WWE Raw known as Monday Night Raw or Raw, is a professional wrestling television program that airs live on Monday evenings on the USA Network from 8:00-11:00 PM EST in the United States. The show's name is used to refer to the Raw brand, to which WWE employees are assigned to work and perform; the show debuted on January 11, 1993 and is considered to be one of two flagship shows, along with Friday Night SmackDown. Raw moved from the USA Network to TNN in September 2000, rebranded to Spike TV in August 2003. On October 3, 2005, Raw returned to the USA Network; as of December 9, 2016, all episodes of Raw are available on demand on the WWE Network. Recent episodes are available for on-demand viewing 30 days after the original air date. Since its first episode, Raw has been broadcast live from 208 different arenas, 171 cities and towns, eleven different nations: United States, United Kingdom, Afghanistan in 2005, Iraq in 2006 and 2007, South Africa, Japan and Mexico. Beginning as WWF's Monday Night Raw, the program first aired on January 11, 1993 on the USA Network as a replacement for Prime Time Wrestling, which aired on the network for eight years.
The original Raw was sixty minutes in length and broke new ground in televised professional wrestling. Traditionally, wrestling shows were taped on sound stages with small audiences or at large arena shows; the Raw formula was different from the taped weekend shows that aired at the time such as Superstars and Wrestling Challenge. Instead of matches taped weeks in advance with studio voice overs and taped discussion, Raw was a show shot and aired to a live audience, with angles playing out as they happened. Raw originated from the Grand Ballroom at the Manhattan Center, a small New York City theater, aired live each week; the combination of an intimate venue and live action proved to be a successful improvement. However, the weekly live schedule proved to be a financial drain on the WWF. From Spring 1993 up until Spring 1997, Raw would tape several week's worth of episodes after a live episode had aired; the WWF taped several weeks worth of Raw from the Mid-Hudson Civic Center in Poughkeepsie, New York in April 1993, again in June and October.
The first episode produced outside of New York was taped in Bushkill, Pennsylvania in November 1993 and Raw left the Manhattan Center permanently as the show would be taken on the road throughout the United States and had in smaller venues. On September 4, 1995, the WWF's chief competitor World Championship Wrestling began airing its new wrestling show, Monday Nitro, live each week on TNT, which marked the start of the Monday Night Wars. Raw and Nitro went head-to-head for the first time on September 11, 1995. At the start of the ratings war in 1995 through to mid-1996, Raw and Nitro exchanged victories over each other in a contested rivalry. Beginning in mid-1996, due to the nWo angle, Nitro started a ratings win-streak that lasted for 84 consecutive weeks, ending on April 13, 1998. On February 3, 1997, Raw went to a two-hour format, to compete with the extra hour on Nitro, by March 10, it was renamed to Raw Is War, it was during the time Raw would be aired live more often. After WrestleMania XIV in March 1998, the WWF regained the lead in the Monday Night Wars with its new "WWF Attitude" brand.
The April 13, 1998 episode of Raw Is War, headlined by a match between Stone Cold Steve Austin and Vince McMahon, marked the first time that WCW had lost the head-to-head Monday night ratings battle in the 84 weeks since 1996. On January 4, 1999, Mick Foley, who had wrestled for WCW during the early 1990s as Cactus Jack, won the WWF Championship as Mankind on Raw Is War. On orders from Bischoff, Nitro announcer Tony Schiavone gave away this taped result on a live Nitro and sarcastically added, "That's gonna put some butts in the seats" resulting in over 600,000 viewers switching channels to Raw Is War to see the underdog capture the WWF Championship; this was the night that Nitro aired a WCW World Heavyweight Championship match in which Kevin Nash laid down for Hollywood Hogan after Hogan poked him in the chest. On June 28, 2000, Viacom won the landmark deal with the WWF to move all of its WWF programs stemming from the lawsuit action against WWF from USA Network; the new television contract and the subsequent purchase of competitor WCW led to many changes in WWF's programming content.
