The Wabash River is a 503-mile-long river in Ohio and Indiana, United States, that flows from the headwaters near the middle of Ohio's western border northwest southwest across northern Indiana turning south along the Illinois border where the southern portion forms the Indiana-Illinois border before flowing into the Ohio River. It is the largest northern tributary of the Ohio River. From the dam near Huntington, Indiana, to its terminus at the Ohio River, the Wabash flows for 411 miles, its watershed drains most of Indiana. The Tippecanoe River, White River, Embarras River and Little Wabash River are major tributaries; the river's name comes from a Miami Indian word meaning "water over white stones". The Wabash is the state river of Indiana, subject of the state song "On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away" by Paul Dresser. Two counties, eight townships in Illinois and Ohio; the name "Wabash" is an English spelling of the French name for the river, "Ouabache". French traders named the river after the Miami-Illinois word for the river, waapaahšiiki, meaning "it shines white", "pure white", or "water over white stones".
The Miami name reflected the clarity of the river in Huntington County, Indiana where the river bottom is limestone. As the Laurentide Ice Sheet began to retreat from present day Northern Indiana and Northwest Ohio between 14,000 and 15,000 years ago, it receded into three distinct lobes; the eastern or Erie Lobe sat behind the Fort Wayne Moraine. Meltwater from the glacier fed into two ice-marginal streams, which became the St. Joseph and St. Marys Rivers, their combined discharge was the primary source of water for the proglacial Wabash River system. As the Erie Lobe of the glacier continued to retreat its meltwater was temporarily trapped between the ice front to the east and the Fort Wayne Moraine to the west, formed proglacial Lake Maumee, the ancestor of modern Lake Erie. Around 11,000 years ago the waters of Lake Maumee became deep enough that it breached a "sag" or weak spot in the Fort Wayne Moraine; this caused a catastrophic draining of the lake which in turn scoured a 1 to 2 mi wide valley known as the Wabash-Erie Channel or "sluiceway".
The Little River flows through this channel and U. S. 24 traverses it between Fort Huntington. The valley is the largest topographical feature in Indiana; when the ice melted from the region, new outlets for Lake Maumee's water opened up at elevations lower than the Wabash-Erie Channel. While the St. Joseph and St. Marys Rivers continued to flow through the channel, Lake Maumee no longer did. Now a low-lying marshy bit of terrain lay in between, it is not known for certain when, but at some point in the distant past the St. Joseph and St. Marys Rivers jumped their banks and flooded the marshy ground of the Fort Wayne Outlet; the discharge of this unusual flood was enough to cut across the outlet and come into contact with the headwaters of the Maumee River. Once this happened, the flood waters rushed to the east into the Maumee River, their erosive force was enough that the new channel cut across the Fort Wayne Outlet into the Maumee River since it was at a lower elevation than that of the sluiceway.
This meant that when the flood waters receded, the sluiceway was permanently abandoned by the two rivers. As a result of capturing them both, the Maumee was converted from a minor creek to a large river. Once again, river waters flowed through the Fort Wayne Outlet, but now they flowed eastward, toward Lake Erie, instead of westward. Following this event, the branch of the Wabash River that originates along the Wabash Moraine near Bluffton became the system's main course and source. For part of its course the Wabash follows the path of the pre-glacial Teays River; the river has shifted course several times along the Indiana and Illinois border, creating cutoffs where parts of the river are in either Indiana or Illinois. However, both states regard the middle of the river as the state border; the Wabash was first mapped by French explorers to the Mississippi in the latter half of the 17th century, including the sections now known as the Ohio River. Although the Wabash is today considered a tributary of the Ohio, the Ohio was considered a tributary of the Wabash until the mid-18th century.
