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Vsevolod I of Kiev

Vsevolod I Yaroslavich, ruled as Grand Prince of Kiev from 1078 until his death. He was the favourite son of Yaroslav I the Wise by Ingigerd Olafsdottir, he was born around 1030. On his seal from his last years, he was named "Andrei Vsevolodu" in Greek, implying that his baptismal name was Andrew. To back up an armistice signed with the Byzantine Emperor Constantine IX Monomachos in 1046, his father married Vsevolod to a Byzantine princess, who according to tradition was named Anastasia or Maria; that the couple's son Vladimir Monomakh bore the family name of the Byzantine emperor, suggests she was a member of his close family, but no contemporary evidence attests to a specific relationship and accounts of the Emperor give him no such daughter. Upon his father's death in 1054, he received in appanage the towns of Pereyaslav, Rostov and the township of Beloozero which would remain in possession of his descendants until the end of Middle Ages. Together with his elder brothers Iziaslav and Sviatoslav he formed a sort of princely triumvirate which jointly waged war on the steppe nomads and compiled the first East Slavic law code.

In 1055 Vsevolod launched an expedition against the Turks who had in the previous years expelled the Pechenegs from the Pontic steppes. He made peace with the Cumans who appeared for the first time in Europe in the same year; the Cumans invaded his principality in routed Vsevolod in a battle. Vsevolod persuaded his brother and their distant cousin, Vseslav to join him and they together attacked the Torks in 1060. In 1067, Vsevolod's Greek wife died and he soon married a Kypchak princess, Anna Polovetskaya, she bore him another son, who drowned after the Battle of the Stugna River, daughters, one becoming a nun and another, Eupraxia of Kiev, marrying Emperor Henry IV. The Cumans again invaded Kievan Rus' in 1068; the three brothers united their forces against them. After their defeat, Vsevolod withdrew to Pereyaslav. However, its citizens rose up in open rebellion, dethroned Iziaslav, liberated and proclaimed Vseslav their grand prince. Vsevolod and Sviatoslav made no attempt to expel the usurper from Kiev.

Vsevolod supported Sviatoslav against Iziaslav. They forced their brother to flee from Kiev in 1073. Feodosy, the saintly hegumen or head of the Monastery of the Caves in Kiev remained loyal to Iziaslav, refused lunch with Sviatoslav and Vsevolod. Iziaslav granted Sviatoslav's former principality to Vsevolod, but Sviatoslav's sons considered the Principality of Chernigov as their own patrimony or otchina. Oleg Sviatoslavich made an alliance with the Cumans and invaded Chernigov. Iziaslav came to Vsevolod's rescue and they forced Oleg to retreat, but Iziaslav was murdered in the battle. After Iziaslav's death, Vsevolod, as their father's only surviving son, took the Kievan throne, thus uniting the three core principalities—Kiev and Pereyaslavl—in Kievan Rus', he appointed his eldest son. The Russian Primary Chronicle writes that the "people no longer had access to the Prince's justice, judges became corrupt and venal", Vsevolod followed his young councilors' advice instead of that of his old retainers in his last years.

Vsevolod spoke five foreign languages, according to Vladimir Monomach's Autobiography. Historian George Vernadsky believes that these included Greek and Cuman, because of the nationality of his two wives, that he spoke Latin and Ossetian, he lost most of his battles. The last years of his reign were clouded by grave illness, Vladimir Monomakh presided over the government. Vsevolod and his first wife Anastasia, a relative of Constantine IX Monomachos, had children: Vladimir II Monomakh. Ianka or Anna Vsevolodovna, engaged to Constantine Dukas in 1074, but she never married She became a nun and started a school for girls. Vsevolod and his second wife Anna Polovetskaya had children: Rostislav Vsevolodovich. Drowned while retreating from the Battle of the Stugna River. Eupraxia of Kiev. Married first Henry the Long, Margrave of Nordarm, next Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Catherine Vsevolovna. A nun, her date of death is recorded in the Primary Chronicle. Maria Vsevolodovna. List of Ukrainian rulers List of Russian rulers His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley.

Vsevolod Yaroslavych in the Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5

Zuster Theresia

Zuster Theresia is a 1932 film from the Dutch East Indies directed by M. H. Schilling with the help of the Wong brothers; the film, starring Henk Maschhaup, Daisy Diephuis, Alle Heymann, follows a young man and his relationship with two women. A commercial failure, the film was the last made by Schilling and led the Wongs to take a two-year hiatus. Bob dies not long after finishing his studies in the Netherlands, his classmate Henk goes to the Dutch East Indies, where Bob's father Gelder has a small orchard outside Bandung. Henk begins helping the family financially, marries Bob's sister Daisy. However, Daisy enjoys going to dances, while their child Baby is left alone. Henk calls his cousin Flora to help with the child, begins to fall in love with her; when Baby is taken ill, Flora treats him. This closeness drives Daisy mad with jealousy, she goes to nearby Pelabuhan Ratu and unsuccessfully tries to commit suicide by throwing herself into the sea. Flora and Henk marry, but when Daisy returns home Flora is forced to annul her marriage and leave the house.

