WUAB

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WUAB

WUAB 2018 Logo.png


WUAB-DT2 Bounce Cleveland.png
Lorain/Cleveland, Ohio
United States
City Lorain, Ohio
Branding CW 43 (general)
Cleveland 19 News (newscasts)
Slogan Dare to Defy (CW network promotions)
Cleveland's News Center
Asking Questions. Getting Answers. (WOIO-produced newscasts)
Channels Digital: 10 (VHF)
(shared with WOIO)
Virtual: 43 (PSIP)
Subchannels See Below
Affiliations The CW (primary)
MyNetworkTV (secondary)[1]
CBS (alternate)
Owner Raycom Media
(sale to Gray Television pending[2])
(WOIO License Subsidiary, LLC)
First air date September 15, 1968 (49 years ago) (1968-09-15)
Call letters' meaning United
Artists
Broadcasting

(founding owner)
Sister station(s) WOIO
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 43 (UHF, 1968–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 28 (UHF, until 2018)
Former affiliations
Transmitter power 9.5 kW
Height 337.1 m (1,106 ft)
Facility ID 8532
Transmitter coordinates 41°23′15″N 81°41′42″W / 41.38750°N 81.69500°W / 41.38750; -81.69500Coordinates: 41°23′15″N 81°41′42″W / 41.38750°N 81.69500°W / 41.38750; -81.69500
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website www.cle43.com

WUAB, virtual channel 43 (VHF digital channel 10), is a primary CW and secondary MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station serving Cleveland, Ohio, United States that is licensed to Lorain. The station is owned by Raycom Media, as part of a duopoly with Shaker Heights-licensed CBS affiliate WOIO (channel 19). The two stations share studios on the ground floor of the Reserve Square building in Downtown Cleveland and transmitter facilities in the Cleveland suburb of Parma.[3]

History[edit]

Independent years[edit]

The station first signed on the air on September 15, 1968; WUAB was originally owned by United Artists Broadcasting (owned by the film studio of the same name, then a Transamerica property). Eddie Manheim of Marcus Advertising handled the first promotions for the station; billboard advertisements placed across Cleveland promoting channel 43's pending debut read "September 15th. Our First Date". WUAB was the second commercial UHF station in the area; WKBF-TV (channel 61) had beaten it to the air by eight months. Its main studio was in a combination bowling alley kiddie's room and a trailer at the Parmatown shopping center in suburban Parma, with sales offices in downtown Cleveland. WUAB personalities in its early years included professional wrestling host/staff announcer Jack Reynolds,[4] Linn Sheldon (host of the children's show "Barnaby"), Marty Sullivan (also known as Saturday afternoon movie host "Superhost"), and John Lanigan, who hosted the daily Prize Movie.

Originally, WUAB's schedule consisted of cartoons, syndicated off-network sitcoms, movies (most notably the long-running afternoon Prize Movie and primetime Star Movie presentations), and religious programs. On September 7, 1970, WUAB opened a new studio facility on Day Drive in Parma. WUAB drew a lot of its early programming from its parent company, including pre-1950 Warner Bros. films and cartoons which UA acquired in 1958 after its merger with Associated Artists Productions (a.a.p.), which also brought the theatrical Popeye cartoons (originally released by Paramount Pictures, a company which would factor somewhat in WUAB's later history) into the company fold. WUAB and WKBF struggled to be profitable, despite the deep pockets of the stations' owners (WKBF was owned by Kaiser Broadcasting). Both stations signed on every day at around 10 a.m. and went off the air by 1 a.m.

By September 2, 1974, WUAB had clearly established itself as the leading independent in Cleveland. Kaiser opted to shut down WKBF and purchase a percentage of WUAB on March 28, 1975, but United Artists kept majority control of the station. WUAB therefore acquired the programming rights to most of WKBF's stronger shows. WUAB expanded its broadcast hours around this time, signing on at 6 a.m. and signing off long after midnight.

On September 6, 1977, Field Communications bought the rest of Kaiser's share in its television outlets. WUAB and KBSC in Los Angeles were not included in the sale. KBSC was sold to National Subscription TV while WUAB was sold (by both United Artists/Transamerica and Kaiser) to the Gaylord Broadcasting Company on September 6, 1977. Under Gaylord, WUAB continued as a broadcasting powerhouse, and cemented its status as one of the leading independent stations in the country, the station pulled off a major coup on September 2, 1979 by winning the broadcast rights to the Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball's American League. The station broadcast Indians' games from the 1980 season through the 2001 season.[5]

During this time as part of Gaylord's strategy of establishing regional superstations, it appeared on several cable systems in Ohio, as well as West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and the western part of the Canadian province of Ontario. The station was dropped from most cable providers outside Cleveland in the 1990s as those communities established UPN affiliates with market exclusivity, and is now no longer seen outside of the Cleveland market.

