A W engine is a type of piston engine where three or four cylinder banks use the same crankshaft, resembling the letter W when viewed from the front. W engines with three banks of cylinders are called "broad arrow" engines, due to their shape resembling the British government broad arrow property mark. W engines are less common than V engines. Compared with a V engine, a W engine is shorter and wider. One of the first W engines was the Anzani 3-cylinder, built in 1906, to be used in Anzani motorcycles, it is this W3 engine which powered the 1909 Blériot XI, the first airplane to fly across the English Channel. The Feuling W3 is a 2.5 L motorcycle engine, built by an aftermarket parts company in the United States in the early 2000s. Like radial aircraft engines it has a master connecting rod and two slave rods connected to the pistons; the sole W8 engine to reach production is the Volkswagen Group W8 engine automotive engine, which used a four-bank design and was produced from 2001-2004. W12 engines with three banks of four cylinders were used by several aircraft engines from 1917 until the 1930s.
A three-bank design was used for an unsuccessful W12 engine, intended to compete in Formula One in 1990. Although less used in automobiles than V12 engines, a W12 petrol engine has been produced by Volkswagen Group since 2001; this four-bank engine— based on two VR6 engines with a common crankshaft— has been used in various cars sold under the Audi and Volkswagen brands. W16 engines are produced, with the notable exception of the Volkswagen Group 8.0 WR16 engine, used since 2005 in the Bugatti Veyron, Bugatti Chiron and their related models. The W18 layout is used, with the only production examples being several aircraft during the 1920s and 1930s; the sole W24 engine design to reach production was the 1937 Allison V-3420 aircraft engine, built in the United States. The V-3420 was constructed from two V12 engines on a common crankshaft, with a 30-degree angle between the inner cylinder banks. During World War II, several German airplanes were fitted with twin-engine "power systems" consisting of two Daimler-Benz DB 601 or Daimler-Benz DB 605 V12 engines coupled to output via a single gear shaft.
Motorcycle engine VR6 engine
The Lynch motor is a unique axial gap permanent magnet brushed DC electric motor. The motor has a pancake-like shape and was invented by Cedric Lynch in 1979, the relevant patent being filed on 18 December 1986; the Lynch motor can achieve 90% efficiency. It is built from ferrite blocks sandwiched between strips of metal, instead of conventional copper coil windings, is held together purely by magnets; the motor only weighs 11 kilograms. From 1985 through 1992, the Lynch motor, tooling were improved, by Lynch, with much input from Richard Fletcher and his project team, including William Read, at London Innovation Network. LIN financed the patents, in Lynch's name. LIN financed the construction of prototypes, including a batch made by Ouroussoff Engineering, which incorporated some ideas used in subsequent motors. From 1989, LIN sought a company to manufacture the motor, having successfully made small batches and individual units; these included the motors used in the Countess of Arrans world electric boat speed record attempt in 1989.
Those motors were assembled by Lynch, with help from William Read, who assembled armatures in his hospital bed after a car accident. Hotax, where Trevor Lees worked, was approached but, after Lynch showed Hotax how to make the motor they lost interest. Instead, Lees left Hotax in January 1993, joined the Lynch Motor Company, as factory manager, to assist Lynch to set up larger scale production, which used tooling developed, new tooling designed by Lynch; some of the new tooling was made by Roger Cox. Lynch and this small team engineered a production standard motor, manufactured by the Lynch Motor Company Ltd and named the Lynch motor. Following a rift between Lynch and LIN and the Lynch Motor Company in November 1996, the intellectual property rights were held by Lynch I P, with the Lynch Motor Co, having 50% rights. A new company was formed, LEMCO; this consisted with Lynch and Lees as small shareholders. Lynch joined the Indian company Agni Motors in 2002 where the Lynch Motor is built and marketed as the Agni motor.
A further licensed design was made by Stratton as the Etek DC Motor. The latest model of Agni Motor is manufactured and distributed by Saietta Group, formed following the merger of Agility Global and Agni Motors in May 2015; the traditional Lynch motor design has a spinning armature held on a spindle between two banks of eight fixed permanent magnets. Stationary are eight brushes on the front side which allow electric current from the power source to reach the armature; the design of the Lynch motor armature is different compared to other types of motor. The armature coils are formed from insulated copper strips each in a'U' shape. One leg is bent 45 degrees clockwise, while the other leg is bent 45 degrees anticlockwise; each coil leg contains several bends before reaching the outside of the armature to be able to pass radially through the ferrite ring before the ends finish 90 degree apart. At the outer edge each copper strip has a crimp forming an electrical connection to its companion 90 degrees rotated.