She joins a nunnery. Zuster Theresia was directed by M. H. Schilling known for his comedies. Schilling was known for his inclusion of native and Indo culture in his films, something he was unable to distance himself from for Zuster Theresia. Active direction was done by the Wong brothers, ethnic Chinese who made Chinese-oriented films; as Zuster Theresia was directed at Dutch audiences, the Indonesian film historian Misbach Yusa Biran suggests that the Wongs had little creative input. The film was the last to be produced by Halimoen Film, it was a sound film. The film's poster emphasised its Dutchness and depicted only Flora, as Sister Theresia, with text above and below the image. Ade Irwansyah, compiling a list of the best Indonesian film posters for Tabloid Bintang, selected the poster for Zuster Theresia as the twentieth-best of all time, noting that its simplicity strengthened the image of a nun praying; the film was released in the Dutch East Indies in 1932. Although its main audience was the Dutch, well-educated natives such as Armijn Pane are recorded as seeing it.

The film was Schilling's last and the Wong Brothers retired from filmmaking until 1934, when they joined Albert Balink to produce Pareh. List of films of the Dutch East Indies Footnotes Bibliography Zuster Theresia on IMDb

The Deserted Village

The Deserted Village is a poem by Oliver Goldsmith published in 1770. It is a work of social commentary, condemns rural depopulation and the pursuit of excessive wealth. Although some contend that the location of the poem's deserted village is unknown, others note that Auburn village close to Athlone is the subject of Goldsmith's poem. Travel-guide authors Samuel Carter Hall and Anna Hall write in their 1853 Hand-books for Ireland: The West and Connamara that the British tourist should disembark from their train at Athlone's Moate Station and "make a pilgrimage to the renowned village of Auburn" located six miles from Moate Station; the Halls explain that although Goldsmith was born in the village of Pallas, his father was soon appointed to the Kilkenny-West Rectory, he therefore moved his family to the village of Auburn known as Lissoy and, to the locals, as "The Pigeons". Lissoy has "now and for nearly a century known as Auburn" and is "so marked on the maps". For a similar claim regarding Auburn in County Westmeath as the Auburn of Goldsmith's The Deserted Village, see J. Stirling Coyne and N.

P. Willis's The Scenery and Antiquities of Ireland published c. 1841. Others speculate that "the description may have been influenced by Goldsmith's memory of his childhood in rural Ireland, his travels around England." The poem is written in heroic couplets, describes the decline of a village and the emigration of many of its residents to America. In the poem, Goldsmith criticises rural depopulation, the moral corruption found in towns, enclosure, landscape gardening and the pursuit of wealth from international trade; the poem employs, in the words of one critic, "deliberately precise obscurity", does not reveal the reason why the village has been deserted. The poem was popular in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but provoked critical responses, including from other poets such as George Crabbe. References to the poem, its ominous "Ill fares the land" warning, have appeared in a number of other contexts. Goldsmith grew up in the hamlet of Lissoy in Ireland. In the 1760s, he travelled extensively around England, visiting many small settlements at a time when the enclosure movement was at its height.

The poem is dedicated to the artist Sir Joshua Reynolds, with whom Goldsmith was a close friend and founding member, along with Samuel Johnson, of a dining society called The Club. Reynolds had helped to promote Goldsmith's play The Good-Natur'd Man to the actor and theatre manager David Garrick, had facilitated Goldsmith's appointment as the historian of the Royal Academy; the Deserted Village condemns the indulgence of the rich. This was a subject. Goldsmith set out his ideas about rural depopulation in an essay entitled "The Revolution in Low Life", published in Lloyd's Evening Post in 1762. There is no single place, identified as the village of the poem's title. While personal references in the poem give the impression of referring to the village in which Goldsmith grew up, the poem has been associated with Nuneham Courtenay in Oxfordshire. In "The Revolution in Low Life", Goldsmith had condemned the destruction of a village within 50 miles of London in order to construct a fashionable landscape garden.

Goldsmith reported that he had witnessed this scene in 1761. In the same year, Nuneham Courtenay was removed to make way for Nuneham Park, its owner—Simon Harcourt, 1st Earl Harcourt—moved the village 1.5 miles away. There are a number of other concordances between Nuneham Courtenay's destruction and the contents of The Deserted Village. At Nuneham Courtenay, only an old woman was allowed to remain living in her house—Goldsmith's poem features an old woman who returns to the village, she is depicted on the title page of the first edition; the position of both villages, on a hill near a river, was similar, both had parsons who enjoyed gardening. However, Robert Seitz has argued that while "The Revolution in Low Life" strengthens the case for identifying the deserted village as English, Goldsmith saw in this unnamed village "only what he wished to see", using it to fit a set of political and social ideas which were "made up of elements absorbed in Ireland"; the poem opens with a description of a village named Auburn, written in the past tense.

Sweet Auburn! Loveliest village of the plain; the poem moves on to describe the village in its current state, reporting that it has been abandoned by its residents with its buildings ruined. Sunk are thy bowers in shapeless ruin all; the man of wealth and pride Takes up a space.

