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Władysław Reymont

Władysław Stanisław Reymont was a Polish novelist and the 1924 laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature. His best-known work is the award-winning four-volume novel Chłopi. Reymont's baptism certificate gives his birth name as Stanisław Władysław Rejment; the change of surname from "Rejment" to "Reymont" was made by the author himself during his publishing debut, as it was supposed to protect him, in the Russian part of Poland, from any potential trouble for having published in Galicia a work not allowed under the Tsar's censorship. Kazimierz Wyka, an enthusiast of Reymont's work, believes that the alteration could have been intended to remove any association with the word rejmentować, which in some local Polish dialects means "to swear". Reymont was born in the village of Kobiele Wielkie, near Radomsko, as one of the nine children of Józef Rejment, an organist, his mother, Antonina Kupczyńska, had a talent for story-telling. She descended from the impoverished Polish nobility from the Kraków region.

Reymont spent his childhood in Tuszyn, near Łódź, to which his father had moved to work at a richer church parish. Reymont was defiantly stubborn. In 1885, after passing his examinations and presenting "a tail-coat, well-made", he was given the title of journeyman tailor, his only formal certificate of education. To his family's annoyance, Reymont did not work a single day as a tailor. Instead, he first ran away to work in a travelling provincial theatre and returned in the summer to Warsaw for the "garden theatres". Without a penny to his name, he returned to Tuszyn after a year, thanks to his father's connections, he took up employment as a gateman at a railway crossing near Koluszki for 16 rubles a month, he ran away twice more: in 1888 to Paris and London as a medium with a German spiritualist and again to join a theatre troupe. After his lack of success, he returned home again. Reymont stayed for a time in Krosnowa near Lipce and for a time considered joining the Pauline Order in Częstochowa.

He lived in Kołaczkowo, where he bought a mansion. When his Korespondencje from Rogów, Koluszki and Skierniewice was accepted for publication by Głos in Warsaw in 1892, he returned to Warsaw once more, clutching a group of unpublished short stories along with a few rubles in his pocket. Reymont visited the editorial offices of various newspapers and magazines, met other writers who became interested in his talent including Mr. Świętochowski. In 1894 he went on an eleven-day pilgrimage to Częstochowa and turned his experience there into a report entitled "Pielgrzymka do Jasnej Góry" published in 1895, considered his classic example of travel writing. Rejmont proceeded to send his short stories to different magazines, encouraged by good reviews, decided to write novels: Komediantka and Fermenty. No longer poor, he would soon satisfy his passion for travel, visiting Berlin, London and Italy, he spent a few months in Łódź collecting material for a new novel ordered by the Kurier Codzienny from Warsaw.

The earnings from this book Ziemia Obiecana enabled him to go on his next trip to France where he socialized with other exiled Poles. His earnings did not allow for this kind of life of travel. However, in 1900 he was awarded 40,000 rubles in compensation from the Warsaw-Vienna Railway after an accident in which Reymont as a passenger was injured. During the treatment he was looked after by Aurelia Szacnajder Szabłowska, whom he married in 1902, having first paid for the annulment of her earlier marriage. Thanks to her discipline, he restrained his travel-mania somewhat, but never gave up either his stays in France or in Zakopane. Rejmont journeyed to the United States in 1919 at the government's expense. Despite his ambitions to become a landowner, which led to an unsuccessful attempt to manage an estate he bought in 1912 near Sieradz, the life of the land proved not to be for him, he would buy a mansion in Kołaczkowo near Poznań in 1920, but still spent his winters in Warsaw or France. In November 1924 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature over rivals Thomas Mann, George Bernard Shaw and Thomas Hardy, after he had been nominated by Anders Österling, member of the Swedish Academy.

