WJBF, virtual channel 6, is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Augusta, United States. The station is owned by Nexstar Media Group. WJBF's studios are located near the Augusta West Mall in Augusta. WJBF-TV began operations on November 1953 as Augusta's first television station; the station was founded by the Georgia-Carolina Broadcasting Company, the broadcasting arm of local entrepreneur J. B. Fuqua, who owned NBC Radio Network affiliate WJBF. WJBF-TV was a primary NBC affiliate, but picked up programs from CBS, ABC and DuMont on a secondary basis. Sister station WJBF radio was sold by Fuqua in 1954, it lost CBS only three months when WRDW-TV signed on. On September 1, 1967 WJBF became a primary ABC affiliate; the move relegated NBC to a shared secondary affiliation with WRDW-TV. This was an unusual situation for a two-station market one as small as Augusta. ABC, as the smallest and weakest of the big three networks, would not be on nearly the same footing with CBS and NBC until the 1970s, when most markets of Augusta's size grew large enough to support three full network affiliates.
However, fellow NBC affiliate WIS-TV in Columbia provided at least grade B coverage to the South Carolina side of the market. In contrast, no full-time ABC affiliate put a grade B signal into the area. Fuqua reasoned that if channel 6 took a primary ABC affiliation, it wouldn't have significant out-of-market competition. Additionally, in 1966 Fuqua bought two full-time ABC affiliates, WTVW in Evansville, Indiana and KTHI-TV in Fargo, North Dakota, wanted to get his other stations—WJBF and KTVE in El Dorado, Arkansas—in line with the new acquisitions. In 1969, Fuqua branched out into the movie theater business when he purchased Martin Theaters of Georgia, forerunner of Carmike Cinemas; that purchase added WTVM in Columbus, WTVC in Chattanooga, Tennessee ABC affiliates, to his portfolio. When WATU began operations in December 1968, conventional wisdom suggested that it would become a full NBC affiliate. However, since many Augusta viewers still didn't have UHF-capable sets, NBC allowed WJBF and WRDW-TV to continue to cherry-pick most of its stronger programs.
For its part, WJBF kept airing both the Today Show and The Tonight Show, which preempted ABC's The Dick Cavett Show among others. WATU was thus saddled with NBC's weaker programs, a major factor in the station going dark in 1970; when WATU returned to the air in 1974 as a full-time NBC affiliate, WJBF was forced to drop NBC programming once and for all, per an FCC order issued in 1971 that required VHF stations in markets with three or more commercial outlets to affiliate with only one network. Fuqua began breaking up his business empire in 1980, his television stations were among the first assets to be sold, with WJBF and WTVM going to Missoula, Montana-based Western Broadcasting Company. In 1984, Western sold its broadcast holdings to the SFN Companies, then-parent of educational publisher Scott and Company. In 1986, SFN was sold to a new firm formed by members of SFN's management. Spartan Radiocasting of Spartanburg, South Carolina purchased the station in 1992. Spartan was renamed Spartan Communications in 1995.
Spartan merged with current owner Media General in 2000. WJBF replaced RTV with MeTV on digital subchannel 6.2 on September 26, 2011, as part of a groupwide affiliation agreement with Media General. In October 2009, Schurz Communications announced that it would enter into joint sales and shared services agreements with WJBF, meaning that WAGT's news operation and advertising sales department would be taken over by Media General. Most of WAGT's managerial staff were dismissed, other employees were reassigned to different positions. Media General had intended to move WAGT into an expanded wing of the WJBF building in downtown Augusta. Both WJBF and WAGT have had a longstanding presence in the downtown area. Channel 6's facility on Reynolds Street was built around 1956, channel 26 moved into its Broad Street building, a converted theatre, in 1981. However, it soon became apparent that WJBF's facility could not sustain the expansion necessary to house both stations. Media General instead chose to remodel.
