Vritra is a Vedic serpent or dragon in Hinduism, the personification of drought and adversary of Indra. Vritra is identified as an Asura. Vritra was known in the Vedas as Ahi, he is heroically slain by Indra. In many 20th-century interpretations of the Rigveda, Vritra was incorrectly interpreted as a reference to the dams and irrigation systems of the Indus Valley Civilization, which destroyed by the vedic people, thus contributing to the end of the IVC. Ideas about the end of the IVC have changed in recent decades, this theory has now been proven false, as it has become clear that the Indus valley civilization went extinct after a long period of drought; the modern research suggests that the Indus valley civilization was long dead before the migration of Vedic aryan tribes. Another theory suggests that this myth of slaying of serpent by a storm deity was present in the ancient Proto-Indo-European mythology and Vedic religion inherited this myth from the Proto-Indo-European culture; this particular myth of a storm god like Indra slaying a monster serpent is present in many Eurasian cultures.
For example, In Norse mythology, the storm god Thor slays the world serpent Jörmungandr. In Greek mythology, the storm god Zeus battles with serpent Typhon. In Abrahamic mythology, the storm god Yahweh battles with the serpent Leviathan. In Mesopotamian mythology, the storm god Marduk battles with the serpent Tiamat; this theory implies that the Vedic story of Indra slaying the serpernt demon Vritra is not related to the Indus Valley civilization. According to the Rig Veda, Vritra kept the waters of the world captive until he was killed by Indra, who destroyed all the 99 fortresses of Vritra before liberating the imprisoned rivers; the combat began soon after Indra was born, he had drunk a large volume of Soma at Tvashtri's house to empower him before facing Vritra. Tvashtri fashioned the thunderbolt for Indra, Vishnu, when asked to do so by Indra, made space for the battle by taking the three great strides for which Vishnu became famous. Vritra broke Indra's two jaws during the battle, but was thrown down by Indra and, in falling, crushed the fortresses, shattered.
For this feat, Indra became known as "Vṛtrahan". Vritra's mother, the mother of the Dānava race of Asuras, was attacked and defeated by Indra with his thunderbolt. In one of the versions of the story, three Devas – Varuna and Agni – were coaxed by Indra into aiding him in the fight against Vritra, whereas before they had been on the side of Vritra. In one verse of a Rig-Vedic hymn eulogising Sarasvati, she is portrayed as the one who slayed Vritra. Mention of this occurs nowhere else. Hymn 18 of Mandala IV provides the most elaborate account of the Vedic version; the verses describe the events and circumstances leading up to the battle between Indra and Vritra, the battle itself, the outcome of the battle. As told in the narration given to King Yudhishthira in the Mahabharata, Vritra was a demon created by artisan god Tvashta to avenge the killing of his son by Indra, known as Triśiras or Viśvarūpa. Vritra won the battle and swallowed Indra; the battle continued and Indra was forced to flee. Vishnu and the rishis brokered a truce, with Indra swearing that he would not attack Vritra with anything made of metal, wood or stone, nor anything, dry or wet, or during the day or the night.
Indra used the foam from the waves of the ocean to kill him at twilight. Srimad Bhagavatam recognizes Vritra as a bhakta of Vishnu, slain only due to his failure to live piously and without aggression; this story runs thus: SB 6.9.11: After Visvarupa was killed, his father, performed ritualistic ceremonies to kill Indra. He offered oblations in the sacrificial fire, saying, "O enemy of Indra, flourish to kill your enemy without delay." SB 6.9.12: Thereafter, from the southern side of the sacrificial fire known as Anvaharya came a fearful personality who looked like the destroyer of the entire creation at the end of the millennium. SB 6.9.13-17: Like arrows released in the four directions, the demon's body grew, day after day. Tall and blackish, he appeared like a burnt hill and was as lustrous as a bright array of clouds in the evening; the hair on the demon's body and his beard and moustache were the color of melted copper, his eyes were piercing like the midday sun. He appeared unconquerable.