WUAB remained Cleveland's leading independent station into the 1980s. Channel 61 returned to the air as WCLQ on March 3, 1981, but made no real headway against WUAB, on May 19, 1985, WOIO (channel 19) signed on as an independent station. WOIO and WUAB went head to head, with WCLQ lagging behind, with WBNX-TV (channel 55) becoming the fourth Cleveland independent station upon its December 1, 1985 sign-on. WCLQ bowed out of the competition in 1986 to become full-time Home Shopping Network affiliate WQHS; it is now Univision owned-and-operated station WQHS-DT. WUAB turned down an affiliation with Fox, making it one of the few long-established major-market independents to do so, this was mainly because most of the markets in WUAB's large cable footprint had enough stations to provide local Fox affiliates, making the prospect of WUAB as a multi-market Fox affiliate unattractive to Gaylord. WOIO then signed on with Fox, becoming a charter affiliate when the network launched on October 9, 1986, and eventually overtook WUAB in the ratings.

On August 14, 1990, Gaylord sold WUAB to Cannell Broadcasting, headed by actor/writer/director Stephen J. Cannell. Though the station performed adequately in the ratings under Cannell ownership, the company was unable to overtake WOIO, on September 5, 1994, WOIO's owner Malrite Communications entered into a local marketing agreement with Cannell, which retained ownership of WUAB, though the station was now managed in tandem with WOIO. Both stations moved to a facility at downtown Cleveland's Reserve Square.[6]

During its waning years as an independent station, WUAB was the Cleveland home of the various Star Trek series (Deep Space Nine was in production then) from Paramount Television. In addition, the station also began airing programming from the Prime Time Entertainment Network syndication service in September 1993; this was followed in January 1994, with the addition of the Action Pack syndication block (which aired on WUAB from its syndication launch until 1997).

Affiliations with UPN and The WB[edit]

In November 1993, Paramount Television (which would become a division of Viacom the following year) and Chris-Craft/United Television announced that they had reached an agreement with Cannell for WUAB to serve as the Cleveland charter affiliate of the United Paramount Network (UPN). The agreement stunned officials with another planned network, The WB (a venture between Time Warner and Tribune Broadcasting), which it had also sought WUAB to serve as its Cleveland outlet. In the summer of 1994, Time Warner eventually reached an agreement with WUAB to serve as Cleveland's WB affiliate.[7]

Additional changes to channel 43's schedule came as a result of a wide-ranging deal signed between the Fox network's then-parent News Corporation and New World Communications on May 23 of that year, which included a long-term affiliation agreement that would switch thirteen television stations (five that New World had already owned and eight that the company was in the process of acquiring through separate deals with Great American and Argyle Television Holdings), on September 3, 1994, WOIO assumed the CBS affiliation for the Cleveland market in an affiliation swap with WJW-TV (channel 8), which took over the area's Fox affiliation after having served as Cleveland's CBS outlet since March 1955.[8][9][10] The deal was motivated by the National Football League (NFL)'s awarding of the rights to the National Football Conference (NFC) television package to Fox on December 18, 1993, in which the conference's broadcast television rights moved to the network effective with the 1994 NFL season, ending a 38-year relationship with CBS.[11]

As a consequence of the switch, Channel 19 moved most of its sitcoms and syndicated cartoons to WUAB two days later on September 5; however, the Fox Kids block moved instead to WBNX-TV as WJW (like most of the New World stations affected by the Fox affiliation agreement) declined carriage of the block to focus on its news-intensive program schedule. WOIO also moved its Cleveland Cavaliers telecasts over to channel 43. (Channel 19 had originally acquired the local television rights to the Cavaliers from WUAB in 1988; however, because of its assumption of the CBS affiliation rights and its network-dominated program schedule, WOIO did not have enough room on its schedule to continue airing the broadcasts.)