The inner edge of the copper strips have the insulation removed on the front face only, to form the commutator surface where the brushes make contact. Between each copper coil leg are placed the pieces of the sub-divided and insulated iron ferrite cores making up the ferrite ring; the ferrite ring carries the magnetic flux between the fixed permanent magnets, without needing to use the copper strips. As the armature spins, current flows from the one brush, into the commutator, outwards along one copper coil leg, sandwiched between the iron ferrite core pieces; when the current reaches the connecting crimp positioned on the outer edge, it transfers to a new leg on rear side of the armature and runs back to the centre, again sandwiched between ferrites 45-degrees out of phase from the previous ferrites. The electric current arrives back at the centre, 90-degrees and swaps sides back to the front face before reaching the corresponding brush 135-degrees from the initial brush. In the design of the Lynch motor armature, the iron laminations are made from individual thin rectangular pieces slotted together to form a full circular ring.
Because magnetic flux passes sideways through the laminations along one axis only, it is possible to use grain-oriented material used in large transformers. This has much better magnetic properties along the grain orientation but worse properties in other directions. In a traditional electric motor it gives little or no benefit, but in the Lynch motor leads to higher efficiencies. Small-scale production in 1988 with the electric vehicle conversion firm London Innovation and with the Lynch Electric Motor Company. In 1989 four of them powered the boat An Stradag, driven by the Countess of Arran, to a world record speed for an electric boat of just over 80 kilometres per hour; the motor was adopted by the Swiss company ASMO for use in its electric go-kart drive systems. Its efficiency extends the life of the batteries and so improves the economics of running an electric kart track; the patents and license rights for the manufacturing of the Lynch motor are held by the Lynch IP company, which has sold a license to Briggs and Stratton to manufacture the ETEK motor.
LEMCO continued to manufacture motors and now trades under the name of LMC which now owns the Lynch IP company and therefore all rights and
American Midwest Ballet Ballet Nebraska, is a professional ballet company serving Nebraska and Iowa. The company's season consists of three main stage productions including a fall mixed-repertory production entitled Momentum, The Nutcracker, a spring production. In 2018, Ballet Nebraska changed its name to American Midwest Ballet; the American Midwest Ballet School, the company's official school opened in 2019. The Nutcracker is performed each year, locally and on tour; the Company collaborates with Joslyn Art Museum by creating a dance based on a current work or exhibition at the museum. Other collaborators have included Omaha Performing Arts Center at Iowa Western. Company repertoire includes classical and contemporary works, additional works featured in its annual mixed repertory show. Guest choreographers have included Paul Boos, Peter Anastos, Nilas Martins, Harrison McEldowney, Mariana Olivera, Jeff Satinoff, Edward Truitt, Frank Chaves, Mme. Tatiana Bechenova, former ballerina of the original Ballet Russe Col. de Basil who staged the 1909 ballet Prince Igor on the Company, Broadway legend Ann Reinking who set a medley of work in the style of Bob Fosse on the company.
Michael Power was the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Toronto. Michael Power was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada to Captain William and Mary Roach Power, immigrants from Waterford, Ireland. At the age of twelve he was sent to the Seminary of St. Sulpice and completed his training at the Seminary of Quebec, he was ordained a priest on August 1829 in Montreal by Bishop John Dubois of New York. He served as a missionary priest of the Diocese of Montréal. Father Power was appointed pastor at Drummondville, where he remained until 1831 when he was sent as pastor to Montebello. From 1833 to 1839 he was pastor of Sainte-Martine, near Valleyfield. In 1839 he was appointed Vicar General of Montréal; the diocese was created on December 1841 out of the Diocese of Kingston. Father Power was appointed the first Bishop of the new See, consecrated in 1842 in Laprairie, Quebec, by Bishop Rémi Gaulin of Kingston. Power was the first English-speaking Bishop to be born in Canada. Bishop Power drew up rules for the diocese, which were adopted by the clergy.