Dancing and shouting with a loud voice, he made the entire surface of the earth tremble as if from an earthquake. As he yawned again and again, he seemed to be trying to swallow the whole sky with his mouth, as deep as a cave, he seemed to be licking up all the stars in the sky with his tongue and eating the entire universe with his long, sharp teeth. Seeing this gigantic demon, everyone, in great fear, ran there in all directions. SB 6.9.18: That fearful demon, the son of Tvashta, covered all the planetary systems by dint of austerity. Therefore, he was named one who covers everything. Vritra became the head of the Asuras, he renounced his dharma – duty – to do good unto others and turned to violence, battling with the Devas. He gained the upper hand and the Devas were frightened of
The 38th Flying Training Wing is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the Western Flying Training Command, was disbanded on 16 June 1946 at Williams Field, Arizona. There is no lineage between the United States Air Force 38th Combat Support Wing, established on 10 August 1948 at Itami Airfield and this organization; the wing was a World War II Command and Control organization which supported Training Command Flight Schools in the southwestern United States in New Mexico. The wing controlled fight schools instructing in advanced two and four engine training, along with bombardier training and before June 1944, glider training. Graduates of the advanced schools were commissioned as Second Lieutenants, received their "wings" and were reassigned to Operational or Replacement Training Units operated by one of the four numbered air fores in the zone of interior; as training requirements changed during the war, schools were activated and inactivated or transferred to meet those requirements.
Established as 38th Flying Training Wing on 17 December 1942Activated on 8 January 1943 Disbanded 16 June 1946. AAF West Coast Training Center, 8 January 1943 – 16 June 1946 The schools of the wing used a wide variety of planes to support its numerous training needs: The Cessna AT-17 Bobcat was the standard two-engine advanced trainer, along with the Cessna UC-78 variant of the AT-17The North American B-25 Mitchell medium bomber, as well as the AT-24 Mitchell were used for two-engine bomber training and transition; some Martin B-26 Marauders were used for training. Four-Engine training was done with Boeing B-17 and Consolidated B-24 bombersGlider/Liaison aircraft training used L-2, L-3, L-4 aircraft, as well as the TG-5, TG-6 and CG-4 gliders Roswell Army Airfield, New Mexico, 8 January 1943 Kirtland Field, New Mexico, 10 September 1943 Williams Field, Arizona, 26 February 1945 – 16 June 1946. Army Air Forces Training Command Other Western Flying Training Command Flight Training Wings:35th Flying Training Wing Basic/Advanced Flight Training 36th Flying Training Wing Primary Flight Training 37th Flying Training Wing Basic/Advanced Flight Training 81st Flying Training Wing Classification/Preflight Unit This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/
Stink is an EP by the band The Replacements, recorded at Blackberry Way, Minnesota, on March 13, 1982, released on June 24, 1982. Before the first track, "Kids Don't Follow", audio can be heard of the Minneapolis police breaking up a rent party at The Harmony Building in Minneapolis, it is possible by listening to hear one of the audience members curse the police. The audience member in question is believed to be Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum; the EP was remastered and reissued by Rhino Entertainment on April 22, 2008, with four additional tracks. The song "Kids Don't Follow" was made available as Rock Band 2 DLC on May 19, 2009. Paul Westerberg - vocals, rhythm guitar Bob Stinson - lead guitar Tommy Stinson - bass guitar Chris Mars - drums Peter Jesperson - producer, mixer Steven Fjelstad - producer, engineer Erik Hanson - photography Bruce Allen - artwork https://blog.thecurrent.org/2016/01/the-replacements-stink-show-a-true-story-from-minnesota-music-history/
Jobeda Begum Ali is an English businesswoman, award-winning social entrepreneur, documentary filmmaker and chief executive of Three Sisters Care. Ali and her sisters grew up in Tower Hamlets, England, her parents are from Khulna Division, Bangladesh. Ali gained three grade As in A-levels at Tower Hamlets College. In 1996, Ali graduated with a 2:1 BA Hons in Indian and African history from Trinity College, Cambridge. In 2000, she completed an MA in history, in 2004, she completed an MA in world trade and development: regulation and responsibility at the University of Cambridge. Ali is an independent documentary filmmaker. In 2003, she made a documentary in Bangladesh Matchmaker for Channel 4. In 2004, she made two films about development Regime-Makers for Current TV, she made two series about Muslim women across the world, one commissioned by Institute for Strategic Dialogue and the other by Eris Foundation. Ali is the founder of the Cineforum format, a film festival/conference which showcases films from around the world.
