WINS (AM)

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WINS
1010 WINS 1990s logo transparent 64c.png
CityNew York City, New York, U.S.
Broadcast areaNew York metropolitan area
Branding1010 WINS
(pronounced "ten-ten wins")
Frequency1010 kHz (also on HD Radio)
(also on HD Radio via WNEW-FM-HD3)
First air date1924 (1924)
FormatNews
Language(s)English
Power50,000 watts
ClassB
Facility ID25451
Transmitter coordinates40°48′14.00″N 74°06′24.00″W / 40.8038889°N 74.1066667°W / 40.8038889; -74.1066667Coordinates: 40°48′14.00″N 74°06′24.00″W / 40.8038889°N 74.1066667°W / 40.8038889; -74.1066667
Callsign meaningWorld International News Service
(reflecting past ownership by the company owned by Hearst)
Former callsignsWGBS (1924–1934)
Former frequencies950 kHz (1924–1927)
860 kHz (1927–1930)
600 kHz (1930–1931)
1180 kHz (1931–1941)
AffiliationsABC News Radio
Westwood One News
Bloomberg Radio
OwnerEntercom
(Entercom License, LLC)
Sister stationsWCBS, WCBS-FM, WFAN, WFAN-FM, WNEW-FM, WNYL
WebcastListen Live
Website1010wins.radio.com

WINS (1010 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station licensed to New York City and owned by Entercom. WINS' studios and newsroom are in the Hudson Square neighborhood of Manhattan, and its transmitting facility is located in Lyndhurst, New Jersey.

WINS is the oldest continuously operating all-news radio station in the United States, broadcasting in that format since 1965. WINS also broadcasts a digital HD Radio signal on both its own frequency and at WNEW-FM 102.7 HD3.[1]

1010 WINS is the only Entercom owned all-news station that doesn’t interrupt its news coverage with any CBS News Radio top-of-the-hour newscasts, CBS TV programs or live sporting events.

History[edit]

The transmitter for radio station 1010 WINS in Lyndhurst, New Jersey.

The station began broadcasting in 1924 on 950 kHz as WGBS. Its studios were located in Gimbels Department Store near Herald Square and the call sign included the initials for Gimbel Brothers Store.[2][3] WGBS moved to 860 kHz in 1927, to 1180 in 1928, to 600 in 1929, and back to 1180 in 1931.[3] The station was bought by William Randolph Hearst in 1932. That same year, effective January 15, it adopted its present call sign, named after Hearst's International News Service.[4][5] No longer owned by Gimbels, WINS relocated to the Hotel Lincoln on 8th Avenue.

On June 19, 1932, it moved to the WINS Building, 114 East 58th Street.[6]

It changed its frequency from 1180 to 1000 on March 29, 1941 as part of the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement (NARBA). And in 1944 it made its last move one spot up the dial to AM 1010.[3] The Cincinnati-based Crosley Broadcasting Corporation announced its purchase of the station from Hearst in 1945 for $1,700,000,[7] though it would be over a year before Crosley would take control of WINS, in July 1946.[8]

Sportscaster Mel Allen was an early disc jockey on the station, hosting an afternoon popular music program beginning in 1947.[9][10]

Rock and roll (1953–1965)[edit]

Crosley sold the station to J. Elroy McCaw's Gotham Broadcasting Corporation in 1953 for $450,000.[11][12] Soon after, WINS became one of the first stations in the United States to play rock and roll music full time. In autumn of 1954, Alan Freed was hired as a disc jockey on WINS.[2] In 1958, Murray "the K" Kaufman joined as the all-night DJ, naming his show the Swingin' Soiree.[13] Noted sports broadcaster Les Keiter served as sports director for a period in the 1950s. Keiter is perhaps best remembered for his recreations of San Francisco (formerly New York) Giants baseball games, which WINS carried in 1958 to keep disconnected Giants fans in touch with their team. The Giants had moved west along with the Brooklyn Dodgers the previous year.

