twin-spoke design, four internally vented diameter brake discs with 390 mm diameter front discs and black painted six-piston calipers, electronic stabilization control with Sport and off modes, adaptive air suspension lowering body by 20 mm, optional Dynamic all-wheel steering with continuously variable steering boost and ratio, high-gloss black protective grill
In automotive engineering, a longitudinal engine is an internal combustion engine in which the crankshaft is oriented along the long axis of the vehicle, front to back. This type of motor is used for rear-wheel drive cars, except for some Audi and SAAB models equipped with longitudinal engines in front wheel drive. In front-wheel drive cars a transverse engine is used. Trucks have longitudinal engines with rear-wheel drive. For motorcycles, the use of a particular type depends on the drive: in case of a chain or belt drive a transverse engine is used, with shaft drives a longitudinal engine. Longitudinal engines in motorcycles do have one disadvantage: the "tipping point" of the crankshaft tilts along the entire motorcycle to a greater or lesser degree when accelerating; this is resolved by having other components, such as the generator and the gearbox, rotate in the opposite direction to the crankshaft. Most larger, "premium" vehicles use this engine orientation, both front and rear wheel driven, because powerful engines such as the inline-6 and 90° big-bore V8 are too long to fit in a FF transverse engine bay, while most mainstream modern vehicles use front wheel drive along with a transverse engine arrangement.
Cars with longitudinal engines have a smaller minimum turning circle than those with transverse engines. This is because there is more space to the sides of the engine, allowing deeper wheel arches so the front wheels are able to turn through a greater angle; this is a list of typical examples of types of engines which can be placed in motor vehicles: in-line or straight engine — where two, four, five and eight cylinders are placed in a single plane. V engine — where two, six, ten, twelve, or sixteen cylinders are placed in two separate planes, looking like a "V" when viewed from the end of the crankshaft. Flat or boxer engine — where two, six or more cylinders are arranged in two diametrically horizontally opposed planes. W engine — where two vee engines are siamesed together, where at eight, twelve or sixteen cylinders are arranged in four separate planes
Audi Q8 is a full-size luxury crossover SUV coupé made by Audi, launched in 2018. It is the flagship of the Audi SUV line, is being produced at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant. BMW launched its crossover coupe in 2008, the BMW X6, Mercedes-Benz followed suit in 2015 with the GLE-Class Coupe. Audi never made a direct competitor, but had been planning to once the new bodystyle became a sales success for other brands. SUVs in the luxury segment, are popular, the Q8 is expected to sell in higher numbers than the A8; the Audi Q8 was presented to the public in concept form on 9 January 2017, at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan. In May 2018, Audi started a cinematic styled miniseries that teases the Audi Q8 in five short episodes; the car made its first full appearance in the fifth episode, presented on a special microsite and shown to the public at the Audi China Brand Summit in Shenzhen. The Q8 was launched in Malaysia in March 2019 where it is powered by a 3.0L TFSI engine with Quattro.
The Audi Q8 will be the first SUV model under Audi's new head of design, Marc Lichte, it will introduce a new design language for the brand's SUVs. The grill is larger and now has an octagonal shape, with both vertical and horizontal slats, the character lines of the Q8 are inspired by the Audi Quattro rally car from the 1980s; the Audi Q8 features full-laser headlamps and taillamps, the first-ever in a crossover or SUV. The interior features the knob-less MMI system, three touch screens and an enlarged virtual cockpit which has a digital instrument cluster. Additionally, both haptic and acoustic feedback are provided in response to user inputs; the Q8 is shorter in terms of both length and height when compared to the Q7 and is wider than it. It has less cargo space than the Q7, unlike the Q7, the Q8 lacks third-row seats. Official website