Public opinion in Poland supported the Nobel for Stefan Żeromski, but the prize went to the author of Chłopi. Żeromski was refused for his anti-German sentiments. However, Reymont could not take part in the award ceremony in Sweden due to a heart illness; the award and the check for 116,718 Swedish kronor were sent to Reymont in France, where he was being treated. In 1925, somewhat recovered, he went to a farmers' meeting in Wierzchosławice near Kraków, where Wincenty Witos welcomed him as a member of PSL "Piast" and praised his writing skills. Soon after that event, Reymont's health deteriorated, he was buried in the Powązki Cemetery. The urn holding his heart was laid in a pillar of the Holy Cross Church in Warsaw. Reymont's literary output includes about 30 extensive volumes of prose. There are works of reportage: Pielgrzymka do Jasnej Góry, Z ziemi chełmskiej, Z konstyt


Burckhardt, or Bourcard in French, is a family of the Basel patriciate, descended from Christoph Burckhardt, a merchant in cloth and silk from Münstertal, Black Forest, who received Basel citizenship in 1523, became a member of the Grand Council of Basel-Stadt in 1553. The family was represented in the Grand Council continuously from 1553 until the 20th century. In the 17th century and early 18th century, the family was the most powerful family of the canton of Basel. Branches of the family were based in Nantes and in the Kingdom of Naples from the 18th century, where it was ennobled as de Bourcard; the family's famous members include the traveller and orientalist Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, the influential art historian Jacob Burckhardt and the international President of the Red Cross, Carl Jacob Burckhardt. The surname is derived from the dithematic Germanic given name Burkhard, from burg "protection" and hard "brave, hardy"; the Burckhardt coat-of-arms has a shield of yellow background with a black S intertwined with a cross, surmounted by a crowned helmet with a fluttering black and yellow flag.

The original crest was simpler and consisted only of a shield with the S intertwined with the cross. It was modified between 1558 and 1578. Christoph Burckhardt married Ottilie Mechler in 1518 and in 1539 Gertrud Brand, daughter of Basel mayor Theodor Brand. There are six lines of the Burckhardt family, from the six sons born of Christoph's second marriage: Bernhard: line extinct in the 17th century Hieronymus: Theodor: Johann Rudolf Samuel: DanielOf the six sons, five became merchants in cloth and silk, while Hieronymus entered the Teutonic Order In the 17th and 18th century, the Burckhardts intermarried with the other leading families of the Basel patriciate. Bernhard was elected to the great chamber of the city council in 1603, where the family remained present until 1878; the family reaches the peak of its political influence in the 18th century, but continues to be influential in the 19th century with several Burckhardt mayors and professors at the University of Basel. Prior to 1798, seven members of the family were burgomasters of Basel, in the 19th century, four Burckhardt family members were burgomasters.

The family appears under the name Byrkit and Burket in the U. S. A. where one member of the family was on the Supreme Court of Ohio from 1893 to 1904. Jacob Burckhardt, 1818–1897, Swiss historian of art and culture, author of "The Culture of the Renaissance" Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, 1784–1817, Swiss traveler and orientalist who re-discovered the ancient city of Petra Carl Jacob Burckhardt and President of the Red Cross Gottlieb Burckhardt, 1836-1907, Swiss psychiatrist and founder of modern psychosurgery Titus Burckhardt, 1908-1984, Swiss author member of the Traditionalist School Rudy Burckhardt, 1914-1999, Swiss-American filmmaker and photographer The Burckhardt Family Book 1490-1890 Released shortly after the 400th anniversary of Christoph Burckhardt’s birth in 1890, The Burckhardt Family Book includes 34 plates of portraits of family members from Christoph and Gertrud Burckhardt to a photograph of the 1890 family reunion that took place in Basel on 14 September that year

Kevin Brady

Kevin Patrick Brady is the U. S. Representative for Texas's 8th congressional district, serving since 1997, he is a member of the Republican Party. The 8th district includes a large swath of rural territory north of Houston. Brady was born in one of five children of William F. and Nancy A. Brady, his father, a lawyer, was killed in 1967 in a courtroom shooting in Rapid City when Brady was 12 years old. His mother was left to raise five children by herself. While at Central High School, he was a four-sport athlete, he graduated in 1973. Working his way through college holding a variety of jobs—construction worker, meat packer, manufacturing worker and bartender, Brady earned a degree in mass communications from the University of South Dakota in Vermillion, where he played varsity baseball, served in the student government association and became a member of the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity. In 2005, he was named a distinguished alumnus of the university, in 2001, was a recipient of the order of achievement by the national Lambda Chi Alpha organization.