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, as the transistor radio became popular, especially with young people who could carry radios with them everywhere, rock and roll solidified as a genre, thanks in large measure to what became known as Top 40 radio. In New York, four stations battled in the category: 570 WMCA, 1050 WMGM, 770 WABC, and WINS. While WMCA was only 5,000 watts, it was at the bottom end of the dial, which gave it better coverage than might be expected for its power. The other three were all 50,000 watts, but only WABC was both non-directional and a clear channel station. Of those three, WINS was the most directional (aimed straight at New York's inner boroughs), with a weaker signal than the others toward the New Jersey suburbs and the Jersey Shore.

In 1962, WMGM adopted a beautiful music format under its previous call letters, WHN, while WINS was purchased by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation.[14] WMCA enjoyed some early success after WINS and WMGM left the Top 40 format. But WABC became the dominant Top 40 station in New York City by 1965. On April 18, 1965, around 8 p.m., WINS bowed out of Top 40 competition with the song "Out in the Streets", by The Shangri-Las,[15]

"All news. All the time." (1965–present)[edit]

On April 19, 1965, after weeks of speculation, WINS changed its format radically. It became the third radio station in the United States to attempt all-news programming, going with the new format around the clock.[16][17] WINS immediately established a template for its format with an easily identifiable, distinctive Teletype sound effect playing in the background. Most other all-news stations later dropped this, but WINS continues to use it to this day despite Teletype machines themselves becoming obsolete by the mid-1980s. WINS used memorable slogans such as "All news, all the time"; "The newswatch never stops"; "Listen two, three, four times a day"; and "You give us 22 minutes, we'll give you the world". The latter tagline was a reference to WINS's format clock, which returns to the top stories every twenty minutes.

In 1995, Westinghouse Electric purchased CBS, a move which made WINS a sister station to its long-time rival WCBS (880 AM). Early on, there had been speculation that either station would drop the all-news format, but both stations are among the most successful radio operations in the U.S. in terms of advertising sales. The two stations have their own areas of dominance. WINS's ratings numbers are better within New York City, while WCBS's listener strength is greater in the suburbs, owing primarily to its much stronger signal. From a programming standpoint, they have different styles (hard news, vs. lighter and conversational) to appeal to different listeners. Since the Westinghouse-CBS merger, both stations have continued to perform well in both ratings and advertising revenue. WINS's signal was also improved in 1995, after the company bought and took off the air KLRA in Little Rock, Arkansas, which had also broadcast on AM 1010.[18] This relieved WINS of the need to "null" its signal in the direction of Little Rock. WINS' towers in Lyndhurst, New Jersey, which were shorter than optimum for its frequency, were replaced with four taller ones.[19] While the signal is still directional to protect other stations, such as 1010 CFRB Toronto, the signal no longer has to protect Little Rock.

Despite being owned by CBS, WINS was affiliated with ABC News Radio, since WCBS already had the CBS Radio News Network affiliation in New York. On January 1, 2015, programming distributor Westwood One dropped ABC News Radio in favor of its own in-house, CNN-powered service, "Westwood One News." WINS does not clear the network newscasts, but does air vocal reports and sound bites.

On February 2, 2017, CBS Radio announced it would merge with Entercom.[20] The merge will separate WINS and WCBS radio (both AM 880 and FM 101.1) from WCBS-TV. The merger was approved on November 9, 2017, and was consummated on the 17th.[21][22]

Influence[edit]

WINS's switch to all-news was initially viewed as a risky programming choice.[17] Tijuana, Mexico-based border blaster 690 XETRA had programmed an English-language all-news format for the Los Angeles radio market, as had Chicago station WNUS and, previously WAVA-AM-FM in the Washington, D.C. area.[17] Locally, WABC-FM (now WPLJ) aired a news format for several weeks during the 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike.[23] None of the other attempts was a success, and as a result many in the radio industry predicted a quick demise for WINS. However, Westinghouse Broadcasting supported the format and WINS eventually prospered with it. Westinghouse made similar format changes at two other stations: 1060 KYW in Philadelphia, in September 1965;[24] and 980 KFWB in Los Angeles, in March 1968.[25] Together, WINS, KFWB and KYW served as prototype all-news stations, and all three succeeded in attracting both listeners and advertising revenue over the years.