This is because the French traders traveled north and south from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico via the Wabash. The United States has fought five colonial and frontier-era battles on or near the river: the Battle of Vincennes, St. Clair's Defeat, the Attack on Fort Recovery, the Battle of Tippecanoe, the Siege of Fort Harrison. Different conflicts have been referred to as the "Battle of the Wabash". A 329-acre remnant of the old-growth forests that once bordered the Wabash can be found at Beall Woods State Park, near Mount Carmel, Illinois. In the mid-19th century, the Wabash and Erie Canal, one of the longest canals in the world, was built along much the river. Portions are still accessible in modern times; the Wabash River between Terre Haute and the Ohio River was navigable by large ships during much of the 19th century, was a regular stop for steamships. By the late 19th century, erosion due to farming and runoff made the Wabash impassable to such ships. Dredging could have resolved the problem
Interstitial condensation can create structural dampening that occurs when moist air penetrates inside the hidden space within an enclosed wall, roof or floor cavity structure. When that moisture laden air reaches a layer inside the interstitial structure, at dew point temperature, it condenses into liquid water on that surface; the moisture laden air can penetrate into hidden interstitial wall cavity through the exterior in a warm/humid outdoor period, from inside the building during warm/humid indoor periods. Groundwater soaking the basement foundation walls from wet soil is common; this can result from a high water table or from improperly drained rainwater runoff soaking into the ground next to the basement walls. Moisture saturated basement walls will add moisture directly into basement interstitial spaces leading to interstitial condensation with cool basement temperatures. All interstitial condensation can cause uncontrolled mold and bacteria growth, rotting of wood components, corrosion of metal components and/or a reduction in the thermal insulation's effectiveness.
The resulting structural damage, along with mold and bacteria growth, may occur without any visible surface indications until significant damage or extensive mold and bacteria growth has occurred. HVAC ducts within interstitial spaces can leak out cold air through unsealed joints/connections which produces dew point surfaces. Unsealed duct joints/connections can create suction that pulls humid air into interstitial spaces and chases; this can promote more mold and bacteria growth on the condensed cool surfaces of the interstitial spaces. In addition, the cool ducts themselves can condense humid air and “sweat” more liquid water into the interstitial spaces thereby exacerbating mold and bacteria growth. Since most building materials are permeable and many joints are not sealed, it's critical in controlling interstitial condensation to control indoor moisture at its sources, through HVAC dehumidification, ventilation and by adding an impermeable vapor barrier in the interstitial cavity. In addition, since the air in interstitial cavities can communicate with interior spaces through tiny cracks and unsealed joints, any airborne mold, aerosolized fungal fragments and bacteria growth in the interstitial cavity can travel into the building's air to be breathed in by building occupants.
Interstitial condensation is differentiated from surface condensation in buildings, known as "cold-bridge condensation" or "warm front condensation" where the condensation forms on the interior or exterior surfaces of a building rather than inside wall, floor or roof cavities. It is physically impossible to build envelope assemblies so that they prevent air infiltration, exfiltration of water vapor diffusion. Moist air can infiltrate envelope assemblies driven by the pressure differential created by wind and stack effect. Since all buildings contain various levels of moist air, cognizant authorities have recommended maintaining an indoor relative humidity of air between 40% to 60%; the sources of interior moisture are people, appliances such as dishwashers, showers, wet basements, leaking pipes and roof/wall rainwater leaks. Leaks of liquid water into the building envelope are a different problem than interstitial moisture condensation, but this additional water can exacerbate interstitial wetting which can increase mold and bacteria growth.
Building professionals have moisture sensing instruments to discover areas of interstitial condensation which may contain possible mold & bacteria growth. There are three primary methods to test for interstitial moisture-surface testing and cavity testing: Surface testing with pin-type moisture meters; this meter works on a resistance principle that measures the flow of electricity between two pin tips and measures the moisture of that tiny path. Pin meters only measure the moisture at the point in the material between the two pins. Behind wall testing with electromagnetic moisture meters; this meter detects and evaluates moisture conditions within various building materials by non-destructively measuring the electrical impedance. A low frequency electronic signal is transmitted into the material via the electrodes in the base of the instrument; the strength of this signal varies in proportion to the amount of moisture in the material under test. The moisture meter determines the strength of the current and converts this to a moisture content value, displaying it on a analog dial or digital screen.