One of the most impactful Cineforums was called Muslim Women: Leadership. In 2009, The Road to Ecotopia Cineform culminated in the film, The Road to Ecotopia and bought together 150 sustainability experts to design a template for a positive future society. In November 2007, Ali founded a media company. After four years, over time Ali and the other two partners disagreed on the direction of the company. After the other two partners left, Ali dissolved the company in December 2012. In January 2012, she co-founded Three Sisters Care, a care company providing care at home to elderly and disabled people, with three share-holding directors; the homecare agency works across London and the suburbs with older people, but with young adults with disabilities. In 2014, it won the Social Enterprise of the Year Award at the Precious Awards in recognition of its social business practices. In January 2016 Ali pulled together a consortium from around the UK and won a government contract to build robots for the care sector in a high profile and controversial project called CHIRON.
Alongside Three Sisters Care, the other consortium partners are Shadow Robot Company, Bristol Robotics Lab at the University of the West of England, Telemetra Associates and SH&BA. Ali has been appearing in various media and events clarifying the role of robots in the care of old people. In March 2009, Ali contributed to a discussion feminism on BBC Radio 4 hosted by Bettany Hughes, she is on The Guardian Social Enterprise Advisory Panel. and in May 2010, she contributed to a discussion on how women can and should be playing a bigger role in social enterprise. In March 2015, spoke about a new ethical model of providing care on BBC Radio 4. In October 2012, she played a key role in organising and speaking at KPMG's first TEDx event in India. Ali is a regular contributor to The Guardian Social Care Blog and has written about ethical employment and living wage in the care sector. Ali has worked for the government, NGO and media sectors, private sectors in education and diversity, she was manager of the Group to Encourage Ethnic Minority Applicants at the University of Cambridge.
She was a programme manager for further and higher education in the government, she was a board member of the Learning and Skills Council, manager of business diversity at the London Development Agency, a board member of Healthwatch Tower Hamlets. and a board member of Global Urban Development. She is a fellow of School for Social Entrepreneurs and has written entrepreneurship curriculum for universities, she runs London Science and Geek Chic Socials, an events organisation focused on science events for single people in London. In 2007, Ali was one of 20 women from across the world to be selected as a "Rising Talent" by the Women's Forum for the Economy and Society. In August 2010, she won the Social Business Leader award at Ogunte Women's Social Leadership Awards. In 2015, she was shortlisted for Social Enterprise of the Year Award at the Forward Ladies Women in Business Awards. Ali has referred to herself as feminist. British Bangladeshi List of British Bangladeshis
The Archwood Avenue Historic District is a historic residential district in the Brooklyn Centre neighborhood of Cleveland, United States. Composed of houses constructed around the turn of the twentieth century, it has been one of the neighborhood's most important streets since it was established, it was designated a historic district in 1987; when South Brooklyn was first platted, Archwood Avenue was included as one of the village's side streets. Lots along Archwood were larger than those along other streets, the street itself was atypically wide, so the village's largest original houses were built along the street. Although South Brooklyn was annexed as Cleveland's Old Brooklyn neighborhood in 1894, Archwood retained its significant place in the neighborhood; the street's built environment is variable: late nineteenth-century styles such as Colonial Revival and Queen Anne are all found in the district. Rather than being concentrated in separate pockets, the styles are mixed together: in one block, a two-story Italianate house is placed between a two-story Queen Anne and a three-story Queen Anne on a corner lot.
Five of the neighborhood's residences, known as the William Coates, Weldon Davis, Oscar Kroehle, Adam Poe, Charles Selzer Houses, are the premier buildings within the district, while a pair of apartment buildings at the 33rd Street intersection are distinguished by two separate facades with ornamental entrances. In 1987, Archwood Avenue was designated a historic district and listed on the National Register of Historic Places, due to the integrity of its historic architecture. Covering 13 acres, the district includes 57 different buildings, all of which qualified for consideration as contributing properties
Richard Gilpin M. D. was an English nonconformist physician, prominent in the northern region. The second son of Isaac Gilpin of Strickland Ketel, in the parish of Kendal and Ann, daughter of Ralph Tonstall of Coatham-Mundeville, County Durham, he was born at Strickland, baptised at Kendal on 23 October 1625, he was educated at the University of Edinburgh, graduating with an MA on 30 July 1646, studying first medicine divinity. Neither the date nor the manner of his ordination is known, he began his ministry at Lambeth, continued it at the Savoy as assistant to John Wilkins, returning to the north preached at Durham. In 1650 William Morland had been sequestered from the rectory of Cumberland. For about two years the living had been held by one West, a popular preacher, who died of consumption. Gilpin succeeded him in 1652 or early in 1653. In the parish of Greystoke there were four chapels, his parish was organised on the congregational model, having an inner circle of communicants and a staff of deacons.