During the course of his episcopate he had to cope with several unworthy clerics and did not hesitate to threaten and apply harsh punishment. In the autumn of 1842 he asked the general of the Jesuits for men to assume direction of the Indian missions in the western and northern parts of his diocese, they established their base in Sandwich. Between 1843 and 1845, he visited the various areas of the diocese. In 1844, Power and other Canadian bishops petition the Pope for the creation of an ecclesiastical province in Canada; the dioceses of Quebec, Montreal and Toronto were united under the metropolitan Province of Quebec, Quebec became the Archdiocese. On May 8, 1845, Bishop Power laid the cornerstone for St. Michael's Cathedral. In January 1847 Power left on a six-month visit to Europe, seeking to recruit additional priests and to raise money for his cathedral. While in Ireland he arranged for the Sisters of Loreto to establish a mission in Toronto, he witnessed the famine, driving unprecedented numbers of Irish to emigrate.
More than 90,000 landed at Quebec in 1847 to escape the Great Famine. Typhus was rife among them and spread to the Canadian towns, including Toronto. Power contracted the disease while calling on some of the victims and succumbed to it on 1 October 1847, he was 42 years of age. Power's remains are buried in a crypt beneath St. Michael's Cathedral. A sculpture of Bishop Power, created by John Cochrane, is located at the main entrance the archbishop's residence in Toronto. Bishop Power's most notable achievements were the building of St. Michael's Cathedral and the Bishop's Palace on Church Street. In 2005, Mark G. McGowan wrote a book called, Michael Power: The Struggle to Build the Catholic Church on the Canadian Frontier. In 2009, Bishop Power was featured prominently in the docudrama Death or Canada, which tells the story of the Irish Famine and its impact on Toronto in 1847. Power is portrayed as the hero of Toronto and is described as a "martyr of charity." A contributor to the film, Mark G. McGowan wrote a book, Death or Canada: The Irish Famine Migration to Toronto, 1847.
A high school in Toronto, Michael Power High School, was founded in 1957 by the Basilian Fathers known as St. Francis High School and Bishop Power High School. "Michael Power". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016. Mark G. McGowan. Michael Power: The Struggle to Build the Catholic Church on the Canadian Frontier
Tomas Ross is a Dutch writer, famous for his historical criminal thrillers. He was born as Willem Pieter Hogendoorn in Den Bommel, he has used the pseudonym Tomas Ross since 1980. His father P. G. Hogendoorn was a member of a resistance group during the 2nd world war. 2019: Blonde Dolly 2018: Het verdriet van Wilhelmina 2017: De Schaduw en het mysterie van De Denker 2017: De onderkoning van Indië 2016: Zwarte weduwe 2016: Mensenjacht 2015: Van de doden niets dan goed 2015: Doodskopvlinder 2014: De vrienden van Pinocchio 2013: De Tweede November 2013: De nachtwaker: Het koningscomplot, 2012: Onze vrouw in Tripoli 2011: Havank Ross: de Schaduw contra de Schorpioen 2011: Kort 2011: Havank Ross: de Schaduw en het mysterie van de Denker 2010: De tweede verlosser 2010: Havank Ross: Het mysterie van de Nachtwacht 2009: Het Meisje uit Buenos Aires 2009: Beestachtig 2008: Blonde Dolly 2008: Havank Ross: Caribisch complot 2008: De Marionet 2007: De Tranen van Mata Hari 2006: King Kong 2005: De hand van god 2005: De Anjercode 2004: Bloed aan de paal 2004: Kidnap co-author: Rinus Ferdinandusse 2004: De dubbelganger 2003: De klokkenluider 2003: De mannen van de maandagochtend co-author: Rinus Ferdinandusse 2003: De zesde mei 2003: Mathilde 2002: De dood van een kroonprins 2002: Omwille van de troon 2001: Tranen over Hollandia 1998: Het goud van Salomon Pinto 1997: De vlucht van de vierde oktober 1996: Koerier voor Sarajevo 1995: De broederschap 1994: De man van Sint Maarten 1993: Wachters voor Wilhelmina 1992: De ingewijden 1991: Walhalla 1991: De moordmagnaten 1990: De vrouw die op Greta Garbo leek 1989: Donor 1989: Mode voor Moskou 1989: De strijders van de regenboog 1987: Bèta 1984: Het Poesjkin Plan 1983: Het verraad van'42 1980: De honden van het verraad 2002: De man die twee keer verdronk 2002: Het geheim van het verdronken dorp 1993: De wraak van Victor Baldini 1992: Het levende lijk 1990: Help, ze ontvoeren de koningin Raadsel van de Ringen 2001: De verborgen poort 2000: De stem in de grot 1999: Talisman Een Daan en Doortje mysterie 1994: Daan en Doortje en het monster van Loch Ness 1994: Daan en Doortje en de poldergeesten Tomas Ross Biography
Bocognano is a commune located in the department of Corse-du-Sud, on the island of Corsica, France. The village, situated at the south-western side of the climb to the Col de Vizzavona, belongs to the micro of Celavo, the capital. Halfway between Ajaccio and Corte, the village of Bocognano is renowned for its privileged position at the foot of Monte d'Oro, its chestnut woods and waterfall Le Voile de la Mariée. Bocognano, along with 9 other communes, belongs to the canton of Celavo-Mezzana, it is in the Gravona territory. Its natural heritage, the purity of its water sources, the quality of its welcome and climate make it a popular summer destination near Ajaccio. Bocognano is a mountain village located in the granite part of the island, it occupies an area surrounded by chains of high mountains of Monte d'Oro massif in the North, the massif of Monte Renoso South, through which flows the Gravona river. It is the upper valley of the Gravona, the river taking its source on the slopes of Monte Renoso at 2110 m altitude.