A chamber of commerce executive at the Rapid City area chamber of commerce, Brady was elected to the Rapid City common council, at age 26. In 1982, he moved to Texas to work for the Beaumont chamber of commerce and the south Montgomery county, The Woodlands chamber of commerce. Brady began his Texas political career in 1990 when he was elected to the Texas House of Representatives, representing The Woodlands, parts of Montgomery County, five other counties west and north of Houston. In 2002, Brady voted in favor of the Authorization for the Use of Military Force Against Iraq, authorizing the U. S. invasion of Iraq the following year. Yet in 2008 he was one of the 24 Republicans to vote "yes" on the effort to impeach President George W. Bush for misleading the United States into going to war in Iraq. In 2005, Brady was a chief supporter of the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement, working with the George W. Bush administration to secure passage of that free-trade agreement.

In 2011, Brady voted in favor of free-trade agreements with South Korea Colombia, Panama. However, in 2017, Brady supports President Donald Trump's proposed border adjustment tax, arguing that the tax on imports would place the U. S. on a level playing field with other countries that have the tax and would raise an estimated $1 trillion for the federal budget. Brady is known as the author of a federal "sunset law" that would require every federal program not written into the Constitution to justify its existence to taxpayers within 12 years or face elimination. Brady is the chairman of the U. S. House–Senate joint economic committee, the third Texan to lead the committee, after Sen. Lloyd Bentsen and Rep. Wright Patman. In March 2012, he proposed the Sound Dollar Act, legislation to require the Federal Reserve to monitor gold and the foreign-exchange value of the U. S. dollar. The bill would repeal the Federal Reserve's dual mandate and replace it with a single mandate for U. S. dollar price stability.

In November 2015, Brady was elected the 65th chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means, serving until 2018. In March 2017, Brady introduced an amendment to the American Health Care Act that would allow health insurance providers to deduct all forms of compensation to their most compensated executives without limit, repealing the current law, which capped the deduction at $500,000 per executive. Los Angeles Times columnist Michael Hiltzik criticized Brady's amendment as a "secret payoff" to the health insurance industry because of the cryptic language of Brady's amendment; as chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means, Brady opposed a resolution to request ten years' worth of returns from President Trump and his business entities. Brady said that the resolution was an abuse done for "obvious political purposes". In February 2016, House Speaker Paul Ryan designated Brady as the leader of his Tax Reform Task Force. In November 2017, Brady said that the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 would provide "tax relief at every level".

Brady's claim that 70% of the tax cuts in the bill would go to households making below $200,000 was found to be "misleading" by FactCheck. Org and "cherry-picked" by PolitiFact. noted that "57.7 percent of the tax relief goes to those families making less than $200,000 in 2019 — not the 70 percent that Brady cited for 2019. By 2027, 50 percent of tax relief as a result of business and individual income tax changes would go to those making more than $200,000 a year." The American Conservative Union gave him a 94% evaluation in 2017. Alongside Richard Neal, Brady introduced the bipartisan SECURE Act of 2019, which contained a number of provisions to expand access to retirement planning options and to encourage employers to set up retirement plans for workers; the bill introduced in late March 2019, was passed into law in December 2019 as part of the fiscal year 2020 federal appropriations bill. 1996Incumbent Republican congressman Jack Fields of Texas' 8th congressional district decided to retire.

Brady decided to run and ranked second in the Republican primary with 22% of the vote in a six candidate field. But the candidate who ranked first, Dr. Gene Fontenot, received just 36% of the vote, short of the 50% threshold. In the run-off election, Brady defeated him 53%–47%. However, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in Bush v. Vera that three congressional districts in Texas were unconstitutional. After

Ohio Theatre (Columbus, Ohio)

The Ohio Theatre is a performing arts center located at 39 E. State Street in Columbus, Ohio. Known as the "Official Theatre of the State of Ohio", the historic 1928 movie palace was saved from demolition in 1969 and restored, it was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1977 as one of the nation's finest surviving grand theaters. The Ohio Theatre is owned and operated by the non-profit arts management organization CAPA, formed to save the theater in 1969. William B. Conner, Jr. became CAPA's CEO in 2002, succeeding Douglas Kridler. He held that position his death in October 2016; as of 2017, the president and CEO of CAPA is Chad Whittington. Located in Downtown Columbus on the site of the old Columbus City Hall, the Ohio Theatre was designed by the noted theatre architect Thomas W. Lamb. Of all of the theaters he designed, he noted the Ohio as one of his most successful, he intended to separate patrons from their daily lives by creating a luxurious fantasy atmosphere inside. It was furnished by New York designer Anne Dornin.