Infrared cameras to detect surface temperatures. Infrared cameras are good tools for finding surface moisture, but depend on sufficiently wetted surfaces which show up as a cooler temperature. Depending on the instrument's quality and sensitivity, the instrument may or may not find surface moisture area, should always be used in conjunction with surface or behind wall meters.. Preventing interstitial condensation by keeping these hidden spaces dry, is critical in all buildings; this is done by: maintaining a positive indoor pressure in warm months and a neutral pressurization in cold months. Vapor barriers can be problematic because they difficult to install and reduce the ability of a cavity to dry out when it does get wet. Vapor barriers a
Lamoille is a rural census-designated place in Elko County in the northeastern section of the state of Nevada in the western United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 105, it is located 19 miles southeast of Elko at the base of the Ruby Mountains at an elevation of 5,889 feet and is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area. The early history of the community and surrounding area is summarized in a nearby highway marker: LAMOILLE VALLEY - Because heavy use denuded the grass from the main Fort Hall route of the California Emigrant Trail along the Humboldt River, many emigrants left the river near Starr Valley, they skirted the East Humboldt Range and the Ruby Mountains along a Shoshone Indian path, rested their livestock in Lamoille Valley, returned to the Humboldt River. John Walker and Thomas Waterman first settled the area in 1865. Waterman named the valley after his native Vermont. In 1868, Walker erected the Cottonwood Hotel and blacksmith shop in the valley, the settlement became known as "The Crossroads."
Here wagons were repaired and food and supplies could be obtained. The original buildings and the more recent 20-bedroom Lamoille hotel, flour mill and dance hall are gone. Lamoille is nestled off the western flanks of the Ruby Mountains at the end of Nevada State Route 227, is the principal gateway to this range via the National Forest Scenic Byway up Lamoille Canyon. In 1907 a small church was constructed on the east side of the community, is still in use today. Lamoille history Lamoille's Little Church of the Crossroads
Darwin is a 2011 documentary film directed by Nick Brandestini. It is a portrait of the remote community of Darwin, located in California's Mojave Desert; the community is part of California. The film was released to good reviews at film festivals throughout the world and had a limited theatrical release in the United States; the film premiered at the 2011 Santa Barbara International Film Festival. It went on to play at numerous Canadian film festivals; the European premiere of Darwin took place at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, a "category A" film festival according to the FIAPF organization. In August 2011, the film had a limited theatrical run in New York City and Los Angeles as part of the 15th Annual DocuWeeks Theatrical Documentary Showcase. Darwin played at film festivals in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Israel, Latvia and Switzerland. Darwin received positive reviews from critics. Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times gave the film 5 out of 5 stars and called it "a beautiful, elegiac work with unexpected impact and meaning."
Jeannette Catsoulis of the New York Times praised the film, calling it "a droll and dusty portrait of a place where privacy is prized and boundaries respected." The film was well received at the BFI London Film Festival where it was a Time Out London critics' choice. As of November 2012, Darwin holds an 80% rating on the film review site Rotten Tomatoes. Darwin won several awards at international film festivals, among others the "Best documentary award" at the Austin Film Festival, the "Best German language documentary" award at the Zurich Film Festival, the "Festival favorite award" at the Sonoma International Film Festival, a "Special jury mention award" at the DocAviv Film Festival. Official website Darwin on IMDb Darwin at Rotten Tomatoes
Complete Psionic is a supplemental rulebook for the 3.5 edition of the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game published by Wizards of the Coast and released in April 2006. It is the first 3.5 edition supplemental rulebook published by Wizards of the Coast which focuses on psionics since the Expanded Psionics Handbook. It presents additional material relating to psionics, including three new classes and a variant of the psion, eight new prestige classes, a new psionic race and many feats and psionic powers. Complete Psionic explores the concept of illithid heritage through new character options: nine illithid heritage feats and a prestige class, the Flayerspawn Psychic; the 160-page book was notable for using a recent formatting style adopted by Wizards of the Coast which involves an increase in page count for a given amount of information, by including more background information. For example and prestige classes include additional information on their role within the game, their organisation and lore.