WUAB became a WB affiliate at that network's launch on January 11, 1995, and subsequently also joined UPN when that network debuted six days later on January 16; this made Cleveland the largest market where UPN and The WB maintained a dual affiliation on a single station. Alongside UPN and WB prime time programming and a blend of cartoons and a few live-action children's shows acquired via the syndication market and sourced from The Disney Afternoon syndication block, during this period, WUAB carried some recent off-network sitcoms and drama series, some first-run syndicated shows, and movies in prime time and on weekends (including the UPN Movie Trailer, a supplemental weekend film package that premiered in September 1995, and was eventually replaced by a same-week repeat block of drama and reality series aired by the network). As UPN offered prime time programs only on Monday and Tuesday nights and The WB offered network programs on Wednesdays at launch, WUAB relegated the feature film showcases that filled the 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. time slot to Thursday through Sunday nights. The station's children's programming inventory expanded in September 1995, with the launches of UPN Kids (which began with a Sunday morning block, before expanding to include a weekday morning block in September 1997) and Kids' WB; however, because of its existing children's program syndication rights, channel 43 only carried select programs from both networks' children's program blocks (such as Animaniacs and That's Warner Bros! from the Kids' WB lineup).

The dual affiliation eventually began to become difficult to maintain as The WB and UPN began to expand their respective programming schedules to additional nights starting in September 1996, resulting in WUAB airing The WB's Monday and Tuesday and UPN's Wednesday lineups (which now overlapped with their respective competitor's lineups on those same nights) on tape delay later in the week, rather than airing them on a same-night delay, on September 1, 1997, WBNX-TV took over as the Cleveland-area affiliate of The WB, leaving WUAB exclusively affiliated with UPN. (The station initially retained its longtime "Channel 43" moniker, although it began incorporating visual brand references to its UPN affiliation within its new "block" logo design.)[12][13]

WUAB changed its branding to "Hometeam 43" in September 1999, as part of a brand unification under the "Hometeam" moniker with WOIO (which concurrently rebranded as "Hometeam 19"), on March 2, 2000, six months after the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) relaxed its local ownership rules to allow common ownership of two commercially licensed television stations in the same media market, Raycom exercised an option to acquire the station outright from Cannell Communications; the sale was finalized two months later on May 10.

With the loss of the Cleveland Indians broadcast contract for the spring of 2002, WUAB rebranded itself, from its previous branding as Hometeam 43 (a brand shared with WOIO to promote their local news and sports coverage) to 43 The Block (while WOIO underwent a similar makeover from Hometeam 19, to become CBS 19). The Block was phased out in 2005 for UPN 43 and later My 43.

MyNetworkTV affiliation[edit]

WUAB logo used from September 5, 2006 to August 23, 2015.

On January 24, 2006, UPN parent company CBS Corporation and WB network parent Time Warner announced that they would dissolve the two networks to create The CW Television Network, a joint venture between the two media companies that initially featured programs from its two predecessor networks as well as original first-run series developed for The CW.[14][15] Nearly one month after the CW launch announcement, on February 22, 2006, News Corporation announced the launch of MyNetworkTV, a network operated by Fox Television Stations and its syndication division Twentieth Television that was created to primarily serve as a network programming option (in lieu of converting to a general entertainment independent format) for UPN and WB stations that were left out of The CW's affiliation deals.[16][17]

On March 1, in a joint announcement by CBS Corporation and the Winston Broadcast Network, WBNX was confirmed as The CW's Cleveland affiliate, since the network chose its charter stations based on which of them among The WB and UPN's respective affiliate bodies was the highest-rated in each market, WBNX was chosen to join The CW over WUAB as it had been the higher-rated of the two stations at the time of the agreement's signing. Six days later on March 7, as part of an affiliation agreement that included two other Raycom-owned stations, WUAB was confirmed to be the Cleveland market's MyNetworkTV affiliate.[18][19][20] On July 14, 2006, WUAB began branding as "My 43, WUAB" in station promotions and legal identifications, and introduced a new on-air logo (which was based on MyNetworkTV's logo scheme) in anticipation of the launch of MyNetworkTV. Channel 43 officially joined MyNetworkTV when that network launched on September 5; WBNX remained a WB affiliate until September 17, before affiliating with The CW when that network debuted a day later (September 18).

On August 24, 2015, as part of a universal rebranding of WOIO and WUAB to abandon Raycom's "tabloid" reputation in the Cleveland market, channel 43 changed its branding to "CLE 43", with C-L-E spelled out audibly (WOIO similarly rebranded under the "Cleveland 19" brand), the station also replaced its logo made up of the MyNetworkTV default imaging and "The Block"-era script-texted "43", with a wordmark combined with an abstract "play button" design and basic 43 numeral taking its place.[21]

CW affiliation[edit]

WUAB's "CLE 43" logo, used from August 24, 2015 to July 13, 2018.