Each room had a theme. Dornin's favorite was the "Africa Corner" which she decorated with authentic pieces from her travels; the theatre featured lavish men's and women's lounge areas including separate smoking and telephone rooms. Built by the Loew's theater chain in partnership with United Artists the 2,779 seat Spanish Baroque movie palace opened on March 17, 1928; the first film shown was a silent film with Greta Garbo. The Ohio featured its own orchestra and Robert-Morton theatre organ. In addition to movies, deluxe variety shows graced the stage, with performers that included Fred Waring, Milton Berle, Ray Bolger, Buddy Ebsen, Ginger Rogers, Conrad Nagel, Jack Benny. Sound films were introduced at Loew's Ohio in August 1928; the great popularity of "talking pictures" reduced the need for theater chains to offer expensive live entertainment along with the films. Regular stage shows were discontinued in 1933 and the orchestra was disbanded; however organist Roger Garrett continued to perform daily at the "Mighty Morton" and occasional live appearances by stars including Judy Garland and Jean Harlow were featured on the stage.

The theater was the premiere area showcase for the films of MGM and other studios and in the late 1930s double features became the norm. Programs ran for one week with the rare exception of huge hits like Gone with the Wind, which ran for three. During World War II, movie theaters were busier than and the Ohio was no exception, adding late night showings for war plant shift workers. War bonds were promoted and sold in the theater's lobby. In 1944, when Roger Garrett was inducted into the army, live organ music was discontinued. In the late 1940s when television became popular, movie attendance dropped as audiences lost the weekly moviegoing habit. Attendance further decreased; the decreased profits roped off seating. However the Ohio continued showing premium films; the James Bond films were popular for the theater in the 1960s. In 1966, members of the American Theatre Organ Society began restoring the Robert Morton and playing the organ for shows again. Loew's closed the theater on February 24, 1969.

A local development company called the 55 East State Company bought the property with plans to construct an office tower on the site of the Ohio and the adjacent Grand Theatre. Members of the community rallied to raise money to purchase an option to acquire the structure to gain time to raise additional funds and keep the theater open; some of the non-essential interior items were sold to raise money to buy the property. Under the leadership of architect Robert Karlsberger and others, the non-profit Columbus Association for the Performing Arts was formed to raise money and develop a plan for the future of the theater. All the while live performances were held inside to raise money and give the public a chance to see the theater in use. CAPA was able to use the groundswell of popular interest in the theater to convince business and government leaders to support saving the theater. In late 1969 money was raised to purchase the Ohio and it began presenting shows and concerts under the management of CAPA.

These concerts included rock musicians like The Grateful Dead, Frank Zappa, Alice Cooper. The Columbus Symphony Orchestra badly needed a permanent home and began performing at the Ohio in the fall of 1969, enjoying an increase in ticket sales thanks to excitement about the new venue; the building was restored to its original appearance in stages throughout the 1970s. The adjacent Grand Theatre was demolished and its lot was developed at first for parking. In 1984, the space was used to build an addition to the theatre, the Galbreath Pavilion, named for real estate developer John W. Galbreath and his wife Dorothy; the pavilion added offices and rehearsal rooms. The stage was modernized to allow for large theatrical performances by adding a crossover passage, supplemental dressing rooms and an expanded orchestra pit. In the 1980s as the surrounding area was cleared for development of an urban shopping mall, CAPA obtained the rights to expand the stage, doubling its size, into the alleyway behind the theater.

