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Rita Desjardin

Miss Rita L. Desjardin is a fictional character created by American author Stephen King in his first published 1974 horror novel, Carrie. In the 1976 film adaptation, the character was portrayed by Betty Buckley. In the 2002 and 2013 versions, she was played by Judy Greer, she was renamed Miss Gardner in the musical and portrayed by Darlene Love, Carmen Cusack and Ashleigh Murray in the 2018 television special episode of Riverdale. As the story begins, Miss Desjardin secretly feels the same disgust everyone at Ewen High School feels for Carrie White. However, when she witnesses Carrie being humiliated by the other girls in the locker room after gym class for her hysterical reaction at her first period, she realizes that it is the girl’s first menstruation and that Carrie is oblivious to what is happening to her, feels sorry for her along with confusion as to why her mother never informed her on it. Desjardin wants to punish the girls who taunted Carrie by having them suspended for three days and banned from the upcoming senior prom, but the principal settles on a lesser punishment: a week of boot-camp style detention in the gym.

In Desjardin's view, the only reason the administrators didn't go along with her proposed punishment is that they are all men, thus didn't understand just how nasty the girls' behavior had been. Lead bully Christine “Chris” Hargensen defiantly skips the detention and thus is banned from attending the prom; the principal reprimands Miss Desjardin for cursing at Chris, but stands by her when Chris' father threatens to sue unless Chris is allowed to attend the prom, unless Desjardin is fired from her job. Meanwhile, Sue Snell, another girl who participated in the locker room tormentation of Carrie, feels remorse for her actions and thus asks her boyfriend, Tommy Ross, to take Carrie to the prom to make amends. At the prom, Desjardin talks with Carrie about her own prom night and congratulates her for being voted Prom Queen; as revenge for being banned from prom, Chris has secretly rigged a cord connected to two buckets hidden above the stage where Carrie and Tommy will sit on the thrones. When Chris pulls the cord, both of the buckets tip over, drenching them both with pigs' blood.

Desjardin reflexively responds to the prank by laughing. However, she tries to help Carrie, who pushes her aside with her telekinesis, because she telepathically sees that deep down Miss Desjardin is still laughing at her. Once outside, Carrie uses her telekinetic abilities to wreak havoc on the school with the intention of killing everyone in the gymnasium, she destroys the entire town on the way home. Desjardin is one of the few survivors of the "Black Prom". Two weeks after the disaster, with 440 people dead, Desjardin retires from teaching, saying she is consumed with guilt for not doing more to help Carrie and that she would rather commit suicide than teach again, she implies in her resignation letter that she feels guilty for having laughed at Carrie like everyone else instead of helping her or comforting her. In the 1976 film version of the novel, Miss Desjardin is renamed Miss Collins, is portrayed by Betty Buckley. Unlike the character in the book, Miss Collins does not first experience revulsion toward Carrie, as she is suggesting in the beginning that the students pass the ball to Carrie in their volleyball game.

After the locker room incident, she punishes the girls, when Chris argues with her during detention, Miss Collins slaps her and makes the infuriated Chris skip detention, thus being banned from prom. She becomes more sympathetic and attempts to help Carrie overcome her awkwardness when she realized Tommy asked her to prom, reprimanded him and Sue for trying to do so. After Carrie uses her powers to wreak havoc on the school, Miss Collins is seen trying to move the unconscious Tommy, along with another teacher and three students. Carrie pins her against the wall. Carrie smashes a basketball rafter into her, killing her. In the 2002 version, Rita is portrayed by Rena Sofer, but her name is spelled "Desjarden". After finding out that Chris and her top henchwoman, Tina Blake, compounded Carrie's locker-room humiliation by vandalizing her locker and filling it with tampons, an angry Desjarden hurls a bag full of tampons at them the next day, she announces that they've been sentenced to a week of detention, telling that skipping the punishment would result in three days' suspension and banishment from the prom.

Chris, refusing to take her punishment, storms out. The principal reprimands Desjarden for this, but stands by her when Chris's father threatens with a lawsuit unless Desjarden is fired. At the prom, she talks to Carrie about her own prom date. In this version, she says her date carried a fake gun to imitate James Bond but he ended up arrested; as a result, she remained alone at the prom until her father took her home. She tells Carrie that things change, not always for the best: the pretty, popular girls will be fat, cute boys will be bald, the miserable ones might have a happy life; when Carrie begins destroying the gym telekinetically, in revenge for being drenched in pigs' blood, Miss Desjarden sends two students to carry the dead Tommy and leads an escape through an air vent. She is the last one to leave the gym and is nearly electrocuted, but survives and reports the events to Detective John Mulcahey, revealing her conclusion that Carrie must have been behind the destruction, she harbors no ill will toward Carrie for.