On July 11, 2018, Raycom Media and CBS Corporation announced that it signed a long-term deal in which WUAB would affiliate with The CW, replacing WBNX as that network's affiliate for the Cleveland market after 12 years.[1][22][23][24][25] [22][26][27] On July 13, 2018, WUAB changed its on-air branding to "CW 43" and unveiled a CW-standardized station logo in preparation for the pending switch. When channel 43 takes over as Cleveland's CW affiliate on July 16, the station will retain MyNetworkTV as a secondary affiliation, continuing to air the service's programming late nights between 1:00 and 3:00 a.m. each weeknight. WBNX, meanwhile, will become an independent station, intending to replace CW weekday daytime and prime time shows with first-run and off-network syndicated programs already in the station's programming inventory, and syndicated E/I, drama and how-to programs on Saturday mornings.

The affiliation transaction will make Cleveland the second-largest market where The CW and MyNetworkTV share a primary channel affiliation on a single station, displacing Columbia, South Carolina (where WKTC carries the programming service — of which it had been an exclusive affiliate before joining The CW in March 2014 — immediately following the CW prime time lineup each weekday evening), which had held that title since it was displaced as the largest dual CW/MyNetworkTV affiliate in September 2015 after Fox-owned WPWR-TV in Chicago assumed a primary CW affiliation.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[28]
43.1 720p 16:9 WUAB DT Main WUAB programming / The CW (primary) / MyNetworkTV (secondary)
43.2 480i 4:3 Bounce Bounce TV

Subchannels[edit]

WUAB-DT2[edit]

In 2005, WUAB began carrying The Tube Music Network on digital subchannel 43.2; the network ceased operations on October 1, 2007. On April 1, 2009, WUAB began carrying This TV on 43.2. On January 3, 2012, WUAB moved This TV over to a newly activated 43.3 subchannel, while Bounce TV began to be carried on 43.2. WUAB's affiliation contract with This TV expired on March 26, 2012, and the network moved to WBNX on that station's 55.3 subchannel. Digital channel 43.3 (after displaying a message explaining the situation to viewers for several days) was deactivated on March 30, 2012.

WUAB-DT3 (defunct)[edit]

In August 2014, 43.3 was reactivated, running the new male-focused Grit network.[29] As of mid-April 2017 that affiliation was duplicated by WEWS-DT2, and became exclusive to that station on January 5, 2018, just prior to WUAB's spectrum merger with WOIO. (In any case with the parent of WEWS, E. W. Scripps Company purchasing Grit's parent company, it was likely to move from WUAB at the end of the current carriage agreement).

Analog-to-digital transition and spectrum incentive auction[edit]

WUAB began broadcasting in the 720p high definition format after the station switched its affiliation from UPN to MyNetworkTV in September 2006, the 10 p.m. newscast airing on WUAB is also broadcast in 720p, even though WOIO itself produces its newscasts in the 1080i format commonly used by CBS affiliates.

WUAB shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 43, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal continued to broadcasts on its pre-transition UHF channel 28.[30] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 43.

WUAB sold its channel spectrum in the FCC reverse auction that ended in March 2017 for spectrum reallocation. WUAB and WUAB-DT2 now share WOIO's spectrum,[31] the transition to the WOIO spectrum on physical channel 10 took place on January 8, 2018 at 2:01 a.m.[32]

Programming[edit]

In addition to carrying the entirety of the CW and MyNetworkTV program schedules, syndicated programs broadcast by WUAB as of September 2017 include Jerry Springer, Maury, The People’s Court, Extra, Family Feud, TMZ on TV and 2 Broke Girls.[33] Occasionally, WUAB may air CBS network programs whenever sister station WOIO is unable to in the event of extended breaking news or severe weather coverage, special programming, or other scheduling conflicts.

Sports programming[edit]

Current[edit]

WUAB has been the longtime "free TV" home of the Cleveland Cavaliers, which first aired on the station from October 1980 to April 1988, and again since October 1994. Under the current deal with Fox Sports Ohio, Channel 43 simulcasts five Cavaliers regular season games, as well as select playoff games per year with the regional sports network, which serves as the Cavs' main television partner.[34]

In 2011, WUAB began airing Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) football and men's basketball games, serving as the Cleveland affiliate for the Raycom-owned ACC Network.

Past[edit]

As stated above, WUAB broadcast Cleveland Indians games from 1980 to 2001. Perhaps its most famous Indians telecast was that of Len Barker's perfect game on May 15, 1981.