Raw Is War premiered on TNN on September 25, 2000. WCW's sharp decline in revenue and ratings led to Time Warner selling selected assets such as the WCW name and contracts to the WWF in March 2001 for $3 million; the final episode of Nitro, which aired on March 26, 2001, began with Vince McMahon making a short statement about his recent purchase of WCW and ended with a simulcast with Raw on TNN and Nitro on TNT including an appearance by Vince's son Shane. The younger McMahon interrupted his father's gloating over the WCW purchase to explain that Shane was the one who owned WCW, setting up what became the WWF's "Invasion" storyline. Following the purchase of WCW and the September 11 attacks, the program was retitled as Raw on October 1, 2001, permanently retiring the Raw Is War moniker. In March 2002, as a result of the overabundance of talent left over from the Invasion storyline, WWF instituted a process known as the "brand extension", under which Raw and SmackDown would be treated as two distinct divisions, each with their own rosters and championships.
Shortly thereafter, the WWF was required to change the name of the company to World Wrestling Entertainment. On March 10, 2005, Viacom and WWE decided not to go on with the agreement with Spike TV, effectivel
Jocelyn "Joyce" Mavis Lester, OAM is an Australian softball player and coach. A catcher and outfielder, she joined the Australia women's national softball team in 1977, captained it from 1985 until its bronze medal win at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, when she retired from international competition.. She played professionally for the first time in Japan from 1996 to 1999, thereafter coached softball in both Japan and Australia, she was named to the world all-star softball team in 1986 and 1989, has been inducted into the Queensland and world softball halls of fame. Lester was born on 22 March 1958 in the Queensland state capital of Brisbane as the youngest of four children, her mother was a housewife and her father was a firefighter and a fire brigade officer. She played softball in the backyard with her sister at home, using a net that her father had built, she attended Geebung State School and Wavell State High School, where she excelled in sport high school softball. After finishing high school, she attended the North Brisbane College of Advanced Education, where she graduated with a Diploma of Teaching and a Bachelor of Education.
She studied for and received a graduate certificate in linguistics from the University of Southern Queensland. She taught physical education full-time during her Australian softball playing career, as of 2017, she is the Director of International Education at Trinity Anglican School. Since 1996 she has lived in Cairns with her husband, Chris Wighton, a singer and youth worker, they had a brief relationship after she left high school. They re-connected in 1996, after he had split up with his ex-wife. Lester joined the under-16's Queensland softball team as a replacement catcher, after her predecessor had broken her thumb, she was a member of the open Queensland team from 1975 to 1996. She was part of eight teams that won seven of which she captained, she was a member of her club team, the Rebels, which won the national club championships in 1984, 1986 and 1987, was named Most Valuable Player there in 1990. She was first selected for the Australia women's national softball team in 1977 and became its captain in 1985.
As a catcher and outfielder, she represented her country at 235 international games and five ISF Women's World Championships. At the 1986 world championships in Auckland, she achieved a batting average of.313 and a perfect fielding average of 1000, leading her to be named into the World All Star team. She was once again selected for the all-stars in 1989 after the Intercontinental Cup in Italy, she retired from international competition after the national team's bronze medal win at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. In 1996 she signed up with Sagawa, a Japanese softball club near Kyoto, the first time she had played the game professionally, she coached the game in Japan from 2000 to 2004, was the Far North Queensland softball coach for the Queensland Academy of Sport from 1998 to 2008. She has served on the International Softball Federation Athletes Commission and has been the Australian players' representative at the International Softball Congress three times, she was a softball commentator at the 2000 Sydney, 2004 Athens, 2008 Beijing Olympics.
She has advocated for greater funding and resources for women's sport, has suggested that mothers should take their children to see women playing sport more often. Lester was inducted into both the Australian and Queensland softball halls of fame in 1996. In 2000, she received a Medal of the Order of Australia and an Australian Sports Medal, was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame, she was inducted into the World Softball Hall of Fame in 2001. The Joyce Lester Shield, Softball Australia's under-23 women's championship, is named after her
Buddy's Song is the debut album by English singer and actor Chesney Hawkes, released in 1991. It is the soundtrack to the film of the same name and includes the UK number one single "The One and Only". In the United States, the album was released as The One and Only; every song on the British release of the album was used in the film except "A Crazy World like This". It was to be Hawkes' only album to make the Top 40, peaking at number 18 in the UK Albums Chart. Three singles from the album were released: "The One and Only", "I'm a Man Not a Boy" and "Secrets of the Heart"; the film's screenwriter Nigel Hinton contributed to the soundtrack by co-writing all but three songs in the UK release of the album