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Wabash College

Wabash College is a private, men's liberal arts college in Crawfordsville, Indiana. Founded in 1832 by several Dartmouth College graduates and Midwestern leaders, it enrolls nearly 900 students; the college offers a undergraduate liberal arts curriculum in three academic divisions with 39 majors. The college was named "The Wabash Teachers Seminary and Manual Labor College", a name shortened to its current form by 1851. Many of the founders were Presbyterian ministers, yet believed that Wabash should be independent and non-sectarian. Patterning it after the liberal arts colleges of New England, they resolved "that the institution be at first a classical and English high school, rising into a college as soon as the wants of the country demand." Among these ministers was Caleb Mills, who became Wabash College's first faculty member. Dedicated to education in the then-primitive Mississippi Valley area, he would come to be known as the father of the Indiana public education system. Elihu W. Baldwin, the first president of the college, served from 1835 until 1840.

He came from a church in New York City and accepted the presidency though he knew that Wabash was at that time threatened with bankruptcy. After his death, he was succeeded by Charles White, a graduate of Dartmouth College and the brother-in-law of Rev. Edmund Otis Hovey, a professor at the college. Joseph F. Tuttle, who became president of Wabash College in 1862 and served for 30 years, worked with his administrators to improve town-gown relations in Crawfordsville. Gronert described him "an eloquent preacher, a sound administrator and an astute handler of public relations." He is the namesake of Tuttle Grade School in Crawfordsville and Tuttle Junior High School, now Tuttle Middle School. He was succeeded by Gregory D. Hess who became the 16th President of Wabash College July 1, 2013. Prior to coming to Wabash, Dr. Hess had been Dean of the Faculty and Vice President of Academic Affairs at Claremont McKenna College at Claremont, California. During World War II, Wabash College was one of 131 colleges and universities offered students a path to a Navy commission as part of the V-12 Navy College Training Program.

In the early 1900s, the college closed its "Preparatory School", which prepared incoming students from less-rigorous rural high schools that lacked the courses required for entrance to the College. In 1996, Wabash became the first college in America to stage Tony Kushner's Angels in America. Wabash College's curriculum is divided into three: Division I, Division II, Division III representing the natural sciences and arts, social sciences respectively. Wabash offers 25 academic programs as 32 accompanying minors. Seniors at Wabash College take a three-day comprehensive exam in their major subject area. There are two days of one day of oral exams; the two days of written exams differ by major, but the oral exams are uniform. A senior meets with three professors, one from his major, another from his minor and a third professor who represents an outside perspective, can be from any discipline. Over the course of an hour a senior answers questions from the professors which can relate to anything during his studies at Wabash.

A senior must pass the comprehensive examinations. Rhyneship was a freshman orientation program that took first semester freshmen, "rhynes" and acculturated them to Wabash. While some aspects of rhyneship were less visible, the most visible was the wearing of the "rhynie pot", a green hat with a red bill; when approaching a member of the faculty or Senior Council, the freshman would dip his pot as a sign of respect. This tradition is carried on by the pledges of the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. Rhyneship is continued through the Sphinx Club, a secret society made up of campus leaders, which aims to unite the campus, honor traditions, create an atmosphere of support and prestige. Sphinx Club members don white "pots" to distinguish themselves on campus; the student government, referred to collectively as the Student Body of Wabash College, comprises executive and legislative branches. Student organizations at Wabash receive recognition from the Student Senate; this funding in turn comes from a student activities fee, which every attendee of the college must pay each semester.

The student paper of Wabash College has been publishing since the early 1900s. The first fraternity has been on campus continuously since, it was followed by others. Many of the traditions of the college were begun and are maintained by the fraternities, both individually and collectively. On average, 50–60% of students belong to one of the campus's ten national fraternities. Unlike most other colleges and universities, Wabash fraternity members – including pledges – live in the fraternity houses by default. While most Wabash fraternities allow juniors and seniors to live outside the house, most Greek students live in their respective house all four years; this has led to the odd circumstance of a college with fewer than 1,000 students dotted with Greek houses of a size appropriate to campuses ten times Wabash's size. The fraternity chapters range in size from about 40 to 70 members each; the college and the fraternity system have created a somewhat symbiotic relationship that differs from most other colleges and universities.