Channel 43 at various points throughout the years also carried Cleveland Barons, Cleveland Crusaders, Cleveland Lumberjacks, and Cleveland Monsters hockey, Cleveland Gladiators arena football, and Cleveland Force indoor soccer games.

WUAB also previously carried ESPN Plus coverage of Ohio State Buckeyes football and basketball, and in 2010 carried SEC football and basketball games via ESPN's SEC Network.

Newscasts[edit]

WOIO & WUAB's studios in Downtown Cleveland.

Under Gaylord ownership, WUAB formed a news department, the station debuted an hour-long late evening newscast, The Ten O'Clock News, on January 4, 1988. It was the second attempt at a primetime newscast in the Cleveland market following WKBF-TV's two-year effort in 1968, the original WUAB news team consisted of anchors Romona Robinson and Bob Hetherington, meteorologist Frank Cariello, and sports director Gib Shanley.[35][36] After WJW-TV switched to Fox in 1994, WUAB's newscast gained a competitor as channel 8 had moved its late evening newscast from 11:00 to 10:00 p.m., and reformatted it as an hour-long program. On February 6, 1995, WUAB began producing two daily newscasts (an hour-long program at 6:00 p.m. and a 35-minute broadcast at 11:00 p.m.) for WOIO, in addition to their own 10:00 p.m. newscast under the unified brand Cleveland Television News (however, WOIO's newscasts were separately titled 19 News, while WUAB's prime time newscast continued to be titled The Ten O'Clock News). Although WOIO was the senior partner in the LMA, it did not have a news department prior to affiliating with CBS, and originally did not plan to have one until CBS informed the station that it preferred that WOIO carry local news programming.

WOIO now manages WUAB's news department, and produces the nightly 10:00 p.m. newscast under the title Cleveland 19 News on 43. WOIO began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition on October 21, 2007; the prime time newscast on WUAB was included in the upgrade. On May 16, 2011, WUAB debuted an hour-long weekday morning newscast airing from 7:00 to 8:00 a.m., as an extension of WOIO's Cleveland 19 News This Morning.[37]

On September 21, 2015, WUAB expanded its evening newscasts on weekdays into a 90-minute block from 9:00 to 10:30 p.m., with the addition of an hour-long newscast in the former timeslot; the existing 10:00 p.m. newscast will also be reduced to a half-hour, with Sports Extra concurrently being moved to the 9:00 p.m. newscast. As a result of the expansion of its evening news programming, the station shifted the MyNetworkTV programming lineup out of prime time, moving it to late night hours.[38][39]

As a consequence of WUAB becoming a CW affiliate, channel 43's evening news block was truncated to make room for the network's prime time schedule; the 9:00 p.m. weeknight newscast was discontinued, while its traditional 10:00 p.m. broadcast expanded back to one hour. The 7:00 a.m. newscast was also discontinued as a result of the station's lineup shuffling related to the addition of CW programming.[1][25]

Notable alumni[edit]

Coverage in Canada[edit]

The station is available over-the-air in Kingsville, Leamington, and Pelee Island in southern Essex County, Ontario, and was once listed in the TV Guides for those communities (and Windsor, Ontario; though the station's signal was not strong enough to reach Windsor and Detroit). Unlike WKYC-TV, WEWS-TV, and WJW, it was not one of the Cleveland stations that was carried on local cable providers in those three locations. WUAB has been carried on cable channel 20 in London, Ontario since 1976, and is the only Cleveland station carried in London to this day.