This formatting style resulted in eight prestige classes in Complete Psionic versus thirty-six in Complete Warrior. Complete Psionic introduces three new classes, a fourth class, the erudite, described as a variant of the psion class; the ardent and divine mind classes were one and the same, but were separated before publication: the background and philosophical identity of the ardent was an original element, whilst this was to be combined with the psychic auras of the divine mind. The two were separated, the more divinely influenced divine mind was created as a consequence. Ardents derive their powers from a focus on primal concepts, they possess a smaller selection of powers than the more versatile Psion, but enjoy greater martial abilities. The Divine Mind is a character. Like clerics, they may choose mantles a deity similar to domains, they may exude Attack, Defense, or Perception auras that grant bonuses to nearby allies. Lurks are similar to rogues, they may perceive the weaknesses of enemies and make sneak attacks, as well as use psionic augments to their abilities.
The Erudite is a variant of the psion contained near the end of Complete Psionic. Whilst considered a variant, it is not an optional class, but rather a specific type of psion. Erudites do not specialise in'disciplines' as do psions, but they are capable of memorising a unlimited number of psionic powers, at the limitation that they can only manifest a limited number of unique powers each day. Erudites automatically gain a psicrystal, which are crystals infused with the power of the psionicist's mind. An earlier version of the erudite appeared in Dragon issue #319. In addition to the new standard classes, Complete Psionic introduces eight new prestige classes, adding to the nine in the Expanded Psionics Handbook and the smaller number printed in other Wizards of the Coast supplemental books; the Anarchic Initiate is a psionicist who focuses on the powers contained within the concept of chaos and uncertainty. Designed for wilders, but available to psions, anarchic initiates gain or improve their ability to invoke wild surges, whilst gaining new abilities derived from their chaotic powers, including the power to tear a breach in reality.
The Ebon Saint is a prestige class designed for the lurk class, but available to certain rogues. Ebon saints are infiltrators, they can perform dire strikes, which are sneak attacks which grant them additional insight into their foe's abilities, they may utilise their unique dire augments which the ebon saint can use to steal the thoughts of their foes, or steal the form of their foe. The Ectopic Adept, a prestige class for shapers which improves on the psionic power'astral construct', the creation of deadly constructs from ectoplasm. Ectopic adepts gain the ability to control more than one astral construct at once at higher levels; the Flayerspawn Psychic is a psionic individual who seeks to learn more of her illithid heritage and thereby transform herself into an illithid, including gaining the ability to use the deadly mind blast power. The Illumine Soul is a prestige class for soulknives. Illumine souls are conduits for positive energy forming a link with the Positive Energy Plane. Whilst maintaining the martial study of their mindblades, illumine souls gain the ability to use positive energy as a weapon, defence against the undead, as well as to heal themselves.
The Soulbow, a Soulknife based class. Soulbows gain versatility with their mindblades, gaining the ability to "shoot" them with the force of a bow; the Storm Disciple, a psion focused on the thunder and lightning of a storm. The Zerth Cenobite, a prestige class based on a group of monks who study the passage of time and developed time travel. Synads are aberrations that appear human, but have three different minds working together inside their head; the Overmind is the controlling part of the mind. The Oracle can see into the future; the Collective has access to a large collection of knowledge, which expands the information available to the character. Complete Psionic was written by Bruce R. Cordell, author of the Expanded Psionics Handbook, Christopher Lindsay, was published in April 2006. Cover art was by Raven Mimura, with interior art by Wayne England, David Griffith, Jon Hodgson, Ralph Horsley, Warren Mahy, William O'Connor, Ted Pendergraft, Richard Sardinha, Ron Spencer. Bruce R. Cordell
Leela Desai, aka Lila Desai, was an Indian actress in the 1930s and 1940s. She was the daughter of Umedram Lalbhai Desai and his second wife Satyabala Devi, a musician of the early 1900s. Desai was born in New Jersey when her parents were on a 3-year American tour, her father was a Gujarati and her mother was from Bihar, India. She grew up in India, she acted in 11 Indian movies and was the associate producer of the movie Kabuliwali in 1961. In 1944, Leela acted in the movie Kaliyan with her sister Ramola. Ramola acted in the film Lalkar in the same year. Desai had formal education in classical Hindustani dancing under Sohanlal and Lacchumaharaj, Academic education in Music in Morrice College, she acted in the movie Nagagnarayan, produced by Vishram Bedekar in 1943. "Leela Desai had been invited by the students of the Intermediate College in 1941. Bangalore had the distinction of holding festivals of films made by New Theatres' and Prabhat Film Co." ". N. Sircar's empire introduced personalities of the stature of P.