The college believes that the system accomplishes the task of involving new students in the life of the college while providing leadership opportunities for a larger number of students. All fraternity houses on campus, except one, are owned by the college. In 2008, freshman Johnny D. Smith died of alcohol poisoning. Wabash College shut

Ilana Kratysh

Ilana Kratysh is an Israeli freestyle wrestler. She placed third at a 2012 Grand Prix Wrestling tournament in Belarus. Kratysh won the silver medal at the European Wrestling Championships in 2013 at 67 kilograms, that year she won gold medals in the Grand Prix Faltz Open in Austria, Ukraine Grand Prix tournament, a Grand Prix event in Sassari, Italy, she won the silver medal at the European Wrestling Championships in 2014 at 69 kilograms. She won a silver medal at 69 kg at the Grand Prix of Paris in February 2014. In March 2014, she was ranked third in the world in the 67 kg freestyle rankings. At the age of 24, Kratysh won a silver medal representing Israel at the 2015 European Games in the women’s 69-kilogram freestyle wrestling competition in Baku, Azerbaijan. Kratysh was born one hour after her parents Alexander and Galina Kratysh arrived in Israel from St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1990, her family settled in Israel. She had her bat mitzvah in Haifa, Israel and her family celebrate Jewish holidays such as Sukkot and Chanukah, she attends synagogue.

Her father trained national judo team of Saint Petersburg for five years when he lived in Russia, her brother is a judoka, she began judo at age five and continued in it for 15 years. However, she suffered a significant judo injury when she was a member of the Israel Defense Forces, turned to wrestling, she lives in Haifa, has served in the Israel Defense Forces, has completed an instructors course at the Wingate Institute in Netanya. Kratysh volunteers her time to Unified Haifa, a non-profit organization that gives sports training and athletic summer camp opportunities to low-income children. Kratysh competes in the 63–69 kilograms weight classes. In wrestling, she uses her knowledge of judo to compete, she placed third at a 2012 Grand Prix Wrestling tournament in Belarus. Kratysh won the silver medal at the European Wrestling Championships in 2013 at 67 kilograms, behind Ukraine's Alina Stadnik. In February 2013 she won gold medals in the Grand Prix Faltz Open in Austria and in a Ukraine Grand Prix tournament.

While winning a 67 kg Grand Prix event in Sassari, Italy, in June 2013, Kratysh faced Egyptian wrestler Enas Moustafa Youssef Khourshid. In contravention of protocol, Khourshid refused to shake her hand both before and after they competed, bit Kratysh on her back during their semifinal match; the Egyptian was suspended by the Fédération Internationale des Luttes Associées, which said it would fine her. Kratysh's FILA world ranking stood at No. 2 after the event. Kratysh won the silver medal at the European Wrestling Championships in 2014 at 67 kilograms, she lost in the final match to London 2012 Olympic Champion Natalia Vorobieva of Russia, she missed competing in a large part of 2014 with a serious cruciate ligament knee rupture injury and injury that required surgery, was followed by a long rehabilitation period during which she could not put weight on her foot. She won a silver medal at 69 kg at the Grand Prix of Paris in February 2014. In March 2014, she was ranked third in the world in the 67 kg freestyle rankings.

At the age of 24, Kratysh won a silver medal representing Israel at the 2015 European Games in the women’s 69-kilogram freestyle wrestling competition in Baku, Azerbaijan. She defeated London 2012 Olympic champion and former European champion, Natalia Vorobieva in the semifinals, lost to Ukrainian Alina Stadnik Makhynia in the finals, she will receive an NIS 28,000 bonus from the Olympic Committee of Israel for her performance. She has met the Israeli requirements for competing in the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. Kratysh is the first Israeli woman to wrestle in the Olympics. "Freestyle wrestling – Ilana KRATYSH" bio, "Interview", by Jacob Kimchy, TLV Faces, June 17, 2013