The new facility, located at the Augusta West Shopping Center in a former Barnes & Noble retail location, was opened in October 2011. While the two stations shared some internal services, WAGT's news operation and sales department operated autonomously from that of WJBF, the two stations produced competing news programming from their dedicated areas of the facility; the SSA was disbanded on February 16, 2016 after the acquisition of WAGT by Gray Television, owner of WRDW-TV. Gray accused Media General of " to agree to a smooth transition of personnel " and not allowing them to move along to the station's new owner, as they fell under the employment of WJBF due to the shared services agreement. On February 26, 2016, an injunction was granted against Gray by Media General, claiming that Gray violated the SSA by unwinding it following its purchase of WAGT; the agreement was to last through 2020, stipulated that all future owners of the station would remain subject to it. Since 1954, WJBF has produced and aired the Sunday morning gospel music program Parade of Quartets, one of the longest-running local programs of any kind on American television.
The program has been a showcase for regionally and nationally known African-American gospel performers, has al
The Inuit languages, like other Eskimo–Aleut languages, exhibit a regular agglutinative and suffixing morphology. The languages are rich in suffixes, making words long and unique. For example, in Nunavut Inuktitut: ᑐᓵᑦᓯᐊᕈᓐᓇᖖᒋᑦᑐᐊᓘᔪᖓ tusaatsiarunnanngittualuujunga I can't hear well; this long word is composed of a root word tusaa- – to hear – followed by seven suffixes: -tsiaq-: "well" -junnaq-: "be able to" -nngit-: negation -tu: indicative third-person singular -alu-: augmentative -u-: "be" -junga: indicative first-person singular Note the consonant sandhi: The /q/ from -tsiaq- followed by the /j/ from -junnaq- becomes ‹r›, a single consonant taking its point of articulation from /q/ and its manner of articulation from /j/. The /q/ from -junnaq- is assimilated into the /ŋŋ/ of -nngit-, because Inuktitut forbids triple length consonants, because the morphophonological rules attached to -nngit- require it to delete any consonant that comes before it; this sort of word construction is pervasive in Inuit languages and makes it unlike English.
In one large Inuktitut corpus – the Nunavut Hansard – 92% of all words appear only once, in contrast to a small percentage in most English corpora of similar size. This makes the application of Zipf's law quite difficult. Furthermore, the notion of a part of speech can be somewhat complicated in Inuit languages. Inflected verbs can be interpreted as nouns; the word ilisaijuq can be interpreted as a inflected verb – "he studies" – but can be interpreted as a noun: "student". Because of the languages’ rich and complicated morphology, this article can present only a limited and unsystematic sample of its features, it is based on the Inuktitut dialects of north Baffin Island and central Nunavut. The morphology and syntax of Inuit language varies to some degree between dialects, but the basic principles will apply to all of them and to some degree to Yupik as well. Inuktitut verbs fall into two major categories with different morphological properties: non-specific verbs and specific verbs. Many verbs belong in both categories, can take either set of endings depending on the type of information about the verb's arguments that speakers intend to communicate.
Others are restricted to one category or require a morphological change in order to move between categories. Every inflected Inuktitut verb can act alone as a proposition. No other words are required to form a syntactically correct sentence; this section will only cover two of the most common sets of endings for these two verb classes and a small selection of verbal modifiers. Inuktitut has a large and diverse set of verbal inflections, of which this article can only cover a small portion designed to give some sense of how the Inuktitut language works. Non-specific verbs are verbs that either are intransitive, or have an indefinite noun as their object. In English, an indefinite noun is marked by the lack of the article the or, if the noun is singular the article a. In Inuktitut, when it is the object of a verb, it is distinguished by the use of a non-specific verb and particular suffix described below. A definite noun, in contrast, requires the use of a specific verb; as a general rule, a formed Inuktitut verb must start with a root and end with a suffix that indicates the grammatical person of its subject: ᖁᕕᐊᓱᒃᑐᖓQuviasuktunga.