On October 16, 2009, the Windsor Star had notified readers that digital subchannels of the Detroit and Toledo stations would be added, while the Cleveland stations (such as WKYC) and some Toledo stations would have to be dropped from the listings to make room for them, starting with the next issue of the TV Times, released the next day. As a result, WUAB is the only Cleveland area station whose listings remain in the Windsor-area TV Times.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mark K. Miller (July 11, 2018). "WUAB To Be Cleveland's New CW Affiliate". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media. 
  2. ^ Miller, Mark K. (June 25, 2018). "Gray To Buy Raycom For $3.6 Billion". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheckMedia. Retrieved June 25, 2018. 
  3. ^ WUAB - Station Index.com
  4. ^ a b "Cleveland's Jack Reynolds Dies At 71". AllAccess.com. 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  5. ^ Tim Lones (2007-09-10). "Cleveland Classic Media: WUAB-43-They played our favorites-part 2". Clevelandclassicmedia.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  6. ^ "Woio/Wuab". Raycom Media. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  7. ^ Joe Flint (November 15, 1993). "WB backs off after Paramount successes" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. p. 10. Retrieved July 14, 2018 – via American Radio History. 
  8. ^ Bill Carter (May 24, 1994). "FOX WILL SIGN UP 12 NEW STATIONS; TAKES 8 FROM CBS". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Fox Gains 12 Stations in New World Deal". Chicago Sun-Times. Hollinger International. May 23, 1994. Retrieved June 1, 2013 – via HighBeam Research. 
  10. ^ Garrett Wollman (December 28, 2013). "The 1994-1996 Network Television Affiliation Mess". BostonRadio.org. 
  11. ^ "CBS, NBC Battle for AFC Rights // Fox Steals NFC Package". Chicago Sun-Times. Adler & Shaykin. December 18, 1993 – via HighBeam Research. 
  12. ^ "WUAB picks UPN, again" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. May 19, 1997. p. 30. Retrieved July 14, 2018 – via American Radio History. 
  13. ^ "WB sign-up" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. Cahners Business Information. May 19, 1997. p. 32. Retrieved July 14, 2018 – via American Radio History. 
  14. ^ Jessica Seid (January 24, 2006). "'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September". CNNMoney.com. Time Warner. 
  15. ^ Bill Carter (January 24, 2006). "UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. 
  16. ^ "News Corp. to launch new mini-network for UPN stations". USA Today. Gannett Company. February 22, 2006. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  17. ^ John Eggerton (February 22, 2006). "News Corp. Unveils MyNetworkTV". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. 
  18. ^ Allison Romano (March 1, 2006). "CW Signs First Five Outside Affils". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  19. ^ Allison Romano (March 3, 2006). "CW, My Network TV Win Affils". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  20. ^ Allison Romano (March 10, 2006). "The Distribution Derby". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Retrieved July 14, 2018. 
  21. ^ Mark Dawidziak (August 19, 2015). "Channel 19 dropping Action News format, taking its news operation in a new direction". The Plain Dealer. Newhouse Newspapers. Retrieved August 20, 2015. 
  22. ^ a b Mark Dawidziak (July 11, 2018). "WUAB Channel 43 is the new home for the CW". The Plain Dealer. Newhouse Newspapers. 
  23. ^ "Future of Ernest Angley-owned WBNX unclear with The CW moving to Cleveland station". Akron Beacon Journal. GateHouse Media. July 11, 2018. 
  24. ^ Chris Cantergiani (December 18, 2017). "Akron televangelist Ernest Angley facing foreclosure on network facility". WKYC. Tegna, Inc. Retrieved July 11, 2018. 
  25. ^ a b Adam Jacobson (July 11, 2018). "The CW Aligns With Raycom In Cleveland". Radio-Television Business Report. Streamline-RBR, Inc. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  26. ^ "WUAB becomes CW43 in Cleveland". WOIO. Raycom Media. July 11, 2018. 
  27. ^ Stephanie Tsoflias Siegel (July 11, 2018). "WUAB Adds CW Affiliation". TVSpy. Beringer Capital. 
  28. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WUAB
  29. ^ Grit TV affiliates - Grit TV.com
  30. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  31. ^ Dawidziak, Mark (February 16, 2017). "Channel 43 will remain on the air; only its transmitter was sold". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved September 7, 2017. 
  32. ^ "Attention WUAB CLE 43/Bounce TV Viewers". Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  33. ^ "WUAB schedule". Titan TV. Broadcast Interactive Media, LLC. Retrieved August 24, 2015. 
  34. ^ Cavs media guide - Cavs.com
  35. ^ WUAB collage - Pinterest.com
  36. ^ Original WUAB news team - Pinterest.com
  37. ^ My 43.net
  38. ^ "New Fall 2015 schedule". WUAB. Raycom Media. Retrieved September 16, 2015. 
  39. ^ Mark Dawidziak (September 16, 2015). "Channel 43 adding a 9 p.m. newscast". The Plain Dealer. Newhouse Newspapers. 
  40. ^ Crean, Ellen (2002-04-16). "Gretchen Carlson". CBS News. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  41. ^ WUAB: They played our favorites - Cleveland Classic Media
  42. ^ Jeff Phelps bio - 92.3 The Fan
  43. ^ Late 1980s WUAB "10 O'Clock News" promotional photo - NE Ohio TV Memories
  44. ^ Van Vliet to Miami - Chris Van Vliet.tv

External links[edit]