In August 1653 Gilpin set on foot a voluntary association of the churches of Cumberland and Westmorland, on the lines of Richard Baxter's Worcestershire'agreement' of that year, but giving to the associated clergy somewhat larger powers. The organisation gained in adherents, his chief trouble was with the Quakers. Gilpin was in the habit of giving medical advice as well as spiritual counsel to his flock. By his purchase of the manor of Scaleby Castle, some twenty miles north of Greystoke, beyond Carlisle, he acquired a public position in the county, he was appointed Visitor to Durham College, for which Oliver Cromwell issued a patent on 15 May 1657. At the Restoration, Gilpin was one of the most prominent religious leaders in the north of England, was offered the see of Carlisle, which he refused, he preached at Carlisle at the opening of the assize on 10 September 1660. When Richard Sterne became bishop, Gilpin was not called upon to vacate his living, but resigned it on 2 February 1661 in favour of the sequestered Morland, retired to Scaleby, preached there in his large hall.
He is said to have preached at Penruddock, a village in Greystoke parish, where John Noble, one of his deacons, gathered in his own house a nonconformist congregation, afterwards ministered to by Anthony Sleigh. Shortly after the passing of the Uniformity Act of 1662 Gilpin moved to Newcastle-upon-Tyne, to minister to the hearers of the ejected lecturer, Samuel Hammond. By 1663 John Cosin was complaining of him, he did not wait for the indulgence of 1672, but disregarded the Conventicle Acts and the Five Mile Act. He was several times fined for holding a conventicle, but does not seem to have been interfered with after 4 August 1669. At Newcastle, he acquired a good practice as a physician, graduated M. D. at Leiden University on 6 July 1676. He drew a diverse congregation. From 1694 to 1698 Gilpin had as assistant William Pell, ejected from Durham. Pell was followed by Timothy Manlove, Manlove by Thomas Bradbury. After Bradbury was Benjamin Bennet. Gilpin died on 13 February 1700, he published:'The Agreement of the Associated Ministers and Churches of Cumberland and Westmerland', &c.
1646.'The Temple Rebuilt,' &c. 1658.'Disputatio Medica Inauguralis de Hysterica Passione,' &c. 1676.'Dæmonologia Sacra. Edinburgh, 1735. Grosart, Edinburgh, 1867.'The Comforts of Divine Love,' &c. 1700. Posthumous was'An Assize Sermon … at Carlisle,' &c. London and Newcastle, 1700. Among Gilpin's manuscripts was a treatise on the'Pleasantness of the Ways of Religion,' which Calamy desired to see in print, he was twice married. She moved to Scaleby Castle, died on 18 January 1715, his children were: William, born 5 September 1657, remained a churchman, became recorder of Carlisle, was noted for artistic and antiquarian tastes, married Mary, daughter of Henry Fletcher of Tallantire and was buried 14 December 1724. William's daughter, Susanna Appleby, was an antiquarian and excavated a Roman bath house near Camboglanna in 1741. Isaac, born 12 July 1658, died 21 February 1719. Susanna, born 17 October 1659, married Matthias Partis. Anne, born 5 December 1660, married Jeremiah Sawrey of Lancashire. Elizabeth, born 3 August 1662.
Richard, born 4 May 1664, died young. Mary, born 28 December 1666. Dorothy, born 13 August 1668, first, Jabez Cay, M. D. of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. John, born 13 February 1670, merchant at Whitehaven, made a fortune in the Virginia trade. Frances, born 27 July 1671, died young. Bernard, born 6 October 1672, died young in Jamaica. Frances, born 27 January 1675, died young. Thomas, born 27 July 1677, died 20 June 1700; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Gilpin, Richard". Dictionary of Nationa