Lydia Liliuokalani Kawānanakoa

Helen Lydia Kamakaʻeha Liliʻuokalani Kawānanakoa, was a member of the House of Kawānanakoa and the second daughter of Prince David Kawānanakoa and Princess Abigail Campbell Kawānanakoa. She was known by many in the Hawaiian community as Princess Liliuokalani although she never held such a title. Born July 22, 1905, Liliʻuokalani Kawānanakoa was named after Queen Liliʻuokalani, she attended a convent school in San Francisco. During her youth, she was known as the "flapper" princess and sported the then-fashionable bobbed hair. Liliʻuokalani married five times: first to Dr. William Jeremiah Ellerbrock on January 17, 1925 at Honolulu, her second marriage was to Charles James Brenham at Niu, August 11, 1928. Her third husband was Clark Lee, her fourth husband was Charles E. Morris, she had one daughter from her first marriage: Abigail Kinoiki Kekaulike Kawānanakoa. She was the founder of the Kona Hawaiian Civic Club in 1952 and was the founder and First President of Friends of ʻIolani Palace 1966-1969.

She died of cancer at her home in Waialae, Honolulu, on May 19, 1969. At her request, her funeral was a private ceremony with none of the pomp or displays of former Hawaiian royal funerals, she is buried at Nuʻuanu Memorial Park

Kevin Godfrey (footballer)

Kevin Godfrey is an English retired football winger who made over 540 career appearances, most notably in the Football League for Leyton Orient and Brentford. A winger, Godfrey came through the youth ranks at Second Division club Leyton Orient and signed a professional contract in March 1977, he made his debut during the 1977–78 season and finishing the campaign with a handful of appearances. Godfrey had to wait until the 1981–82 season to make a breakthrough, appearing in 42 league matches of a disastrous season which saw the Os relegated to the Third Division. Godfrey found his best form between 1983 and 1985, making over 40 appearances over the course of three seasons and scoring 10 or more goals in each. Now playing in the Fourth Division after another relegation, Godfrey fell out of favour during the 1985–86 season, making just 16 appearances, but he regained his place in the following campaign and made another 70 appearances before departing at the end of the 1987–88 season. Godfrey scored 72 goals during his 11 years at Brisbane Road.

In recognition of his service, Godfrey was awarded a testimonial in August 1987. Godfrey joined Third Division high-flyers Plymouth Argyle on loan in March 1986, his seven appearances brought about a positive reaction to the team's dip in form and he scored one goal during his spell, a late winner versus Bristol Rovers. Godfrey joined Third Division club Brentford during the 1988 off-season to get fit, but he became a regular member in the team after forwards Gary Blissett, Richard Cadette and Neil Smillie suffered injuries, he again deputised for Blissett in the early part of the 1989–90 season, before moving back to the wing to cover for the injured Eddie May. Godfrey's best season with Brentford came in 1990–91, when he made 46 appearances and scored six goals, including one against Tranmere Rovers in the Bees' unsuccessful 1991 Third Division play-off campaign, he won the first silverware of his career in Brentford's historic 1991–92 season, in which they won the Third Division title. Godfrey made many of his 31 appearances as a central midfielder.

Aged 32 and playing in the second-tier for the first time since 1982, Godfrey made 21 appearances during the 1992–93 season and scored a last-minute goal versus Swindon Town in the preliminary round of the Anglo-Italian Cup. With the Bees relegated back to the third-tier at the first time of asking, Godfrey was released during the 1993 off-season, he scored 25 goals during his five years at Griffin Park. Godfrey ended his career with a spell at Isthmian League Premier Division club Yeading during the 1993–94 season. After retiring from football, Godfrey became a taxi driver in West London and worked for security delivery company. Brentford Football League Third Division: 1991–92

Séamus O'Malley

Séamus O'Malley was an Irish Gaelic footballer and Gaelic games administrator. His league and championship career with the Mayo senior team spanned six seasons from 1930 until 1936. Born in Ballinrobe, County Mayo, O'Malley was the eldest son of Anne O'Malley, he was educated locally and attended University College Galway. During his studies here O'Malley won a Sigerson Cup medal in 1934. After first playing competitive Gaelic football with the Ballinrobe club, O'Malley played with Castlebar Mitchels before ending his club career with the Claremorris club. O'Malley made his senior debut for Mayo during the 1930-31 league and became a regular member of the starting fifteen. Over the course of the following six years he enjoyed much success, the highlight being in 1936 when he won an All-Ireland medal as captain of the team. O'Malley won three Connacht medals and three National Football League medals. During his playing days, O'Malley became involved in the administrative affairs of the Gaelic Athletic Association.

He served as Secretary of the Mayo County Board during the 1930s. O'Malley died in July 2002 at the age of 97. At the time he was the oldest-living All-Ireland medal winner, his son, Michael O'Malley, his grandson, Niall Finnegan played with Mayo. University College GalwaySigerson Cup: 1934MayoAll-Ireland Senior Football Championship: 1936 Connacht Senior Football Championship: 1931, 1932, 1936 National Football League: 1933-34, 1935-36, 1936-37