CBS was the first broadcaster to make an attempt to mimic Westinghouse's all-news formula. Locally in New York, WINS' success as an all-news station spurred CBS to make a similar transformation with 880 WCBS in August 1967.[26] At first, WCBS did not go full-time with all-news, offering other programming during late nights. In 1970, WCBS joined WINS in broadcasting all-news around the clock.[27] After completing the conversion of WCBS to all-news, five of CBS' other owned-and-operated AM stations also adopted the format. With this move, CBS-owned WCAU in Philadelphia and KNX in Los Angeles competed directly against KYW and KFWB, but with varying results.

In 1975, NBC Radio tried a national all-news approach with its "News and Information Service" (NIS) network, but it was shut down in 1977 after only two years in operation. In the mid-1970s Westinghouse's second Chicago station, 570 WIND, carried the format part-time while competing against CBS-owned, all-news 780 WBBM. WIND was not successful, and Westinghouse tried again after selling WIND in 1985 and acquiring 670 WMAQ from NBC in 1988. Westinghouse converted WMAQ (now WSCR) into a full-time news outlet with mixed results. And in the summer of 2011, New York would gain a third all-news station, this one on the FM dial, in WEMP FM News 101.9. In the wake of meager ratings, the format abruptly flipped back to the alternative rock format that had been on the frequency three years prior. Later in 2012, Merlin Media, LLC, sold the frequency to CBS Radio, which turned it into an FM simulcast of its all sports 660 WFAN, making it a sister station to both WINS and WCBS.

Today, the New York outlets co-exist with the format as Entercom-owned sister stations. As of 2017, Entercom operates eight successful all-news stations around the U.S. WINS, WCBS, WBBM, KNX, KYW, 740 and 105.9 KCBS in San Francisco, 950 WWJ in Detroit, and 1080 KRLD in Dallas. 1030 WBZ in Boston has also been a CBS All-News outlet. But CBS Radio's merger with Entercom in November 2017 forced WBZ to be spun off to iHeartMedia, to meet FCC ownership limits and concerns from the Department of Justice.

On-Air Team[edit]