Thuringian sausage

Thuringian sausage, or in German Thüringer Rostbratwurst, is a unique sausage from the German state of Thuringia which has PGI status under EU law. Thuringian sausage has been produced for hundreds of years; the oldest known reference to a Thuringian sausage is located in the Thuringian State Archive in Rudolstadt in a transcript of a bill from an Arnstadt convent from the year 1404. The oldest known recipe dates from 1613 and is kept in the State Archive in Weimar, another is listed in the "Thüringisch-Erfurtische Kochbuch" from 1797 which mentions a smoked variety. Only finely minced pork, beef, or sometimes veal, is used in production. Most of the meat comes from the upper part from around the shoulder. In addition to salt and pepper, caraway and garlic are used; the specific spice mixtures can vary according to regional tastes. At least 51% of the ingredients must come from the state of Thuringia; these ingredients are filled into a pig or sheep intestine. Thuringian sausages are distinguished from the dozens of unique types of German wursts by the distinctive spices and their low fat content.

According to German minced meat law, the Hackfleischverordnung, raw sausages must be sold on the day of their creation or until the closing of a late-night establishment. Grilled sausages have a shelf-life of 15 days, sausages frozen after their creation may be stored for 6 months; the preferred preparation method for Thuringian sausage is roasted over charcoal or on a grill rubbed with bacon. The fire shouldn't be so hot. However, some charring is desired; the sausages are sometimes sprinkled with beer during the grilling process. A Thuringian sausage is presented in a cut-open roll and served with mustard. For the people of Thuringia, grilled Thuringian sausage is not the local cuisine; the grill is at the core of Thuringian culture. Beer instead of water is used to cool the grill, the type of grill is a matter of doctrine. Mustard, preferably local, is the traditional condiment. Most used is "Born mustard" from a local food company in Erfurt. In some regions the usage of any relish - mustard - is a strict taboo.

In eastern of Thuringia most used is "Bautz’ner" mustard. In 2006, the Deutsches Bratwurstmuseum, opened in Holzhausen, part of the Wachsenburggemeinde near Arnstadt, the first museum devoted to the Thuringian sausage. In North America, the term Thuringer refers to Thuringer cervelat, a type of smoked semi-dry sausage similar to summer sausage, it is made from a medium grind of beef, blended with salt, cure ingredients, a lactic acid starter culture. After stuffing into a fibrous casing, it is smoked and dried cooked. Hormel Foods Corporation and Usinger's, as well as many regional processors and some small butcher shops, produce the sausage in this fashion Prior to Thüringian sausages acquiring PGI status in the EU, a type of Luxembourgish sausage was locally known as a Thüringer, it is now referred to as "Lëtzebuerger Grillwurscht". Cervelat Summer sausage Thüringer rotwurst List of sausages Food portal

The Pink Singers

The Pink Singers were formed on 7 April 1983, making the Pinkies the longest-running LGBT choir in Europe. Formed as a small all male ensemble after an open newspaper invite, the Pink Singers has grown over the past three decades into an SATB choir of 90 members, making it the UK's largest Lesbian, Gay and Transgender chorus; every year is made up of two musical seasons starting in September. Each culminates in a large London concert and the choir have performed in venues such as Cadogan Hall, Hackney Empire,The Troxy; the choir undertakes multiple public and private performances at large events, corporate events and civil partnerships. Each season starts with anyone with an interest in joining being invited to try out a few rehearsals so they can feel the social as well as musical make up of the choir, followed by an audition; the Pink Singers are a mixed choir of varying abilities, ages and offer all members an opportunity to either learn new, or further develop existing musical abilities over a wide variety of genres and styles.

The choice of music sung by the choir is as eclectic as the membership makeup itself, everything from pop to classical to jazz and show tunes. Variety in a single show can range from Elgar from Mozart to Massive Attack. There are multiple choreographed numbers each season adding a visual spectacle to the musical; the choir's singing members are split across 8 voices and lower registers each for Soprano, Alto and Bass sections respectively. This vocal range gives the choir great flexibility in musical pieces tackled over the years, from simple 2 part harmonies through to full 12 part splits when including semi-chorus parts. Musical seasons in the past few years have all had a theme for the final concert. Choir members offer up fresh themes each season, which are decided on by a musical team made up of both paid and volunteer members, led by the Musical and Artistic Directors who run each rehearsal; the Pink Singers is a registered UK charity and is run through a volunteer committee. The choir employs the professional support of a Musical Director and a trained accompanist.