I am happyᐊᓂᔪᖅAnijuq.he/she/it has just now gone out. The indicative is the simplest form of the verb in Inuktitut, for state verbs - verbs indicating a condition or a situation - this form indicates the present tense: The condition or situation is presently the case. For action verbs, it indicates that the action has been completed, mixing tense and aspect. Inuktitut verbs are divided into state verbs and action verbs. However, the distinction may not match. For example, the verb root pisuk-, meaning "to be walking" - is a state verb in Inuktitut. Pisuktunga - I am walking; when the verb root ends in a consonant, the suffixes that indicate the grammatical person all begin with t. For example, pisuk- - to be walking - is conjugated as follows: Verb roots that end in a vowel have suffixes that start with a j. For example, ani- - to go out: Note that Inuktitut has a productive dual number, present in all three persons. There is an alternative form of the above conjugation, used in different ways and to different degrees depending on dialect.
Instead of starting with t after a consonant and j after a vowel, this form starts with p after a consonant and v after a vowel. The exact difference varies from dialect to dialect. In western dialects, including Inuinnaqtun and Inupiatun, only the t/j forms are used for statements and the p/v form is if heard. In Greenland, only the p/v form is used. In the central and eastern Canadian dialects, both forms are used. There are additional p/v forms used in Nunavut to indicate interrogative statements - asking questions - although they may indicate other subtle distinctions of aspect; when they are used to ask questions, the last vowel may be doubled to indirectly indicate rising pitch. So, the question "Are we there yet?" can be written as Tikippita? but may be written as Tikippitaa? This way, one can compactly pose and answer simple yes/no questions: The subject of a non-specific verb has no special morphological mark: The object of a non-specific verb m
West Liberty is a city in Muscatine County, United States. The population was 3,736 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Muscatine micropolitan area. West Liberty is located 5 miles south of Interstate 80 on Historic Highway 6; the city is home to the West Liberty Raceway, located in the Muscatine County Fairgrounds. The Muscatine County Fair takes place in West Liberty in July of each year. West Liberty was incorporated in 1868; the town was located at the junction of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific and Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railroads. Prior to incorporation the town stood about half a mile north of where it is located but it was relocated in order to be closer to the railway; the settlement was known as Wapsinonoc Township, which means smooth surfaced, meandering creek or stream. The changing of the name to Liberty is attributed to the wife of the township's first postmaster, Simeon A. Bagley, it is believed that the town came to be known as West Liberty after it was relocated influenced by a town west of Liberty, Ohio, named West Liberty, Ohio.
West Liberty is located at 41°34′17″N 91°15′40″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.74 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,736 people, 1,251 households, 890 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,147.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,316 housing units at an average density of 756.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 71.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 23.3% from other races, 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.2% of the population. West Liberty was the first town in the state of Iowa to achieve a Hispanic-majority population. There were 1,251 households of which 43.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 28.9% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.48. The median age in the city was 32.8 years. 29.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,332 people, 1,150 households, 801 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,136.4 people per square mile. There were 1,195 housing units at an average density of 766.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 67.20% White, 0.30% African American, 0.42% Native American, 3.54% Asian, 25.00% from other races, 3.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.49% of the population. There were 1,150 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.3% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.46. 29.8% are under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 15.4% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $37,925, the median income for a family was $41,667. Males had a median income of $29,963 versus $24,306 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,420. About 4.6% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. West Liberty is home to two major employers: The West Liberty Community School District and West Liberty Foods. West Liberty Foods is a producer of turkey products that has a meat processing facility as well as its corporate headquarters in the city. Agriculture, housing development, agribusiness are a major factor in the local economy.
The West Liberty Industrial Park is located on the south side of the city. In 2005, the Chamber of Commerce and the City of West Liberty undertook the initiative to improve area economic development with the foundation of We Lead. We Lead is a non-profit organization that partners with the City of West Liberty and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach in carrying out their mission. West Liberty's Downtown Commercial Historic District is on the National Register of Historic Places in Muscatine County, Iowa. A Downtown Task Force meets to discuss the issues and needs for the downtown area; this task force works in partnership with We Lead to envision revitalization projects and implement them when possible. Recent projects include the adoption of the International Property Maintenance Code for aging downtown buildings and the establishment of a revolving loan fund for structural improvements and scholarships for facades. We Lead has begun to implement The Art-Full Community Project as a prototype for a business incubator.