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Payam Akhavan

Payam Akhavan is an international lawyer and professor at McGill University in Montreal. He is a Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague and a designated arbitrator/conciliator at the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes of the World Bank Group, he was Legal Advisor to the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at the Hague and Special Advisor to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the Historical Clarification Commission for Guatemala, the UN Transitional Authority in East Timor, the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Task Force of the Royal Government of Cambodia, the Fujimori Investigative Commission of the Peruvian Congress. He served as UN human rights officer in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia during the Yugoslav war and was appointed to missions of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe by the European Community Presidency, he has served as legal counsel in cases before the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court, the European Court of Human Rights, the Supreme Courts of Canada and the United States.

Akhavan acts as Senior Fellow to the Raoul Wallenberg Centre for Human Rights. Akhavan was born in Iran and moved in his childhood to Toronto, Canada due to the persecution of the Bahá'í religious minority before the Iranian revolution, he has worked in global justice. Akhavan earned his Bachelor of Law from Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto and his Master of Law and Doctor of the Science of Jurisprudence from Harvard Law School, his doctoral thesis Reducing Genocide to Law: Definition and the Ultimate Crime was published by Cambridge University Press. Akhavan is an associate professor of International Law and former Boulton Senior Fellow at McGill University Faculty of Law in Montreal, he served as the first Legal Advisor to the Prosecutor's Office of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda at The Hague. He authored the "Report on the Work of the Office of the UN Special Advisor on Prevention of Genocide" in 2005. In 2013, he was interviewed by BBC's flagship program HardTalk, in 2014 he delivered the Vancouver Human Rights Lecture, broadcast on CBC Radio One's Ideas.

He delivered the 2017 CBC Massey Lectures, In Search of a Better World: A Human Rights Odyssey, which ran from September 13 to October 4 in five different Canadian cities. His companion book was the number one bestselling non-fiction book in Canada, he served as counsel before the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission. He was counsel before the International Court of Justice in the Case Concerning Application of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination concerning allegations of "ethnic cleansing" in South Ossetia during the August 2008 armed conflict between Georgia and Russia. Additionally he is counsel to Libya before the ICC in the case concerning Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi and Abdullah Al-Senussi whether the ICC or Libyan courts will prosecute allegations of crimes against humanity arising from the 2011 revolution against Muammar Gaddafi. In 2013 he acted as counsel for Japan in the Whaling in the Antarctic Case brought by Australia before the ICJ alleging that Japan's program of scientific research was commercial whaling in disguise.

In 2008, he was counsel to Sheikh Hasina while she was imprisoned to avoid her participation in national elections. He campaigned for her release. In 2016, the Kurdistan Regional Government asked him to help establish a truth commission to investigate and document ISIS crimes against Yazidis in northern Iraq, he is among the counsel for The Gambia in the Rohingya genocide case filed in 2019 against Myanmar before the ICJ. Payam Akhavan co-founded the Iran Human Rights Documentation Centre to establish a record of the Islamic Republic's human rights abuses and promote individual accountability for crimes, he served as Steering Committee member and Prosecutor of the Iran People's Tribunal, a victim-based truth commission and informal court in exile, to expose the mass-executions of political prisoners in Iran during the 1980s. This includes Ayatollah Khomeini's fatwa for the mass-execution of some 5,000 people in the summer of 1988. Akhavan appeared in the documentary The Green Wave and has testified before the European Parliament, United States Commissions, the Canadian Parliament, advocating non-violent democratic transitions, emphasis on human rights rather than the nuclear issue, targeted sanctions against human rights abusers, opposing war.

He has collaborated Shirin Ebadi on Iran human rights issues, including an opinion piece in the Washington Post. He was the academic supervisor of Nargess Tavassolian, Shirin Ebadi's daughter, during her graduate studies at McGill University. In August 2008, the Iranian Government press made the "accusation" that "Nargess Tavassolian converted to Bahá'ísm in 2007 under the direction of Payam Akhavan and started her activities in the Association for Bahá'í Studies" amidst death threats against Ebadi for "serving the foreigners and the Baha'is." Payam Akhavan at Human Rights Day Seminar, Leiden University, The Netherlands, 2013

Ivo Damas

Ivo Filipe Cerqueira Damas is a Portuguese retired footballer who played as an attacking midfielder. Born in Penafiel, Damas' claim to fame came at the age of 20 when he scored three goals for lowly F. C. Maia in a 4–5 home loss against country giants FC Porto in the Portuguese Cup, he was bought by Sporting CP in January 1998, but his career would never improve from there – he made his debut in the Primeira Liga with F. C. Alverca, served a two-year loan at Sporting Clube Lourinhanense, the Lions' feeder club, appearing rarely for the first team. From his 2002 release from Sporting onwards, Damas played in every level of the Portuguese football league system, for instance representing F. C. Penafiel and A. D. Lousada. For a short period of time, in 2008, he had an unassuming abroad experience with Cyprus' Olympiakos Nicosia, but returned the following year to his country, joining amateurs A. C. Vila Meã. Ivo Damas at ForaDeJogo

The American Revolution (album)