The choir was founded by Brian Kennedy and Mark Bunyan in 1983. Kennedy, author of Kennedy's Gay Guide to London was inspired by the large gay choruses which had taken off in the USA, he persuaded Bunyan, a cabaret artiste making a name for himself, to take the reins of the musical direction for the first few months. The first public performance was at London Pride in 1983; the LGBT landscape in the UK was different to today: the age of consent was unequal, AIDS had reached the political agenda, Britain had not yet had appointed an gay MP, any form of legally-recognised partnership between same-sex couples seemed like a pipe dream. The choir was established to be a counterpart to the choruses which had emerged in the USA and one of its first actions was to provide music at that year’s Lesbian & Gay Pride march, in support of the political changes happening at the time; as more freedoms and rights have been granted to LGBT individuals and partners the principal aims of the choir have evolved, which were codified when the choir became a UK charity: To promote, improve and maintain appreciation of and education of the public, in particular but not the LGBT community, in the art and science of music in all its aspects by any means the management committee sees fit, including through the presentation of public concerts and recitals to the highest possible standard.

To promote equality and diversity for the public benefit with particular reference to the LGBT community and in particular but not by:advancing education and raising awareness in equality and diversity. Under these aims the Pink Singers have performed all over the constituent countries of the UK, as well as in the past in Ireland, Portugal, Mallorca, Malta, the Netherlands the United States & India; as the longest running LGBT choir in Europe the Pink Singers have built up long lasting relationships with other LGBT choirs and choruses worldwide, has been instrumental in helping smaller UK based choirs grow and develop. The Pink Singers have in the past been joint hosts of the Various Voices choral festival and as part of the choir's 30th anniversary celebrations held a full day festival and concert for 17 of the UK's LGBT music groups,'Hand in Hand'. In addition to its website, The Pink Singers has a wide online presence with a Twitter account @pinksingers, Instagram @pinksingers YouTube channel, Facebook fan page and flickr photo albums.

The Pink Singers is a member of the UK network of Proud Voices. As part of their ongoing work to help spread and grow the tradition of LGBT choral music the Pink Singers were instrumental in setting up a sister organisation, Proud Voices Asia, who hosted Asia's first LGBT choral festival in 2015. All tracks on By Special Arrangement were arranged by present choir members. Part of the CD sale profits are benefitting two different LGBT charities. Recorded in November 2012 as part of the choir's anniversary celebrations, P. S. We’re 30 showcases a fabulous array of the choir’s most memorable repertoire, brought together from over its thirty-year history. Live is the second album recorded by the Pink Singers. All the tracks were recorded live over several choir seasons from different concerts held in various London performance ve

Alberta City, Tuscaloosa

Alberta City, sometimes shortened as "the ABC" by locals, is the name of a suburban area of Tuscaloosa, United States. Alberta city is located in the northeastern portion of Tuscaloosa and is defined as encompassing the portions of the city east of U. S. Route 82, west of Holt, south of the Black Warrior River and north of Veterans Memorial Parkway. With its founding in 1912 and much of its early development tracing to the early 20th Century, what is present-day Alberta City was annexed into Tuscaloosa on September 21, 1948. On April 27, 2011, Alberta City suffered the heaviest damage from a tornado that destroyed 12% of greater Tuscaloosa, including residences and stores; the suburb's landscape was changed as numerous properties and businesses were destroyed and left as flat vacant lots after demolitions. Two police stations, a postal office, elementary and primary day care schools were all damaged beyond repair or destroyed. Alberta City has undergone slow, gradual reconstruction since due to revitalization efforts from the Tuscaloosa city government and from private investors and businesses seeing potential in the area due to its close proximity to the University of Alabama's main campus.