Part of this community fund benefits the downtown area. West Liberty is a historical town with many annual events. West Liberty is
The Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Award is an honour presented annually by the Royal Academy of Dance, to people who have made a significant contribution to the ballet and dance industry. The award was instituted by Dame Adeline Genee in 1953, to mark the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II and her appointment as Royal Patron of the Academy; the first winner of the award was Dame Ninette de Valois, founder of the Royal Ballet, Birmingham Royal Ballet and Royal Ballet School. The award has since been presented to a number of notable people, is recognised as the highest honour awarded by the Academy; the award was shared in 1963, 1966 and 2009, in 2014 was awarded to a ballet company, rather than an individual. The full list of winners is
The Providence Mountains are found in the eastern Mojave Desert of San Bernardino County, California, U. S; the range reaches an elevation of 7,162 feet at Edgar Peak and is home to the Mitchell Caverns Natural Preserve in the Providence Mountains State Recreation Area, the Mojave National Preserve. The Providence Mountains are north of Interstate 40; the New York Mountains are adjacent to the northeast. The Clipper Mountains are to the southeast, the Granite Mountains, Pisgah Crater and the Bullion Mountains are to the southwest; the Providence Mountains lie southeast of the small community of Kelso, east of Ludlow, northwest of Essex and Goffs. Vegetation on the lower parts of the mountains is xeric shrublands scrub habitat, composed of Creosote bush, California Barrel Cactus, Joshua trees, Mojave yucca; the habitat shifts with elevations above 4000 feet to a sky island where numerous animals and plants flourish in the added moisture caught by the mountains. The plant habitat includes forests of Single-leaf Pinyon and California Juniper, remnant chaparral and woodlands with Oaks and Manzanita in these higher parts of the mountains.
Mitchell Caverns is home to two endemic species of insects, found nowhere else. The mountains were part of the homeland of the Mojave people for thousands of years; the late 18th century Spanish explorer and missionary Francisco Garcés crossed the Las Californias Mojave Desert territory after leaving the 1774 Juan Bautista de Anza Expedition from Sonora, to Monterey Bay in Alta California. Garces traveled up the Colorado River to the land of the Mohave traveled with a party of them across the Mojave Desert to Alta California and referred to the Providence and New York Mountains together as the Sierra de Santa Coleta, as considering them one mountain range from western Van Winkle Mountain to eastern Crescent Peak is conceivable. Francisco Garcés crossed through Cedar Canyon, a pass between the New York and Providence Mountains on the Mohave Trail. 19th century pioneer travelers on the Mojave Road found springs and streams in the mountains and "thanked Divine Providence," resulting in the range receiving the present name.
Silver was found and the Rock Springs Mining District was established in April 1863 and the Macedonia Mining District in September 1864. Mining in several areas has continued on for over a century; the range became part of the Mojave National Preserve in 1994, under National Park Service conservation and recreation direction. Kelso Depot and Employees Hotel Category: Mojave National Preserve Category: Mountain ranges of the Mojave Desert Category: Protected areas of the Mojave Desert Category: Flora of the California desert regions Official Providence Mountains State Recreation Area website Mitchell Caverns Natural Preserve website Official Mojave National Preserve websiteEdgar Peak California Mountain Atlas, California Peaks
Sudbury Greater Sudbury, is a city in Ontario, Canada. It is the largest city in Northern Ontario by population, with a population of 161,531 at the 2016 Canadian Census. By land area, it is the fifth largest in Canada, it is administratively a Unitary authority, thus not part of any district, county, or regional municipality. The Sudbury region was inhabited by the Ojibwe people of the Algonquin group for thousands of years prior to the founding of Sudbury following the discovery of nickel ore in 1883 during the construction of the transcontinental railway. Greater Sudbury was formed in 2001 by merging the cities and towns of the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury with several unincorporated townships. Being located inland, the local climate is seasonal with average January lows of around −18 °C and average July highs of 25 °C; the population resides in an urban core and many smaller communities scattered around 330 lakes and among hills of rock blackened by historical smelting activity.