The American Revolution is the debut studio album and second overall album by David Peel and The Lower East Side, released in 1970 through Elektra Records. All tracks are written except where noted. MusiciansTony Bartoli – drums Harold C. Black – vocals, tambourine Herb Bushlerbass guitar Richard Grando – soprano saxophone David Horowitzorgan David Peel – vocals, guitar Billy Joe White – vocals, guitarProduction and additional personnelJoel Brodsky – photography William S. Harvey – art direction Robert L. Heimall – design Stephen Y. Scheaffer – engineering Peter K. Siegel – production, recording The American Revolution at Discogs

Stamping (metalworking)

Stamping is the process of placing flat sheet metal in either blank or coil form into a stamping press where a tool and die surface forms the metal into a net shape. Stamping includes a variety of sheet-metal forming manufacturing processes, such as punching using a machine press or stamping press, embossing, bending and coining; this could be a single stage operation where every stroke of the press produces the desired form on the sheet metal part, or could occur through a series of stages. The process is carried out on sheet metal, but can be used on other materials, such as polystyrene. Progressive dies are fed from a coil of steel, coil reel for unwinding of coil to a straightener to level the coil and into a feeder which advances the material into the press and die at a predetermined feed length. Depending on part complexity, the number of stations in the die can be determined. Stamping is done on cold metal sheet. See Forging for hot metal forming operations, it is believed that the first coins were struck in what is modern-day Turkey in the seventh century B.

C. by the Lydians. Until 1550 the hammering method of coins remained the primary method of coin-making when Marx Schwab developed a new process for stamping in Germany that involved as many as 12 men turning a large wheel to press metal into coins; until the 1880s the stamping process remained the same until the stamping process was further innovated. Stamped parts were used for mass-produced bicycles in the 1880s. Stamping replaced die forging and machining, resulting in reduced cost. Although not as strong as die forged parts, they were of good enough quality. Stamped bicycle parts were being imported into the United States from Germany in 1890. U. S. companies started to have stamping machines custom built by U. S. machine tool makers. Through research and development Western Wheel was able to stamp most bicycle parts. Several automobile manufacturers adopted stamped parts before Ford Motor Company. Henry Ford resisted the recommendations of his engineers to use stamped parts, but when the company could not satisfy the demand with die forged parts, Ford was forced to use stampings.

Over the history of metal stamping and deep drawing, presses of all types are the backbone of metals manufacturing. The processes continue to evolve and improve in moving more metal in one stroke of a metal stamping press. Press and interconnected automation devices increase production rates, reduce labor costs and provide higher safety levels for factory workers. In today's metal stamping environment, controls such as I-PRESS with Connected Enterprise are able to capture history, send reports or the I-PRESS & Automation control can be viewed from remote or mobile devices. A new trend in gathering information on today's production for historical data. Bending - the material is deformed or bent along a straight line. Flanging - the material is bent along a curved line. Embossing - the material is stretched into a shallow depression. Used for adding decorative patterns. See Repoussé and chasing. Blanking - a piece is cut out of a sheet of the material to make a blank for further processing. Coining - a pattern is compressed or squeezed into the material.

Traditionally used to make coins. Drawing - the surface area of a blank is stretched into an alternate shape via controlled material flow. See deep drawing. Stretching - the surface area of a blank is increased by tension, with no inward movement of the blank edge. Used to make smooth auto body parts. Ironing - the material is squeezed and reduced in thickness along a vertical wall. Used for beverage cans and ammunition cartridge cases. Reducing/Necking - used to reduce the diameter of the open end of a vessel or tube. Curling - deforming material into a tubular profile. Door hinges are a common example. Hemming - folding an edge over onto itself to add thickness; the edges of automobile doors are hemmed. Piercing and cutting can be performed in stamping presses. Progressive stamping is a combination of the above methods done with a set of dies in a row through which a strip of the material passes one step at a time; the Tribology process generates friction which requires the use of a lubricant to protect the tool and die surface from scratching or galling.

The lubricant protects the sheet metal and finished part from the same surface abrasion as well as facilitate elastic material flow preventing rips, tears or wrinkles. There are a variety of lubricants available for this task, they include plant and mineral oil based, animal fat or lard based, graphite based and acrylic based dry films. The newest technology in the industry is polymer based synthetic lubricants known as oil-free lubricants or non-oil lubricants; the term "Water-Based" lubricant refers to the larger category that includes more traditional oil and fat based compounds. Sheet metal forming simulation is a technology that calculates the process of sheet metal stamping, predicting common defects such as splits, wrinkles and material thinning. Known as forming simulation, the technology is a specific application of non-linear finite element analysis; the technology has many benefits in the manufacturing industry the automotive industry, where lead time to market and lean manufacturing are critical to the success of a company.

Recent research by the Aberdeen research company found that the most effective manufacturers spend more time simulating upfront and reap the rewards towards the end of their projects. Stamping simulation is used when a sheet metal part designer or toolmaker desires to assess the likelihood of manufacturing a sheet metal part, without the expense of making a physical too