C. Barua, Bimal Roy, Debaki Bose, Leela Desai, Phani Majumdar, Timir Baran, Nitin Bose, K.. Saigal, Pankaj Mullick, Sisir Kumar Bhaduri and Jamuna, all of whom earned all India fame, under the banner of New Theatres. Among his technical achievements were the bringing of sound to Calcutta for Bengali films, the introduction of the playback system; the elephant logo of New Theatres acted as a magnet to draw crowds throughout the country." More about B. N. Sircar B. N. Sircar Desai was a dancer and a follower of Sohan Lal."The third Kapal Kundala released after a decade from the first Kapal Kundala in 1939. This time the movie was directed by both Nitin Phani Majumdar. Desai played the role for Kapal Kundala." Phani Majumdar married Desai's sister Monica Desai. Desai was trained in the "Bhatkhande Music Institute established in Lucknow in 1926 has played a vital role in training generations of performing artistes, dedicated gurus and gifted composers... Lucknow has contributed music directors and actresses, writers and dancers.
Lachhu Maharaj was a successful choreographer for many films. Pahadi Sanyal, Leela Desai and Kamlesh Kumari of New Theatres at Calcutta were all trained here." Desai owned a house in Darjeeling called "Lily Cottage". Her mother Satyabala Devi lived there until her death, it is possible that Lila knew Sumitra Sanyal in Darjeeling. Lila Desai is mentioned in Bollywood actress Sumitra Sanyal's site. "What shall be said of Leela Desai, who acted the part of the President's sister, the mischievous school-girl, who always took the active part in the love-making between her and Prakash Babu? I cannot find a single fault with her acting, she played up to Saigal splendidly. Her eyes were most expressive. What naughtiness was in them? As a shameless hussy she could give points to any of your Hollywood actresses–and win. In the love-duet between her and Saigal it was she, she was the personification of Mr. Barnard Shaw's pet notion that, in this eternal amorous game, it is the woman who leads the man on and not, as is supposed, the other way about.
From the moment she jumped down her school garden-wall and fell plump into the arms of Prakash Babu, sitting below chewing the end of his reflections anent his dismissal from his job, she never, in a manner of speaking, left him to himself. She would bring down the house with her: "Uske bad kya hua, Prakash Babu?" The poor man had to dance to her measure afterwards. When she found herself with him alone she gave us the impression of having fed on honey-dew and on the milk of paradise. In addition to her sparkling dialogue and supremely "alive" acting, she was gorgeous in her dancing performance, her whole face was a mirror. She was an imp of mischief from commencement to conclusion." Https://web.archive.org/web/20090530020703/http://www.ultraindia.com/movies/awards/bnsin.htm http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2002/07/22/stories/2002072200310200.htm https://web.archive.org/web/20080610143306/http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/indiancinema/?browse=musicdirection&start=K http://gomolo.in/People/People.aspx?
PplId=7535# http://calcuttatube.com/ https://web.archive.org/web/20110722222919/http://www.nbc.gov.mv/app.php?action=films&do=detail&filmId=5141 https://web.archive.org/web/20080610130205/http://www.tasleemlucknow.com/musicbottom.htm Leela Desai on IMDb