The hydrographic network is dense. The river Gravona is fed by many streams. Many springs rise in its form natural fountains; the territory has a tiered vegetation. Below the rocky peaks, appear odorant alders, beech woodlands can be found at the top of the valley. Lower altitudes are covered by forests composed of oaks and pines, the chestnut wood located in an area between 600 and 800 meters. Chestnut trees planted along the road north of the village attracts many collectors and gatherers at the time of hatching bugs. Three communal forests cover a large part of the city: Bocognano / Pastricciola / Tavera. Bocognano is distant 38 km from the Ajaccio-Napoléon Bonaparte airport, 42 km from the commercial port of Ajaccio. Bocognano is accessible by car from Ajaccio, Corte. To come from Corte, one must cross the pass of Vizzavona. In winter, it is prudent to bring chains; the D27 is a road. This small road provides access to the nearby village of Bastelica after a winding 22 km route crossing the neck of the Scalella.
It is sometimes closed in winter. A service of passenger transport by bus, provided by the carrier EUROCORSE Travel makes every day except Sundays and holidays, links Corte-Ajaccio-Bastia and vice versa. Bocognano is served by the line of Railways of Corsica, it has a railway station. Bocognano is a large village, situated at an average altitude of 650 meters, it is composed of eleven hamlets: Celli, Poggiola and Corsacci being the most important, Quercioli, Colleta and Erbajo. Inhabitants were once nomadic herders. Houses with two or three floors and red roofs present austere facades; some small businesses are open in Corsacci. In Corsacci, Bocognano has a post office, the Office of Tourism of Upper Gravona open during the summer, an elementary school, a center for 1st intervention Fire Brigade and a brigade of the National Gendarmerie. Once existed above the hamlet of the castle of Count Busso. A legend says that one can see some evenings, at flames near the castle, they come from damned souls of the Count.
There are many sheepfolds in altitude. Festimonti is the annual festival of the mountain, it is organized since 2001 by the association U Liamu Gravunincu in collaboration with the municipality of Bocognano. Its mission is to enhance the micro Valley Gravona; the event takes place in October. The chestnut fair is the most famous agricultural fair in Corsica, one of the oldest and whose success can not be denied every year... Since 1982, Fiera di a Castagna takes place the first weekend of December. Organized by the Foyer Rural U Castagnu, this fair is the main event of the end of the year: it attracts thousands of visitors from all corners of the island and more than 150 exhibitors. In a structure of 3000 m 2 the best food and handicrafts of the island are represented. If the chestnut in flour, is the key element of the event, there are certified products such as honey, hazelnut, olive oil... but no charcuterie. Sweets and chocolates, pastries and cheeses are honored; the craftsmanship is very well represented through pottery, woodworking...
The event is based on a strict code of quality. Booths expose the Corsican literature in all areas, let others find the old songs and melodies on CD-ROM; the entertainment is provided by local radio France Bleu Frequenza Corsica Mora. Note that the Basque Country has returned in 2011 for the third time to discover and rediscover what it has to offer rich soil; the Sporting Club Bocognano Gravona is the village's football club. It was created in 1986 on the initiative of the village youth; the club now has 180 licensees. In addition to its first team the club has six categories of youth, from beginners to U19; the club operates at the municipal stadium located south of the village. The stadium features a synthetic lawn. President since its creation: Michel Galea -