The theatre has added dressing rooms and a loading dock to allow the Ohio to present large touring Broadway musicals. The Ohio Theatre was one of the earliest restorations of a movie palace for use as a performing arts center and served as a model for many historic renovation projects in the United States

Jean-Pierre Gibrat

Jean-Pierre Gibrat is a French comic artist and scriptwriter. His first complete stories were published in the French magazine Pilote. With Jackie Berroyer, he took on le petit Goudard in 1978, a series which he continued in the same year in Charlie Mensuel in Fluide Glacial in 1980. During this time, some of his artwork was published in the press: l'Evénement du jeudi, le Nouvel Obs, Sciences et Avenir and he produced work for Okapi and Je bouquine. In late 1982, he pencilled La Parisienne in Pilote, again on a script by Berroyer. In 1985, on Saval's texts, Gibrat drew, in Télé Poche, l'Empire sous la mer, an adventure starring the canine character Zaza, created by Dany Saval and Michel Drucker. In October 1997, the graphic novel Le sursis was released, followed by volume 2 in September 1999, Le vol du Corbeau in 2002 and its second volume in 2005. With Jackie Berroyer: Le Petit Goudard in 1978 Visions futées in 1980 C'est bien du Goudard in 1981 la Parisienne in 1983 Goudard et la parisienne in 1985 With Dany Saval Les Aventures de Zaza in 1985 Goudard a de la chance in 1985 Mission en Afrique in 1988, with Guy Vidal Mission en Thaïlande in 1991 Mission au Guatémala in 1994 with Dominique Leguillier Narcisse Mullot in 1994 with Jean-Claude Forest Pinocchia in 1995 with Francis Leroi Marée basse in 1996 with Daniel Pecqueur Le SursisVolume 1, 1997 Volume 2, 1999Le Vol du corbeau:Volume 1, 2002 Volume 2, 2005Les Gens Honnêtes volume 1, 2008 Mattéo:Première époque, Futuropolis, 2008 - Official selection of the Festival d'Angoulême, 2009 Deuxième époque, Futuropolis, 2010 Troisième époque, Futuropolis, 2014 Interview with Jean-Pierre Gibrat at the release of Vol du corbeau

Mariya Borovichenko

Guards Sergeant Mariya Sergeyevna Borovichenko was a soviet medical officer of the Soviet 32nd Guards Artillery Regiment, awarded the Medal for Combat Service, Medal For Courage, Order of the Red Star and the Order of the Red Banner. She was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union in May 1965 for saving a lieutenant, she was an orphan raised by her uncle near Myshlovka and she enrolled as a nurse when World War II started. While escaping from Kiev after the Germans attacked it, she collected valuable information and gave it to the 5th Airborne Brigade of the 3rd Airborne Corps, commanded by Alexander Rodimtsev, which allowed the Soviets to defeat some of the German troops. On August 13 1941, she was wounded in a battle south of Kiev and, despite being wounded, she continued and saved her commander from German captivity, she captured a high-ranking German officer and, with this deed, started attracting the attention of Rodimtsev, who followed her achievements. However, Borovichenko herself was captured near the village of Kazaktskoye but she soon escaped and notified her team.

On September 5 1941, after the Germans were surrounding Kiev, Rodimtsev moved his troops to the Seym River near Konotop, but the Germans followed and attempted to coax them across a damaged railroad bridge. However, Borovichenko saw this coming and convinced her comrades to help set up a Maxim gun and, as a spotter and loader, she cleared the way for the troops. On September 17, she single-handedly captured ten German soldiers while scouting, she was prominently featured in newspapers. At the Battle of Stalingrad, her fiancé was hit by a bullet. Known to combatants as Mashenka from Myshelovka, Borovichenko was a companion of another medical attendant, Mikhail Kravchuk. Having noticed an enemy tank, Borovichenko threw a grenade and covered platoon lieutenant P. Korniyenko with her body. At this moment a shell exploded at her feet and she was killed by a shell splinter. Rodimtsev called her one of his favorite soldiers and she was buried near Mikhalskoyve. On May 6 1965, she was honored as a Hero of the Soviet Union.

School N122, a school she attended in Kiev was named after her and a film was shot in 1965, produced and included newsreels. A street in Ivnya, Belgorod was named for her. List of female Heroes of the Soviet Union