  • Elliot Abrams - AccuWeather chief meteorologist
  • Jeff Allen – fill-in anchor
  • Lane Bajardi – Overnight Weekday Anchor
  • Jon Belmont – Bottom of the hour Weekend Morning Anchor and fill-in anchor
  • Mario Bosquez – Bottom of the hour Weekend Evening Anchor and fill-in anchor
  • Dave Bowers - AccuWeather Meteorologist
  • Brian Britain - Saturday Morning Traffic Reporter and Sunday Morning Bottom of the Hour News Anchor
  • Monique Coppola - Bottom of the hour Weekend Evening Anchor and fill-in anchor
  • Carol D'Auria - Reporter and fill-in anchor
  • Dean DeVore - AccuWeather meteorologist
  • Marc Ernay - Sports
  • John Feerick - AccuWeather Meteorologist
  • Rebecca Granet
  • Holli Haerr – Overnight Weekend Anchor
  • Lee Harris – Top of the hour Weekday Morning
  • Paul James – Monday-Friday Evenings
  • Al Jones – Reporter
  • Larry Kanter – Top of the hour Weekday Midday
  • Larry Kofsky - Bloomberg Moneywatch
  • Mitch Lebe - Fill-in anchor (Lebe had been a disc jockey during WINS's Top 40 era)
  • Eileen Lehpamer - also currently at News 12 Long Island
  • Lori Madden – Bottom of the hour Weekday Afternoon
  • Kathleen Marple – Top of hour Weekend Morning Anchor
  • John Montone – Weekday Morning Reporter
  • Larry C. Mullins – Top of the hour Weekday Afternoon
  • Andrew O'Day - Bloomberg Moneywatch
  • Stephanie Officer - Fill-in anchor
  • Juliet Papa – Reporter
  • Brigitte Quinn – Bottom of the hour Weekday Morning
  • Greg Rice - Traffic reporter
  • Susan Richard – Bottom of the hour Weekday Midday
  • Sonia Rincon - Reporter and fill-in anchor and also currently at WCBS-TV and WLNY-TV
  • Dave Samuhel - AccuWeather Meteorologist
  • Glenn Schuck - Reporter and fill-in anchor
  • Roger Stern - Weekend and fill-in reporter
  • Karen Stewart - Traffic reporter
  • Donna Vaughan - Fill-in anchor
  • David Weiss - Top of the hour Sunday afternoon anchor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local HD Radio Stations". hdradio.com.
  2. ^ a b Sterling, Christopher H.; O'Dell, Cary (2010). The Concise Encyclopedia of American Radio. Routledge. pp. 851-852. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c History Cards for WINS, fcc.gov. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  4. ^ "Hearst buys WGBS, plans improvement." Broadcasting, October 15, 1931, pg. 12.
  5. ^ "WGBS Now WINS" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 15, 1931. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  6. ^ "Station WINS Moves" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 15, 1932. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  7. ^ "WINS sold to Crosley for $1,700,000". Broadcasting - Broadcast Advertising, January 29, 1945, pp. 13, 66. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  8. ^ "WINS sale to Crosley approved by FCC". Broadcasting - Telecasting, July 23, 1946, pg. 17. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  9. ^ "The Mel Allen Show" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 8, 1947. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  10. ^ "Mel Allen Jumps From Diamonds to Disk Show on WINS", Billboard. October 11, 1947. p. 6. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  11. ^ "McCaw group pays $450,000 for WINS". Broadcasting – Telecasting, August 10, 1953, pg. 70.
  12. ^ "For the record". Broadcasting – Telecasting, January 4, 1954, pg. 98. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  13. ^ Loder, Kurt. "1922-1982: Murray Kaufman", Rolling Stone. April 15, 1982. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  14. ^ "Westinghouse buying WINS". Broadcasting, May 7, 1962, pg. 72. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  15. ^ "30 Years Of Wins' 22-minute World", New York Daily News. April 18, 1995. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  16. ^ "WINS New York going to an all-news format", Broadcasting, March 22, 1965, pg. 92. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  17. ^ a b c "The toughest test of all-news format". Broadcasting, April 19, 1965, pg. 76-78. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  18. ^ Hollis Duncan Recounts KLRA, Little Rock, AR History, by Hollis W. Duncan, KAAY Radio, September 15, 2010
  19. ^ 1010 WINS, Lyndhurst, N.J. by Scott Fybush, fybush.com, May 20, 2005
  20. ^ CBS Radio to Merge with Entercom
  21. ^ "Entercom Receives FCC Approval for Merger with CBS Radio". Entercom. November 9, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  22. ^ Venta, Lance (November 17, 2017). "Entercom Completes CBS Radio Merger". Radio Insight. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
  23. ^ "Strikebound N.Y. depends on air news". Broadcasting, December 17, 1962, pg. 44: "WABC-FM, which normally duplicates WABC until 6 p.m. (when it turns to a music format of its own), began an all-news schedule for the entire broadcast day last Friday (Dec. 14)–FM Newscope, heard from 7 a.m.-Midnight." Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  24. ^ "WBC turning KYW into all-news plant". Broadcasting, June 21, 1965, pg. 9. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  25. ^ "Dry run precedes KFWB's switch to all news". Broadcasting, March 11, 1968, pg. 66. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  26. ^ "WCBS to switch to more news". Broadcasting, July 31, 1967, pp. 45–46. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  27. ^ "News all-night". Broadcasting, January 12, 1970, pg. 60. Retrieved August 27, 2018.

External links[edit]