Sudbury was once a world leader in nickel mining. Mining and related industries dominated the economy for much of the 20th century; the two major mining companies which shaped the history of Sudbury were Inco, now Vale Limited, which employed more than 25% of the population by the 1970s, Falconbridge, now Glencore. Sudbury has since expanded from its resource-based economy to emerge as the major retail, economic and educational centre for Northeastern Ontario. Sudbury is home to a large Franco-Ontarian population that influences its arts and culture; the Sudbury region was inhabited by the Ojibwe people of the Algonquin group as early as 9,000 years ago following the retreat of the last continental ice sheet. In 1850, a large tract of land, including what is now Sudbury, was signed over to the British Crown by local Ojibwe chiefs as a part of the Robinson Huron Treaty. In exchange the Crown pledged to pay an annuity to First Nations people, set at $1.60 per treaty member and increased incrementally.
French Jesuits were the first to establish a European settlement when they set up a mission called Sainte-Anne-des-Pins, just before the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1883. The Sainte-Anne-des-Pins church played a prominent role in the development of Franco-Ontarian culture in the region. During construction of the railway in 1883, blasting and excavation revealed high concentrations of nickel-copper ore at Murray Mine on the edge of the Sudbury Basin; this discovery brought the first waves of European settlers, who arrived not only to work at the mines, but to build a service station for railway workers. James Worthington, the superintendent of construction on the Northern Ontario segment of the railway, selected the name Sudbury after Sudbury, Suffolk, in England, the hometown of his wife Caroline Hitchcock. Sudbury was incorporated as a town in 1893, its first mayor was Joseph Étienne aka Stephen Fournier; the American inventor Thomas Edison visited the Sudbury area as a prospector in 1901.
He is credited with the original discovery of the ore body at Falconbridge. Rich deposits of nickel sulphide ore were discovered in the Sudbury Basin geological formation; the construction of the railway allowed exploitation of these mineral resources and shipment of the commodities to markets and ports, as well as large-scale lumber extraction. Mining began to replace lumber as the primary industry as the area's transportation network was improved to include trams; these enabled workers to work in another. Sudbury’s economy was dominated by the mining industry for much of the 20th century. Two major mining companies were created: Inco in 1902 and Falconbridge in 1928, they became two of the world's leading producers of nickel. Through the decades that followed, Sudbury's economy went through boom and bust cycles as world demand for nickel fluctuated. Demand was high during the First World War, when Sudbury-mined nickel was used extensively in the manufacturing of artillery in Sheffield, England.
It bottomed out when the war ended and rose again in the mid-1920s as peacetime uses for nickel began to develop. The town was reincorporated as a city in 1930; the city recovered from the Great Depression much more than any other city in North America due to increased demand for nickel in the 1930s. Sudbury was the fastest-growing city and one of the wealthiest cities in Canada for most of the decade. Many of the city's social problems in the Great Depression era were not caused by unemployment or poverty, but due to the difficulty in keeping up with all of the new infrastructure demands created by rapid growth — for example, employed mineworkers sometimes ended up living in boarding houses or makeshift shanty towns, because demand for new housing was rising faster than supply. Between 1936 and 1941, the city was ordered into receivership by the Ontario Municipal Board. Another economic slowdown affected the city in 1937, but the city's fortunes rose again with wartime demands during the Second World War.
The Frood Mine alone accounted for 40 percent of all the nickel used in Allied artillery production during the war. After the end of the war, Sudbury was in a good position to supply nickel to the United States government when it decided to stockpile non-Soviet supplies during the Cold War; the open coke beds used in the early to mid 20th century and logging for fuel resulted in a near-total loss of native vegetation in the area. The terrain was made up of exposed rocky outcrops permanently stained charcoal black by the air pollution from the roasting yards. Acid rain added