Alberta City never reported a population separately as an unincorporated community on the U. S. Census according to the census returns from 1850 until its annexation into Tuscaloosa in 1948; the neighborhood is serviced by both Alabama State Route 215 and U. S. Route 82. Public transportation is provided via public bus serviced by the Tuscaloosa Transit Authority's Holt Route. Cottondale, Alabama — an adjacent unincorporated community in Tuscaloosa County Holt, Alabama — a nearby unincorporated community in Tuscaloosa County

Charles Sumner Tainter

Charles Sumner Tainter was an American scientific instrument maker and inventor, best known for his collaborations with Alexander Graham Bell, Chichester Bell, Alexander's father-in-law Gardiner Hubbard, for his significant improvements to Thomas Edison's phonograph, resulting in the Graphophone, one version of, the first Dictaphone. In his career Tainter was associated with the International Graphopone Company of West Virginia, managed his own research and development laboratory, earning him the title:'Father Of The Talking Machine'. Tainter was born in Watertown, where he attended public school, his education was modest, acquiring his knowledge through self-education. In 1873, he took a job with the Alvan Clark and Sons Company producing telescopes in Cambridge, which came under contract with the U. S. Navy to conduct observations of the transit of Venus on December 8, 1874, resulting in Tainter being sent with one of its observation expeditions to New Zealand. In 1878 he opened his own shop for the production of scientific instruments in Cambridgeport, where he made the acquaintance of Alexander Graham Bell.

A year Bell called Tainter to what would become his Volta Laboratory in Washington, D. C. where he would work for the next several years. During this time, Tainter worked with the Bells on several inventions, amongst them the photophone and phonograph, which they developed into the Graphophone, a substantial improvement of Edison's earlier device, for which Tainter received several patents along with the Bells. Edison subsequently sued the Volta Graphophone Company for patent infringement, but the case was settled by a compromise between the two. In 1886, he married Lila R. Munro, over the next years worked in Washington, perfecting his graphophone and founding a company trying to market the Graphophone as a dictation machine: the first Dictaphone. In 1887 Tainter invented the helically wound paper tube as an improved graphophone cylinder; this design was light and strong, came to be used in applications far removed from its original intent, such as mailing tubes and product containers. In 1888 he was stricken with severe pneumonia, which would incapacitate him intermittently for the rest of his life, leading him and his wife to move to San Diego, California in 1903.

After the death of his first wife in 1924, he married Laura F. Onderdonk in 1928. Tainter received several distinguished awards for his graphophone. In 1947 Tainter's widow, Laura Fontaine Onderdonk, donated a number of Sumner Tainter's unpublished writings, including the surviving Home Notebooks, to the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American History; the Home Notebooks contain daily agendas describing in detail the project work Tainter conducted at the Volta Laboratory during the 1880s. In 1950 Laura Tainter donated other historical items, including Sumner Tainter's manuscripts of "Memoirs of Charles Sumner Tainter", the first 71 pages of which detailed his experiences up to 1887, plus further writings on his work at the Graphophone factory in Bridgeport, Connecticut; the Electrical Exhibition in Paris awarded Tainter a gold medal for his co-invention of the photophone the previous year. Patent images viewable in TIFF format U. S. Patent 235,496 Photophone Transmitter, filed September 1880, issued December 1880 U.

S. Patent 235,497 Selenium Cell, filed September 1880, issued December 1880 U. S. Patent 235,616 Process of Treating Selenium To Increase Its Electric Conductivity, filed August 1880, issued December 1880 U. S. Patent 241,909 Photophonic Receiver, filed March 1881, issued May 1881 U. S. Patent 336,173 Telephone Transmitter, filed April 1885, issued February 1886 U. S. Patent 341,212 Reproducing Sounds from Phonograph Records, filed November 1885, issued May 1886 U. S. Patent 341,213 Transmitting And Recording Sounds By Radiant Energy, filed November 1885, issued May 1886 U. S. Patent 341,214 Recording and Reproducing Speech and Other Sounds, filed June 1885, issued May 1886 U. S. Patent 341,288 Apparatus for Recording and Reproducing Sounds, filed December 1885, issued May 1886 U. S. Patent 374,133 Paper Cylinder for Graphophonic Records, filed April 1887, issued November 1887 U. S. Patent 375,579 Apparatus for Recording and Reproducing Speech and Other Sounds, filed July 1887, issued December 1887 U. S. Patent 380,535 Graphophone, filed December 1887, issued April 1888 U.

S. Patent 421,450 Graphophone Tablet, filed November 1887, issued February 1890 U. S. Patent 428,646 Machine for the Manufacture of Wax-coated Tablets for Graphophones, filed June 1889, issued May 1890 Alvan Clark & Sons, instrument makers Phonograph Photophone Volta Laboratory and Bureau, Alexander Graham Be